Patents Examined by Peter L. Vajda
  • Patent number: 10409183
    Abstract: A positively chargeable toner includes toner particles. The toner particles each include a toner mother particle and an external additive attached to a surface of the toner mother particle. The external additive includes external additive particles each including a silica base and a coat layer covering the silica base. The coat layer contains lanthanum atoms. The coat layer has a surface having hydrophobicity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Ryota Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10409186
    Abstract: A toner is provided, where good cleanability is exhibited, abrasion variations of the photo conductor surface is reduced, and contamination of a charge member is reduced. The toner includes toner particles and organic-inorganic composite fine particles on the toner particle surfaces, wherein each of the organic-inorganic composite fine particles is a particle in which inorganic fine particles are exposed at the surfaces of vinyl based resin particles in such a way that convex portions derived from the inorganic fine particles are formed on the surfaces, the average circularity of the toner is 0.960 or more, and the absolute value Q of the amount of triboelectricity of the toner measured by a two-component method and the electrostatic adhesion F of the toner satisfy 0.003?F/Q2?0.040.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yojiro Hotta, Shohei Tsuda, Taiji Katsura, Masaharu Miura, Yoshinobu Baba, Takayuki Itakura
  • Patent number: 10401748
    Abstract: A toner comprises a toner particle containing an amorphous polyester, wherein the amorphous polyester contains an amorphous polyester 1, the amorphous polyester contains a tin compound and a titanium compound, a Sn/Ti abundance ratio between Sn and Ti in the amorphous polyester according to x-ray fluorescence analysis is 20/80 to 80/20, and a weight-average molecular weight Mw1 of the amorphous polyester 1 according to measurement by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is Mw1<7,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Takeshi Hashimoto, Nozomu Komatsu, Yuto Onozaki, Akifumi Matsubara, Ichiro Kanno, Hitoshi Sano, Tsubasa Fujisaki, Masayuki Hama, Takakuni Kobori, Hiroyuki Fujikawa
  • Patent number: 10394145
    Abstract: A toner for electrophotography obtained by a method including: step 1: mixing a polyester and a polylactic acid at a temperature of 140° C. or higher and 200° C. or lower and subjecting the mixture to a transesterification reaction to provide a resin composition; and step 2: mixing the resin composition obtained in step 1 with a polyester which is identical to and/or different from the polyester of step 1, and a method for producing the toner. The toner for electrophotography of the present invention is suitably used in developing latent images formed in an electrophotographic method, an electrostatic recording method, an electrostatic printing method, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Shogo Watanabe, Kunihiro Kano
  • Patent number: 10394153
    Abstract: Provided in one example herein is a liquid electrophotographic ink composition. The composition comprises: a carrier fluid comprising a polymer; ink particles each comprising a non-aqueous polymeric resin and pigment particles distributed in the polymeric resin; and a charge director. The pigment particles comprise a metal oxide and have a hydrophobic surface. The hydrophobic surface comprises at least one of the following: (i) nanoparticles attached to each of the pigment particles, the nanoparticles comprising at least one of an oxide, a phosphate, and a nitrate; (ii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of an oxide, a phosphate, and a nitrate; and (iii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of a polymer and an oligomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: HP Indigo B.V.
