Abstract: The method and system of the invention enables free-from digital ink annotation of data traces and storage management of the data trace based upon the free-from digital ink annotations. An embodiment of the system and method of the invention receives a freeform digital ink annotation on a data trace, maps the freeform digital ink annotation to the data corresponding to the annotated portions of the data trace and renders the freeform digital ink annotations on a display of the data trace.
Abstract: Methods, devices and systems for embedding and detecting a watermark in a data stream, such as a video stream. A texture criterion is evaluated for each block of the data stream. The texture criterion measures a variation of selected characteristics associated with each element of the data stream, such as luminance and chrominance. Only those blocks that are determined to have at least a predetermined degree of variation in the selected characteristic are selected for embedding of a watermark. By providing the watermark detector with a block selector that evaluates the same texture criterion as was employed in the watermark embedder, the detector attempts detection of the watermark only in those blocks having been determined to have the predetermined degree of variation of the selected characteristic, or greater.
Abstract: A computer implemented gambling chip recognition system having the ability to capture an image of a stack of gambling chips and automatically processing the image to determine the number of chips within the stack and the value of each. The system processor determines the classification for each chip in a stack by way of processing performed in real time on the image of the stack of gambling chips. The system further includes the ability to communicate the information derived from the stack of gambling chips to a video monitor and the ability to communicate the information to a main database where information is being compiled and stored about an individual gambler.
Abstract: The magnetic field data display device make it possible to display on the same screen: a process function display area showing process function items; an analysis data display area showing at least one of measured magnetic field data and its processed magnetic field data; and an operating region display area showing operating items corresponding to the measured magnetic fields and the processed magnetic fields, analysis data display area displays data of at least one of the channels showing the plurality of measurement positions of the test sample, the operating region display area displays a channel display area in which the channels are displayed and whether or not a data of each of said channels is displayed in the analysis data display area.
Abstract: A face detection system and a method of pre-filtering an input image for face detection utilize a candidate selector that selects candidate regions of the input image that potentially contains a picture of a human face. The candidate selector operates in conjunction with an associated face detector that verifies whether the candidate regions contain a human face. In the preferred embodiment, the candidate selector includes a linear matched filter and a non-linear filter that operate in series to select the candidate regions from the input image. Initially, the linear matched filter performs a linear correlation on the input image using a filtering kernel to derive a correlation image. The linear matched filter selects regions of the input image that have a local maximum in the correlation image and have correlation values greater than a threshold correlation value. Preferably, the linear correlation is performed in the discrete cosine transform (DCT) domain.
Abstract: Imaging hardware, software, calibrants, and methods are provided to visualize and quantitate the amount of Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) occurring between donor and acceptor molecules in epifluorescence microscopy. The MicroFRET system compensates for overlap among donor, acceptor, and FRET spectra using well characterized fluorescent beads as standards in conjunction with radiometrically calibrated image processing techniques. The MicroFRET system also provides precisely machined epifluorescence cubes to maintain proper image registration as the sample is illuminated at the donor and acceptor excitation wavelengths. Algorithms are described that pseudocolor the image to display pixels exhibiting radiometrically-corrected fluorescence emission from the donor (blue), the acceptor (green) and FRET (red).
June 5, 1998
Date of Patent:
September 24, 2002
Kairos Scientific, Inc.
Douglas C. Youvan, Christopher M. Silva, Edward J. Bylina, William J. Coleman, Michael R. Dilworth, Mary M. Yang
Abstract: In a method for reconstruction of a three-dimensional image of an object scanned in linear or circular fashion in the context of a tomosynthesis. The object is transirradiated with X-rays from various projection angles &phgr; for the recording of the projection images, and the radiation exiting from the object is recorded by a detector that supplies digital output image signals. The output image signals representing the projection image data are supplied to a computer for image reconstruction. In the context of the reconstruction a filter is first produced, on the basis of the following steps: A 3D transmission function Hproj(&ohgr;x,&ohgr;y,&ohgr;z) is calculated from the recording geometry for the individual projection image recording and the back-projection of the individual projection images into the 3D reconstruction image volume. By approximation, the 3D transmission function Hproj(&ohgr;x,&ohgr;y,&ohgr;z) is inverted for the determination of an inversion function Hinv(&ohgr;x,&ohgr;y,&ohgr;z).
