Abstract: A toner has a toner particle including a binder resin, a colorant, and a wax, in which in a cross section of the toner particle observed under a scanning transmission electron microscope, a proportion of the number of toner particles having a void with a long diameter of 0.50 ?m or less is 60 number % or more, and a proportion of the number of toner particles having a void in a region from an outline of the cross section of the toner particle inward to 1.00 ?m in a total number of the toner particles having a void is 30 number % or less.
Abstract: A carrier includes carrier particles. The carrier particles include first carrier particles and second carrier particles. The first carrier particles each include a first carrier core and a first coat layer covering a surface of the first carrier core. The second carrier particles each include a second carrier core and a second coat layer covering a surface of the second carrier core. The first coat layers contain no fatty acid metal salt. The second coat layer contains a coat layer binder resin and a fatty acid metal salt. The second coat layers contain the fatty acid metal salt in a proportion of from 85 mass % to 95 mass % relative to a total mass of the second coat layers. The second carrier particles are contained in a proportion of from 7 mass % to 15 mass % relative to a total mass of the first carrier particles and the second carrier particles.
Abstract: A toner containing a toner particle, in which the toner particle contains a binder resin and a pigment, and As and Al satisfy a specific relation, in a case when the toner is divided into two groups i.e. a first group and a second group with an inertial classifier, the first group including a larger size of the toner particles, and the second group including a smaller size of the toner particles, and the number of the toner particles in the first group being substantially equal to the number of the toner particles in the second group. Each of As and Al is a change rate of a surface potential of a pellet type molded product obtained by molding each of the toner in the first group and the toner in the second group under specific conditions is observed using a surface potentiometer under a specific conditions.
Abstract: An electrostatic-image developer includes a toner and a resin-coated carrier. The toner includes toner particles including a binder resin, a release agent, and a non-ionic surfactant. The resin-coated carrier includes magnetic particles and a resin layer covering the magnetic particles. The resin layer includes inorganic particles having a volume resistivity of 1×100 ?·cm or more and 1×104 ?·cm or less.
Abstract: A magnetic carrier includes a magnetic carrier particle including a magnetic carrier core particle having an amino group on a surface thereof and a resin covering layer disposed on the surface of the magnetic carrier core particle, in which the resin covering layer contains a vinyl-based copolymer and a trialkoxyalkylsilane.
Abstract: A toner comprising an external additive and a toner particle including a binder resin, a colorant and inorganic fine particles A, wherein the external additive contains an external additive B, a number average particle diameter of primary particles of the external additive B is 30 to 200 nm, an adhesion index of the external additive B to the toner particle is 0.00 to 3.00, a number average particle diameter of primary particles of the inorganic fine particles A is greater than that of the external additive B, and in SEM observations of the toner under specific condition, the number of particles (Na) of the external additive B in a 2 ?m square region of the toner surface and the number of particles (Nb) of the external additive B observed in a state of overlapping with the inorganic fine particles A in the region satisfy Nb/Na of 0.20 or more.
December 3, 2019
Date of Patent:
November 24, 2020
CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Koji Nishikawa, Kosuke Fukudome, Takaaki Furui, Tetsuya Kinumatsu
Abstract: A magnetic carrier including a magnetic carrier particle having a magnetic carrier core and a resin coating layer formed on a surface of the magnetic carrier core, wherein the resin coating layer includes a resin component including a resin A and a resin B, the resin A is a copolymer of monomers including (a) a (meth)acrylic acid ester monomer having an alicyclic hydrocarbon group and (b) a specific macromonomer, the resin B is a copolymer of monomers including (c) a styrene-based monomer and (d) a specific (meth)acrylic acid ester monomer, and based on the resin components of the resin coating layer, the amount of the resin A is from 20% by mass to 99% by mass, and the amount of the resin B is from 1% by mass to 80% by mass.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus in which occurrence of an image failure in association with contamination caused by an external additive, such as silica, adhering to a charging unit is suppressed. The image forming apparatus is configured to charge an image bearing member through use of the charging unit, and uses toner having, on a surface thereof, strontium titanate particles and silica particles having predetermined physical properties.
Abstract: An electrostatic-image developer includes a toner and a resin-coated carrier. The toner includes toner particles including a binder resin, a release agent, and a non-ionic surfactant. The resin-coated carrier includes magnetic particles and a resin layer covering the magnetic particles. The resin-coated carrier has an absolute specific gravity of 3 g/cm3 or more and 4 g/cm3 or less.
Abstract: A method for producing an electrophotographic photosensitive member having a photosensitive layer and a protective layer above a support in this order includes: forming a coating film for a protective layer by coating a coating liquid for the protective layer for forming the protective layer on the photosensitive layer and curing the coating film for the protective layer, in which the coating liquid for the protective layer contains a solvent, a compound represented by a general formula (1), a compound represented by a general formula (2), and a compound represented by a general formula (3) at a specific ratio. In addition, in an electrophotographic photosensitive member having a photosensitive layer and a protective layer above a support in this order, the protective layer is obtained by curing a coating liquid for the protective layer.
