Patents Examined by Nasir S. Shahrestani
  • Patent number: 8708909
    Abstract: Provided herein are compositions comprising a microbubble contrast agent, wherein at least 20% by volume of the microbubbles in the contrast agent has a size of less than 1 micron, wherein the contrast agent produces non-linear scattering when contacted by ultrasound at a frequency above 20 MHz. Provided herein are compositions comprising a microbubble contrast agent, wherein at least 10% by volume of the microbubbles in the contrast agent has a size of less than 500 nanometers, wherein the contrast agent produces non-linear scattering when contacted by ultrasound at a frequency above 20 MHz. Provided herein are compositions comprising a microbubble contrast agent, wherein at least 5% by volume of the microbubbles in the contrast agent has a size of less than 200 nanometers, wherein the contrast agent produces non-linear scattering when contacted by ultrasound at a frequency above 20 MHz. The disclosed contrast agents can be targeted contrast agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: FUJIFILM VisualSonics, Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Goertz, F. Stuart Foster
  • Patent number: 8571631
    Abstract: A method for contrast-agent-free non-triggered angiographic imaging in magnetic resonance tomography that includes the steps of (S1) 2D or 3D measurement of a bodily region having a flow of blood, using a flow-insensitive SSFP sequence, (S2) measurement of the same bodily region using a flow-sensitive SSFP sequence, (S3) registration of the measurement results obtained in steps S1 and S2 to one another, (S4) unweighted or self-weighted subtraction of the registered measurement result obtained in step S2from the registered measurement result obtained in step S1, (S5) execution of a 2D or 3D image correction of the image obtained in step S4by removing image distortions caused by gradient field inhomogeneities and/or magnetic basic field inhomogeneities, and (S6) representation of the angiogram obtained in step S5 in the form of an MIP or segmented 2D or 3D vessel tree representation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Michael Deimling
  • Patent number: 8512250
    Abstract: An ultrasound transducer having multiple focal zones is described. In one embodiment there is an ultrasound transducer manufactured as a single piece but having two or more focal zones. In a second embodiment there is a transducer assembly combining a high frequency and low frequency transducer. In a third embodiment there is an interchangeable assembly allowing for different ultrasound transducers to be used based on procedural needs. Variations of each embodiment are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Liposonix, Inc.
    Inventor: Jens U. Quistgaard
  • Patent number: 8483798
    Abstract: A system and method for metabolic MR imaging of a hyperpolarized agent includes exciting a single metabolic species of a hyperpolarized agent injected into a subject of interest. MR signals are acquired from the excited single metabolic species and an image is reconstructed from the acquired MR signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: J. Stefan Petersson, Sven Mansson, Klaus Scheffler
  • Patent number: 8473037
    Abstract: An optical fiber is positioned in a lumen of a sheath so a gap exists between the sheath and optical fiber. A filling member fills part of the longitudinal extent of the gap and fixes the optical fiber. The gap is devoid of the filling member over a part of the longitudinal extent of the of the optical fiber so that an air gap exists between the optical fiber and the sheath. In the event bending, expansion and/or contraction are applied to the sheath, the stress is inhibited from being transmitted to the optical fiber. If the sheath is expanded and contracted, one end of the optical fiber is open and so the optical fiber is not expanded/contracted like the sheath expansion and contraction. Consequently, stress is not likely to be transmitted to the optical fiber and so it is possible to maintain a constant length of the optical fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yuichiro Irisawa
  • Patent number: 8452380
    Abstract: The invention is an interface device and system for establishing an operating interface between an injector device and diagnostic imaging equipment. In one embodiment, the interface device may permit an operator to concurrently operate and control the injector device and the imaging equipment. The interface device may permit the injector system and the imaging system to communicate information regarding their current and future operational status with each other. The interface device may be used to synchronize the operation of the imaging equipment and the injector device. In one embodiment, the injector device and the imaging equipment may be able to communicate with each other directly or through the interface device via a communications protocol comprising binary logic signals. The binary logic signals may comprise one or more of a low strength signal, a high strength signal, an oscillating signal that oscillates between low and high signal strength, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: ACIST Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Williams, Alan Cross-Hansen, Tito Tengco
  • Patent number: 8437831
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for operating a hybrid medical imaging unit including a first imaging device of relatively high spatial resolution and a second nuclear medicine imaging device of relatively high sensitivity that respectively acquire imaging measurement signals from a common examination volume. In at least one embodiment, the method includes determining the duration of the measurement signal acquisition of one imaging device as a function of the duration of the measurement signal acquisition of the other imaging device, which is defined by the occurrence of a specific truncation criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Diana Martin, Sebastian Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8419643
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed for non-invasive bone evaluation based on a broadband ultrasonic transducer emitting a train of ultrasonic wave packets of multiple carrier frequencies ranging from about 50 kHz to about 2 MHz. Receiving broadband ultrasonic transducer accepts broadband ultrasonic signal propagated through the bone. Computer processor provides for data analysis and feature extraction allowing diagnostic evaluation of the bone, including comparing the features of the received signal to a database of known bone conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Artann Laboratories Inc.
