Abstract: Apparatus is provided for release of liquid propane from the holding chamber of a cloud-seeding rocket. The invention includes a liquid propane-filled bag within the chamber to expand and apply continuous pressure on the liquid propane in the chamber as it exits the chamber to be used for cloud-seeding purposes. A second aspect of the invention has a valve mechanism triggered by the ignition of a fuse to release a lever action. Admixing of small amounts of other gaseous compounds with the liquid propane enhances the ice nucleation of the liquid propane as it is discharged from the rocket.
Abstract: An improved method of and apparatus for making artificial snow. The snow making machine disclosed for practicing the invention includes a ducted fan within a housing for generating a substantially unidirectional, high volume air current over the area to be deposited with snow. High velocity water sprays are injected into the air current from above and below the air current via a plurality of nozzles connected to an annular water manifold circumferentially disposed around the discharge end of the housing. Nucleated ice crystals are also injected into the air current by a high velocity vapor spray emitted from a pair of seeder nozzles disposed at the center of the housing. The vapor spray is comprised of a mixture of water and compressed air which is vaporized in a venturi-type expansion chamber prior to emission through the seeder nozzles.
Abstract: An electrostatic spraying apparatus for applying a liquid coating material to a work piece, and which comprises a rotating bell-like or disc-like atomizer head and an annular gap coaxial therewith which is connected to a compressed air source is provided with an improvement of a further annular gap connected to a compressed air source, the additional gap coaxially surrounding the first annular gap, and the gap width of at least one of the two annular gaps being adjustable.
Abstract: A foamable liquid distributing apparatus comprising a composite block formed of two parts removably secured together and having an inlet passageway and a plurality of spaced outlet passageways. A plurality of connecting passageways respectively connect the outlet passageways to inlet passageway, with each of the connecting passageways being provided with a plurality of turbulence-producing bends to inhibit build-up of foam.
Abstract: A spray gun for airless atomization for electrostatic deposition of a coating material upon a substrate includes a novel dual electrode element having a spring loop portion. The two electrodes are the respective end portions of a single electrode wire, which has its major portion between the electrodes formed into a spiral spring. A tip resistor is provided with a conductive fitting that presents a broad and sturdy bearing surface which abuts the electrode spring portion to thereby directly connect the electrode with a high voltage charging circuit. The electrode spring accommodates spacing variations between the electrode and tip resistor, and provides a continuous electrical connection regardless of the rotational position of the electrode relative to the tip resistor. The dual electrode spring further serves to secure a number of otherwise loose parts of the gun nozzle assembly together, and prevents the parts from falling out and getting lost when the nozzle assembly is removed from the spray gun.
Abstract: An agricultural liquid spraying system including a liquid source and retrieval vehicle and a movable base member, the movable base member includes base mounted wheels, a liquid tower, a rotatable seat mounted on the tower, a rotatable nozzle mounted on the upper end of the tower, and a directional control arm secured to the nozzle for manipulation by a person located in the rotatable seat, the tower capable of being partially collapsed for transporting the movable base member.
Abstract: A cleaning apparatus and method is disclosed which utilizes a nozzle generally comprising a cylindrical drum having external and internal air chambers, each of which terminates in a pipe having a rectangular cross-section. One of the pipes has a smaller cross-section than the other, and is disposed within the larger pipe. A high-pressure water pipe is concentrically disposed along the longitudinal axis of the smaller pipe. The space between the two pipes defines a passageway for a stream of compressed air which shapes the stream of water emanating out of the center of the smaller pipe into a jet of water having a bar-shaped cross-section, and a uniform pressure gradient at all points across this cross-section. The smaller pipe is provided with a symmetrical array of apertures for shunting part of the air stream flowing between the two pipes in a radial direction toward the pressurized stream.
Abstract: A burner for flame-spray coating, being capable of sufficiently high flame temperature and being capable to flame-spray powder material of high melting point by using such fuel gas as C.sub.3 H.sub.8 or C.sub.4 H.sub.10 with high efficiency of deposition, having a gas-powder stream supplying conduit connectedly arranged at the rear portion of a pre-mix combustion chamber, from where gas-powder stream being jetted into the chamber, characterized that at least a series of auxiliary combustion gas (oxygen, oxygen enriched air) supplying passages are annularly provided on the conical wall face of said chamber with the direction of converging toward an opening for flame jet and the axis of the pre-mix combustion chamber.
Abstract: A device to atomize and inject a coal slurry in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, and which eliminates the use of a conventional fuel injection pump/nozzle. The injector involves the use of compressed air to atomize and inject the coal slurry and like fuels. In one embodiment, the breaking and atomization of the fuel is achieved with the help of perforated discs and compressed air. In another embodiment, a cone shaped aspirator is used to achieve the breaking and atomization of the fuel. The compressed air protects critical bearing areas of the injector.
August 31, 1984
Date of Patent:
February 11, 1986
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
Abstract: A fuel injection nozzle for internal combustion engines, having a valve needle, which at the end of a pre-stroke directly or indirectly opens an auxiliary conduit, by way of which the fuel pressure acts upon a reservoir piston and a pressure shoulder which acts in the closing direction of the valve needle. As a result, the valve needle is temporarily returned to the valve seat and the closing pressure is notably increased. The subsequent primary injection phase is initiated at a correspondingly higher pressure, and the higher closing pressure continues effective until the end of the injection event, thereby bringing about an exact closure of the valve.