December 7, 1998
Date of Patent:
August 27, 2002
Wolfgang Haerer, Guenter Lauritsch, Michael Zellerhoff
Abstract: A method and system that permits artistic works that are accessed on the internet or from a data center to be down loaded pursuant to an agreement with a representative of the copyright owner to users of postal security devices to pay for their use of copyrighted artistic works. A scanner at the post would read the already existing indicia and other information on the mail piece and then extract a unique identifier contained on the mail piece that is associated with the artistic or graphical information contracted to appear on the mail piece. The scanner with also read tracking information that is contained in the unique identifier. The extracted unique identifier would be periodically uploaded to a data center. The data center would compare the unique identifier on the mail piece with information about artistic or graphical information that has previously been uploaded from sending postal security devices to determine when the track mail piece arrived at a post office near the addressee.
Abstract: A method for the enhancement of medical images for hardcopy prints comprising the steps of: obtaining a medical image in digital format; conducting a plurality of operations for Human Visual System (HVS)-based edge enhancement with each operation having a uniquely specified high frequency amplification function and range such that edges are more enhanced in the shadow region than in the highlight region; adjusting image tone scale, for reflection prints increase the contrast in the shadow region and decrease the contrast in the highlight region, and for transparency prints decrease the contrast in the shadow region and increase the contrast in the highlight region; sending the processed image to the output device for hardcopy prints.
Abstract: The present invention provides a step difference detection apparatus including an illumination section for emitting illumination light, an incident section for making the illumination light emitted by the illumination section be incident on a plurality of small illumination regions on an object carried in a predetermined carrier direction from different directions, an image sensing section for inputting an image of the regions on the object illuminated with the illumination light which is made to be incident by the incident section, and a detection section for detecting a step difference on the object on the basis of the image sensed by the image sensing section.
Abstract: A method for estimating the skeletal status or bone quality of a vertebrate on the basis of two-dimensional image data comprising information relating to the trabecular structure of at least a part of a bone of the vertebrate, the image data being data obtained by exposing at least the part of the bone to electromagnetic radiation, such as X-rays, the method comprising subjecting the image data to a statistical analysis comprising a background correction procedure in which low frequency intensity variations not related to the trabecular structure of the bone are reduced relative to image data related to the trabecular structure of the part of the bone, a feature extraction procedure comprising (a) determining values reflecting the projected trabecular density in the image data, caused by the X-ray attenuating properties of cancellous bone in the part of the bone, for each of a number of locations or areas in the image data, (b) deriving one or more features from the variation of the determined PTD-values, pre
Abstract: A system for sorting documents is provided. The system first automatically determines the physical orientation of each document. Each document may have one of the following four orientations: face-forward and right-side-up, face-forward and up-side-down, face-backward and right-side-up and face-backward and up-side-down. Once the physical orientation of each document is determined, each document is sorted by orientation to one of four document bins corresponding to each of the four orientations described above. Preferably, a digital image of each document is captured before being sorted to the appropriate bin, and most preferably, the digital image of each document is automatically oriented to a preferred orientation. Preferably, each document includes visually readable markings, and the physical orientation of each document is automatically determined based upon the visually readable markings.
Abstract: A system for matching nodes of different spatial data sources. The system matches or ties a node from one data source to another data source. The present invention uses a highly accurate exclusion technique for excluding potential corresponding nodes of a second data source. Potential corresponding nodes are selected using node degree comparison, adjacency, fourier descriptor analysis of shapes formed by connecting paths between a node under investigation and a secondary node associated with that node under investigation, an analysis of total length to secondary nodes, an angle analysis to eliminate reflections, a secondary node degree analysis, and a surrounding node correlation coefficient comparison. Using one or more of these techniques in various combinations can result in the selection of a potential corresponding node with a high degree of accuracy.
