Patents Examined by Paul Lieberman
  • Patent number: 7585431
    Abstract: This invention is concerned with an electrically conductive polymer blend composition which is a liquid compatible blend, comprising a doped product formed form blending a first solution comprising a Lewis base electrically conductive polymer in undoped form in a first organic solvent with a second solution comprising a Lewis acid polymer dopant in a second organic solvent, wherein said Lewis acid polymer dopant dopes said Lewis base electrically conductive polymer in undoped form to obtain said electrically conductive polymer blend, the resulting doped conductive product being soluble in the combination of said first and said second organic solvents and mixable at the molecular level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machine Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Marie Angelopoulos, Vincent Albert Bourgault, Liam David Comerford, Michael Wayne Mirre, Steven Earle Molis, Ravi Saraf, Jane Margaret Shaw, Peter Joseph Spellane, Niranjan Mohanlal Patel
  • Patent number: 6037319
    Abstract: Water-soluble packets containing liquid cleaning concentrates are provided. The packets are stable despite the presence of any minor amount of water in the cleaning concentrates. Also provided are methods of cleaning in which the packets are added to a volume of water to dissolve and form a cleaning solution, which is used to clean a material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: Dickler Chemical Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence R. Dickler, J. Barry Ruck
  • Patent number: 6008171
    Abstract: A denture cleansing composition comprising an inorganic persalt bleaching agent, an effervescence generator and an aminoalkysilicone. The composition provides improved antiplaque, cleasing and antibacterial activity together with excellent physical and in-use performance characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Iain Allan Hughes, Elizabeth Mary Ryan, Christopher David White
  • Patent number: 5997762
    Abstract: Compositions made up of one or more molecular alloys which are suitable for storing or restoring thermal energy at a temperature level T and over a time interval .delta. matching those required for a particular application as a phase-change material, said alloys belonging to a phase diagram having a transition region within a temperature range which includes the required temperature and has a near-horizontal geometric locus (EGC). Said compositions are useful as a phase-change materials, particularly in the agrifoodstuffs and paramedical industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scienfique
    Inventors: Yvette Haget, Denise Mondieig, Miguel-Angel Cuevas-Diarte
  • Patent number: 5988186
    Abstract: An aqueous stripping composition comprising a mixture of a polar amine, an organic or inorganic amine and a corrosion inhibitor which is gallic acid, its ester or analog. The stripping composition is effective to strip photoresists, residues from plasma process generated organic, metal-organic materials, inorganic salts, oxides, hydroxides or complexes in combination with or exclusive of organic photoresist films at low temperatures without redepositing any substantial amount of metal ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: Ashland, Inc.
    Inventors: Irl E. Ward, Francis Michelotti
  • Patent number: 5968886
    Abstract: The use of acylated carbohydrates selected from the group consisting of sucrose, maltose, lactose, palatinose, trehalulose, glucose and fructose or mixtures of these as a detergent constituent is characterized in that these acylated carbohydrate compounds contain one or two carboxyl functions and are in the form of the mono- or diacid or an alkali metal salt thereof, wherein the acyl radical is selected from the group consisting of C1- to C18-alkyl, tolyl and benzyl radicals and can be identical or different, and are used as bleaching agent activators or complexing agents in detergent formulations, the acyl radical preferably being a methyl radical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Sudzucker Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Markwart Kunz, Jorg Kowalczyk, Sonja Ehrhardt
  • Patent number: 5965503
