Abstract: In the prevention of the spread of fires and for directly fighting fires, a cross-linked, water-swellable additive polymer in a vegetable oil dispersion is added to firefighting water. The additive has the properties of absorbing large quantities of water, high viscosity for adherence to vertical and horizontal surfaces, and retention of sufficient fluidity to be educted in standard firefighting equipment. The method of adding this additive to the firefighting water by eduction, pumping, or batch addition to the source water is also disclosed.
Abstract: A lubricating oil with very low phosphorus content, and having long life as evidenced by a reduction in viscosity increase, oxidation and nitration, comprises a major amount of a base oil of lubricating viscosity and a minor amount of a mixture of neutral and overbased metallic detergents, at least a zinc dialkyldithiocarbamate and a zinc dialkyldithiophosphate antiwear additive and at least a dihydrocarbylthiocarbamoyl.
September 19, 2003
Date of Patent:
February 27, 2007
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
Abstract: The present invention provides a polymeric a fuel composition comprising (i) a fuel; and (ii) a polymeric compound; wherein the polymeric compound comprises at least one monomer unit of Formula I wherein R1 is H or a C1-10 hydrocarbyl group; wherein L is an optional C1-30 hydrocarbyl linker group; and wherein heterocycle is an optionally substituted heterocyclic ring.
September 26, 2003
Date of Patent:
February 13, 2007
Cyrus Pershing Henry, David Leonard Pinch, Andrea Sneddon, Derek Richard Green
Abstract: Solid composition has an organic spill absorbing material in which is absorbed certain of a liquid organic compound or composition. The organic spill absorbing material can be water insoluble, particulate polymer particles that imbibe liquid organic materials. A halogenated organic can provide the liquid organic compound or composition. The halogenated organic can be a halogenated hydrocarbon. A fire can be fought by transmitting the solid composition containing a suitable flame retardant to the base of the fire under conditions such that the absorbed liquid in liquid or vapor form is released; and a living target can be stupefied by transmitting the solid composition containing a suitable stupefying agent under conditions such that vapors of the stupefying agent are released and stupefy the target.
Abstract: A flame retardant resin composition comprising: (A) 100 parts by weight of a resin component (component a) containing at least 50% by weight of a high impact polystyrene, and (B) 1 to 50 parts by weight of a phosphorous-containing compound (component b) represented by the following general formula (I): wherein A and A? are the same or different and represent —OR or -Q wherein R and Q represent an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 5 to 10 carbon atoms, an aralkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 15 carbon atoms. According to the present invention, there are provided a polystyrene resin composition containing substantially no halogen and having heat resistance, particularly a high heat distortion temperature under load, and an article from the composition.
Abstract: This invention relates to a composite material for neutron shielding and maintenance of sub-criticality comprising a matrix based on vinylester resin and an inorganic filler capable of slowing and absorbing neutrons. The vinylester resin may be an epoxymethacrylate resin and the inorganic filler may contain a zinc borate and an alumina hydrate or magnesium hydroxide.
Abstract: A fire or explosion suppression system comprises a source (30) of a liquid suppressant under pressure, and a source (32) of an inert gas under pressure. The liquid suppressant is a chemical substance having a low environmental impact, with a short atmospheric lifetime of less than 30 days. The inert gas may be nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, neon or helium or mixtures of any two or more of them. The suppressant and the inert gas are fed under pressure to an output unit (34) comprising a mixing chamber in which the liquid and the gas impinge to produce a mist of the liquid suppressant of very small droplet size which is entrained in the pressurised gas together with vapour from the liquid, the so-entrained mist and vapour and the gas being discharged by a nozzle (44) into an area to be protected. The mist and vapour are therefore carried by the entraining and transporting high pressure gas into regions of the areas to be protected, enabling a total flooding capability.
