Patents Examined by Melissa S Swain
  • Patent number: 11819892
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the methods of recycling electrochromic devices and also designing such devices while keeping recyclability in perspective. Recyclability includes recovering of certain materials for re-use within the same application or other applications. Using recycling reduces or eliminates waste stream quantities to be disposed of and/or reduces toxicity of these waste streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: Polyceed Inc.
    Inventor: Anoop Agrawal
  • Patent number: 11807544
    Abstract: Provided are a selective recovery method of vanadium and cesium from a waste sulfuric acid vanadium catalyst by a hydrometallurgical method including water leaching, solid-liquid separation, vanadium solvent extraction, vanadium selective stripping, and cesium alum production, and a high-quality vanadium aqueous solution and cesium alum produced thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2022
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2023
    Inventors: Ho Seok Jeon, Shun Myung Shin, Dong Ju Shin, Dong Seok Lee, Sung Ho Joo
  • Patent number: 11802244
    Abstract: The gemini surfactant for use in recycling lithium batteries is an anionic surfactant having the generic formula CxH2x+1(CyH2y+1) PO4CzH2zPO4CxH2x+1(CyH2y+1). An example of the surfactant is shown as compound 1 below where (x=5, y=2, z=4). Current solvents used to remove polymer binders include Nmethyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), N—N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N—N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC), N—N-dimethylsulfoxide (DMSA), and ethanol. The benchmark solvent often used to dissolve polymer binders is NMP. However, the present surfactants are phosphate-based surfactants and are used with a phosphate-based solvent, namely, triethyl phosphate (TEP), which is cheaper and more environmentally friendly than NMP. However, TEP has weaker binder solubility than NMP. Thus, the present surfactants are used with sonication to remove polymer binders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2023
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2023
    Inventors: Tushar Kanti Sen, Chi Phan
  • Patent number: 11753308
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of separating and extracting rare-earths from rare-earth polishing powder waste and regenerating rare-earth polishing powder, which is characterized by: firstly, process the waste powder with first acid leaching, alkali roasting, and second acid leaching to separate and extract rare-earths from rare-earth polishing powder waste to obtain the leaching solution of rare-earth chloride; secondly, precipitate from the leaching solution with ammonia to remove impurities and hydrochloric acid solution to obtain the purified solution of rare-earth chloride; thirdly, co-precipitate from the solution acquired in the second step with hydrofluoric acid, ammonium bicarbonate, and dispersant to obtain the lanthanum cerium fluoro-carbonate; and finally, after drying, two-stage high-temperature calcination, and ball milling, the regenerated rare-earth polishing powder with decent polishing performance can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2023
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2023
    Inventors: Yufeng Wu, Minwei Song, Qijun Zhang
  • Patent number: 11753699
    Abstract: A cost-effective method for recovering precious metals in circuit board components utilizes the basic principle of oxidation-reduction reaction, adopts a mixed solution of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide and a mixed solution of hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride and sodium chlorate, and also adopts ammonia water and formaldehyde to reduce silver. According to the characteristic that the redox potential of gold and palladium ions is higher, the gold and palladium ions in the chlorination leaching solution are selectively reduced into elements by using a reducing agent which is low in price and moderate in reducibility, then the elements are separated through filtration to realize resource recycling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2022
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2023
    Inventors: Jiamei Yu, Jiaqi Guo
  • Patent number: 11731121
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process of preparing a high coordination sulfated mixed metal oxide catalyst. The process comprises mixing specific ratios of alumina and zirconia mixtures at specific particle size limits which do not exceed 37 ?m, in the presence of a combination of ?-amino acids, i.e., non-polar side chains and basic side chains having molecular weight less than 250, nitric acid (HNO3) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) at a pH range of 1.5 to 3.8 at temperatures below 30° C. The catalysts have a high conversion towards hydrocarbon isomerization reaction while concurrently having crushing strength in range of 2.0 daN and 5.0 daN, allowing for efficient commercial application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Assignees: Viridis Chemicals Private Limited, Indian Oil Corporation Limited
    Inventors: Chaitanya Sampara, Pushkar Varshney, Reshmi Manna, Saravanan Subramani, Madhusudan Sau, Debasis Bhattacharyya, Sankara Sri Venkata Ramakumar
  • Patent number: 11732326
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure may include method for extracting lithium from a mudstone ore. Embodiments of the present disclosure may also include a method for extracting lithium from a mudstone formation and sequestering carbon dioxide into the mudstone formation in situ.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2023
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Inventor: Willem P. C. Duyvesteyn
  • Patent number: 11732204