    Inventors: Emad Masoud, Neta Filip-Granit, Vladislav Kaploun, Olga Kagan, Yelena Litichevski, Albert Teishev
  • Patent number: 10394147
    Abstract: Toner particles of a toner contain a non-crystalline polyester resin, a crystalline polyester resin, a styrene-acrylic acid-based resin, and an ester wax. The crystalline polyester resin has a repeating unit derived from an acrylic acid-based monomer and a repeating unit derived from a styrene-based monomer. The styrene-acrylic acid-based resin has a repeating unit derived from an acrylic acid-based monomer having an amino group and a repeating unit derived from a styrene-based monomer. An amino group ratio in the styrene-acrylic acid-based resin is at least 40% and no greater than 60%. The toner has a storage elastic modulus of at least 1.00×105 Pa and no greater than 5.00×105 Pa at 90° C. The ester wax has a melting point of at least 60° C. and no higher than 80° C. A dispersion diameter of the ester wax in the toner particles is at least 500 nm and no greater than 1,000 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Kohei Yamauchi, Toshiki Takemori
  • Patent number: 10384435
    Abstract: A system and method for Selective Laser Fusing of a 3D part is disclosed. The system may comprise a platform, a gantry, a dispenser, a first press, a laser configured to emit a laser beam onto powdered material, a positive pressure chamber at least partially surrounding the laser, and a controller. The controller may be configured to: (a) receive data that includes a representation of the 3D part sliced into a plurality of layers; (b) rotate on a path about an axis either the platform or simultaneously each of the dispenser, the first press, the positive pressure chamber and the laser; (c) activate the dispenser to deposit the powdered material during (b); (d) activate the laser to emit during (b) the laser beam onto the powdered material to Fuse the powdered material into a layer of the plurality of layers; and (e) repeat (b)-(d) to make the 3D part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy Thorson, Thierry A. Marchione
  • Patent number: 10386739
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a toner production method configured to prevent scale formation, be resistant to pipe clogging, and realize stable and efficient toner production, even in the case of long-term continuous production. Disclosed is a toner production method comprising: a dispersing step for obtaining a colorant dispersion by, in a stirring tank, (a) dispersing or dissolving a colorant and a charge control agent in a polymerizable monomer, or (b) dispersing or dissolving a binder resin, a colorant and a charge control agent in an organic solvent, and a droplets forming step by suspending the colorant dispersion in an aqueous dispersion medium, wherein, in the dispersing step, the binder resin, colorant or charge control agent is added to the polymerizable monomer or organic solvent in the stirring tank, from a hopper, through a pipe heated by a heating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: ZEON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryo Tsumura, Junichi Takashima, Fuminari Oyama
  • Patent number: 10379454
    Abstract: An electrostatic latent image developing toner has positive chargeability and includes a plurality of toner particles. The toner particles each include primary domains made from a primary mixture. The primary mixture contains a wax and an antioxidant. The antioxidant is contained in an amount of at least 1.8 parts by mass and no greater than 15.8 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the primary mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Akinori Koyama
  • Patent number: 10353309
    Abstract: Provided is an electrostatic image developing toner comprising a toner base particle containing a binder resin and a releasing agent, wherein the binder resin comprises an amorphous vinyl resin and a crystalline polyester resin; a weight-average molecular weight of the electrostatic image developing toner is in the range of 50000 to 90000, when calculated from a chromatogram which represents a molecular weight distribution and is measured by gel permeation chromatography; a ratio of content of a resin component having a molecular weight of 100000 or more is in the range of 10 to 20% by area, in the chromatogram which represents the molecular weight distribution; the crystalline polyester resin has a melting point in the range of 65 to 85° C.; and, a ratio of content of the crystalline polyester resin in the binder resin is in the range of 5 to 20% by mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Kouji Sugama, Hiroshi Nagasawa, Anju Hori, Noboru Ueda
  • Patent number: 10353306
    Abstract: To provide an efficient method for producing a negatively chargeable toner in which a carbon black (as a colorant) is well dispersed and which has high chargeability, has excellent transfer efficiency, prevent a white spot and provides an image with sufficient image density. Disclosed is a method for producing a negatively chargeable toner, the method including: a suspension step of obtaining a suspension in which droplets of a polymerizable monomer composition containing at least a polymerizable monomer, a carbon black, a softening agent and a charge control agent, which is a specific, sulfonic acid group-containing copolymer, are dispersed, by suspending the polymerizable monomer composition in an aqueous dispersion medium containing a dispersion stabilizer, and a step of obtaining colored resin particles by suspension polymerization using the suspension in the presence of a polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: ZEON CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masashi Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10353325
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a liquid electrophotographic composition comprising: a polymer resin comprising a side group comprising a cross-linkable moiety; and a carrier liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: HP Indigo B.V.