    Inventors: Armen P. Sarvazyan, Alexej Tatarinov, Vladimir Egorov
  • Patent number: 8406858
    Abstract: Methods and systems for in vivo classification of tissue are disclosed. The tissue is irradiated with light from multiple light sources and light scattered and fluoresced from the tissue is received. Distinct emissions of the sample are identified from the received light. An excitation emission matrix is generated (1002). On-diagonal and off diagonal components of the excitation emission matrix are identified (1004, 1006, 1008). Spectroscopic measures are derived from the excitation emission matrix (1014), and are compared to a database of known spectra (1016) permitting the tissue to be classified as benign or malignant (1018). An optical biopsy needle or an optical probe may be used to contemporaneously classify and sample tissue for pathological confirmation of diagnosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of Colorado, A Body Corporate
    Inventors: Priya N. Werahera, John Daily, M. Scott Lucia, Adrie van Bokhoven, E. David Crawford, Frank Barnes
  • Patent number: 8406845
    Abstract: Image tracking systems, and corresponding methods, are described. In some embodiments, conventional imaging components are placed on a platform having wheels, thereby providing a mechanism for imaging a moving subject. In other embodiments, conventional imaging components are situated on non-parallel rails, and moved along those rails, thereby providing a mechanism for imaging an anatomical region of a subject as that region moves in two dimensions. For yet other embodiments, image recognition and tracking approaches are provided to track the movement of a non-stationary anatomical region. The tracking of the non-stationary anatomical region permits imaging of a moving anatomy. For some embodiments, the anatomy moves within its normal range of motion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: University of Tennessee Research Foundation
    Inventors: Richard D. Komistek, William R. Hamel, Douglas A. Dennis
  • Patent number: 8396535
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for providing image acquisition and/or image display in a limited region of interest (ROI). The apparatus comprises a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS), preferably integrating a light source, a cantilever, a lens, an actuator, a light detector, and a position sensor. The light source provides light for illuminating the ROI, displaying an image, providing a therapy, and/or performing other functions. The cantilever comprises a resin waveguide with a fixed end attached to a substrate that supports many or all other components. A free end of the cantilever is released from the substrate during fabrication and includes the lens. The actuator scans the free end in orthogonal directions to illuminate the ROI or display an image. The position sensors detect the position of the free end for control. The light detector receives light backscattered from the ROI separate from, or at the fixed end of the cantilever.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Wei-Chih Wang, Eric Seibel, Per Reinhall, Mark Fauver, Chris Brown
  • Patent number: 8391949
    Abstract: A system and method to map a biological tissue of alternating electrical polarity having a boundary between a depolarized portion and a polarized portion is provided. The system includes a computer, a transducer probe, and a receiver. The transducer probe is in communication with the computer and configured to transmit acoustic waves at a frequency through the biological tissue of alternating electrical polarity. The receiver is in communication with the computer and operable to detect a variation in an electrical activity at approximately the frequency of the acoustic waves. The computer creates a display of at least a portion of the variation in the electrical activity at approximately the frequency of the acoustic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Paul S. Schluter
  • Patent number: 8380285
    Abstract: The method is related to control a measurement of a magnetic resonance device based on electrocardiogram signals of a patient detected by at least two channels. The method comprises the steps of: supplying the electrocardiogram signals in a first processing branch to a low pass filter and a derived value sum generator; comparing the output signal with a threshold value to generate a first comparison result; feeding the electrocardiogram signals in a second processing branch to a derived value generator; comparing said signals with an upper and a lower threshold value to generate a second comparison result; repeat the above steps for the second and if necessary further channels; evaluating all first and second comparison results for all channels in a weighted logic circuit; and triggering the measurement as a function of the result of the weighted logic circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Frank, Stefan Merkel, Ernst Mustafa, Helmut Wrobel
  • Patent number: 8366620
    Abstract: A method for delivering ultrasound energy to a patient's intracranial space involves forming at least one hole in the patient's skull, advancing at least one ultrasound delivery device at least partway through the hole(s), and transmitting ultrasound energy from the ultrasound delivery device(s). According to various embodiments, ultrasound delivery devices may be advanced into the epidural space, one or both ventricles and/or an intracerebral space of the patient's brain. In alternative embodiments, one or multiple holes may be formed in the skull, and any number of ultrasound delivery devices may be used. Intracranial ultrasound delivery may be used in diagnostic or therapeutic treatment of ischemic stroke, head trauma, atherosclerosis, perfusion disorders and other acute or chronic neurological conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventor: Henry Nita
