Abstract: An analog signal bus driving circuit includes a plurality of signal sources, a plurality of signal output amplifiers, a plurality of shield drive amplifiers, and a time-division control circuit. The plurality of signal sources generate a plurality of analog signals. The plurality of signal output amplifiers output the plurality of analog signals to at least one signal line. The plurality of shield drive amplifiers output the plurality of analog signals to a shield line. The shield line extends along the at least one signal line to at least partially surround the at least one signal line. The time-division control circuit sequentially drives the plurality of signal output amplifiers in a time-division manner to sequentially output the plurality of analog signals in a time-division manner from the plurality of signal sources to the at least one signal line.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing an optical module for an optical unit, said method comprising: Arranging a tubular body including a casing manufactured in stainless steel, said casing defining an internal surface, a longitudinal axis (X), and a thickness (T), the cross-section of which is perpendicular to said longitudinal axis; Reducing a first thickness of a first section of said casing in a uniform manner for a segment of length (L) along a longitudinal axis (X) of said casing up to a first predetermined thickness (T1) by means of wire-cut electrical discharge machining; Inserting a support holding an electromagnetic radiation emitter and/or a receiver in said casing.
May 19, 2015
Date of Patent:
February 11, 2020
DATALOGIC IP TECH S.r.l.
Luca Rossetti, Alberto Filippini, Paolo Aprile
Abstract: A photographing optical lens assembly includes, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element and a fifth lens element. The first lens element with positive refractive power has a convex object-side surface. The second lens element with negative refractive power has a convex object-side surface and a concave image-side surface. The third lens element has refractive power. The fourth lens element has refractive power, and an object-side surface and an image-side surface thereof are aspheric. The fifth lens element with negative refractive power has a concave image-side surface, wherein an object-side surface and the image-side surface thereof are aspheric, and at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface thereof has at least one inflection point.
Abstract: Imaging sensors, imaging apparatuses, and methods of driving an image sensor are provided. An image sensor can include a semiconductor substrate with a photoelectric conversion element and a charge-conversion element. The sensor can further include a capacitance switch. A charge accumulation element is located adjacent the photoelectric conversion element. At least a portion of the charge accumulation element overlaps a charge accumulation region of the photoelectric conversion element. The charge accumulation element is selectively connected to the charge-voltage conversion element by the capacitance switch.
Abstract: A system and method for visually monitoring an outrigger includes a camera assembly configured to monitor an outrigger and a control system operably and communicably connected to the camera assembly. The control system executes instructions to determine a presence, length, and/or position of the outrigger based by an image captured by the camera assembly. The outrigger may include a target to be detected by the camera assembly for monitoring of the outrigger. The target may be the outrigger itself, detected by the control system using edge detection, or a marker disposed on the outrigger. The system may be implemented with a crane having a carrier unit and a superstructure. The system may include a plurality of camera assemblies and a plurality of outriggers.
Abstract: A passive bias temperature compensation module for silicon photomultiplier, avalanche photodiodes and similar photodetectors that possess a moderately linear temperature coefficient of gain and that may be compensated by varying an applied bias voltage. The module includes an electrical circuit and a method for determining component values to provide a constant voltage source to stabilize the gain of one or more photodetector devices. A temperature sensor in the module is held in close thermal contact with the photodetector and a filter capacitor is electrically close to the photodetector. The module is based on the concept of temperature sensitive voltage division which is applicable to situations in which large numbers of photodetectors must be gain-compensated for temperature variations over a wide range while maintaining excellent gain matching. The passive bias temperature compensation method enables multiple photodetectors to share a single constant voltage supply without loss of matching performance.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide an optical encoder for an electronic device. The optical encoder comprises an elongated shaft and a plurality of markings axially disposed around a circumference of the elongated shaft. The optical encoder also includes an optical sensor. In embodiments, the optical sensor includes an emitter and an array of photodiodes. The emitter and the array of photodiodes may be radially aligned with respect to the elongated shaft or axially aligned with respect to the shaft.
