Patents Examined by Donald McElheny, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7069149
    Abstract: A computer implemented method for interpreting faults from a fault-enhanced 3-D seismic attribute cube. The method includes the steps of extracting faults from a 3-D seismic attribute cube, and of calculating a minimum path value for each voxel of the 3-D seismic attribute cube. A fault network skeleton is extracted from the 3-D seismic attribute cube by utilizing the minimum path values which correspond to voxels within the 3-D seismic attribute cube. The individual fault networks are then labeled, and a vector description of the fault network skeleton is created. The fault network skeleton is subdivided into individual fault patches wherein the individual fault patches are the smallest, non-intersecting, non-bifurcating patches that lie on only one geologic fault. The individual fault patches are then correlated into a representation of geologic faults.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas Francis Goff, Luc Vincent, Kevin L. Deal, William S. Kowalik, Sebastien Bombarde, Sandra Lee, William R. Volz, Richard C. Jones
  • Patent number: 7065449
    Abstract: A method and system for evaluating geophysical survey data is provided. Two neighboring flight paths of a geophysical survey are likely to have geophysical characteristics in common because neighboring flight paths cover geographic areas in a close proximity to one another. As such, neighboring flight paths will likely have similar geophysical characteristics and similar recorded data. Therefore, errors in data can be estimated by comparing data recorded from neighboring flight paths. If data from a flight path differs significantly from data recorded from a neighboring flight path, then the data from one or both flight paths may be corrupted and at least one of the survey lines may need to be repeated. This auto evaluate method allows field personnel to judge data close to real time to determine whether to repeat a flight path while still out in the field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2006
    Assignee: Bell Geospace, Inc.
    Inventors: James Brewster, David Humphrey
  • Patent number: 7062383
    Abstract: The internal properties of a water-lain sediment body can be determined from the shape of the deposit. One method comprises solving equations relating the shape of a sediment body to the flow field that produced the body and using the flow field to solve for the sediment body properties in at least one point within the body. The flow field properties include flow velocity, suspended sediment volume fractions, deposition time, and flow height. The properties of the water-lain sediments include, in addition to the flow properties associated with deposition of the sediments, the thickness of the sediment body, the size of the body, the shape of the body, and the grain size distribution at points within the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2006
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company
    Inventors: Max Deffenbaugh, John C. Van Wagoner, Chun Huh, Tao Sun
  • Patent number: 7058514
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for attenuating noise in seismic data. The method includes calculating a trace envelope for at least part of at least one seismic trace, generating a filtered envelope from the trace envelope, and transforming the filtered envelope to a filtered trace. In one embodiment, a length of a filter operator used for generating the filtered envelope is inversely related to a maximum frequency to be preserved in the filtered trace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: PGS Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: Federico D. Martin, Oscar Garcia
  • Patent number: 7058513
    Abstract: The invention is a method of geophysical exploration using seismic methods. The receivers and the source are rotated to one another, such that the orthogonal excitations of the seismic source are readily differentiated. The differentiation of the differently excited energies can be accomplished in devolving the seismic events and reception of those events into a radial-tangential coordinate system for each receiver source pair. The differentiation of the differently aligned energies allows a greater insight into the volumetric study of the strata making up the prospect volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignees: Vecta Technology, L.P., Board of Regents of the University of Texas Systems
    Inventors: Allen L. Gilmer, Bob A. Hardage
  • Patent number: 7058510
    Abstract: A system and method for generating weather reports and the like which are precisely computed automatically for a particular individual user's geographic location and which are provided automatically to the individual user. A user establishes an individualized user profile in which the user defines a particular location of interest, a contact address, and optionally, a personalized activity weather condition profile. A detailed and accurate weather forecasting model is run to provide high geographic and temporal resolution forecast data. The high resolution forecast data is compared to the individual user profile and a personalized weather report for the particular location, times, and conditions of interest are provided automatically to the individual, e.g., via e-mail and/or at a personalized internet web page. A detailed weather forecast report may be provided in an easily readable tabular form, with notable weather conditions, e.g., daily high and low temperatures, highlighted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: Weather Central, Inc.
