Abstract: In a refrigerating cycle incorporating a second flow controller having a throttle section, which is composed of an inlet noise eliminating space, an inlet side porous permeable member communicating in a refrigerant flow direction, an orifice, an outlet side foamed metal, and an outlet noise eliminating space, and a multi-directional valve, a gas/liquid two-phase refrigerant is caused to pass through the throttle section.
Abstract: A method and apparatus that provides supplemental heat from a heat source based upon the operating environment of a refrigeration or freezer. The supplemental heat is automatically controlled to provide heating to a sealing area to prevent condensation from forming.
Abstract: The present invention aims to prevent the occurrence of liquid compression at the second rotary compression element before it happens while improving the compression efficiency with an intermediate cooling circuit in a refrigerant cycle apparatus which comprises an internal high-pressure type multi-stage compression compressor, and the invention is summarized in that the apparatus comprises an intermediate cooling circuit which allows refrigerant discharged from the first rotary compression element of a compressor to dissipate heat, where a microcomputer performs control on the number of revolutions of the compressor to maintain the temperature/pressure of refrigerant so that the refrigerant does not condense at the output of the intermediate cooling circuit, where such a control is done in response to outputs from an outside-air temperature sensor, a refrigerant temperature sensor, and a signal from a controlling apparatus of a refrigerating apparatus body.
Abstract: Disclosed is an ultra-low temperature, dual-compressor (114,144), recirculating gas chilling system that includes a closed-loop mixed-refrigerant primary refrigeration system (110) in combination with a closed-loop gas secondary refrigeration loop (112). The ultra-low temperature, dual-compressor (114,144), recirculating gas chilling system disclosed is capable of providing continuous long term chilled gas and fast cooling of a high or ambient temperature object (158), such as a chuck used in processing semiconductor wafers or any such device. The gas chilling system is characterized by three modes of operation: a normal cooling mode, a bakeout mode, and a post-bake cooling mode.
February 25, 2002
Date of Patent:
September 26, 2006
Brooks Automation, Inc.
Tamirisa V. V. R. Apparao, Oleg Podtcherniaev, Kevin P. Flynn, Paul Hall, Roger Lachenbruch, Mikhail Boiarski
Abstract: A thermostat remote control system includes a transmitter/receiver unit hard wired to a building climate control thermostat and a remote control unit that communicates with the hard-wired transmitter/receiver unit via wireless signals. The remote control unit includes braille labels associated with the control elements and further includes sound generators that generate audible signals that correspond to the temperature sensed by the thermostat and that also correspond to actions taken using the remote control.
Abstract: A method of determining the amount of air flowing through an outside air damper of a recirculating air heater includes the steps of sensing an amount of airflow flowing through the damper, recording the amount of airflow and a damper position value at a plurality of damper positions, and interpolating a curve relating the amount of airflow to the damper position for all damper positions between a minimum damper position and a maximum damper position. Once the amount of air flowing through the outside air damper is determined from a position on the curve, the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) within a building space can be calculated and/or determined to be within acceptable limits.
July 30, 2004
Date of Patent:
September 12, 2006
Mark Geoffrey Masen, David Ray Sundberg, John James Schlachter, Frank Phillip Mimick
Abstract: An evaporator shell is mounted on the half-shell of a condenser housing. The evaporator shell is retained with the aid of retaining claws that engage from the rear with catching flanks formed on the upper half-shell.
Abstract: A method for controlling a refrigerator having a variable speed compressor and at least two compartments (FR, FZ) cooled to respective temperatures and comprising sensor devices (TR, TZ) for generating control signal responsive to cooling demands of the respective compartments comprises the step of providing the control system with a signal indicative of the total cooling demand on the basis of the sum of each compartment cooling demand, such signal being used to drive the variable speed compressor according to said total cooling demand.
Abstract: An integrated cooling system having two separate evaporator coils is provided. Each evaporator coil has its own shutoff, thereby allowing for individual control over the cooling of each of two vehicle spaces. The evaporator coils may be disposed within the vehicle to cool the passenger compartment and a battery compartment, respectively. The separate control afforded by the cooling system provides the flexibility of shutting off cooling to the vehicle passenger compartment for the comfort of the vehicle occupants, while still providing cooling to the battery, as needed. The cooling system includes a number of control features which provide for automatically shutting off cooling to one or more of the evaporator coils based on parameters such as air temperature and refrigerant pressure.
Abstract: A refrigeration device and method of operation, including at least two separate temperature zones, each having a set temperature range. Both zones are cooled by a separate evaporator with both of the evaporators arranged in a common coolant circuit having operational and non-operational phases. At least one temperature zone includes a fan and the temperature is measured in at least a first one of the temperature zones. The fan is operated intermittently in the operational and non-operational phases depending on a preset temperature measured in the first temperature zone. The operational and non-operational phases of the fan and the coolant circuit are operated such that the operational phases of the coolant circuit coincide at least partially with the non-operational phases of the fan.
