Patents Examined by Leslie Pascal
  • Patent number: 10205550
    Abstract: An optically switched network system includes an optical switch with N inputs and N outputs that connects N end-nodes and is structured to transmit N wavelengths from each of the N inputs to each of the N outputs. The system includes a virtual data plane and a virtual control plane, which both communicate through the optical switch. The virtual data plane provides any-to-all parallel connectivity for data transmissions among the N end-nodes. The N end-nodes are partitioned into two or more subsets, wherein end-nodes in a given source subset transmit data to a given destination subset using wavelengths, which are not used by end-nodes outside of the given source subset to transmit data to the same given destination subset. The virtual control plane includes two or more rings associated with the two or more subsets of end-nodes. Each ring passes through a subset of end-nodes, and is used to communicate arbitration information among arbitration logic located at each end-node in the ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Oracle International Corporation
    Inventors: Shimon Muller, Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy, Leick D. Robinson, Xuezhe Zheng
  • Patent number: 9954613
    Abstract: Light is used to communicate between objects separated by a large distance. Light beams are received in a telescopic lens assembly positioned in front of a cat's-eye lens. The light can thereby be received at various angles to be output by the cat's-eye lens to a focal plane of the cat's-eye lens, the position of the light beams upon the focal plane corresponding to the angle of the beam received. Lasers and photodetectors are distributed along this focal plane. A processor receives signals from the photodetectors, and selectively signal lasers positioned proximate the photodetectors detecting light, in order to transmit light encoding data through the cat's-eye lens and also through a telescopic lens back in the direction of the received light beams, which direction corresponds to a location upon the focal plane of the transmitting lasers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of NASA
    Inventor: Peter M. Goorjian
  • Patent number: 9929807
    Abstract: A visible light transmitting signal is modulated on the basis of an information signal to be transmitted, and is superimposed on a visible light to be transmitted. A camera (10) photographs the transmitted visible light by use of a pixel amplifier sequential output type imaging element (11), and the pixel amplifier sequential output type imaging element (11) amplifies electric charges generated in respective pixels by respective pixel amplifiers (22), to output imaging signals in sequence from the respective pixel amplifiers (22). Image data of light and dark bands acquired from the imaging signals are taken in by frame, and a differential value is calculated for displacement of exposure amounts of the respective pixels output in sequence or the respective rows. The transmitted information signal is demodulated on the basis of the differential value of the imaging signals of a plurality of samples serving respective pixels or respective rows as one sample in one frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: UNIVERLINK INC.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Muguruma
  • Patent number: 9930431
    Abstract: This invention relates to methods and apparatus for routing light beams in telecommunications devices using holographic techniques, in particular by displaying kinoforms on Liquid Crystal on Silicon devices. At least one optical input to receives an input beam. A plurality of optical outputs and a spatial light modulator (SLM) on an optical path between said optical input and said optical outputs are provided, and a driver for said SLM to display a kinoform on said SLM diffracts said input beam into an output beam comprising a plurality of diffraction orders, wherein a routed one of said diffraction orders is directed to at least one selected said optical output; said apparatus is configured to modify a wavefront of said output beam to reduce a coupling of said output beam into said selected optical output; and said kinoform is adapted to compensate for said wavefront modification to compensate for said reduced coupling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Cambridge Enterprise Limited
    Inventors: Daping Chu, Neil Collings, William Crossland, Maura Michelle Redmond, Brian Robertson
  • Patent number: 9917649
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for characterizing and compensating optical impairments in an optical transmitter includes operating an optical transmitter comprising a first and second parent MZ, each comprising a plurality of child MZ modulators that are biased at respective initial operating points. An electro-optic RF transfer function is generated for each of the plurality of child MZ modulators. Curve fitting parameters are determined for each of the plurality of electro-optic RF transfer functions and operating points of each child MZ modulator are determined using the curve fitting parameters. An IQ power imbalance is determined using the curve fitting parameters. Initial RF drive power levels are determined that compensate for the determined IQ power imbalance. The XY power imbalance is determined for initial RF drive power levels using the curve fitting parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Finisar Corporation