    Inventors: Terence F. Kelly, Grant H. Brohm, Richard T. Daly, Victor W. Marsh, John S. Moore, Brett A. Wilt
  • Patent number: 7054753
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of locating oil and gas exploration prospects. A digital model of each of the many geologic strata that compose a basin is created for all or a portion of a basin by digitizing well log data 100, collecting all digitized well log data in a data base, marking common geological time markers throughout the entire basin and visually displaying the basin in a number of useful views 380, 580 to permit the isolation or identification of oil and gas producing geological formations. This allows for the generation of oil and gas drilling prospects 600 through the extrapolation of productive depositional features into un-drilled portions of the basin. The present invention expedites these processes and allows the available well log data to be viewed in ways not previously possible thereby greatly enabling oil and gas exploration and development in a basin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Inventors: Ralph A. Williams, Mark C. Robinson
  • Patent number: 7054752
    Abstract: A method for optimizing the production of oil reservoirs, and notably the production schemes, while taking into account uncertainties inherent in any reservoir survey. The method sequentially has the following stages: Stage 1: A sensitivity study to evaluate the impact, on the production of the oil reservoir, of the production scheme configurations tested (several well sites, . . . ) in relation to the uncertainties specific to the reservoir (permeability, aquifer force, . . . ). Stage 2: A quantification study of the risks associated with the configurations being studied to determine whether it is necessary to seek an optimum production scheme. Stage 4: A production scheme optimization study: having, the goal to determine the ideal production configuration for a given objective.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Isabelle Zabalza-Mezghani, Emmanuel Manceau, Mathieu Feraille
  • Patent number: 7054749
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for using petrophysical data from a plurality of wells, in a plurality of reservoir regions, containing a plurality of reservoir rock types, in the context of a three-dimensional geological model, for identifying dimensionless capillary pressure functions and using these dimensionless capillary pressure functions for determining reservoir fluid volumes, fluid contacts, the extent of reservoir compartmentalization, and an improved estimate of reservoir permeability. The present invention is directed to the method and finished product of same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Inventor: Daniel J. O'Meara, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7054750
    Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling the drilling of a borehole are disclosed. The methods employ the assumption that nonlinear problems can be modeled using linear equations for a local region. Common filters can be used to determine the coefficients for the linear equation. Results from the calculations can be used to modify the drilling path for the borehole. Although the calculation/modification process can be done continuously, it is better to perform the process at discrete intervals along the borehole in order to maximize drilling efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul F. Rodney, Ronald L. Spross
  • Patent number: 7054747
    Abstract: A system for integrating environmental sensors and asynchronous ubication repeaters forming an n-point spatially random virtual lattice network (100) includes a ubication repeater (101) for communicating both positional and environmental information to a two-way radio transceiver (102) used by police or firefighters. The ubication repeater (101) initially determines its position upon actuation from the two-way radio transceiver (102) where environmental information can be transmitted to the firefighter's two-way radio transceiver (102) or to a central location (104). The central location (102) can provide a composite overview of an environmental situation during an emergency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles R. Ruelke, Charles B. Swope
  • Patent number: 7054751
    Abstract: A before-closure pressure-transient leakoff analysis for a fracture-injection/falloff test is used to mitigate the detrimental effects of pressure-dependent fluid properties on the evaluation of physical parameters of a reservoir. A fracture-injection/falloff test consists of an injection of liquid, gas, or a combination (foam, emulsion, etc.) containing desirable additives for compatibility with the formation at an injection pressure exceeding the formation fracture pressure followed by a shut-in period. The pressure falloff during the shut-in period is measured and analyzed to determine permeability and fracture-face resistance by preparing a specialized Cartesian graph from the shut-in data using adjusted pseudodata such as adjusted pseudopressure data and time as variables in a first method, and adjusted pseudopressure and adjusted pseudotime data as variables in a second method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: David P. Craig
  • Patent number: 7050910
    Abstract: A computer and data network assisted automated method and system for determining factors limiting production locally and site-specifically in agriculture or related industrial fields, and for evaluating the mutual significance thereof by means of an expert system. Feedback comprising a solution is furnished via data network to the system of the production site and/or related industry for further measures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Kemira Growhow Oy
    Inventors: Jouko Kleemola, Pekka Korhonen, Jari Peltonen, Iikka Saarelainen, Jukka Sinisalo
  • Patent number: 7047135