Abstract: The invention relates to a flame retardant combination comprising, as component A, a phosphinate of the formula (I) and/or a diphosphinate of the formula (II) and/or polymers of these where R1 and R2 are identical or different and are C1–C6-alkyl, linear or branched, and/or aryl; R3 is C1–C10-alkylene, linear or branched, C6–C10-arylene, -alkylarylene or -arylalkylene; M is calcium ions, magnesium ions, aluminum ions and/or zinc ions, m is 2 or 3; n is 1 or 3; x is 1 or 2; and comprising a component B1, B2 and/or B3 wherein B1 is a salt of 1,3,5-triazine compound with polyphosphoric acid, and wherein B2 is a melamine polymetaphosphate, and wherein B3 is a composite salt of polyphosphoric acid with melamine, melam and/or melem.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a coating composition for a recording medium useful in ink jet printing of photographic images to provide a high gloss finish. The coating composition for an ink jet recording medium comprises colloidal silica and a synthetic resin emulsion having two or more glass transition points. The synthetic resin emulsion is obtained by emulsion-polymerizing, simultaneously or separately, (A) a radical-polymerizable unsaturated monomer having a silyl group and (B) another radical-polymerizable unsaturated monomer which is copolymerizable unsaturated monomer which is copolymerizable with (A), in the presence of a radical polymerizable surfactant.
Abstract: A lubricant which is non-polluting and substitutable for conventional lubricants and which is excellent in lubrication characteristics, particularly having low frictional characteristics comprises an aqueous solution containing a saccharide in an amount of 0.5–30% by mass based on the total amount of the aqueous solution the saccharide comprising mainly a sucrose and a disaccharide caramel in an amount of 0.2–20% by mass based on the amount of the sucrose. As the sucrose, granulated sugar or crystal sugar is preferred, and coffee sugar containing previously a disaccharide caramel can also be used. More preferably, the lubricant contains sodium laurate and/or potassium laurate in an amount of 0.001–1% by mass. Furthermore, it is desired that the lubricant contains potassium sorbate in an amount of 0.1–3% by mass as a preservative and benzotriazole or an alkali metal salt thereof in an amount of 0.1–3% by mass as a rust inhibitor.
Abstract: In a particular embodiment, the invention concerns a lubricating grease having 70 to 95 percent by weight of a mixture that includes at least a first ester of fatty acid and of sorbitan, and at least a second ester of fatty acid and of polyoxyalkylated sorbitan. The esters are present in quantities by weight, relative to the weight of the mixture, of 10 to 90 percent and 90 to 10 percent respectively. The grease also includes from 5 to 30 percent by weight of at least one thickening agent.
Abstract: A method of lubricating conveyor tracks or belts is herein described wherein the lubricant composition contains a polyalkylene glycol polymer, a fatty acid, and an anionic surfactant; also described is a lubricant composition with reduced sensitivity to low pHs. The composition may also comprise additional functional ingredients and be composed of ingredients that can be safely administered to humans and mammals.
August 13, 2003
Date of Patent:
October 24, 2006
Minyu Li, Kimberly L. P. Hei, Amy McBroom
Abstract: A method for reducing the loss of particles from the surface of porous getter bodies is taught herein. The method consists in producing on the surface of the porous getter a thin layer of a metal or metal alloy with a deposition technique selected among the deposition of materials from arc generated plasma, ionic beam deposition and cathodic deposition. The deposition technique allows for granular or columnar surface of the covering material but still allowing access to the surface of the getter material, resulting in a reduced getter particle loss.
Abstract: A rubber composition which prevents the rise in rubber hardness over time and can maintain good performance on snow and ice over a long period, which includes (A) a diene rubber containing, as a main component, at least one member selected from the group consisting of natural rubber and butadiene rubber, and (B) 5 to 60 parts by weight of vegetable oil which has an iodine value of at least 80 and contains at least 70% by weight of unsaturated fatty acid having at least 18 carbon atoms, based on 100 parts by weight of the diene rubber (A), the rubber composition having a tan ? peak temperature Tg of at most ?50° C. and a rubber hardness of at most 64 at 0° C. The present invention also relates to a pneumatic tire using the rubber composition as the tread.
