Abstract: Disclosed herein is a process for producing a fibrous material for a member with which an ink-jet ink comes into contact, including the step of melt spinning a thermoplastic resin, the process comprising the step of treating a spun yarn by bringing it into contact with a glycol added with ethylene oxide.
Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing a three dimensionally texturized liquid resistant laminate having a fibrous nonwoven layer and a liquid resistant layer. The process has the steps of placing the fibrous layer and the liquid resistant layer in juxtaposition to form a laminate, attaching the fibrous layer and the liquid resistant layer at a plurality of spaced-apart bond locations, heating the bonded laminate to a temperature that activates the latent shrinkability of the liquid resistant layer, and allowing the heated laminate to retract such that the liquid resistant layer shrinks and said fibrous layer forms gathers between said bond locations, thereby forming a three dimensional texture and heat annealing the laminate. The invention additionally provides a three dimensionally texturized laminate having a fibrous layer and a nonelastic liquid resistant layer.
Abstract: Disclosed herein is a colorless or pale-colored liquid composition comprising a cationic substance, wherein the liquid composition contains in combination a cationic substance and a nonionic polymeric substance.
Abstract: A high pulp content nonwoven composite fabric is disclosed. The composite fabric contains 1) from more than about 0 to less than about 30 percent, by weight, of a nonwoven layer of conjugate spun filaments, the filaments containing at least one low-softening point component and at least one high-softening point component and having at least some exterior surfaces of the filaments composed of at least one low-softening point component; 2) more than about 70 percent, by weight, of pulp fibers; and 3) regions in which the low-softening point component at the exterior surfaces of the filaments is fused to at least a portion of the fibrous component. This high pulp content composite nonwoven fabric may be used as a heavy duty wiper or as a fluid distribution material, cover material, and/or absorbent material in an absorbent personal care product. Also disclosed is a method of making the high pulp content nonwoven composite fabric.
Abstract: A water-based security printing ink is provided with two means of security. The use of a variable light absorbing and/or transmitting pigment or dye is a first security and a water repelling agent is provided as a second security. Visible images can be generated from the printed ink upon exposure to UV or infrared light. The water repelling agent renders the image waterproof and differentiates the printed image from the substrate, which allows the image to be detected upon exposure to water or other aqueous mixture. Suitable inks can be used in conventional printing methods, such as jet printing, lithography, offset printing and impact printing. Also provided are substrates imaged with these security printing inks.
Abstract: A textile substrate is provided which is coated with a film comprising iron (III) oxide hydroxide and aluminum oxide hydroxide. This film or coating is formed by contacting the textile substrate with an aqueous solution comprising ferrous or ferric salts and aluminum salts. The iron (II), iron (III), and aluminum ions are hydrolyzed and the iron (II) ions are also oxidized under controlled conditions. These hydrolyzed species then, it is believed, coprecipitate or copolymerized to on the textile surface to form a smooth, coherent, substantially amorphous iron (III) oxide/aluminum oxide hydroxide film or coating on the surface of the substrate without forming an insoluble iron (III) or aluminum hydroxide precipitate in the solution. This is accomplished by controlling the reaction conditions such that the rates of adsorption onto the substrate surface of both iron (III) and aluminum oxide hydroxides are greater than the rates of formation of said same oxide hydroxide particles.
Abstract: An absorbing article has a hydrophobic, liquid impermeable back side layer and a liquid permeable top layer together with an interposed hydrophilic core layer. The article is made so that at least the back side layer comprises hydrophobic vegetable fibers, preferably kapok fibers, and that the top lay can comprise wool fibers.
Such an article is advantageous since it may be used for keeping the user warm in situations where there is need for liquid absorption without the risk of unintended temperature elevation known from plastic products.
Abstract: A composite carbon fiber material is formed of one or more layers of carbon fiber material in which the carbon fibers are aligned all in the same direction and a mat of nonwoven, woven, or off-axis unidirectional carbon fibers are laminated together. Layers may be used individually or as a hybrid. The layers can be preimpregnated or impregnated during processing using thermoplastic or thermosetting resins. A layer of thermoplastic resin is applied either over the surface or within the composite structure, and the resin permeates the material so as to provide a more stable mechanical structure once the resin is processed. The material combines good mechanical strength with improved electrical current carrying properties when compared with the aligned carbon fiber layer alone. The layering sequence, layer type, and resin type can be specified to tailor electrical properties, mechanical properties, durability, and wear resistance.
Abstract: A spunbonded non-woven fabric and a laminate composed of one or more such spunbonded non-woven fabrics and of one or more melt-blown non-woven fabrics under lamination, wherein the spunbonded non-woven fabric does scarcely suffer from occurence of rough surface and reveal scarce adherent touch with better hand feel due to permission of attaining more finer filament and can be produced efficiently without suffering from filament fracture on the spinning,
wherein the said spunbonded non-woven fabric is made of fibers of a polypropylene resin composition having fiber finenesses of 0.8 to 2.8 denier and has an average friction factor (MIU) of 0.1 to 0.3, a thickness uniformity of 0.8 or less, a waterproof performance of at least 60 mmH2O and a gas permeability of not higher than 480 ml/cm2/sec.