    Abstract: A gel for cleaning hard surfaces that is formed by mixing water and a detergent composition comprising (i) a first surfactant, wherein the first surfactant is an amine oxide or a betaine or a tetraalkylammoniumchloride, and (ii) a second surfactant, wherein the second surfactant is an alkali metal salt of a fatty acid together with Na.sup.+ from NaCl, wherein the ratio of the first surfactant and the second surfactant is 1:10-10:1, (b) water, wherein said detergent composition is mixed with a sufficient amount of water to induce a phase change from a liquid phase to a gel phase, wherein a gel is formed having a surfactant concentration in the range of 0.1-25%, and (c) one or more enzymes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1999
    Assignee: Novo Nordisk A/S
    Inventors: Poul N.o slashed.rgaard Christensen, Bo Kalum, Otto Andresen
  • Patent number: 5958858
    Abstract: Detergent compositions comprising: a) a dianionic cleaning agent comprising a structural skeleton of at least five carbon atoms to which two anionic substituent groups spaced at least three atoms apart are attached, wherein one anionic substituent group is a sulfate group and the other anionic substituent is selected from sulfate and sulfonate; b) a nonionc surfactant (preferably alkyl ethoxylates, especially alkyl ethoxylates having an average of at least 3 ethoxylates); c) in total, less than about 20% by weight anionic surfactants; d) optionally, co-surfactants selected from the group consisting of amphoteric surfactants, zwitterionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, and mixtures thereof; and e) detergent composition adjunct ingredients; and wherein the weight ratio of anionic surfactant to nonionic surfactant plus any optional co-surfactant d) is with the range of from about 1:1 to about 1:10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Philippe Bettiol, Peter Robert Foley, Stephen Wayne Heinzman, Barry Thomas Ingram, Alison Lesley Main
  • Patent number: 5955419
    Abstract: Laundry particles comprising: a) a porous carrier selected from the group consisting of Zeolite X, Zeolite Y, and mixtures thereof; and b) laundry agents comprising from about 5% to about 100% by weight of deliverable agents, preferably comprising from about 0.1% to about 50% blocker agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Dennis Joseph Barket, Jr., Jill Bonham Costa, Lois Sara Gallon, Janet Sue Littig
  • Patent number: 5939379
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new compounds which are useful as ultraviolet absorbing agents (UVAs) and as fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), and to a method of improving the sun protection factor (SPF) of textile fibre material, especially cotton, polyamide and wool, treated with the new compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Claude Eckhardt, Dieter Reinehr, Georges Metzger, Hanspeter Sauter
  • Patent number: 5938792
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for dyeing keratinous fibres, which consists in applying to these fibres a composition containing, in a suitable medium for dyeing, at least one coupler of formula: ##STR1## where R.sub.1 denotes hydrogen or alkyl,R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 denote hydrogen, alkyl, COOR' where R' is alkyl or hydrogen,at least one of the groups R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 denoting hydrogen,R.sub.4 denotes hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, polyhydroxyalkyl or aminoalkyl,Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 denote hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxyl, halogen, alkoxy,at least one of the groups Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 is other than hydrogenat least one oxidation dye precursor,at least one oxidizing agent, the pH of the composition applied to the fibres being higher than 7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Gerard Lang, Alex Junino, Jean Cotteret, Alain Lagrange
  • Patent number: 5939372
    Abstract: Detergent mixtures containing fatty alcohol sulfates, fatty alcohol ether sulfates, alkyl and/or alkenyl oligoglycosides and/or fatty acid N-alkyl polyhydroxyalkyl amides are eminently suitable in solid form for the production of toilet blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Karl Schmid, Andreas Syldath, Ditmar Kischkel, Volker Bauer, Wolfgang Schmidt, Anke Grosser
  • Patent number: 5929014
    Abstract: A storable, substantially water-free flowable surfactant mixture containing 40% by weight to 70% by weight of a nonionic surfactant of the formula R.sup.1 --(OC.sub.2 H.sub.4).sub.n --OH wherein R.sup.1 is an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 10 to 20 carbon atoms and an average degree of ethoxylation n of from 1 to 8; 20% by weight to 50% by weight of a nonionic surfactant, liquid at room temperature, of the formula: R.sup.2 --(OC.sub.2 H.sub.4).sub.r --(OC.sub.3 H.sub.6).sub.p --OH wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 10 to 20 carbon atoms, an average degree of ethoxylation r of from 2 to 8 and an average degree of propoxylation p of from 1 to 6; and 1% by weight to 10% by weight of a C.sub.10 to C.sub.22 carboxylic acid and/or alkali metal salts thereof. The flowable surfactant mixture provides a base for forming a pseudo-plastic detergent formulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Henkel-Ecolab GmbH & Co. OHG
