Patents Examined by Jessica T Stultz
  • Patent number: 8864805
    Abstract: Various systems and methods are implemented for controlling stimulus of a cell. One such method is implemented for optical stimulation of a cell expressing a NpHR ion pump. The method includes the step of providing a sequence of stimuli to the cell. Each stimulus increases the probability of depolarization events occurring in the cell. Light is provided to the cell to activate the expressed NpHR ion pump, thereby decreasing the probability of depolarization events occurring in the cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Karl Deisseroth, Feng Zhang, Edward Boyden
  • Patent number: 8848757
    Abstract: A VCSEL array device formed of a monolithic array of raised VCSELs on an electrical contact and raised inactive regions connected to the electrical contact. The VCSELs can be spaced symmetrically or asymmetrically, in a manner to improve power or speed, or in phase and in parallel. The VCSELs include an active region positioned between two mirrors generating a pulsed light operating at a frequency of at least 1 GHz. The VCSELs having an output power of at least 120 mW. The raised VCSELs and raised inactive regions are positioned between the electrical contact and an electrical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Trilumina Corp.
    Inventor: John Joseph
  • Patent number: 8542711
    Abstract: A laser diode driving device (1) of the present invention includes: a variable DC power supply (3) for outputting a voltage for driving laser diodes (LD1 to LDn); a current driving element (4) for causing a current If to flow; a current control section (5) for controlling (i) turning on and off of the current driving element (4) and (ii) the amount of the current If; and a power supply control section (7) for controlling an output voltage of the variable DC power supply (3). The power supply control section (7) controls, on the basis of If-Vf characteristic data (D2), voltage drop characteristic data (D3), and Vds setting data (D4) all stored in a memory section (8), the output voltage of the variable DC power supply (3) so that the current driving element (4) has a constant inter-terminal voltage regardless of the amount of the current If.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Fujikura Ltd.
    Inventor: Kotaro Shimokoshi
  • Patent number: 8537869
    Abstract: A broad area laser, with high efficiency and small far-field divergence, has an active layer, a first contact and a second contact, each having a width larger than 10 ?m. An anti-wave guiding layer, which is positioned laterally with respect to the active region, is enclosed between the first and second contacts, wherein a refractive index of the anti-wave guiding layer is larger than a minimum refractive index of cladding layers. A minimum distance between the anti-wave guiding layer and a projection of one of the contacts on the plane of the anti-wave guiding layer is between 0 and 100 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V.
    Inventors: Paul Crump, Goetz Erbert, Hans Wenzel, Joerg Fricke
  • Patent number: 8231219
    Abstract: The present invention provides improved ophthalmic lenses and methods for their design and use. Monofocal and multifocal diffractive ophthalmic lenses having reduced light scatter, improved light energy distribution properties, and/or other improvements in optical performance are provided. These properties are provided, at least in part, by the diffractive profiles of the invention, often having subtlety shaped echelettes with appropriately curving profiles. Smooth diffractive profiles may be used reduce light scatter. Diffractive profiles may be configured to limit the light energy in certain selected orders, thereby improving viewing quality and mitigating unwanted effects such as dysphotopsia. Diffractive profiles of may additionally or alternatively vary the light energy distributed between individual echelettes, providing additional advantages in various viewing situations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: AMO Groningen B.V.