Abstract: A method of forming a thermally bonded, nonwoven polypropylene fabric is provided and includes passing a web of thermally bondable skin-core polypropylene fibers through a calender nip under heat and pressure to produce a nonwoven fabric having elongation. The patterned calender roll is embossed with a plurality of spaced and staggered lands particularly dimensioned, configured and oriented to provide the desired bonding spot size and spacing between the bonding spots such that when utilized in the calender roll, an improved soft polypropylene fabric or cover sheet having a high elongation results.
July 16, 1998
Date of Patent:
June 22, 2004
William Robert Lanigan, Richard J. Legare, Shiv Sibal
Abstract: A detergent-impregnated article, especially suitable for cleaning hard surface such as glass, characterized in that a base body is impregnated with a detergent comprising solid abrasive particles, a protective layer-forming component, an organic solvent, a drying accelerator, a thickening polysaccharide and a surface active agent.
April 19, 1999
Date of Patent:
June 15, 2004
Koji Hanaoka, Eiichi Hoshino, Fumiko Inaba, Hironobu Sionome
Abstract: The present invention provides an ink composition for use in ink jet printing on food items, candy, particularly dark candy, such as chocolate, and to a method of forming printed images on such food items by use of the ink compositions. The compositions of the present invention comprise a pigment, a binder, and an aqueous carrier.
Abstract: A non-woven fiber pad having a convoluted surface formed by cutting a non-woven fiber batt having a plurality of low melt synthetic fibers. The non-woven batt is compressed generally toward a cutting device by a pair of counter-rotating drums having convoluted surfaces.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a polyester textile fabric having a relatively low level of particulate contaminates and high absorbency is provided by heatsetting the fabric at a temperature of 300° F. or less.
September 29, 2000
Date of Patent:
May 25, 2004
Milliken Research Corporation
Brian G. Morin, Daniel T. McBride, Loren W. Chambers
Abstract: An elastically stretchable composite sheet including an elastic sheet and a fibrous assembly. A fibrous assembly having an inelastic extensibility is bonded to at least one surface of an elastic sheet at intermittently arranged bond regions to form a composite sheet. Component fibers constituting the fibrous assembly are long fibers continuously extending and describing curves between each pair of adjacent bond regions.
Abstract: A protective fabric of high penetration resistance is formed from a plurality of layered, densely woven base fabrics, each formed by tightly weaving multifilament yarns to obtain a warp yarn “density” or “cover” in excess of 100% at the center of the fill yarn, and a fill yarn density or cover preferably also in excess of 75%. The yarns themselves preferably comprise a high modulus, high breaking strength yarn of materials such as Kevlar, Spectra, or Vectran. The resultant layered fabric offers especially high penetration resistance to weapons such as ice picks and the like. Additional resistance to penetration by sharp knives is provided by interruptedly coating the base fabric with an epoxy in such a manner as to inhibit penetration while providing drapability and breathability.
Abstract: A laundry-durable stretchable composite fabric, based on two nonwoven outer layers and a pre-stretched inner layer of elastomeric fibers of at least 400 decitex and at least eight threadlines/inch, and having a flat surface appearance, is provided.
Abstract: Process for preparing durable, re-usable intermediate toner image-transfer belts or electrostatic transfuse belts. The present belts have a continuous elastomer-impregnated fibrous fabric support and at least one outer smooth release layer of a cured elastomer polymer. The invention is characterized by the application of a thin primer layer of a hydrolyzable polyfunctional silicone composition between the elastomer-coated surface of the fabric support and the outer elastomer polymer layer. The polyfunctional silicone chemically-bonds to the elastomer of the fabric support during hydrolysis and chemically-bonds to the outer elastomer layer during its cure, to form a durable, heat-resistant transfuse belt. The layers maybe applied to the fabric support by spray application as dilute solutions.
Abstract: A non-woven weld blanket for protecting automobile exteriors and interiors and industrial equipment from weld spatter, comprising a needle punched webbing of pre-oxidized, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers. The fabric is assembled using these carbon precursor fibers that have been interlocked by a needle punch process to produce a non-woven and non-plush blanket. The weld blanket is lightweight and is successful at a cost-effective thickness and density. In use, the blanket can be taped to automobile components or industrial equipment to ensure the security and protection of equipment from molten metal spatter near welding locations.
July 23, 2001
Date of Patent:
February 24, 2004
William M. Bridgeman, Eric D. Ritter, Eliza L. Montgomery
Abstract: A protective fabric includes a plurality of warp yarns interwoven with a plurality of fill yarns. The denier of each of the warp and fill yarns is less than 500. The yarns are made from at least one of liquid crystal polyesters, para-aramids, and high density polyethylenes.