    Inventors: Hans-Josef Beaujean, Thomas Merz, Erich Holz, Thomas Holderbaum, Guenther Amberg, Khalil Shamayeli, Michael Marschner, Hubert Harth
  • Patent number: 5929001
    Abstract: A method of preparing a high temperature superconductor. A method of preparing a superconductor includes providing a powdered high temperature superconductor and a nanophase material. These components are combined to form a solid compacted mass with the material disposed in the polycrystalline high temperature superconductor. This combined mixture is rapidly heated, forming a dispersion of nanophase size particles without a eutectic reaction. These nanophase particles can have a flat plate or columnar type morphology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: University of Chicago
    Inventors: Kenneth C. Goretta, Michael T. Lanagan, Dean J. Miller, Suvankar Sengupta, John C. Parker, Jieguang Hu, Uthamalingam Balachandran, Richard W. Siegel, Donglu Shi
  • Patent number: 5925606
    Abstract: A liquid cleaning composition includes a carboxylic acid, surfactant and organic solvent. The composition is particularly effective for removing soap scum, limescale and hard water spots from tubs, tiles and showers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: Amway Corporation
    Inventor: Charles L. Stamm
  • Patent number: 5919748
    Abstract: Provided is a novel surfactant which is less irritating to the skin or the mucous membrane than prior art surfactants, which exhibits excellent conditioning effects and fabric softening effects, and which can be widely used in a toiletry or detergent composition. Basic amino-acid derivatives or salts thereof obtained by reacting glycidyl ethers with basic amino acids or salts thereof are incorporated into a toiletry or detergent composition or a conditioning agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Yasunobu Noguchi, Keigo Sano, Tatsuru Tabohashi, Masao Honma
  • Patent number: 5919273
    Abstract: A ready-to-use composition for the oxidation dyeing of keratin fibers, in particular human keratin fibers such as hair, comprising at least one oxidation base in combination with at least one coupler of substituted meta-aminophenol type, at least one cationic direct dye and at least one oxidizing agent, as well as to the dyeing process using this composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Christine Rondeau, Jean Cotteret, Roland de la Mettrie
  • Patent number: 5916865
    Abstract: Liquid bleaching agent suspension comprising essentiallya) a mixture of a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 -fatty alcohol, oxyethylated with 1 to 5 units of ethylene oxide, and a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 -fatty alcohol, oxyethylated with 6 to 25 units of ethylene oxide,b) a cyclic anhydride,c) an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide andd) water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Gerd Reinhardt, Vera Friderichs, Nicole Horneff
  • Patent number: 5914300
    Abstract: Liquid skin cleansing compositions comprising (1) mild surfactant systems; (2) 0.5% to 9% by wt. of a hydroxy carboxylic compound or compounds which buffer the pH of the composition; and (3) 1% to 99% water to potentiate the bactericidal activity. In a second embodiment of the invention, the buffering compound or compounds potentiates antibacterial effect in compositions already containing an antibacterial agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventors: Mitsuko Fujiwara, Carol Vincent, Kavssery Ananthapadmanabhan, Virgilio Barba Villa
  • Patent number: 5914310
    Abstract: According to the invention, an improved class of amphoteric surfactant having improved surfactant properties characterized as mild and environmentally safe has been provided comprising compounds of the formula: ##STR1## The amphoteric surfactant of the subject invention have at least two hydrophobic moieties and at least two hydrophilic groups per molecule and are useful as emulsifiers, detergents, dispersants and solubilizing agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Rhodia Inc.
    Inventors: Ji Li, Manilal Dahanayake, Robert Lee Reierson, David James Tracy