Patents Examined by Matthew T Largi
  • Patent number: 10669918
    Abstract: A heat insulating structure of an internal combustion engine (engine 1) includes a cylinder-head-side heat insulating cover (30) and a cylinder-block-side heat insulating cover (40). Each of the first side walls (32) of the cylinder-head-side heat insulating cover (30) is disposed outwardly of, and is spaced apart from, a corresponding one of the second side walls (43) of the cylinder-block-side heat insulating cover (40) in the width direction of the vehicle. The lower edge of each of the first side walls (32) is positioned below the upper edge of the corresponding one of the second side walls (43) to overlap with the corresponding one of the second side walls (43) when viewed from the side of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tsukasa Hoshino, Kenji Sugasaki, Kazumi Okamura, Makoto Shinhama, Masanobu Koutoku, Ryo Yamamoto, Yukiya Tanaka, Toshimichi Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 10648390
    Abstract: A heater system for an exhaust system is provided. The heater system includes a heater disposed in an exhaust conduit. The heater includes a plurality of heating elements disposed in the exhaust conduit. A heating control module controls the plurality of heating elements differently according to operating conditions specific to each heating element. In other forms, the heater system for an exhaust system has a plurality of heating zones, instead of a plurality of heating elements. The heating control module controls the plurality of heating zones differently according to operating conditions specific to each heating zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: WATLOW ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark D. Everly, James Pradun, Sanhong Zhang
  • Patent number: 10648388
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide an exhaust system component having excellent properties to be located in an exhaust flow path from an internal combustion engine, particularly, an exhaust system component having an extended use-life. The exhaust system component of the present invention for an internal combustion engine has a self-healing ceramic material and an electric heater for heating the self-healing ceramic material. In particular, the exhaust system component of the present invention is an oxygen sensor having a detection element and an electric heater, wherein the detection element has a solid electrolyte layer, a reference-side electrode layer, an exhaust-side electrode layer, and a diffusion layer and/or a trap layer each composed of a self-healing ceramic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Naoki Takeuchi, Noriaki Kumagai, Go Hayashita, Masakazu Tabata, Hirokazu Ito, Kazuhiro Sugimoto, Hiroki Murata
  • Patent number: 10626773
    Abstract: A mix box for an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine, the mix box being used to incorporate additives into an exhaust gas flow and including at least one inlet tube, at least one outlet tube and a housing for accommodating the inlet tube and the outlet tube, wherein: the housing delimits a volume of the mix box in relation to the surroundings; the inlet tube has an inflow section located inside the housing, which inflow section is provided with at least one inflow opening for introducing the exhaust gas into the housing; the outlet tube has a metering device designed as an injection nozzle at the end of the outlet tube and has an outflow section located inside the housing, which outflow section has a length (La) and is provided with at least one outflow opening for discharging the exhaust gas from the housing; a flow zone is provided between the inlet tube and the outlet tube and the flow zone, over at least 30% of its length (La), is free of flow guiding elements which deflect the flow in a circu
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: TENNECO GMBH
    Inventors: Joachim Gehrlein, Frank Terres, Andreas Lang, Gert Müller
  • Patent number: 10570801
    Abstract: A method and system for detecting whether a pressure line in a diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) delivery system has an obstruction. The system includes an electronic control unit with an electronic processor that is configured to receive an unfiltered pressure signal from a pressure sensor; to electronically filter the unfiltered pressure signal to determine a dosing pressure signal; to determine an integrated value based on the dosing pressure signal; and to determine whether the pressure line is obstructed by comparing the integrated value with a predetermined threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Ashal J. Shah, Palanimuthu Thalamuthu, Oliver Wintersteller
  • Patent number: 10563605
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for reducing release of undesired emissions to atmosphere at a start event of an engine configured to propel a vehicle. In one example, a method comprises providing an alternative heat source and actively routing heat from the alternative heat source to a heated exhaust gas oxygen sensor for which a heating element configured to raise temperature of the sensor is known to be degraded. In this way, a desired air-fuel ratio may be attained during engine start events where the heating element for raising temperature of the sensor is degraded, which may thus reduce tail-pipe emissions which may otherwise be released in the absence of such mitigating action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Aed Dudar
  • Patent number: 10550744
