Abstract: One or more implantable system control units (SCU) apply one or more stimulating drugs and/or electrical pulses to one or more predetermined areas affecting circulatory perfusion. The SCU preferably includes a programmable memory for storing data and/or control parameters, and preferably uses a power source/storage device, such as a rechargeable battery. If necessary, periodic recharging of such a power source/storage device is accomplished, for example, by inductive coupling with an external appliance. The SCU provides a means of stimulating a nerve(s) or other tissue with electrical and/or infusion pulses when desired, without the need for external appliances during the stimulation session. When necessary, external appliances are used for the transmission of data to and/or from the SCU(s) and/or for the transmission of power. In a preferred embodiment, the system is capable of open- and closed-loop operation.
August 30, 2001
Date of Patent:
January 18, 2005
Advanced Bionics Corporation
William Vanbrooks Harrison, Todd K. Whitehurst
Abstract: A steerable catheter for insertion into the ostium of the coronary sinus in the right atria including a flexible catheter body, and a steerable catheter handle wherein the catheter body includes a generally straight proximal section, a deflectable distal section and a precurved tip portion located at a distal end of the deflectable distal section. Preferably, the precurved tip portion curves outside of a plane formed by the deflectable distal section from about 20 degrees to about 50 degrees.
Abstract: A needle and catheter system, including components, is provided such that the position of an epidural needle may be identified after insertion into the body of a patient by electrically stimulating and thus locating a specific nerve. When a specific nerve is located, the catheter is inserted through the needle to a point slightly beyond the distal tip of the needle. The catheter tip may then be manipulated and the optimum position for the catheter tip determined by applying an electrical voltage through the helical wire to the proximal tip of the helical wire, this electrical stimulation being utilized in locating the specific location of the catheter tip within the nerve. Once optimum placement is achieved, the catheter is utilized for continuous administration of anaesthetic. A catheter adapter is utilized to allow easy access to the catheter and introduction of fluid into the nerve of the patient through the catheter tip.
March 13, 2000
Date of Patent:
September 24, 2002
Arrow International Inc.
Fred Hafer, Michal Syrucek, Andre Boezaart
Abstract: A power management system and technique to manage and allocate the energy provided to various components of an implanted device during periods of low energy. The power management system includes an implantable power source delivering energy to various components within the implantable medical device, a measurement device to measure the energy of the power source, and a processor responsive to the measurement device. The processor monitors the energy level of the power source. During periods of low energy, the processor limits the energy to certain device-critical components of the implantable medical device. This minimizes the risk of damage to the power source resulting from high energy drain during periods of low energy. Further, this preserves operation of device-critical components of the implanted device during periods of low energy.
Abstract: An electro-stimulation device includes a pair of electrodes for connection to at least one location in the body that affects or regulates the heartbeat. The electro-stimulation device both electrically arrests the heartbeat and stimulates the heartbeat. A pair of electrodes are provided for connection to at least one location in the body that affects or regulates the heartbeat. The pair of electrodes may be connected to an intravenous catheter for transvenous stimulation of the appropriate nerve. A first switch is connected between a power supply and the electrodes for selectively supplying current from the power supply to the electrodes to augment any natural stimuli to the heart and thereby stop the heart from beating. A second switch is connected between the power supply and the electrodes for selectively supplying current from the power supply to the electrodes to provide an artificial stimulus to initiate heartbeating.
Abstract: There is provided an aritifical dental root to be implanted into a jawbone comprising a sensor capable of contacting body fluids and a radio transmitter for transmitting electric signals representing the physical and/or chemical values of the body fluids obtained by the sensor to an external receiver. With such an artificial dental root, the blood, the lymph and the muscles of the carrier of the artificial dental root can be examined without pain on the side of the subject to continuously watch the health conditions of the subject regardless of the psychological well-being of the subject and the doctor watching the subject on a receiving set for the radio transmitter can intervene for the health of the subject, take measures to cure, if any, the disease of the subject and give directions for emergency treatment whenever necessary.