Abstract: In a method and an imaging apparatus for creating an aggregation file on an MR scanner, operating parameters on the MR scanner are acquired by a computer, and are aggregated and structured in the computer into a predefined uniform format for creating an aggregation file.
Abstract: A method for correcting a B0 inhomogeneity in a magnetic resonance scan with a magnetic resonance tomograph is provided. The magnetic resonance tomograph includes a controller, a radio frequency unit, and a transmitting antenna. In the method, the controller determines a transmission signal that is suitable for correcting an effect of an inhomogeneity of a static B0 magnetic field in an examination volume by the Bloch-Siegert effect. The transmission signal is emitted into the examination volume.
March 25, 2019
Date of Patent:
October 27, 2020
Siemens Healthcare GmbH
Matthias Gebhardt, Ralf Kartäusch, Markus Vester
Abstract: A magnetic resonance system includes a wireless power detection sensor and a wireless energy harvesting circuit. The wireless power detection sensor detects magnetic resonance transmissions of the magnetic resonance system. The wireless energy harvesting circuit harvests energy from the magnetic resonance transmissions based on the wireless power detection sensor detecting the magnetic resonance transmissions.
Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided to correct motion artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data by obtaining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, the MRI data including imaging segments and corresponding navigator segments, each imaging segment sampled over a respective regions of two or more regions of a k-space grid, one of the navigator segments being selected as a reference navigator segment; generating, for each imaging segment of the imaging segments, a respective phase map based on the reference navigator segment and a corresponding navigator segment of the each imaging segment; applying the respective phase maps to the corresponding imaging segments to generate corrected imaging segments; averaging the corrected imaging segments in k-space to generate averaged imaging segments; and reconstructing an MRI image based on the averaged imaging segments.
Abstract: An MRI pulse sequence is disclosed. The pulse sequence involves a plurality of slice selective pulses which each individually have a desired rotation that is less than or equal to the total desired rotation. The slice selective pulses each cause a rotation about respective axes, which may be different to each other. Optionally phase correction (re-phasing) gradients can also be included in the pulse sequence.
Abstract: A method is provided for performing NMR spectroscopy. The method comprises positioning a sample in a homogeneous stationary magnetic field directed along an axis, preparing nuclei in at least a predetermined volume of the sample for resonant emission of an NMR signal and creating this NMR signal. This comprises irradiating the sample with at least one RF excitation pulse in accordance with an MRI sequence preparation and/or evolution module. The method also comprises sensing the NMR signal in the absence of frequency encoding magnetic field gradients such that analysis of the NMR signal yields a chemical shift spectrum from the nuclei. During this sensing, a plurality of intermittently blipped phase gradient pulses are applied to incrementally shift a position in k-space such that different time segments of the NMR signal, demarcated by the blipped phase gradient pulses, correspond to different predetermined locations in k-space.
June 23, 2017
Date of Patent:
October 20, 2020
Hacene Serrai, Eric Achten, Sourav Bhaduri
Abstract: An image forming apparatus is capable of performing a second image forming operation in which a peripheral velocity ratio of a developer bearing member to an image bearing member becomes greater than that in a first image forming operation, and in which a potential difference between a developing bias applied to the developer bearing member and a supply bias applied to a supply member becomes a potential difference at which a urging force causing a developer at the contact portion between the developer bearing member and the supply member to move from the supply member to the developer bearing member becomes smaller than that in the first image forming operation, or becomes a potential difference at which a urging force causing the developer to move from the developer bearing member to the supply member is generated.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a photoconductor, a charging roller configured to charge the photoconductor, and a self-excited oscillation circuit. The image forming apparatus includes a transformer including a primary coil and a secondary coil, the transformer being configured to produce, at the secondary coil, a voltage applied to the charging roller, in accordance with the primary coil being driven by the self-excited oscillation circuit. The image forming apparatus includes a controller configured to control, at start-up of the self-excited oscillation circuit, the self-excited oscillation circuit to allow an amount of a current flowing through the primary coil to be larger than an amount of a current flowing from the photoconductor through the secondary coil, via the charging roller.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a power supply board, a driver board, and an engine control board. The driver board includes a plurality of switching elements each configured to supply and shut off a power supply for each of a plurality of distributed power supply voltages supplied from the power supply board. The plurality of switching elements includes a first switching element, to which the power supply voltage is to be applied from the power supply board, and a second switching element, to which the power supply voltage output from the first switching element is to be applied in a distributed manner. The engine control board is configured to performs failure diagnosis of the first switching element when the image forming apparatus is activated, and performs failure diagnosis of the second switching element in a case where an abnormality has occurred in any one of a plurality of loads.
Abstract: An image forming device that prints a first image using first toner and prints a second image using foil on a sheet of paper, includes: a former that forms a first toner image by the first toner of the first image on the paper and forms a second toner image by second toner different from the first toner of the second image on the paper; a fixer that fixes the first toner image and the second toner image formed on the paper; a melter that melts the second toner out of the first toner and the second toner fixed to the paper; and a foil printer that prints the second image by bonding the foil to the melted second toner.
Abstract: In a method for creating a pulse sequence for controlling a magnetic resonance tomography apparatus as part of a CAIPIRINHA readout method for generating magnetic resonance image data of an examination object, two or more readout gradients and encoding gradients are used, wherein a readout gradient is positioned on a gradient axis and an encoding gradient is positioned on another gradient axis so as to occur simultaneously with the readout gradient. The encoding gradient has a periodic waveform. This positioning is repeated at different times in the pulse sequence, with the sampling density of a readout gradient being varied during a readout process, and/or the amplitude of the encoding gradients and/or of the readout gradients being varied for different readout processes.