    Inventor: Hendrik A. Weeber
  • Patent number: 8081668
    Abstract: A laser processes a workpiece with laser pulses delivered at random time intervals and at substantially constant energy levels by characterizing the laser cavity discharge behavior and utilizing that information for adjusting dummy pulse time periods to compensate for the energy errors. Dummy pulses are laser pulses that are blocked from reaching a workpiece. A second way for providing constant pulse energies employs an AOM for varying amounts of laser energy passed to the workpiece. A third way of providing constant pulse energies entails extending the pulse period of selected pulses to allow additional laser cavity charging time whenever a dummy pulse is initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Electro Scientific Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith Grant, Steve Stone, Brady Nilsen
  • Patent number: 8023548
    Abstract: Diode lasers type of devices with good coupling between field distribution and gain are disclosed. A single element has a flat field distribution that couples with the uniform current injection in a contact region. A multi element array having almost flat field distribution in each element and almost equal amplitude for the field intensity in all elements is provided. Injection by multiple contacts couples well with the overall field distribution. Also, the lasers are stable against filament formation and mode switching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Inventor: Iulian Basarab Petrescu-Prahova
  • Patent number: 8023547
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing the light emitting component of a VECSEL and the corresponding VECSEL. In the method a layer stack (2) is epitaxially grown on a semiconductor substrate (1). The layer stack comprises an active region (4), an upper distributed Bragg reflector (5) and a n- or p-doped current injection layer (13) arranged between the active region (4) and the semiconductor substrate (1). A mechanical support (6) or submount is bonded to an upper side of the layer stack (2) and the semiconductor substrate (1) is subsequently removed. A metallization layer (7) is optionally deposited on the lower side of the layer stack (2) and an optically transparent substrate (8) is bonded to this lower side. The proposed method allows the manufacturing of such a component in a standard manner and results in a VECSEL with a homogenous current injection and high efficiency of heat dissipation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
    Inventors: Holger Moench, Adriaan Valster, Martin Grabherr
  • Patent number: 8023540
    Abstract: An optical phase lock loop (OPLL) system is disclosed that includes a master external cavity laser (ECL), and a substantially identical slave ECL. The master and slave ECLs are fabricated using a planar semiconductor device with waveguide-integrated planar Bragg gratings (PBG). Both the master and slave ECLs have a narrow linewidth and a low frequency-noise. Each of the ECLs has their own controller-modulator circuits for thermal tuning or electrical tuning via direct modulation. A laser-select-logic (LSL) module receives and processes a filtered phase error signal from a loop filter coupled to an electronic PLL device, and directs the processed phase error signal to one or both of the master and slave controller-modulators according to a logical determination of a required mode of operation of the OPLL system in order to achieve a stable and identical phase performance of the master and the slave ECLs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Redfern Integrated Optics, Inc.
    Inventor: Vladimir Kupershmidt
  • Patent number: 8018979
    Abstract: A mode-locked short pulse laser resonator including a pump laser beam input, a non-linear laser medium, a plurality of resonator mirrors as well as a first outcoupler mirror and a second outcoupler mirror, wherein the first outcoupler mirror is arranged for coupling out laser radiation having first spectral properties, and the second outcoupler mirror is arranged for coupling out laser radiation having second spectral properties which are different from the first spectral properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Femtolasers Produktions GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Stingl, Harald Frei, Christian Warmuth
  • Patent number: 8018981
    Abstract: A multi-pass optical cell with an actuator for actuating a reflective surface is provided. In one preferred embodiment, an apparatus is provided comprising a first reflective surface, a second reflective surface, and a support structure supporting the first and second reflective surfaces. The support structure positions the first and second reflective surfaces to create an optical cell. The apparatus also comprises a source and a detector, which are positioned such that light emitted from the source is reflected in the optical cell at least one time between the first and second reflective surfaces before reaching the detector. The apparatus further comprises an actuator coupled with and operative to actuate the first reflective surface. In some embodiments, the actuator rotates the first reflective surface. Also, in some embodiments, the multi-pass optical cell is an open path multi-pass optical cell, while, in other embodiments, the multi-pass optical cell is a closed path multi-pass optical cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: LI-COR, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert D. Eckles, Tyler G. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8014433
    Abstract: A large number of passes of pump light through an active mirror in a solid state disk laser is realized using a pair of coupled imaging systems, where the optical axes of imaging systems are not coincident. Two imaging systems are optically coupled, so that an image of the first imaging system is an object of the second imaging system, and vice versa. An active mirror is disposed at the object or image plane, or at the focal plane of any one of the coupled imaging systems, where the position of the reflected pump beam during the multi-reflection between the first and second imaging systems is substantially unchanged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Apollo Instruments
    Inventors: Zhijiang Wang, Ying Wang
  • Patent number: 8014434
    Abstract: A semiconductor chip has at least two DFB etched facet laser cavities with one set of facets with AR coatings and a second set of etched facets with HR coatings that have a different relative position with respect to the gratings. This creates a difference in the phase between each of the etched facets and the gratings which changes the operational characteristics of the two laser cavities such that at least one of the lasers provides acceptable performance. As a result, the two cavity arrangement greatly improves the yield of the fabricated chips.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Binoptics Corporation
