Abstract: A system is provided for rotating a structure to assume a folded position or an upright position. The structure enables movement of a print head of an additive manufacturing machine along a vertical axis. The system comprises a hub and a second member. The hub comprises a first member defining an arched surface and a plurality of notches. The second member is pressed against the first member by a tensioning member. The hub is operable to be rotated to assume the upright position or the folded position of the structure. Rotation of the hub results in at least a portion of the arched surface to slide against the second member, which is enabled by retraction of the second member. The second member is received by one of the plurality of notches to retain the structure in the folded position or the upright position.
Abstract: Paraffin compositions including mainly even carbon number paraffins, and a method for manufacturing the same, is disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the method involves contacting naturally occurring fatty acid/glycerides with hydrogen in a slurry bubble column reactor containing bimetallic catalysts with equivalent particle diameters from about 10 to about 400 micron. The even carbon number compositions are particularly useful as phase change material.
May 7, 2018
Date of Patent:
July 21, 2020
REG SYNTHETIC FUELS, LLC
Ramin Abhari, H. Lynn Tomlinson, Vladimir Gruver
Abstract: A liquid powered assembly including a housing; a removable bottom base; a seal; an electrolyte battery assembly; and, a liquid powered device is described. The housing includes an upper end portion and a lower end portion. The housing has a volume for containing an electrolyte solution. The lower end portion has a fluid inlet. The removable bottom base has a bottom surface for supporting the liquid powered assembly. A seal engages the housing and the removable bottom base to help contain the liquid. An electrolyte battery assembly is positioned within the housing. A liquid powered device is operably attached to the electrolyte battery assembly. To function, the housing and the removable bottom base are detached relative to each other and the housing is turned substantially upside down to allow filling of the housing via the inlet. The bottom base is then attached to the housing and the assembly is then inverted for use.
Abstract: This disclosure describes a non-vented, novel, evacuated, continuous flow infrared gasification apparatus and a method for the controlled and adaptive thermophysical transformation of non-aqueous granular organic materials to a gaseous state and specific inorganic materials to a liquid and/or gaseous state.
Abstract: A system of generating water from the air in the most energy efficient manner is provided. The water generating apparatus uses a combination of rotating pre-loader wheels of separation materials, mechanical condensation system such as Vapor Compression Cycle (VCC), filtration and mineral addition units to create an energy efficient system for generating water from ambient air. An IoT water generating apparatus optimized through systems integration including smart controls and programming board for optimizing water production using weather and utility data for energy efficient water production from ambient air.
Abstract: A device and method for the separation of a compound or compounds from impurities is described. The device comprises a tube having a mixing apparatus that mixes by convection a feedstock comprising one or more products such that the products can be bound to a resin and then contacted with various buffer solutions. At various distances along the cylindrical module, solutions (e.g., sample products to be purified, buffers, etc.) of various compositions can be sequentially added and removed. The resin particles can be retained within the module by filters or screens at the addition and exit ports. In this way, a slurry of resin particles can be continuously equilibrated, loaded with product, washed of impurities, eluted of processed product(s), stripped, re-equilibrated and recycled for re-use.
Abstract: An improved structure of the aquarium filter includes a filter cloth made of nonwoven fabric with small pores and high density that is installed on the outermost layer of the filter, an activated carbon filter sheet that wraps within the filter cloth and can deodorize smell and filter impurities, and a filter net made of resin foam with large pores and low density that wraps within the activated carbon filter sheet. The filter is made of filter materials in multiple layers that are formed individually by one single process so that the production cost can be reduced. Furthermore, a support frame is installed on the aquarium. A support platform is set on the support frame on which the planting unit sits. The filter is placed on the uppermost support platform. Nutrients generated from the decomposition of fish excreta in the water are absorbed by plants.
Abstract: Variable-scale, modular, easily manufacturable, energy efficient, reliable, and computer operated Insect Production Superstructure Systems (IPSS) may be used to produce insects for human and animal consumption, and for the extraction and use of lipids for applications involving medicine, nanotechnology, consumer products, and chemical production with minimal water, feedstock, and environmental impact. An IPSS may comprise modules including feedstock mixing, enhanced feedstock splitting, insect feeding, insect breeding, insect collection, insect grinding, pathogen removal, multifunctional flour mixing, and lipid extraction. An IPSS may be configured to be constructed out of a plurality of containerized modules.
Abstract: Variable-scale, modular, easily manufacturable, energy efficient, reliable, and computer operated Insect Production Superstructure Systems (IPSS) may be used to produce insects for human and animal consumption, and for the extraction and use of lipids for applications involving medicine, nanotechnology, consumer products, and chemical production with minimal water, feedstock, and environmental impact. An IPSS may comprise modules including feedstock mixing, enhanced feedstock splitting, insect feeding, insect breeding, insect collection, insect grinding, pathogen removal, multifunctional flour mixing, liquid mixing, shaping, cooking, flavoring, biocatalyst mixing, exoskeleton separation, liquid separation, and lipid extraction. An IPSS may be configured to be constructed out of a plurality of containerized modules.
Abstract: Dying Easter Eggs has not changed much in over the 100 years it has been around. There are many methods and products on the market today, but nothing has ever been introduced to stop a particular dye to adhere to an eggshell. This has many advantages, which could allow an individual to dye eggs in 1, 2, 3 or more colors. This would be accomplished through the use of stickers (which would eventually be removed) and an egg paste formulated to a soft, spreadable, wax like consistency for easy application to an eggshell. Once applied, it will block a food grade dye penetrating to the egg's surface with the ability for an individual to easily wipe off the eggshell.