Abstract: A control unit (56) operates a gradient coil device of a magnetic resonance imaging system (14). At least one first parameter of the gradient coil device (30) and/or at least one second parameter of the gradient coil device (30) is provided. A damage calculation of an operation of the gradient coil device (30) is performed by use of a mathematical model (66), which model (66) is based on the stress-cycle curve or a modified stress-cycle curve and uses the at least one first parameter (68) and/or the at least one second parameter (70, 72). Second parameters for further operation of said gradient coil device (30) are determined.
Abstract: A chuck apparatus includes a nozzle with a first end configured to engage a device under test (DUT), and a clamp extending around a portion of the nozzle proximate the first end. The clamp includes a recess to receive the DUT, and an engagement surface in the recess to engage the DUT. The chuck apparatus also includes a spring that biases a surface of the clamp toward the first end of the nozzle. A method includes translating a chuck to engage a nozzle with a DUT, further translating the chuck to engage and self-align an engagement surface of a spring mounted clamp with the DUT, further translating the chuck to seat the DUT in the spring mounted clamp, translating the chuck with the DUT to a contactor and translating the chuck with the DUT to engage conductive features of the DUT with conductive probes of the contactor.
Abstract: A sample pipe is provided in a sample temperature control pipe. A detection coil is provided in a low-temperature airtight chamber and configured to irradiate a sample with a high-frequency magnetic field. A room-temperature shield is provided on an outer circumferential surface of the sample temperature control pipe or on an inner circumferential surface thereof, and is configured to block irradiation of the high-frequency magnetic field from the detection coil from reaching a region other than an observation object. A low-temperature shield is provided in an airtight chamber and between the detection coil and the room-temperature shield and is configured to block irradiation of the high-frequency magnetic field from the detection coil from reaching the room-temperature shield.
Abstract: According to one embodiment, a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry estimates transmission inhomogeneity caused in a transmit RF magnetic field from a first image based on a first signal received by a whole-body coil, and estimates reception inhomogeneity caused in a receive RF magnetic field from the first image and a second image based on a second signal received by a surface coil. The processing circuitry generates a third image, having a resolution higher than a resolution of the first image and a resolution of the second image, based on a third signal received by the surface coil. The processing circuitry corrects the third image by using the estimated transmission inhomogeneity and reception inhomogeneity.
Abstract: Provided is a technique for calculating an oxygen extraction fraction by using MRI where the oxygen extraction fraction in a brain including brain parenchyma is calculated via a simple processing without an impact on an examinee, such as administration of caffeine. For this purpose, an MRI apparatus of the present invention measures a complex image of nuclear magnetic resonance signals, and calculates from thus measured complex image, a physical property distribution for obtaining a physical property image reflecting the oxygen extraction fraction. Then, thus calculated physical property distribution is separated into tissue-specific physical property distributions for at least two tissues (separated tissue images). After converting any of the separated tissue images into the oxygen extraction fraction, a distribution of the oxygen extraction fraction is estimated based on the condition that a value of any selected pixel is substantially equal to a mean value of pixels surrounding the selected pixel.
Abstract: In a method, control computer and magnetic resonance (MR) apparatus for generating MR recordings of an examination object, first magnetic MR data are acquired in a first recording region inside a homogeneity volume of the scanner of the MR apparatus, and second MR raw data are acquired in a second recording region outside the homogeneity volume. First image data are reconstructed on the basis of the first MR raw data and second image data are reconstructed on the basis of the second MR raw data. The first image data and the second image data are combined to form combination image data, which cover a region that extends in the first recording region and in the second recording region.
Abstract: A process cartridge is detachably mountable to a main assembly of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus. The cartridge includes an electrophotographic photosensitive drum, a developing roller, a drum unit containing the drum, a developing unit containing the roller and being movable so the roller contacts and is spaced from the drum, and a first force receiver receiving a force from a main-assembly first force applier by movement of a door from open to closed positions when mounting the cartridge and a second force receiver movable from a stand-by position by movement of the first force receiver by a force received from the first force applier. The second force receiver takes a projected position receiving a force from the second force applier to move the developing unit so the roller moves out of contact with the drum, the projected position being higher than the stand-by position.
Abstract: A method for creating a dictionary for a magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF) reconstruction includes training a semi-supervised learning system based on at least a set of MRF data and a set of control variables and generating a plurality of signal evolutions using the trained semi-supervised learning system. The method also includes generating an MRF dictionary using the plurality of signal evolutions generated using the trained semi-supervised learning system and storing the MRF dictionary in a memory. In one embodiment, the semi-supervised learning system is a MRF generative adversarial network (GAN).
Abstract: A printing apparatus is provided. The apparatus comprises a light-emitting element, a light-receiving element including a first terminal and a second terminal, a reference current generator supplying a reference current, a comparator comparing a monitor current with the reference current, the light-receiving element supplying the monitor current to the second terminal in accordance with a light emission amount, a driver driving the light-emitting element based on an output of the comparator, and a reference voltage controller. The comparator includes a first input terminal connected to the second terminal and a second input terminal. The reference voltage controller supplies a reference voltage selected from at least two voltage values to the second input terminal, and to control the voltage of the second terminal to be a voltage according to the reference voltage.