Abstract: A toner having a toner particle including a binder resin and a wax, wherein the wax includes a specific diester compound; a proportion As of an area occupied by the wax in a region from a surface of the toner particle to 0.5 ?m is 15.0% or less; wax domains are observed in the cross section of the toner particle, and an average number of the domains per cross section of one toner particle is from 10 to 2000; when a mass concentration of a polyvalent metal element in the toner particle determined by fluorescent X-ray analysis is denoted by Mi (ppm), Mi is from 3.5 ppm to 1100 ppm; and when a mass concentration of a polyvalent metal element in the toner particle determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is denoted by Ms (ppm), Mi>Ms.
Abstract: An electrostatic charge image developing toner includes a continuous phase containing a binder resin (i); and a discontinuous phase that has a core containing a binder resin (ii) and a coating layer covering the core and containing a binder resin (iii), and is dispersed in the continuous phase.
Abstract: A toner having a toner particle, which contains a binder resin, and inorganic fine particles, the toner being characterized in that the binder resin contains a polyester resin, the polyester resin has, at a terminal, an alkyl group having an average number of carbon atoms of from 4 to 102, the number average particle diameter of primary particles of the inorganic fine particles is from 10 to 90 nm, the dielectric constant of the inorganic fine particles is from 55.0 to 100.0 pF/m, as measured at 25° C. and 1 MHz, and the inorganic fine particles are surface-treated with an alkylalkoxysilane represented by formula (1) below: CnH2n+1—SiOCmH2m+1)3??(1) in formula (1), n denotes an integer of from 4 to 20, and m denotes an integer of from 1 to 3.
Abstract: An electrostatic charge image development toner satisfies the following: a maximum slope of an absolute value of log (loss modulus G?) from 60° C. to 90° C. is 0.07 or more and 0.16 or less; a maximum slope of an absolute value of log (loss modulus G?) from 90° C. to 130° C. is 0.08 or less; and G?(60) is 5.0×107 Pa or more and 1.0×1010 Pa or less, where G?(60) is a loss modulus at 60° C.
Abstract: Provided is a toner including a binder resin, and a charge-controlling agent, wherein a volume average particle diameter X of the toner after a stress treatment satisfies Formula (1), and an amount Y of fine toner particles having particle diameters of 3 micrometers or smaller and circularity of 0.70 or less satisfies Formula (2).
Abstract: Naphthol AS-pigments of formula (I), wherein R1 represents methyl or C3-C8-alkyl; R2 represents hydrogen or C1-C4-alkyl; Y represents C1-C4-alkyl or C1-C4-alkoxy; and Z? represents hydrogen, phenyl, naphthyl, or substituted phenyl or substituted naphthyl, wherein the number of substituents can be 1, 2, 3 or 4 and are selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, C1-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl, C1-C4-alkylcarbamoyl, di(C1-C4)-alkylcarbamoyl, phenylcarbamoyl, sulfamoyl, phenylsulfannoyl, C1-C4-alkylsulfamoyl, di(C1-C4)-alkylsulfamoyl, C1-C4-acylamino, C1-C4-alkyl and C1-C4-alkoxy.
Abstract: An electrostatic-image developing toner includes toner particles including a binder resin including an amorphous resin including a polyester resin segment and a styrene acrylate resin segment and a release agent. The content of 5?-chloro-3-hydroxy-2?-methoxy-2-naphthanilide in the electrostatic-image developing toner is 1,000 ppm by mass or less.
Abstract: A toner for electrostatic image development includes: a binder resin; and a coloring agent. When an image with a toner mass per unit area of 4.0 g/m2 is formed using the toner, the image has a color that satisfies the following conditions (A), (B), and (C): (A) L* is from 37 to 50 inclusive; (B) a* is from ?12 to 8 inclusive; and (C) b* is from ?49 to ?40 inclusive.
Abstract: A toner comprising a toner particle, and strontium titanate, wherein the strontium titanate has a specific number average particle diameter, the strontium titanate has a maximum peak (a) at a diffraction angle (2?) of 32.00 deg to 32.40 deg in CuK? characteristic X-ray diffraction, the half width of the maximum peak (a) is 0.23 deg to 0.50 deg, an intensity (Ia) of the maximum peak (a) and a maximum peak intensity (Ix) in a range of a diffraction angle (2?) of 24.00 deg to 28.00 deg satisfy a specific relationship, the content of strontium oxide and titanium oxide in the strontium titanate is at least 98.0% by mass, and a sum total Et of a rotational torque and a vertical load in powder flowability analysis of the toner is 100 mJ to 2000 mJ.
Abstract: An external toner additive having a resin fine particle containing a crystalline resin and an inorganic fine particle embedded in the resin fine particle, wherein part of the inorganic fine particle is exposed on the surface of the resin fine particle, and in differential scanning calorimetry of the external toner additive, the maximum endothermic peak temperature T1 (° C.) during a first temperature increase and the maximum exothermic peak temperature T2 (° C.) during a first temperature decrease satisfy the formulae (1) to (3) below, with measurement performed between ?40° C. and 150° C. at a rate of increase of 10° C./min during the first temperature increase and between 150° C. and ?40° C. at a rate of decrease in temperature of 10° C./min during the first temperature decrease: T1-T2?40.0??(1) 50.0?T1?120.0??(2) 10.0?T2?80.0??(3).