Abstract: An assembly and method for compiling an advice book include providing printed instruction forms directable to an invitee to a gathering held for an honoree thereof and instructing the invitee to be prepared to provide advice to the honoree and to bring to the gathering a picture which corresponds to the advice or the invitee or the gathering; providing an advice book having a plurality of pages adapted to receive pictures mounted thereon and having a plurality of pages having indicia thereon adapting them for receipt of the corresponding written advice; causing the instruction forms to be delivered to invitees; and then, at the gathering, affixing the pictures and corresponding advice from each invitee on pairs of adjacent facing pages or on the same page so that the two can be viewed simultaneously.
Abstract: An electric motor lubrication system and a method of making the same are disclosed. The motor is a unit bearing motor with an oil reservoir at the bottom of a vertically disposed shaft. The motor rotor has a shaft jounaled in a bearing post on the frame, and the lower end of the poast has two grooves to receive an oil-saturated wick. Each groove has a flat bottom which extens at at least a 5-degree angle relative to the shaft axis, and the intersection of the flat bottom with the shaft aperture forms a plow edge having a component of force directing oil toward the bearing upon shaft rotation. This readily supplies oil upwardly for a vertical shaft motor. The foregoing abstract is merely a resume of one general application, is not a complete discussion of all principles of operation or applications, and is not to be construed as a limitation on the scope of the claimed subject matter.
Abstract: In order to prevent production of build-up resistance and wear resistance on a roll for use in heat treating furnace effectively, an alloy layer, a cermet sprayed layer having reinforced zone and a chemical conversion coating are provide in this order on a roll substrate to form a multi-coating layer.
Abstract: A process for making gaskets consists in forming, in the body, holes regularly distributed along each line intended to receive a sealing element, in effecting, by stamping, the formation of a groove along each line intended to receive a sealing element, and in effecting the molding of sealing elements in each groove which the body comprises.
April 5, 1990
Date of Patent:
July 23, 1991
Jean G. Desverchere, Francisque M. Thiaullier
Abstract: A portable hand-held tool, such as a hammer drill or chisel hammer, includes a housing having a main vibration axis and a handle displaceably secured to the housing and movable toward the housing against compression springs. The springs have an axis of compression disposed at an angle to the main vibration axis. When the handle is displaced toward the housing, the spring is compressed. At the same time, however, the increased force of the spring is compensated by the increase in the angle of the spring relative to the main vibration axis. As a result, though the spring force increases, its component acting in the main vibration axis direction is reduced, and the spring force acting in the main vibration axis direction remains constant.
Abstract: A water aerosol or fog-generating system comprises a pipe having a plurality of atomizing nozzles threaded to the walls thereof. The pipe has thin walls made from an alloy, preferably stainless steel, with nozzles affixed at various points along the piping. A plurality of pilot holes are provided at each nozzle location and the edges of each pilot hole are deformed inwardly by a punch so that more surface area is provided for threading the walls of the pilot hole. Preferably, the pilot hole has been reamed after punching and before the threads are made. An atomizing nozzle is mated with the threads on the punched and reamed hole. Seals are to be placed between the nozzle and the exterior piping surfaces.
Abstract: A heat transfer device effective in minimizing frost bridging in refrigeration operations to be wound helically onto a refrigerant-carrying tube, has an integrally formed chain of looped fins, each fin having a mounting flange at each end of the chain, and a vertical tin member extending from each mounting flange connected by a bridge portion. A method and apparatus for making the heat transfer device a unitary stretch preforming process to reform the beginning fin stock into final looped fin shape in a single forming step.
Abstract: A one-piece sealed, hollow, steel sliding screen door frame and method of fabrication thereof is described. A flat steel strip is diecut to produce 45.degree. miter cuts, each having an opposing flap. The cut strip is rolled to produce a frame stock having an essentially rectangular profile. Longitudinal edges of the strip are folded together, crimped and bonded during the rolling and form a screen channel in the frame stock. The frame stock is bent at right angles at the miter cuts such that the flaps tuck under the miter cuts, forming a rectangular door frame. Epoxy is used to bond the flaps to the inner surfaces adjacent the miter cuts. A screen door assembled using the door frame includes self-centering wheel assemblies.
Abstract: A composite gas turbine engine blade is made by braiding a plurality of fibers to form a preform having an airfoil precursor portion and an integral root precursor portion. A plurality of fiber shaping inserts are positioned in the root precursor portion, either by braiding the root precursor portion around the inserts or inserting the fiber shaping inserts into the root precursor portion after braiding, to impart an enlarged, divergent shape (e.g., dovetail precursor shape) to the braided root precursor portion. The braided preform with the enlarged, shaped root precursor portion is infiltrated with matrix material and shaped to near net shape to provide the composite blade with a dovetail shaped root.