    Abstract: An integrated refinery process for the disposal of metal-containing spent coked catalyst from hydrotreating and/or hydrocracking unit operations includes introducing the spent coked catalyst into a membrane wall gasification reactor in the form of flowable particles along with predetermined amounts of oxygen and steam based upon an analysis of the hydrocarbon content of the coke, and optionally, a liquid hydrocarbon; gasifying the feed to produce synthesis gas and a slag material; recovering and subjecting the slag material to further processes in preparation for a leaching step to solubilize and form one or more active phase metal compounds that are recovered from the leaching solution, either separately by sequential processing, or together. The recovered active metal compounds can be used, e.g., in preparing fresh catalyst for use in the refinery's hydroprocessing units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Omer Refa Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 11718558
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention include a method of producing a cement material comprising step of: first reacting a calcium-bearing starting material with a first acid to produce an aqueous first calcium salt; second reacting the aqueous first calcium salt with a second acid to produce a solid second calcium salt; wherein the second acid is different from the first acid and the second calcium salt is different from the first calcium salt; and thermally treating the second calcium salt to produce a first cement material. Preferably, but not necessarily, during the second reacting step, reaction between the first calcium salt and the second acid regenerates the first acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2022
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2023
    Assignees: California Institute of Technology, Brimstone Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Cody E. Finke, Hugo F. Leandri
  • Patent number: 11718539
    Abstract: Extraction of platinum-group elements, e.g. Pd, by adsorption from acidic aqueous solutions, using chelating acrylic fibers having amidoxime substituents followed by recovery by elution with an HCl-thiourea solution. From about 10% to 100% of the acrylic fiber CN are converted to amidoxime by reaction with NH2OH (hydroxylamine) in H2O/MeOH solution in the range of 30° C.-90° C. for from 15 min to 72 hrs. The adsorptive loading of elements onto the fiber and the efficiency of elution therefrom is substantially 100%, in multiple cycles of adsorption/elution. The novel fiber/extraction process is rapid, lending it to a continuous recovery operation. A portion of the CN groups of may be converted to carboxylate groups by reaction with NaOH. Short lengths of fiber are loaded into a vertical column and the pregnant solution introduced. Upon breakthrough, the fibers may be eluted, washed and recycled hundreds of times without removal from the column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2023
    Inventors: Chien M. Wai, Horng-Bin Pan
  • Patent number: 11708279
    Abstract: Embodiments relate to methods for generating selected materials from a natural brine, where the natural brine is sea water, saline water, fresh water, synthetic solutions, or industrial liquid wastes. A natural brine comprising at least a portion of a selected material is heated. CO2 is added and mixes with the natural brine forming a mixture such that the CO2/P is a first predetermined value. The mixture is held so that impurities in the natural brine precipitate as solids leaving a second brine substantially comprising the selected material. The second brine is heated. CO2 gas is injected into the second brine, mixing so that the CO2/P is a second predetermined value. The mixture is held so that the selected material precipitates out and are removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2023
    Assignee: Energy, United States Department of
    Inventors: Jinichiro Nakano, Anna Nakano, James P. Bennett
  • Patent number: 11708280
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of preparing an MOF-coated monocrystal ternary positive electrode material. Firstly, a solution A of nickel, cobalt and manganese metal salts, an ammonia complexing agent solution and a caustic soda liquid are added to a reactor for reaction to obtain a precursor core; then, an organic carboxylate is dissolved in an amount of an organic solvent to obtain a solution B; the solution B and a manganese metal salt solution with a given concentration are added to the reactor and aged to obtain an MOF-coated core-shell structure precursor; the core-shell structure precursor is pre-sintered at a low temperature to obtain a nickel-cobalt-manganese oxide with monocrystal structure; the nickel-cobalt-manganese oxide with monocrystal structure is uniformly mixed with LiOH·H2O in a mortar and then calcined at a high temperature to obtain an MOF-coated monocrystal ternary positive electrode material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2022
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2023
    Assignees: GEM CO., LTD., JINGMEN GEM CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kaihua Xu, Zhenkang Jiang, Kun Zhang, Xiaofei Xue, Cong Li, Haibo Sun, Kang Chen, Jun Li, Liangjiao Fan
  • Patent number: 11695170
    Abstract: Provided are a battery-level Ni—Co—Mn mixed solution and a preparation method for a battery-level Mn solution, the steps thereof comprising: acid dissolution (S1), alkalization to remove impurities (S2), synchronous precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and lithium (S3), deep ageing to remove impurities (S4), synergistic extraction (S5), and refining extraction (S6). The steps of deep ageing to remove impurities (S4) and synergistic extraction (S5) comprise: performing deep ageing on a filtrate obtained from the step of synchronous precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and lithium (S3), and after performing filtration to remove impurities, obtaining an aged filtrate; using P204 to extract the aged filtrate and obtain a loaded organic phase, and subjecting the loaded organic phase to staged back-extraction to obtain the battery-level Ni—Co—Mn mixed solution and a Mn-containing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2023