    Abstract: An apparatus for detecting urea deposits in an exhaust pipe of an internal combustion engine is provided, where the urea is introduced into the exhaust pipe in an aqueous urea solution via a nozzle. The apparatus comprises at least one radiation receiver which, in use, is located within the exhaust pipe downstream of the nozzle. The apparatus further comprises an electronic control unit in communication with the receiver, wherein the receiver communicates radiation data to the control unit which allows the control unit to establish whether deposits have formed within the exhaust pipe. A control valve is also provided which controls flow of the solution to the nozzle in response to signals from the control unit. A method of detecting urea deposits in an exhaust pipe of an internal combustion engine is also provided, as in an automotive vehicle incorporating the aforementioned apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: Perkins Engines Company Limited
    Inventors: Ronald Silver, Benjamin Reid, Thomas Steffen
  • Patent number: 10539061
    Abstract: Problem: The objective of the present invention is to provide a technique to enable more accurate measurement of oxygen contained in an exhaust gas in an exhaust device provided with an oxygen sensor. Solution: A catalyst which cleans the exhaust gas is provided in an exhaust pipe in an exhaust device that includes a muffler coupled downstream of the exhaust pipe, and an oxygen sensor is mounted on a pipe portion that is disposed downstream from the catalyst and that is directly coupled to the catalyst. The oxygen sensor is provided substantially perpendicular to the axial direction of the pipe portion through which the exhaust gas flows. The oxygen sensor includes a detecting portion, the detecting portion is disposed in a recessed portion formed in the muffler, and a wire is disposed on an outer side of the recessed portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tomiyuki Sasaki, Atsushi Ito, Michio Atsuchi
  • Patent number: 10533479
    Abstract: A valve apparatus that opens/closes a flow path for fluids. The valve apparatus comprises a tubular valve seat, and a valve. The valve comprises a valve body and a peripheral part. The peripheral part extends around an outer circumference of the valve seat from a periphery of the valve body towards upstream of the flow path for fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: FUTABA INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiromi Ishikawa, Hirohisa Okami
  • Patent number: 10533473
    Abstract: A system for treating engine exhaust gas, which engine exhaust gas has a temperature of between T1 and T2, comprises a SCR reactor for converting NOx in a medium containing the engine exhaust gas into N2 and H2O. The SCR reactor has an inlet for receiving the medium and an outlet for outputting the NOx reduced medium. A first boiler unit has an outlet for outputting boiler exhaust gas (temperature greater than T3, T3>T1) from the first boiler unit. A mixing unit mixes the engine exhaust gas with the boiler exhaust gas to produce the medium. The mixing unit has a first inlet communicating with the engine for receiving the engine exhaust gas, a second inlet communicating with the outlet of the first boiler unit for receiving the boiler exhaust gas and an outlet for outputting the medium. The mixing unit outlet communicates with the inlet of the SCR reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB
    Inventors: Søren Mølgaard, Kenneth Christensen
  • Patent number: 10494971
    Abstract: A variety of methods and arrangements for controlling the exhaust gas temperature of a lean burn, skip fire controlled internal combustion engine are described. In one aspect, an engine controller includes an aftertreatment system monitor and a firing timing determination unit. The aftertreatment monitor obtains data relating to a temperature of one or more aftertreatment elements, such as a catalytic converter. Based at least partly on this data, the firing timing determination unit generates a firing sequence for operating the engine in a skip fire manner such that the temperature of the aftertreatment element is controlled within its effective operating range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Tula Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew A. Younkins, Shikui Kevin Chen, Mark A. Wilcutts
  • Patent number: 10480373
    Abstract: An exhaust aftertreatment system includes a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst is disposed in an exhaust gas system of an internal combustion engine. A reductant injector is coupled to the exhaust gas stream at a position upstream of the SCR catalyst. A controller is configured to determine an NH3 slip condition and control operation of the exhaust aftertreatment system in response to the NH3 slip condition to improve deNOx efficiency and reduce NH3 slip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: Cummins Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Haas
  • Patent number: 10473039
    Abstract: An exhaust purifying device mounted in a working vehicle includes: an exhaust passage through which an exhaust gas discharged from an engine flows; a throttle valve configured to change a passage area of the exhaust passage; an exhaust aftertreatment device disposed downstream of the throttle valve; and a valve controller configured to control an open degree of the throttle valve. The valve controller is configured to control the open degree of the throttle valve to be larger in a low load region below a predetermined load range and in a high load region exceeding the predetermined load range than in a medium load region that is the predetermined load range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventor: Genki Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 10473020