Abstract: A high pressure hose assembly is manufactured wherein the nipple of the hose fitting includes an O-ring receiving groove formed about its periphery. The O-ring and groove are dimensioned so that the crimping of the fitting's outer sleeve causes the linear of the high pressure hose to flow into the groove, comprising the O-ring into the groove, and sealing against the O-ring within the groove.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for forming core assemblies comprising supporting a plurality of flattened tubes in horizontally spaced relationship, applying forces to the ends of the tubes to align the tubes, interposing undulating fins between adjacent tubes, providing a stop for holding the ends of the tubes at one end in alignment, retracting the force on the opposite ends of the tubes applying a compacting force to the array tubes and undulating fins transversely of the tubes by applying forces to end plates, applying a force to a header plate to force the opposite ends of the tubes through openings in the header plate, applying a deforming force to the opposite ends of the tubes against the outer surface of the header plate to move any unaligned tubes into alignment with the remainder of the tubes against the stop, retracting the stop, applying a force to another header plate to force the one ends of the tubes through openings in the header plate and applying a deforming force to the one ends of the tubes onto
Abstract: A fixing roller for use in the fixing stage of a fixing apparatus such as a copying machine provided with multiple rubber and/or fabric layers of certain thicknesses and hardnesses surrounding a core member to improve the copying characteristics of the roller.
June 12, 1989
Date of Patent:
May 14, 1991
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
Chiaki Kato, Masaya Nishi, Toshiyuki Hatta
Abstract: In order to facilitate rapid automatic set up and adjustment of a robotic assembly arrangement in a manner which produces the required precision, pre-recorded data and expert system software are teamed together and used to set robotic support jigs and move panels into position against the body they are to be attached to. The position of the panels is determined using a laser scanning technique and feedback control used to adjust the robots and associated hardware and move the panel or panels in the case there is a deviation beyond acceptable tolerances in a manner which either reduces or eliminates the deviation.
Abstract: A machine for remotely lining the inside of a heat exchanger tube end (13) received in a tube plate (14). The machine includes a flexible tube (15) connecting a push-pull device to a motorized unit (16) for driving tools used for fixing the sleeve in the heat exchanger tube. The machine also includes a tool loader (25, 26) at the head of a cable (20) which is driven by the push-pull device and means for applying the end of the flexible tube to the end of any of the heat exchanger tubes which may need lining. The motorized unit (16) includes two superposed fluted hubs (30, 33) one of which is driven by a low speed electric motor while the other is driven by a high-speed pneumatic motor.
April 25, 1989
Date of Patent:
April 23, 1991
Stein Industrie, Electricte de France
Christian Bonnand, Dominique Mascart, Philippe Druelle
Abstract: A method of increasing the fatigue strength of crankshafts for reciprocating engines, especially internal combustion engines, is provided. When converting naturally aspirating production engines to supercharging to increase the power, the fatigue strength of the crankshaft quickly reaches a limit. Since for reasons of economy it is desirable not to alter the geometry of the crackshaft and to avoid expensive fine burnishing to increase the quality of the surface, and hence the fatigue strength associated therewith, the transition radius from the crankshaft pin to the crank web is inductively surface hardened, and at the same time the finish quality of the surface is reduced. The increased costs for the hardening are balanced by the reduced surface machining that is required.
Abstract: A method for radially expanding and anchoring a sleeve within a tube is provided. The apparatus includes a hydraulic expanding mandrel, a fluid source for supplying a first pressurized fluid and a second fluid to first and second pumps and a fluid control mechanism for selectively activating the second pump and for controlling the total volume of pressurized fluid discharged by the second pump. In order to radially expand and anchor the sleeve within the tube, the sleeve is first inserted within the tube. Then, the mandrel is inserted within the sleeve such that the mandrel and sleeve together define a substantially annular hydraulic pressure zone situated between the sleeve, the body of the mandrel and the seals.
Abstract: A method of producing a cam shaft or a similar member that has a core pipe upon which are secured, via expansion of the core pipe, components that are spaced from one another and have a precribed position on the core pipe, with the expansion of the core pipe being effected by introducing a hydraulic fluid into the core pipe. The surface of the components that are secured on the core pipe and are made of a ductile spheroidal graphite iron or sintered material, are subjected to a mechanical abrasion and are melted via a controlled laser beam in such a way as to first slightly reduce the adhesive pressure betewwn the components and the core pipe as a consequence of the melting of the surface layer, and subsequently, after hardening of the melted layer and due to temperature equalization in the components and the core pipe, to increase the adhesive pressure to a higher value. The melting results in a ledeburitic structure having an adequate depth.
Abstract: A vehicle body is assembled in a number of stages each including robots which are automatically adjusted to move and secure work pieces such as panels to a basic body member or chasis. One of the stages includes a measuring arrangement which scans the assembled unit with laser beams to determine if the required tolerance have been set. In the event of deviations beyond permissible limits the appropriate correction is derived and fed back to the stage wherein the securing operation in question occured.
Abstract: A method of producing an aluminum or aluminum alloy heat exchanger which involves the use of an aluminum-silicon alloy brazing filler metal element bearing zinc. During brazing, a diffused zinc layer is formed on the surface of the brazed connection and on the surface of the heat exchanger core in the vicinity thereof to protect the heat exchanger against corrosion.
Abstract: A finning and thread rolling machine capable of producing an integral finned tube, an extended finned tube or a wrap-on finned tube, whichever is desired, the tubing to be used for extended surface heat transfer. Types of tubes produced are integral low finned tube, bi-metal fin tube with extruded high finned tube on the outer portion, and extruded integral/high finned tube and spiral strip helical wrap-on finned tube. The apparatus also provides a two and three die thread rolling machine for thru-feed threading and form rolling.