Abstract: A refrigerator and a defrosting method thereof which are capable of achieving an appropriate defrosting operation even when a part of constituent elements included in a defrosting system fails. The defrosting method includes the steps of determining whether or not a predetermined first defrosting completion condition is usable, if the predetermined first defrosting completion condition is usable, executing a first defrosting mode, which uses the predetermined first defrosting completion condition, and if the predetermined first defrosting completion condition is not usable, executing a second defrosting mode, which uses a predetermined second defrosting completion condition different from the predetermined first defrosting completion condition, and a defrosting execution determination condition different from that of the first defrosting mode.
Abstract: The gate arrangement 11 is provided in order to regulate coolant airflow in a path typically in a turbine blade 1 of a jet engine. The gate arrangement 11 includes a gate component 12 having an opening end 15 which at low temperature is closed by a gate member 14. Due to different coefficients of expansion between the gate component 12 and the gate member 14 when the arrangement 11 increases in temperature there is a divergence between a seal end 21 of the gate member 14 in order to open the opening end 15 of the gate component 12 and to allow coolant airflow through the arrangement 11. Thus, coolant airflow is allowed for high temperatures but as the gate component 12 and gate member 14 converge at sustained typically lower temperatures coolant airflow is stopped in order to prevent unnecessary cooling and so provide greater thermal efficiency.
Abstract: A valve includes a housing having an inlet opening and an inlet orifice for receiving cold and hot water, a barrel slidably received in the housing and movable to control the cold and the hot water to flow into the housing. A stem is secured to the barrel and shortenable and lengthenable by different water temperature, to control the flowing of the cold and the hot water into the housing. A conduit is secured to the housing and a spring is received in the conduit, to bias against the stem. The conduit includes a passage to allow the water to flow in and out of the conduit, and to allow the spring to be quickly shortened and lengthened by different water temperature.
Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a refrigerant cycle apparatus which can reduce a production cost while hastening equalization of pressure in a refrigerant circuit after a compressor is stopped, the apparatus comprises a bypass circuit which causes an intermediate-pressure area to communicate with a low-pressure side of a refrigerant circuit, a valve device provided to this bypass circuit and a control device which controls opening/closing of this valve device, and the control device constantly closes the valve device but opens it in order to release a flow path of the bypass circuit concurrently with the stop of the compressor.
Abstract: A thermostat providing modulated or analog control of valves or dampers of an air management system. This permits operating a single cooling or heating stage with partially open valves or dampers as needed, since one full stage that is either fully on or off may not be easy to manage for effective air management of a particular type of building, zone or facility. The thermostat may also provide non-modulated control of multi-stage cooling and heating systems. The thermostat may even be used to control a modulated system having more than one stage of cooling or heating.
Abstract: A control system with a communication function wherein: a central unit communicates 30 with a plurality of devices 11, 12, . . . , monitors and manages the operations of the devices; and each of the devices includes an input section for entering position data thereof. The central unit receives the position data and an identification data of each device, and includes a unit for making the identification data correspond to the position data for each device.
Abstract: A noise abatement device and method to direct flow in a predetermined manner to substantially reduce the aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations produced by steam entering an air-cooled condenser in a power generating system. The interactive flow between the spargers that produces the aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations is largely eliminated by prohibiting fluid flow through selected flow regions within the spargers. The spargers include a stack of disks with fluid passageways. The fluid passageways are interrupted with continuous and undivided regions of the sparger to direct radial flow away from adjacent spargers, substantially eliminating the interactive flow.
March 12, 2003
Date of Patent:
June 6, 2006
Fisher Controls International LLC
Charles Lawrence DePenning, Frederick Wayne Catron, Allen Carl Fagerlund, Michael Wildie McCarty
Abstract: The invention concerns a method using a system (10) for heating or cooling air in a motor vehicle passenger compartment provided with a windscreen, by input into the passenger compartment air which has passed through an exchanger (12) comprised in a refrigerant loop. The invention is characterized in that it comprises steps which consist in measuring the temperature of the air leaving the exchanger (12), measuring the humidity of the air leaving the exchanger (12), determining the dew point of the air leaving the exchanger (12) based on said temperature and humidity, determining the windscreen temperature, comparing the dew point with the windscreen temperature and stopping the heating of air in the passenger compartment when the dew point is higher than the windscreen temperature.
Abstract: An index of air re-circulation in a data center having one or more racks is determined to identify the level of heated air re-circulation into cooling fluid delivered to the one or more racks. The one or more racks comprise inlets and outlets and are positioned along a cool aisle and a hot aisle. The index is calculated by dividing the enthalpy rise due to infiltration of heated air into the cool aisle and the total enthalpy rise of the heated air from the outlets of the one or more racks.
May 29, 2003
Date of Patent:
May 30, 2006
Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Cullen Edwin Bash, Ratnesh K. Sharma, Chandrakant D. Patel
Abstract: A refrigeration system including an evaporator, a suction header in fluid communication with the evaporator, a compressor in fluid communication with the suction header, and a condenser in fluid communication with the compressor and the evaporator. The refrigeration system further including a controller operable to control the compressor and a sensor coupled to the compressor. The sensor is operable to acquire a parameter for the compressor. The method of operating the refrigeration system includes acquiring a value for the parameter with the sensor, and determining if the sensor is faulty.