    Abstract: A method and system of evaluating crop performance facilitates characterization of the environmental impact of a geographic region or areas within the region for growing plant-life. Environmental measurements are obtained. The environmental measurements are associated with a geographic region. Each environmental measurement includes at least one of soil data and weather data. Respective location data is obtained. The location data is associated with corresponding environmental measurements. An estimated performance characteristic is determined for a particular crop planted in the geographic region based on the obtained environmental measurements and respective location data. Contours are established for one or more uniform performance areas with generally uniform performance characteristic within the geographic region by applying a decision-tree analysis to the obtained environmental measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventors: James Scott Dyer, Jerry Ray Halterman, Gerhard Josef Hunner, George Bailey Muehlbach
  • Patent number: 7047133
    Abstract: A method and system of evaluating crop performance facilitates characterization of the environmental impact of a geographic region or areas within the region for growing plant-life. Environmental measurements are obtained. The environmental measurements are associated with a geographic region. Each environmental measurement includes at least one of soil data and weather data. Respective location data is obtained. The location data is associated with corresponding environmental measurements. An estimated performance characteristic is determined for a particular crop planted in the geographic region based on the obtained environmental measurements and respective location data. Contours are established for one or more uniform performance areas with generally uniform performance characteristic within the geographic region by applying a decision-tree analysis to the obtained environmental measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventors: James Scott Dyer, Jerry Ray Halterman, Gerhard Josef Hunner, George Bailey Muehlbach
  • Patent number: 7043369
    Abstract: A method and structure that inputs atmospheric forecast information from the atmospheric forecast database based on current, real time atmospheric measurements. The hyperspectral detection processing unit also inputs at least one selected reflectance library from the reflectance library database, and data collection and sensor parameters from the sensor. With this information, the hyperspectral detection processing unit employs a model to produce at least one mission radiance library during the mission planning phase. Then, during the actual mission execution, the sensor is used to collect the hyperspectral data and the comparator can immediately compare the hyperspectral data to the mission radiance library to identify features and/or targets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: The Johns Hopkins University
    Inventors: Marc A. Kolodner, Patricia K. Murphy, Edward E. Hume
  • Patent number: 7039523
    Abstract: A method of determining the salinity of an area of soil includes providing signal data from a radar scan of the area of soil. Improved vegetation correction is applied to the signal data using a Cloude decomposition method or a “xhv” method. In some circumstances existing vegetation correction methods are used and a synergistically improved corrected obtained. The corrected data is then inverted to determine the magnitude of the dielectric values. Salinity levels are calculated from each of the imaginary component of dielectric values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Gecoz Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Darren Bell
  • Patent number: 7039524
    Abstract: A method for determining a formation shear wave velocity for a subterranean formation is provided. The method includes propagating a multi-pole acoustic signal in a borehole using an acoustic transmitter and receiving an acoustic waveform from the multi-pole acoustic signal at at least one receiver. The method further includes processing the acoustic waveform to determine a borehole guided wave velocity and processing the borehole guided wave velocity to determine the shear wave velocity of the subterranean formation. Isolation, suppression or enhancement of any particular harmonics of the acoustic signal is not required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: PathFinder Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Samuel Mark Haugland
  • Patent number: 7035737
    Abstract: A seismic wavefield is extrapolated using variable extrapolation step size and then phase-shifted linear interpolation is applied to the extrapolated wavefield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2006
    Assignee: PGS Americas, Inc.
    Inventor: Jiaxiang Ren
  • Patent number: 7031841
    Abstract: A method for determining formation pressure at a depth region of formations surrounding a borehole, including: keeping track of the time since cessation of drilling at the depth region; deriving formation permeability at the depth region; causing wellbore pressure to vary periodically in time and determining, at the depth region, the periodic and non-periodic component of pressure measured in the formations; determining, using the time, the periodic component and the permeability, the formation pressure diffusivity and transmissibility and an estimate of the size of the pressure build-up zone around the wellbore at the depth region; determining, using the time, the formation pressure diffusivity and transmissibility, and the non-periodic component, the leak-off rate of the mudcake at the depth region; determining, using the leak-off rate, the pressure gradient at the depth region; and extrapolating, using the pressure gradient and the size of the build-up zone, to determine the formation pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Zazovsky, Julian J. Pop, Paul S. Hammond