Abstract: A unique adaptive method of Mechanical Vapor Re-compression (MVR) to dehydrate abrasive sludge to a dry, sterile state that is nearly moisture free while maintaining extremely high process efficiencies by adaptively tuning the system parameters related to the varying specific plus latent heats of the input feedstream. This Adaptive MVR (AMVR) process is supported by the effective use of a unique method and apparatus for the optimization of the conductive heating process as applied to a range of sludge consistencies.
Abstract: A coffee brewing apparatus which can prepare either hot or cold coffee extract having a filter body (8) and two reservoirs (14a and 14b). The filter body 8 is a hollow cylinder with male threaded ends (10a and 10b). A mesh filter (12) is affixed to interior of the filter body (8). Two self-supporting reservoirs (14a and 14b) have female threads (16a and 16b) near their ends. Coffee grounds (18) and either hot or cold water (20) are added to one of the reservoirs. The apparatus is then assembled by joining the cylinder's male threaded ends (10a and 10b) to both reservoirs' female threaded ends. The assembled apparatus is then allowed to sit for a period of time, while coffee flavors are extracted into the water. The entire apparatus is then inverted, the mesh filter (12) removes the coffee grounds from the coffee extract (22), and the coffee extract is collected in the now lower reservoir (14a). The apparatus is disassembled for consumption of the extract, and is cleaned and reused.
Abstract: A thermophilic enzymatic biosynthesis (TEBS) device (50) produces outputs of newly synthesized substances, stabilized matter and fully recovered organic material, wherein the preferred device is a dry closet employing multistage treatment of organic solid, liquid and gaseous wastes. Said contemplated device comprises a multiphase thermophilic environment chamber (MTEC) (1) having a mixing zone (4), a cultivation zone (12), a pasteurization zone (24) and a germination zone (7) which utilizes a multiphase germination (62). The device comprises a thermodynamic pathway (29) and a functional respiration (64) which is directed toward an ammine reaction chamber (ARC) (3), which includes an oxidation surface (47) having reactivity with ammonia, producing a metal ammine complex. The device further comprises a subterranean uptake chamber (SUC) (2) which includes a plant growth medium (44) where gases received from the ARC (3) disperse to an uptake root structure (46), thereby reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
Abstract: An apparatus, system and method to remove purified vapor from a contaminated fluid is disclosed. This apparatus may be a modified heat exchanger. The apparatus comprises an inlet wherein contaminated fluid flows in the apparatus through the inlet; at least two outlets wherein a first outlet exits purified vapor and a second outlet wherein contaminated fluid with a portion removed as purified vapor exits the apparatus; an energy source that causes the contaminated fluid to heat to a temperature wherein at least a portion of the contaminated fluid is converted to purified vapor; at least two different flow paths from at least one inlet to the first outlet and second outlet, the first and second flow paths flow through at least a portion of the apparatus wherein differences causes the lighter purified vapor to take a different path than the heavier contaminated with the purified vapor exiting the first outlet and the contaminated fluid exiting the second outlet.
Abstract: A system and method to a power production cycle optimized for combusting fractionated solid biomass such that the fractionated solid biomass is transported in a solvent that is utilized in a solvent-enhanced biomass liquefaction conversion process and the solvent is subsequently fractionated from the fractionated solid biomass for direct use as a liquid fuel for transport vehicles to maximize energy density and total system energy efficiency. Utilizing the solvent as a waste heat recovery method prior to combustion by the transport vehicle increases the total system energy efficiency and maximizes biomass value creation.
Abstract: An epitaxially grown III-V layer is separated from the growth substrate. The III-V layer can be an inverted lattice matched (ILM) or inverted metamorphic (IMM) solar cell, or a light emitting diode (LED). A sacrificial epitaxial layer is embedded between the GaAs wafer and the III-V layer. The sacrificial layer is damaged by absorbing IR laser radiation. A Nd:YAG laser is chosen with the right wavelength, pulse width and power. The radiation is not absorbed by either the GaAs wafer or the III-V layer. No expensive ion implantation or lateral chemical etching of a sacrificial layer is needed. The III-V layer is detached from the growth wafer by propagating a crack through the damaged layer. The active layer is transferred wafer-scale to inexpensive, flexible, organic substrate. The process allows re-using of the wafer to grow new III-V layers, resulting in savings in raw materials and grinding and etching costs.
Abstract: Accelerated spirit or beverage aging methods and associated systems are provided. One aging method is to soak selected wood fibers or chips with spirits or beverages in presence of subcritical, critical, and supercritical carbon dioxide. Another aging method is to treat selected wood fibers or chips in subcritical, critical, and supercritical carbon dioxide followed by soaking with spirits and/or beverages. A system for spirit or beverage aging and/or wood treatment is also provided. The system is comprised of a carbon dioxide supply device; a subcritical, critical, and supercritical carbon dioxide performance vessel; a mesh cage device; and a carbon dioxide separation and recycle device. Wood or treated wood can be further impregnated with natural flavors, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and therapeutics in a subcritical, critical, and supercritical carbon dioxide environment.
Abstract: The Smart Accumulator Fluid Scrubbing System includes a drying mechanism and filtration system with liquid level control all in one housing to protect compressors or compressor systems from moisture, contaminants, and liquid ingestion. The Smart Accumulator is connected to the compressor or compressor systems inlet. The Smart Accumulator only allow dry, clean gas to enter the compressor and compressor system. The switch in conjunction with the heating elements and compressor circuits prevents the compressor from running, while heating elements boil off excess liquid. The Pressure equalizing port prevent compressor to start at high delta pressure and or reduces extremely high-pressure compressor or system operation that may be detrimental to mechanical failure.
Abstract: An internal trap drain with large volume/high mass water seal for improved absorption of pressure fluctuations and extended duration of seal against evaporation in low-use conditions. Includes adjustable height strainer and water seal-protected weep holes.