    Inventors: Tony Azzam, Ilanit Mor, Samer Farran, Giries Kadis, Guy Nesher, Getahun Biadglin, Haim Cohen, Benjamin Dayan, Yael Kowal-Blau, Albert Teishev, Nurit Carmel-Barnea
  • Patent number: 10353310
    Abstract: An electrostatic-image developing toner contains toner particles, each including a core particle and a shell layer disposed on at least a portion of a surface of the core particle. The core particle contains a first amorphous polyester resin containing structural units derived from a polycarboxylic acid and structural units derived from a polyol. About 5% by mass or less of the structural units derived from the polyol are structural units derived from a polyol containing a bisphenol-A backbone. The shell layer contains a second amorphous polyester resin containing structural units derived from a polycarboxylic acid and structural units derived from a polyol. About 50% by mass or more of the structural units derived from the polyol are structural units derived from a polyol containing a bisphenol-A backbone. The electrostatic-image developing toner has a water content of about 2.0% to about 5.0% by mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Asafumi Fujita, Shinichi Yaoi, Yasushige Nakamura, Seijiro Ishimaru
  • Patent number: 10353308
    Abstract: Provided is a toner, including a toner particle containing a toner base particle and a fine particle, wherein the fine particle includes a composite particle each having a surface covered with a condensation product of at least one kind of organosilicon compound selected from the group consisting of a compound represented by the following formula (1) and a compound represented by the following formula (2), wherein the fine particle is stuck in a state of being embedded in a surface of the toner base particle, and wherein a coverage of a composition containing the organosilicon compound with respect to the surface of the toner base particle excluding the fine particle is 0.1% by area or more and 40.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Fumiya Hatakeyama, Kunihiko Nakamura, Kenta Kamikura, Maho Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10345729
    Abstract: Toner particles each include a toner mother particle and a plurality of C/S external additive particles. The toner mother particle contains a polyester resin. The C/S external additive particles each adhere to a surface of the toner mother particle and include a core particle and a plurality of shell particles. The shell particles each adhere to a surface of the core particle. The shell particles have a number average primary particle diameter of no greater than 0.40 times a number average primary particle diameter of the core particles. The core particles and the shell particles each contain a resin. The core particles have a hydrophobicity degree of at least 30%. The shell particles have a hydrophobicity degree of no greater than 5%. The C/S external additive particles have a hydrophobicity degree of at least 15% and no greater than 25%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Sho Sumioka
  • Patent number: 10344175
    Abstract: Herein is disclosed an electrostatic ink composition. In some examples, the electrostatic ink compositions comprise: a carrier liquid; a first resin; and a fluorescent pigment. The fluorescent pigment comprising a fluorescent dye and a second resin matrix, wherein the second resin is selected from the group comprising polyamide resins, polyvinylchlorides, polyolefin resins, polystyrenes, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resins, polycarbonates, poly acrylic and methacrylic acid resins, polyethylene terephthalates, polyamide resins, polyurethanes, epoxy resins, silicone resins, polyester resins, alkyd resins, acrylonitrile polymers, polyesteramides or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: HP Indigo B.V.
    Inventors: Biana Noikas, Dror Kella, Adi Vinegrad, Regina Guslitzer, Yaron Grinwald, Gil Bar-Haim, Tehila Ben-Ezra, Avishai Moshel, Emad Masoud, Yelena Litichevski, Roi Liraz, Noam Parvin
  • Patent number: 10338487
    Abstract: A toner including: a toner particle including a toner base particle containing a binder resin, and an organosilicon condensate present on a surface of the toner base particle, wherein a charge attenuation constant of the toner is 3.5×10?3 or more to 1.0×100 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kenta Kamikura, Kunihiko Nakamura, Maho Tanaka, Fumiya Hatakeyama
  • Patent number: 10331053
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing a toner for development of electrostatic images, including step (1): subjecting a polyhydric alcohol component and a polycarboxylic acid component to polycondensation reaction in the presence of a hydroxy group- or carboxy group-containing hydrocarbon wax (W1) to obtain a non-crystalline resin (A) containing a constitutional component derived from the hydrocarbon wax (W1) and also containing a polyester moiety; step (2): dispersing the non-crystalline resin (A) obtained in the step (1) in an aqueous medium to obtain an aqueous dispersion of resin particles (X); step (3): aggregating the resin particles (X) obtained in the step (2) in an aqueous medium in the presence of a crystalline polyester (B) to obtain aggregated particles; and step (4): coalescing the aggregated particles obtained in the step (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: KAO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shoichi Murata, Hiroto Hayashi
  • Patent number: 10324392
    Abstract: An electrostatic latent image developing toner includes toner particles each including a toner mother particle and an external additive. The toner mother particle includes a composite core and a shell layer. The composite core is a composite of a toner core, organic particles, and polyhedral magnetic particles. The organic particles each contain a releasing agent and adhere to a surface of the toner core. The magnetic particles include magnetic particles adhering to the surface of the toner core and magnetic particles adhering to surfaces of the organic particles. An amount of the magnetic particles is 0.5 parts by mass to 2.0 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the toner cores. In a cross-sectional image of each toner particle, an area of protruding portions of the magnetic particles, which protrude from the shell layer, accounts for 10% to 75% of an overall area of the magnetic particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Hiroki Uemura
  • Patent number: 10324389
    Abstract: An electrostatic charge developing toner includes a toner particle that includes a pigment particle having a surface aluminum proportion by an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of 6.0 atom % or more and 12.0 atom % or less and a binder resin having a carboxy group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shinya Sakamoto, Tsuyoshi Murakami, Tomoaki Tanaka, Masaki Iwase, Ryutaro Kembo