Abstract: A step-by-step rotary sprinkler head comprising a sprinkler body having an inlet and at least one outlet communicating with the inlet, a mounting assembly supporting the sprinkler body for rotational movement about a generally vertical axis operable to communicate the inlet of the sprinkler body with a source of water under pressure, a nozzle in the outlet for directing water under pressure communicated with the inlet outwardly of the nozzle in a cylindrical water stream flowing in an upward and outward direction, a drive spoon arm assembly mounted for rotational movement with the sprinkler body and for cyclical movements with respect thereto between a position of stream engagement and a spaced position out of stream engagement for effecting step-by-step rotational movement of the sprinkler body in conjunction with the cyclical movements, and a stream diffusing assembly disposed outwardly of the position of stream engagement of the drive spoon for engaging the cylindrical water stream when the latter is out o
Abstract: A unit fuel injector for internal combustion engines having a fuel injecting pump portion and a fuel injection valve portion which are assembled as a unit in a single injector body (6). The injector body (6) has an upper section into which a check valve (9), barrel (5), plunger (3), and so forth are inserted from the upper side of the injector body. The check valve, barrel, plunger and so forth are secured by means of a barrel holder (7) screwed into the upper section of the injector body. Also a nozzle spring (13), nozzle body (19), nozzle valve (18) and so forth are assembled and placed within from the lower side of the injector body. The nozzle spring, nozzle body, nozzle valve and so forth are fixed by a nozzle nut (20) screwed to the lower section. This arrangement permits the diameter of the unit fuel injector to be reduced to facilitate the mounting in the limited space on a cylinder head of the engine.
Abstract: Improvements in an oscillating sprinkler having an improved discharge of fluid wherein the fluid being discharged enters two side by side curved chambers and is split into two separate streams. The spring controlling the oscillation of the sprinkler is centered on the impact arm of the sprinkler by a spring retainer and a boss on the arm itself so as to provide a smooth transition for the water and disperse it evenly with less operating pressure. The arm may have a removable reactor spoon portion so that the spoon portion can be quickly and easily replaced, if desired.
Abstract: A compressed fluid spraying pistol includes a central nozzle for ejecting a spraying medium, a tank for holding the spraying medium, a jet needle for opening and closing the nozzle, and a connecting channel between the nozzle and the tank. The nozzle, tank, jet needle, and connecting channel form a foot-like exchangeable member insertable within a slipper-shaped housing within the body of the pistol. The spraying medium includes a product to be sprayed and a hardener, separately contained within the tank.
Abstract: An atomizer (14) for producing a finely dispersed spray (16) of a solid-liquid slurry (18) includes a mixing body (22) having an internal mixing chamber (28) and a spray outlet passage (30). The flow cross-section of the mixing chamber (28) is elongated in shape, with an atomizing medium inlet passage (24) for injecting an atomizing medium (20) into the mixing chamber (28) co-linearly with the spray outlet passage (30). The slurry inlet passage (26) injects the slurry (18) into the mixing chamber (28) at an angle (32) oblique to the flow of atomizing medium and perpendicular to the mixing chamber flow cross-section elongation.
July 29, 1983
Date of Patent:
January 7, 1986
Canadian Patents and Development Limited/Societe Canadienne des Brevets et d'Exploitation Limitee
Abstract: A garden sprinkler is provided and consists of a hollow tubular frame in an endless closed path that has a first set of inwardly facing apertures along one portion of the frame forming a first spray tube and a second set of inwardly facing apertures along an opposite portion of the frame forming a second spray tube and a device for removably connecting a standard garden hose to the hollow tubular frame. When the hollow tubular frame is placed on a ground surface and water pressure through the garden hose is low the first spray tube and the second spray tube will spray water inside the endless closed path area. When water pressure through the garden hose is high the first spray tube and the second spray tube will overshoot the endless closed path area and spray water to other areas of the ground surface.
Abstract: A sprinkler or water circulating system having a selected number of sprinkler heads, bubblers or the like, each having an associated valve mechanism adapted to effect valve closure upon displacement of the sprinkler head, bubbler, etc., during water flow thereby preventing loss of sprinkler effect and fluid. A normally open spring loaded valve is positioned in a conduit to which the sprinkler head or the like is attached. A stem or rod is positioned in engagement between sprinkler head and valve so that upon displacement the stem may be broken off if of frangible material, or otherwise displaced and the valve is urged into closed position. Upon replacement of the sprinkler head or the like in proper position the rod is replaced to maintain the valve in open position.
Abstract: A flail type manure spreader apparatus having a half round, elongated tank having a rotor to which flail chains are anchored for 360.degree. rotation, a pair of starters secured to each end of the rotor, and cleanout flingers having depending chains thereon to make certain the areas about the lower end of the tank adjacent the ends are cleaned of manure while spreading.
Abstract: A showerhead includes a hollow housing with front and rear openings and a closure in the front opening which defines first and second groups of flow outlets. The showerhead is secured to a supply pipe by a nut which has a snout to captivate a ball and fix the position of a shank that projects from the ball and around which the housing is rotatable. A flow control device rotationally fixed on the shank enables selection of liquid flow through the ball and shank to selected ones of first and second channels that lead to corresponding first and second groups of flow outlets as the housing is rotated about the shank.
Abstract: Aerial spraying apparatus includes two sets of nozzles located at spaced locations on an aircraft. Each nozzle has an electrode associated with it to induce a charge on the cloud of droplets issuing from the nozzle. A high potential is maintained on each electrode by a power pack that induces an equal and opposite potential on the electrodes of each set. By virtue of the opposed polarity of the electrodes, the aircraft is maintained at a neutral potential. To prevent a potential being imposed due to spray being deposited on the electrodes, a pair of corona needles are provided to establish a leakage current and maintain the electrodes at the required potential. This prevents the system becoming imbalanced and a potential being established on the aircraft.