Abstract: The present invention is an additive for producing a positive active material for lead-acid storage batteries on the basis of finely divided tetrabasic lead sulfate. The additive contains a tetrabasic lead sulfate of an average particle size less than about 3 ?m as well as finely divided hydrophobic silicic acid for preventing agglomeration of the particles of the tetrabasic lead sulfate. During maturation, this additive ensures the formation of the structure of a tetrabasic lead sulfate crystal with a very narrow bandwidth of crystal sizes and a very homogeneous distribution. In the subsequent electrochemical formation to lead oxide, this leads to particularly efficient lead-acid storage batteries. Furthermore, the invention relates to a method of making the additive according to the invention as well as its advantageous use in the positive material for the maturation and drying of plates in the production of lead-acid storage batteries.
Abstract: A zeolite and an organic binder are mixed with a solvent to form a paste (302). The paste is then cast or molded (304) into the desired shape. A portion of the solvent is allowed to evaporate from the paste, hardening the getter (306). Getters are often formed in sheets and cut (308) into individual pieces, called dibs, after the sheets have hardened. Even after the getter is hardened, significant amounts of solvent are retained by the getter. The getter is exposed to water vapor which displaces (310) the solvent from the getter. After the solvent is removed, the getter is dried (312) to remove additional water vapor. Because the water vapor does not bind as tightly to the zeolite getter, the water vapor is removed much easier than the solvent. The water may be removed by allowing the getter to dry naturally, or by a vacuum bake process.
Abstract: A salicylate is disclosed, which has detergent and anti-oxidant properties, for use as a metal based detergent additive. An alkyl salicylic acid is derived from the alkylation of salicylic acid with styrene. The neutralization and subsequent overbasing of neutral salt results in an alkaline detergent, such as calcium or magnesium salicylate. The resulting detergent is a salicylic acid having multi-styrenated chains, which provide oil solubility. A method for making such a detergent is also disclosed.
Abstract: The invention relates to stabilizer systems, containing at least: a) a perchlorate salt; b) at least one or more compounds from the group consisting of carbamides, indole derivatives and enamines of formula (I), wherein n=1 or 2 and X=O or NR1; n=3–6 and X=O; R1=H, C1–C4-alkyl, C2–C6-alkenyl, C6–C10-aryl, C7–C18-alkaryl or C7–C18-aralkyl; R2 (if n=1)=C1–C22-alkyl, C2–C22-alkenyl or aryl, preferably phenyl, optionally substituted with up to 3 hydroxy, C1–C4-alkoxy or C1–C9-alkyl; or R2 (if n=2–6)=linear or branched C1-22-alkylene, optionally interrupted by one or more O or S atoms, wherein R2 (if n=3) can also be a C2–C3-alkyl trisubstituted isocyanurate; if X=NH R2 can also be H. Said stabilizer systems are suitable for stabilizing halogen-containing polymers, more particularly PVC.
Abstract: A thermoplastic molding composition having improved flammability rating and mechanical properties is disclosed. The composition contains aromatic polycarbonate having a weight-average molecular weight Mw?25,000 g/mol., polyalkylene terephthalate, graft (co)polymer characterized in that its grafted phase includes structural units derived from acrylate monomers, an oligomeric organic phosphoric acid ester, and an optional fluorinated polyolefin. In a preferred embodiment the graft (co)polymer is characterized in its core-shell morphology.
Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a flame-retardant thermoplastic resin composition, which comprises: 100 parts by weight of a thermoplastic resin (A), 0.1 to 30 parts by weight of a polyorganosiloxane-containing graft copolymer (B) obtained by polymerizing, in at least one stage, a monomer (B-3) comprising a polyfunctional monomer (B-2) containing at least two polymerizable unsaturated bonds within the molecule thereof, and/or a vinyl monomer (B-4) in the presence of polyorganosiloxane particles (B-1), 0.0005 to 5 parts by weight of at least one metal salt (C) selected from the group consisting of alkali metal salts and bivalent or further polyvalent metal salts, and 0.05 to 2 parts by weight of a fluororesin (D).