    Inventors: Alex Behfar, Malcolm Green, Norman Kwong, Cristian Stagaresen
  • Patent number: 8014428
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides in a first aspect a mode-locked laser for generating laser pulses. The mode-locked laser comprises an optical coupler and a first optical path capable of carrying optical signals from and to the optical coupler. The first optical path includes an optical amplifier that is arranged so that saturation of optical amplification causes amplitude modulation of the light. The optical amplifier has a saturation time that is shorter than a pulse transition period of the mode-locked laser and is arranged for recovery of amplifying properties after the saturation within a period of time that is shorter than the pulse transition period of the mode-locked laser. The laser further comprises a second optical path capable of carrying optical signals from and to the optical coupler. The second optical path includes an optical isolator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: University of Sydney
    Inventors: Simon Fleming, Seong-Sik Min, Yucheng Zhao
  • Patent number: 8009714
    Abstract: A laser diode includes a substrate having a lattice constant of GaAs or between GaAs and GaP, a first cladding layer of AlGaInP formed on the substrate, an active layer of GaInAsP formed on the first cladding layer, an etching stopper layer of GaInP formed on the active layer, a pair of current-blocking regions of AlGaInP formed on the etching stopper layer so as to define a strip region therebetween, an optical waveguide layer of AlGaInP formed on the pair of current-blocking regions so as to cover the etching stopper layer in the stripe region, and a second cladding layer of AlGaInP formed on the optical waveguide layer, wherein the current-blocking regions having an Al content substantially identical with an Al content of the second cladding layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoto Jikutani, Takashi Takahashi, Shunichi Sato
  • Patent number: 8009716
    Abstract: A device having a light cavity includes, at one end, a plasmonic reflector having a grating surface for coupling incoming light into traverse plasmon waves and for coupling the traverse plasmon wave into broaden light, the surface serving to redistribute light within the cavity, the reflector being well suited for use in laser diodes for redistributing filamental cavity laser light into spatially broaden cavity laser light for translating multimodal laser light into unimodal laser light for improved reliability and uniform laser beam creation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: The Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Joshua A. Conway, Jon V. Osborn, Ryan A. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 8004779
    Abstract: A lens drive device may include a movable body having a lens and a coil, a support body movably supporting the movable body, a magnetic drive mechanism having a magnet for driving the movable body together with the coil, a restricting member for restricting movement of the movable body due to an electromagnetic force generated when an electric current is supplied to the coil, a magnetic member disposed in the movable body to be magnetically attracted by the magnet. In a non-energized state where the coil is not energized, following relationships are satisfied: W>F1, W>F2, and W<F1+F2. wherein a force with which the restricting member urges the movable body toward a non-energized position is “F1”; a force in the optical axis direction with which the magnetic member is attracted by the magnet is “F2”; and a weight of the entire movable body is “W”.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Nidec Sankyo Corporation
    Inventors: Yukio Furuya, Noboru Ootsuki
  • Patent number: 8005126
    Abstract: The proposed gas discharge laser comprises extended solid main discharge electrodes, at each of which at least one ultraviolet pre-ionizer is placed, a gas flow area being formed by means of dielectric gas flow guides and the work surfaces of main electrodes and the pre-ionizers being placed outside of the gas flow area for illuminating a space between the main discharge electrodes through a gap defined between the main electrodes and dielectric guides. The proposed invention makes it possible to design a gas discharge laser for a high pulse repetition frequency mode with high-quality laser radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Optosystems Ltd.
    Inventors: Vladimir Vasilyevich Atezhev, Sergei Karenovich Vartapetov
  • Patent number: 8004743
    Abstract: Methods and systems for providing brightness control in an interferometric modulator (IMOD) display are provided. In one embodiment, an interferometric modulator display pixel is provided that includes a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) interferometric modulator having an associated first color spectrum, and a color absorber located substantially in front of the interferometric modulator display pixel, in which the color absorber has an associated second color spectrum. The microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) interferometric modulator is operable to shift the first color spectrum relative to the second color spectrum to control a visual brightness of the interferometric modulator display pixel independent of a color of the interferometric modulator display pixel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Marc Mignard
  • Patent number: 8005125
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fabrication method of coaxial line laser diodes and a coaxial lighting optical fiber which disperses and guides uniform emission of light from a coaxial line laser diode. The line coaxial laser diode can be extended at a greater length to generate more spontaneous emission photons which are emitted from an elongated tubular active layer. The active layer has a uniform built-in electric field to distribute uniform current therein to get higher quantum efficiency. The length of the coaxial laser diode can be increased through a VLSED method. A longer laser ingot can be produced and cut to a large number of coaxial laser diodes. This method can reduce the waste of cutting in the wafer process and get larger lighting areas. Both the coaxial line laser diode and the coaxial lighting optical fiber can be coupled to form a high efficiency white-emitting luminescence device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Inventor: Chun-Chu Yang