    Inventors: Suhas P. Bhandare, Heider N. Ereifej, Ihab E. Khalouf, Mark Colyar
  • Patent number: 9918377
    Abstract: The present disclosure discusses an improved optical transceiver. The optical transceiver of the present disclosure includes an optical transmitter and an optical receiver coupled to an area of a printed circuit board that includes a plurality of thermal microvias. The thermal microvias are coupled to a heat sink or other heat dissipater and provide a path from the components of the optical transceiver to the heat dissipater for heat to travel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Google LLC
    Inventors: Zuowei Shen, Kyle Fukuchi, Melanie Beauchemin, Ryohei Urata
  • Patent number: 9912431
    Abstract: Duo-binary encoding is used for encoding I and Q data prior to performing orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based transmission using discrete Fourier transform spreading (DFT-S). Advantageously, duo-binary encoding improves robustness of the encoded signal to inter symbol interference, making the degradation caused by the subsequent DFT-S stage less susceptible to reduction in bit error rate performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: ZTE Corporation
    Inventors: Jianjun Yu, Fan Li, Junwen Zhang, Xiao Xin, Hung-Chang Chien
  • Patent number: 9906305
    Abstract: An optical signal transmitter produces optical signals comprising QAM modulated vector signals generated using a single external electro-optical modulator operated in conjunction with a wavelength selective switch. The transmission processing achieves adaptive photonic frequency multiplication and comprises QAM modulated signals with high order constellations such as 8-QAM, 16-QAM, and 64-QAM.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: ZTE Corporation
    Inventors: Jianjun Yu, Xinying Li
  • Patent number: 9906314
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure include methods, devices and systems for a millimeter wave (MMW) last mile delivery system. A multi-wavelength fiber link may be provided from a collector terminal node area to a central office. One or more streams of data may be wirelessly transmitted from the collector terminal node area to user equipment. Based at least in part on the one or more streams of data, multi-gigabit Ethernet may then be provided to the user equipment utilizing an analog or digital modulation scheme over one or more channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Cox Communications, Inc.
    Inventor: Harjinder Ghuman
  • Patent number: 9900088
    Abstract: A Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) optical device utilizing multiple wavelengths, features a communications interface having enhanced diagnostics capability. New registers are created to house additional diagnostic information, such as error rates. The diagnostic information may be stored in raw form, or as processed on-chip utilizing local resources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Todd Rope
  • Patent number: 9887798
    Abstract: There is provided a transmission apparatus configured to transmit an optical signal by using a plurality of subcarriers, the transmission apparatus includes: a plurality of modulators, a modulator of the plurality of modulators configured to be capable of changing a modulation format corresponding to a subcarrier of the plurality of subcarriers; a controller configured to control the modulation format for the modulator so as to use a first modulation format and a second modulation format for two or more subcarriers among the plurality of subcarriers and include subcarriers that are different in at least one of a first timing and a second timing of the first modulation format; and a multiplexer configured to multiplex signals modulated by the plurality of modulators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Yoshitaka Nomura, Hisao Nakashima, Yuichi Akiyama, Takeshi Hoshida
  • Patent number: 9882637
    Abstract: In some embodiments, an apparatus includes an optical detector that can sample asynchronously an optical signal from an optical component that can be either an optical transmitter or an optical receiver. In such embodiments, the apparatus also includes a processor operatively coupled to the optical detector, where the processor can calculate a metric value of the optical signal without an extinction ratio of the optical signal being measured. The metric value is proportional to the extinction ratio of the optical signal. In such embodiments, the processor can define an error signal based on the metric value of the optical signal and the processor can send the error signal to the optical transmitter such that the optical transmitter modifies an output optical signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Juniper Networks, Inc.