October 10, 2017
Date of Patent:
January 14, 2020
Richard Ruh, Prashanth S. Holenarsipur, Serhan O. Isikman, Anant Rai
Abstract: An encoder, comprising a first element, a second element, and a plurality of components, in which the first element is movable among a plurality of positions relative to the second element, each position is adjacent to at least one other position, each component generates a signal at each of said positions, and movement of the first element from any position to any adjacent position results in a change in a signal from only one of said components. Also, an encoder that comprises a multi-detector element which comprises two or more sub-detectors that generate sub-signals, the sub-detectors spaced from each other a distance (rotational and/or translational) that is smaller than a distance between two positions of a first element. Also, a method of detecting a position of a first element relative to a second element, comprising moving a first element relative to a second element from a first position to a second position.
November 8, 2016
Date of Patent:
January 7, 2020
Daniel Savage, Matthew R. Randle, Kenneth L. Markowski
Abstract: An optical transceiver includes an internal fiber that optically connects an optical modulator and a VOA, the internal fiber having a lower limit of bending radius, a guide that includes an arc-shaped convex surface, and a lower housing having an internal space and includes the optical modulator, the VOA, the internal fiber, and the guide. The arc-shaped convex surface of the guide and the inner wall of the lower housing forms an arc-shaped path that houses a portion of the internal fiber and bent the portion of the internal fiber with a bending radius larger than the minimum bending radius.
Abstract: A solid state imaging device includes: a pixel array unit that has a plurality of pixels 2-dimensionally arranged in a matrix and a plurality of signal lines arranged along a column direction; A/D conversion units that are provided corresponding to the respective signal lines and convert an analog signal output from a pixel through the signal line into a digital signal; and a switching unit that switches or converts the analog signal output through each signal line into a digital signal using any of an A/D conversion unit provided corresponding to the signal line through which the analog signal is transmitted, and an A/D conversion unit provided corresponding to a signal line other than the signal line through which the analog signal is transmitted.
Abstract: Spectrometer for recording a spectrum, in particular in a wavelength range of 250 nm to 1150 nm, comprising: a sensor array and a filter array for filtering the radiation depending on the wavelength, wherein, in order to reduce production costs, provision is made of a device for identifying the sensor pixels covered by the filter array, having a nonvolatile memory in which the coordinates of the filter array in relation to the sensor array and/or the coordinate transformation of the filter array in relation to the sensor array are/is stored in order to assign the sensor pixels to the individual filter pixels on the basis of the stored coordinates and/or coordinate transformation and/or in order to activate the individual filter pixels depending on which of the sensor pixels are covered by the corresponding filter pixels.
Abstract: Provided are nanowire-coated fibers and compositions comprising one or more nanowire-coated fibers and methods of making the fibers and compositions. The fibers can be organic or inorganic fibers. The nanowires can be metallic or semiconducting nanowires. The nanowires are disposed on at least a portion of a surface of a fiber or fibers. The fibers and compositions can be used as barcodes (e.g., for anti-counterfeiting methods). The fibers and compositions also can be used as photodetectors (e.g., methods of detecting electromagnetic radiation).
January 27, 2016
Date of Patent:
December 3, 2019
Cornell University, University of Notre Dame du Lac
Juan P. Hinestroza, Masaru Kuno, Maksym Zhukovskyi
Abstract: Provided is a lens drive device that, using drive force from a voice coil motor, automatically carries out focusing by moving an autofocus movable unit with respect to an autofocus fixed unit in the direction of an optical axis. The lens drive unit is provided with a position detection unit that is disposed with an intervening space on the image formation side of the autofocus movable unit in the direction of the optical axis and that is for emitting light toward the autofocus movable unit, receiving reflected light that has been reflected by the autofocus movable unit, and detecting the position of the autofocus movable unit in the direction of the optical axis on the basis of the received light intensity. Part of the member displaced along with the autofocus movable unit functions as a reflective plate for reflecting light emitted from the position detection unit.