  • Patent number: 8335557
    Abstract: There is described a system for carrying out and monitoring minimally-invasive interventions with an x-ray device, in which at least one x-ray emitter and a x-ray detector are attached to one or more robot arms of one or more multi-axis articulated-arm robots, with which they are able to be moved for recording images from different projection directions on a predeterminable path around a patient support facility. The system includes a control and evaluation unit with interfaces for catheters and devices for carrying out the minimally-invasive intervention. The control and evaluation unit is embodied for the processing of measurement and/or image data which it receives from the catheters and devices and for control of the catheters and devices for recording the measurement and/or image data. With the proposed system the workflow is covered completely and seamlessly from the examination to the therapy, especially in the treatment of tachycardial arrythmias.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Michael Maschke
  • Patent number: 8292812
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for detecting and locating brachytherapy seeds using Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA). The method exploits the presence of seed-specific repetitive echo signals in detecting seeds and determining their location. Radio frequency (rf) echo signals received from a scanned area of interest are converted to zero-mean envelope-detected signals and then processed using SSA to produce a spectral-power line (a P line). The P line indicates the relative likelihood of a seed being present. A colored P-mode image derived from a set of P lines is superimposed on a conventional ultrasound B-mode image to depict seed location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Riverside Research Institute
    Inventors: Ernest J. Feleppa, Jonathan Mamou
  • Patent number: 8271067
    Abstract: A graphical visualization tool is disclosed that enables a user to graphically define multiple pre-scan volumes on a localizer image. The tool automatically determines appropriate shim values for both pre-scan volumes. Additionally, the tool displays the pre-scanned volumes on the localizer image such that the user knows that the slices/slabs for high resolution imaging are positioned in the region where the user wants the center frequency to lie.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Sathish Kumar Balakrishnan
  • Patent number: 8226538
    Abstract: The invention is to a biomedical used multiple-channel hemispherical focused ultrasound phased array apparatus. The invention comprises of a graphic user interface, digital multiple channel phase control kernel, multiple channel driving system, and impedance matching module, power feedback device, as well as the hemispherical low-frequency ultrasound phased array. The invention also serves as a good platform reference to develop a focused ultrasound system in the assisted brain drug delivery application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Chang Gung University
    Inventors: Hao-Li Liu, Jhen-Hao Guo, Heng-Wun Chen
  • Patent number: 8224426
    Abstract: The present invention uses spectroscopic tissue volume measurements using non-ionizing radiation to detect pre-disease transformations in the tissue, which increase the risk for this disease in mammals. The method comprises illuminating a volume of selected tissue of a mammal with light having wavelengths covering a pre-selected spectral range, detecting light transmitted through, or reflected from, the volume of selected tissue, and obtaining a spectrum of the detected light. The spectrum of detected light is then represented by one or more basis spectral components, an error term, and an associated scalar coefficient for each of the basis spectral components. The associated scalar coefficient is calculated by minimizing the error term.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: University Health Network
    Inventors: Lothar Lilge, Brian C. Wilson, Michelle K. Nielsen
  • Patent number: 8214012
    Abstract: Critical needs for MRI patient instruction, testing, comfort, motion control, and speech communication are provided for better imaging which leads to more effective medical care. An MRI Digital Video Projection System is disclosed which provides better quality display to the patient to better inform, instruct, test, and comfort the patient plus the potential to stimulate the brain with microsecond onset times to better diagnose brain function. An MRI Motion Tracker and Patient Augmented Visual Feedback System enables monitoring patient body part motion, providing real time feedback to the patient and/or technician to substantially improve diagnostic yield of scanning sessions, particularly for children and mentally challenged individuals. An MR Forward Predictive Noise Canceling Microphone System removes the intense MRI acoustic noise improving patient communication, patient safety and enabling coding of speech output. These systems can be used individually but maximum benefit is from providing all three.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignees: Psychology Software Tools, Inc., University of Pittsburgh
    Inventors: Anthony P. Zuccolotto, Walter Schneider, Leroy K. Basler