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for reducing engine emissions using a branched exhaust system. In one example, a branched exhaust system may include a plurality of sub-branches each housing a distinct exhaust component, and an order of exhaust flow through each of the exhaust components may be adjusted based on engine operating conditions and temperature demand of the distinct components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Xiaogang Zhang
  • Patent number: 10470247
    Abstract: A susceptor for use in a heated fluid flow system is provided. In one form, a susceptor is arranged within a conduit and adapted to absorb radiant energy from at least one heating element and inhibit the radiant energy from being absorbed by the at least one wall of the conduit and/or other components. In another form, the susceptor absorbs and inhibits the radiant energy from being absorbed by the outer wall of the conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: WATLOW ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark D. Everly, Richard T. Williams, James N. Pradun
  • Patent number: 10450935
    Abstract: An exhaust manifold may include a main body provided with a plurality of branching passages communicating with a vehicle engine and provided with a single passage communicating with an exhaust canister, the branching passages merging with the single passage; and a coating layer coated on an internal surface of the main body forming the branching passages and the single passage, the coating layer including an aerogel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Hyung Seuk Ohn, Woong Pyo Hong, Hong Kil Baek, Bo Kyung Kim, Se Hoon Park, Seung Woo Lee, Tae Jun Kang
  • Patent number: 10443479
    Abstract: An exhaust management system for use in a motor vehicle having a muffler and a combustion engine generating an exhaust also has a bypass channel configured to be mounted to bypass the muffler of the exhaust system. The system also has a valve controlling air flow through the bypass channel, and a controller operably coupled with the valve. The controller is configured to be switchable between at least two modes. The at least two modes include a provider dynamic mode configured to be modified by a provider only, and a user dynamic mode configured to be modified by a user. The user has no rights to modify the provider dynamic mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Roush Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: Erin M. Dmytrow, Ryan L. Martin, Justin G. Schroeder
  • Patent number: 10436092
    Abstract: An exhaust purification system includes an exhaust after-treatment apparatus which is provided on an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine and which includes catalysts for purifying exhaust gas, a catalyst temperature retention control module for executing a catalyst temperature retention control in which an intake air flow is reduced to thereby suppress a reduction in the temperature of the catalysts when the internal combustion engine is in a motoring state where fuel injection into the internal combustion engine is stopped, and a prohibition module for prohibiting the execution of the catalyst temperature retention control in a case where an activation of an exhaust brake system is detected while the internal combustion engine is in the motoring state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED
    Inventors: Teruo Nakada, Takayuki Sakamoto, Daiji Nagaoka, Hiroyuki Yuza
  • Patent number: 10428707
    Abstract: A system and method for particulate matter reduction. A diesel particulate filtration system includes an inlet, an outlet, an exhaust path between the inlet and the outlet, a diesel particulate filter positioned in the exhaust path between the inlet and the outlet, and a bypass valve, wherein the diesel particulate filtration system is configured to have a diesel engine operatively coupled to the inlet. The bypass valve being configured to open when a maximum allowable engine backpressure is exceeded. When the bypass valve is closed, exhaust gas including particulate matter passes through the diesel particulate filter. When the bypass valve is open, a portion of the exhaust gas passes through the diesel particulate filter and the remainder of the exhaust gas passes through the bypass valve and at least 40 percent of said particulate matter is removed from said exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Steven G. Fritz, John C. Hedrick
  • Patent number: 10393000
    Abstract: A failure determination apparatus for an oxygen concentration sensor disposed downstream of a catalyst provided in an exhaust system is provided for detecting a failure in the oxygen concentration sensor. The failure determination apparatus comprises: a failure determination device for determining a failure in the oxygen concentration sensor based on the length of a period when the output of the oxygen concentration sensor passes through a predetermined output section during enrichment control after a fuel cut mode of the internal combustion engine is released; a rich fuel supply amount calculation device for calculating the time average of an enriching fuel supply amount, relative to a fuel supply amount necessary for stoichiometric combustion, based on an actual fuel supply amount during the enrichment control; and a failure determination restriction device for restricting failure determination of the failure determination device based on the time average of the enriching fuel supply amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI JIDOSHA KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kenta Imaoka, Junya Kitada, Hideo Matsunaga