    Assignees: JINGMEN GEM CO., LTD, GEM CO., LTD
    Inventors: Kaihua Xu, Zhenkang Jiang, Qinxiang Li, Kun Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Jun Wang, Shihong Wen
  • Patent number: 11679991
    Abstract: In an aspect, a multiphase ferrite comprises a Co2W phase that is optionally doped with Ru; a CFO phase having the formula Mer“Co1?rFe2+zO4, wherein Me” is at least one of Ni, Zn, or Mg, r is 0 to 0.5, and z is ?0.5 to 6 0.5; and a CoRu-BaM phase having the formula BaCox+yRuyFe12?(2/3)x?2yO19, wherein x is 0 to 2, y is 0.01 to 2; and the Ba can be partially replaced by at least one of Sr or Ca. In another aspect, a composite can comprise a polymer and the multiphase ferrite. In yet another aspect, a method of making a multiphase ferrite can comprise mixing and grinding a CoRu-BaM phase ferrite and a CFO phase ferrite to form a mixture; and sintering the mixture in an oxygen atmosphere to form the multiphase ferrite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2023
    Inventors: Qifan Li, Yajie Chen
  • Patent number: 11682801
    Abstract: Integrated recycling method and processes including recycling spent catalyst to produce one or more water-soluble metal salts and one or more water-insoluble tail byproducts, and recycling rechargeable batteries to produce one or more battery-grade metals and one or more pure metallic byproducts, wherein the water insoluble tail byproduct is a feedstock in recycling the rechargeable batteries, the impure metallic byproduct is a feedstock in recycling the spent catalyst, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2023
    Inventors: Alfred Salazar, Tarun K. Bhatt, Micki Kennedy
  • Patent number: 11661639
    Abstract: The invention discloses Method for whole component microwave fast digestion and precious metal extraction from ionic liquid of waste circuit board, and belongs to the field of hydrometallurgy. Based on the theory that microwaves can directly penetrate through a leaching medium to directly heat a circuit board, microwave-assisted leaching can reinforce mass transfer and heat transfer in the traditional leaching process, the leaching time is greatly shortened, and the leaching efficiency is improved. Before leaching, a waste circuit board does not need to be smashed, and environmental protection is achieved while energy is saved. The temperature rising process and reaction time of the reaction can be controlled, the whole process is conducted under the airtight condition, heat loss in the leaching process is avoided, the valuable leaching rate is high, the selectivity is high, and efficient leaching of valuable metal can be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2022
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Inventors: Yufeng Wu, Jiewen Yan, Bin Li
  • Patent number: 11661638
    Abstract: The present invention lies in the field of pyrometallurgy and discloses a process and a slag suitable for the recovery of Ni and Co from Li-ion batteries or their waste. The slag composition is defined according to: 10%<MnO<40%; (CaO+1.5*Li2O)/Al2O3>0.3; CaO+0.8*MnO+0.8*Li2O<60%; (CaO+2*Li2O+0.4*MnO)/SiO2?2.0; Li2?1%; and, Al2O3+SiO2+CaO+Li2O+MnO+FeO+MgO>85%. This composition is particularly adapted to limit or avoid the corrosion of furnaces lined with magnesia-bearing refractory bricks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2022
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Assignee: UMICORE
    Inventors: Ryohei Yagi, Lennart Scheunis
  • Patent number: 11643740
    Abstract: The invention relates to a layered double hydroxide (LDH) material and methods for using the LDH material to catalyse the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in a water-splitting process. The invention also provides a composition, a catalytic material, an electrode and an electrolyser including the LDH material. In particular, the LDH material includes a metal composite including cobalt, iron, chromium and optionally nickel species interspersed with a hydroxide layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2023
    Inventors: Chuan Zhao, Xin Bo
  • Patent number: 11643705
    Abstract: A process for recovery of one or more elements, selected from precious metals and chalcophile metals, as herein defined, from materials containing precious and/or chalcophile metal/s, said process including: (i) contacting the material with an alkaline solution containing a lixiviant comprising an amino acid, or derivative thereof, and an alkali stable transition metal complex in order to form a leachate containing the precious metal and/or chalcophile metal; and (ii) recovering the precious metal and/or chalcophile metal from the leachate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2023
    Assignee: Mining and Process Solutions Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Elsayed Abdelrady Oraby, Jacobus Johannes Eksteen
  • Patent number: 11643333
    Abstract: Sintering is an important issue in creating crystalline metal oxides with high porosity and surface area, especially in the case of high-temperature materials such as metal aluminates. Herein we report a rationally designed synthesis of metal aluminates that diminishes the surface area loss due to sintering. Metal aluminate (e.g. MeAl2O4or MeAlO3?Me=Mg, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Cu, La, or Ce; or mixture thereof) supported on ?-Al2O3 with ultralarge mesopores (up to 30 nm) was synthesized through microwave-assisted peptization of boehmite nanoparticles and their self-assembly in the presence of a triblock copolymer (Pluronic P123) and metal nitrates, followed by co-condensation and thermal treatment. The resulting materials showed the surface area up to about 410 m2·g?1, porosity up to about 2.5 cm3·g?1, and very good thermal stability. The observed enhancement in their thermomechanical resistance is associated with the faster formation of the metal aluminate phases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2023
    Inventors: Mietek Jaroniec, Alexandre A. S. Goncalves