Abstract: A method for distinguishing photocopied or laser-printed documents from original documents produced by offset printing, handwriting, or typewriting. A document is scanned at low-resolution and at high-resolution to produce a low-resolution and a high-resolution matrix representation of the presence or absence of ink or toner at discrete locations on the surface of the document. Printed regions detected at low-resolution are used to mask regions of the high-resolution matrix representation from the analysis. The remaining unmasked regions of the high-resolution matrix representation are analyzed to detect discrete microdots uniformly distributed within those regions. The presence of microdots on the surface of the document indicates that the document was produced as a photocopied or a laser-printed duplicate.
Abstract: A tracking method is disclosed. The method of the present invention tracks a object using a probability distribution of the desired object. The method operates by first calculating a mean location of a probability distribution within a search window. Next, the search window is centered on the calculated mean location. The steps of calculating a mean location and centering the search window may be performed until convergence. The search window may then be resized. Successive iterations of calculating a mean, centering on the mean, and resizing the search window track an object represented by the probability distribution. In one embodiment, a flesh hue probability distribution is generated from an input video image. The flesh hue probability distribution is used to track a human head within the video image.
Abstract: A method and apparatus determine when a subject is looking at a specific target area by estimating a divergence angle between (1) the direction in which the subject is looking and (2) the direction from the subject directly to the target area. This technique accesses whether the subject is looking at a particular area. The invention may further condition this determination according to the subject's distance from the target area, because there is less tolerance for divergent angles when the subject is farther away. In one embodiment, the divergence angle is estimated using the position of a glint of light in the subject's pupil. The glint is created by a light source located in the target area. If the glint is sufficiently central to the pupil, with the camera and light source being near the target area, the subject is looking at the target area. At long distances, when the glint is not sufficiently discernable from the pupil, another technique may be employed to estimate divergence angle.
January 4, 1999
Date of Patent:
May 21, 2002
International Business Machines Corporation
Arnon Amir, Myron Dale Flickner, David Bruce Koons, Carlos Hitoshi Morimoto, Shumin Zhai
Abstract: In a radiographic image reading method of reading a radiographic image on a radiographic image conversion panel and for obtaining radiographic image information; the adiographic image reading method includes steps of: reading panel discriminating information corresponding to the radiographic image conversion panel, thereby obtaining information regarding the radiographic image conversion panel; and applying image processing for the radiographic image information based on the information regarding the radiographic image conversion panel.
Abstract: A distance information generator comprises an image sensor which senses an object, a distance detector which detects a first distance between a predetermined position and the object, a memory which stores position information expressing a mutual positional relationship of the predetermined position and the position of the image sensor, and a calculator which calculates a second distance between the position of the image sensor and the object based on the first distance and the position information. A display device displays a composite image which consists of a sensed image and a virtual image for an observer, wherein the composite image is created by comparing the second distance and distance information involved in the virtual image.
Abstract: A method for reading and sorting documents is provided which generally comprises staging each document for processing, capturing a digital image of the front side and the back side of each document, determining the physical orientation of each document using digital orientation recognition software and possibly hardware, reading the information from a digital image of each document, sorting the documents by orientation, and then communicating the information read from each document to a posting system. Additionally, the image of the document can be automatically oriented and then read. The documents, among other things, can include checks and coupons. When the document is a bank check, the method further comprises endorsing the check, printing an audit trail for the check, sorting the check by orientation, preparing a cash letter and sending the check to the bank.
Abstract: A method for embedding and extracting visually imperceptible indicia in an image includes embedding a visually imperceptible indicia in an original image; testing a test image for an embedded visually imperceptible indica; and extracting the visually imperceptible indicia from the test image to determine if the test image is a copy of the original image.