    Inventors: Christian Malouin, Roberto Marcoccia, George R. Sosnowski, Theodore J. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9882651
    Abstract: Methods, circuits and active optical cable assemblies for simultaneous transmission of low-speed optical data and high-speed optical data over an optical fiber link are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method of optical communication includes controlling a laser such that an output of the laser transmits high-speed optical data at a first bit rate, and modulating an amplitude of the output of the laser such that the laser transmits low-speed optical data at a second bit rate simultaneously with the high-speed optical data. In another embodiment, a circuit for providing optical communication includes a laser and a laser driver circuit that digitally modulates an output of the laser to transmit high-speed optical data at a first bit rate. The circuit further includes an amplitude modulation circuit that modulates an amplitude of the laser to transmit low-speed optical data at a second bit rate simultaneously with the high-speed optical data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Corning Optical Communications LLC
    Inventor: Richard Clayton Walker
  • Patent number: 9877092
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method, which including: determining, by a first node, an adjustment requirement for a line interface rate; and according to the adjustment requirement for the line interface rate, adjusting, by the first node, a transport bandwidth of an optical channel (OCh) link, adjusting the number of optical channel transport lanes (OTLs) in an optical channel transport unit (OTUCn) link, and adjusting the number of optical channel data lanes (ODLs) in an optical channel data unit (ODUCn) link, where the OTL is in one-to-one correspondence with the ODL. In embodiments of the present invention, according to an adjustment requirement for a line interface rate, a transport bandwidth of an OCh link is adjusted, the number of OTLs in an OTUCn link is adjusted, and the number of ODLs in an ODUCn link is adjusted, so that the line interface rate can be dynamically adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wei Su, Qiuyou Wu, Limin Dong
  • Patent number: 9876565
    Abstract: A method includes defining a target performance for a communication network that includes multiple network nodes interconnected by Active Optical Cables (AOCs). Respective parameters, which cause the communication network to achieve the target performance, are selected for the AOCs. Commands are sent to the AOCs to set the selected parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: MELLANOX TECHNOLOGIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Shmuel Levy
  • Patent number: 9871587
    Abstract: An information processing program causes a computer to execute: encoding information to be transmitted, to determine a luminance change frequency; and outputting a signal of the determined luminance change frequency to cause a light emitter to change in luminance according to the determined luminance change frequency to transmit the information. In the encoding, each of a first frequency and a second frequency different from the first frequency is determined as the luminance change frequency. In the outputting, each of a signal of the first frequency and a signal of the second frequency is output as the signal of the determined luminance change frequency, to cause the light emitter to change in luminance according to the first frequency during a first time and change in luminance according to the second frequency during a second time different from the first time after the first time elapses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CORPORATION OF AMERICA
    Inventors: Hideki Aoyama, Mitsuaki Oshima, Koji Nakanishi, Toshiyuki Maeda, Akihiro Ueki, Kengo Miyoshi, Tsutomu Mukai
  • Patent number: 9866324
    Abstract: An apparatus for satellite communication comprising a plurality of kytoons, each kytoon of the plurality of kytoons includes a hub positioned within the kytoon, an adjustable spine that is connected to the hub and varies a diameter and volume of the kytoon, and first and second tether access tubes that are each open to the atmosphere at one end and are sealed to the hub of the kytoon at another end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: VT IDIRECT, INC.
    Inventor: Daniel Gardner Clemmensen
  • Patent number: 9859983
    Abstract: A technique relates to a superchannel. Laser cavities include a first laser cavity, a next laser cavity, through a last laser cavity. Modulators include a first modulator, a next modulator, through a last modulator, each having a direct input, an add port, and an output. A concatenated arrangement of the laser cavities is configured to form the superchannel, which includes the last laser cavity coupled to the direct input of the last modulator, and the output of the last modulator coupled to the add port of the next modulator. The arrangement includes the next laser cavity coupled to direct input of the next modulator, and the output of the next modulator coupled to add port of first modulator, along with the first laser cavity coupled to direct input of the first modulator, and the output of first modulator coupled to input of a multiplexer, thus forming the superchannel into multiplexer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Jason S. Orcutt
  • Patent number: 9838129
    Abstract: The present disclosure disclose an optical line terminal, including: an acquiring unit, configured to acquire device information of an optical network terminal that registers and gets online; a determining unit, configured to match the device information of the optical network terminal with an interoperability mode configuration table preset on the optical line terminal, and determine whether an interoperability mode obtained by matching is the same as a current interoperability mode; an instructing unit, configured to instruct, if the interoperability mode obtained by matching is different from the current interoperability mode, the optical network terminal to be reset, reregister, and get online; and a configuring unit, configured to switch the current interoperability mode to the interoperability mode obtained by matching, and configure and manage the optical network terminal according to the interoperability mode obtained by matching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xianjia Luo, Binchao Lin
  • Patent number: 9838121
    Abstract: Embodiments may provide a way of communicating via an electromagnetic radiator, or light source, that can be amplitude modulated such as light emitting diode (LED) lighting and receivers or detectors that can determine data from light received from the amplitude modulated electromagnetic radiator. Some embodiments may provide a method of transmitting/encoding data via modulated LED lighting and other embodiments may provide receiving/decoding data from the modulated LED lighting by means of a device with a low sampling frequency such as a relatively inexpensive camera (as might be found in a smart phone). Some embodiments are intended for indoor navigation via photogrammetry (i.e., image processing) using self-identifying LED light anchors. In many embodiments, the data signal may be communicated via the light source at amplitude modulating frequencies such that the resulting flicker is not perceivable to the human eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Richard D. Roberts, Mathys C. Walma, Praveen Gopalakrishnan