Abstract: An optical scanning system comprises an optical scanning device and a photoreceiver device. The optical scanning device includes a first waveguide array including a plurality of first waveguides through which light beams propagate and from which the light beams are emitted as emission light in an emission direction crossing a propagation direction of the light beams. The photoreceiver device includes a second waveguide array including a plurality of second waveguides disposed in areas on which, when the emission light from the plurality of first waveguides is reflected as reflected light from a target object, the reflected light is incident, the plurality of second waveguides configured to receive the reflected light to propagate the received reflected light as propagating light beams. An array pitch of the plurality of first waveguides in the optical scanning device differs from an array pitch of the plurality of second waveguides in the photoreceiver device.
Abstract: The present disclosure claims an apparatus, a method and a system for the calibration of a streak camera. A plurality of fiber optic cables is bundled together such that the input ends and the output ends of the fibers are grouped together. Each fiber in the bundle has a distinct and characteristic time taken for light to traverse from the input end to the output end known by the observer. This characteristic time depends on the physical and optical properties of the fibers selected. Calibration light is collected by the fiber input face and travels through the individual fibers in a characteristic time. Individual light pulses will subsequently be detected by the streak camera which converts the time profile of the incoming light pulses into a spatial profile. An observer can compare the observed spatial separation profile to an expected spatial separation profile for calibration.
Abstract: Provided is an indoor unit for an air-conditioning apparatus including: a sensor box accommodating a sensor configured to detect light; a gearbox configured to hold the sensor box so as to be rotatable, and to be moved along a first axis together with the sensor box; a first motor configured to apply a force causing the sensor box to rotate; a second motor configured to apply a force causing the gearbox to move along the first axis; and a shaft inserted through the gearbox to be rotated by receiving the force from the first motor, in which, in the gearbox, the shaft is inserted, and the gear is accommodated so that a rotational force transmitted from the shaft is transmitted to the sensor box, the gear being movable along the first axis.
Abstract: A configurable optical device may include an optical transducer, a multi-lens arrangement, and a controllable optical modulator. The optical transducer is configured to convert light to electrical signals or to convert electrical signals to light. The multi-lens arrangement is positioned to redirect at least some of the light to or from the optical transducer. The controllable optical modulator is provided between the multi-lens arrangement and the optical transducer. The controllable optical modulator is coupled to receive and spatially modulate light to or from the optical transducer. The optical modulator is selectively controllable to steer and/or shape the light to a selected distribution of light from the multi-lens arrangement onto the optical transducer and/or from the optical transducer onto the multi-lens arrangement.
Abstract: An encoder includes a scale having graduations arranged in a measurement direction, a head including a light receiving unit configured to receive, via the scale, light emitted from a light source, and being configured to detect a relative movement amount with respect to the scale by relatively moving in the measurement direction of the scale, and a control unit configured to control the head. The control unit includes a light amount control unit configured to perform control so as to keep a predetermined light receiving amount by increasing or decreasing a light amount of the light source, an error determination unit configured to determine an error based on light received by the light receiving unit, and a light amount suppression unit configured to suppress a light amount of the light source by stopping control performed by the light amount control unit, when the error determination unit determines as an error.
Abstract: Apparatus and associated methods relate to a system for interfacing with an optically-powered sensor. The system includes an optical emitter configured to emit a beam of optical energy so as to provide operating power for the optically-powered sensor. The system includes an optical detector configured to detect a time sequence of optical pulses generated by the optically-powered sensor, the time sequence of pulses modulated between first and second optical power levels. The system includes a parameter extractor configured to determine a value of a sensed parameter based on the time sequence of optical pulses detected by the optical detector. The system also includes a power controller configured to control power level of the emitted beam of optical energy based on the first and/or second optical power levels detected by the optical detector.
Abstract: A sensor is disclosed that provides measurements in multiple degrees of freedom without significantly increasing size, complexity, or cost. The sensor can include a light component in support of a first light source operable to direct a first beam of light, and a second light source operable to direct a second beam of light. The sensor can also include an imaging device that can directly receive the first beam of light and the second beam of light and convert these into electric signals. The imaging device and the light component can be movable relative to one another. The sensor can further include a light location module and/or a position module configured to receive the electric signals and determine locations of the first beam of light, the second beam of light on the imaging device and a relative position of the imaging device and the light component.