Abstract: A rack having a longitudinal base member with a longitudinal flexible material holding member secured to the side of the base member by pivotal connection at one end of the holding member allowing a pair of pants to be inserted through the opening between the other end of the holding and base members. A wedge bracket is located on the base member near the free end of the holding member which forces the holding member against the base member thereby providing a pants gripping force when the pants wieght rotates the holding member down.
Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed for use in the process of treating yarns which includes passing the yarns through a slashing machine (10) and applying a sizing solution to the yarns (20) arranged in side-by-side sheet form, (W), in preparation for weaving on a loom followed by drying the yarns, wherein the apparatus comprises a lease rod (A) for splitting yarns into sheets which includes a porous outer layer (32) and yarn contacting surface (34) having a capacity to sweat a liquid lubricant at a sufficiently precise rate as to control the amount of lubricant wetting the yarn contacting surface. Sticking of sizing material to the yarn contacting surface as occurs with wet yarns coated with concentrated sizing solutions is avoided without weakening the size coatings on the yarns.
Abstract: Method for pressurized fluid stream treatment of the surface of a relatively moving substrate to impart visual surface changes thereto. A fluid discharge manifold having an elongate discharge slot disposed across the path of relative movement of the substrate discharges pressurized fluid, such as air, in one or more narrow discrete streams into the surface of a substrate, such as a textile fabric. In one embodiment, a plurality of spaced air outlets are disposed in the discharge slot of the manifold and pressurized cooler air is selectively directed through the outlets and across the slot in accordance with pattern information to block heated air streams from exiting from the discharge slot in selected locations and thus pattern the surface of a substrate comprised of thermoplastic yarns. The slot of the discharge manifold also may be provided with an elongate shim member having a plurality of spaced notches in a side edge of the shim member.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for forming a base fabric composed solely of warp yarns to be used in making a papermaker's felt. A plurality of yarns are drawn from a supply and wound around a pair of parallel drive rolls in a helical pattern by a travelling winding member. Two sets of parallel guide tines project from each end of the winding member. The corresponding ends of a plurality of loops are attached to the trailing ends of the first set of tines and pass around the rolls and the opposite ends of the loops are attached to the leading ends of the second set of tines. The yarns to be wound are attached to the trailing ends of the second set of tines. As the rolls rotate, the winding member travels in an endless path around the rolls to draw the yarns from the supply and wind the yarns in a helical pattern. A comb is located parallel to the rolls and the tines pass through the teeth of the comb to maintain proper spacing and order of the yarns as they are wound.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a cleansing and wiping cloth, particularly a cloth of low density wefts and warps formed by interwoven 100% count No. 20 rayon yarn which is treated by chemicals. The treatment includes starching the yarn with cassava starch and CMC having the property of suspending contaminant particles, softening the yarn by a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and a softening agent. The fillers may completely fill up the non-crystalline space of the fibers and cling to the surface of the cloth. The cloth is, in turn, pulled by rollers and ironed, and scissored into pieces of proper size. At least six such pieces are stacked together and hemmed around the periphery to form an entity. The structure is further reinforced by stitching, thereby forming a cleansing and wiping cloth which exhibits excellent absorptivity to moisture, which is easy to dry, and which does not retain any contaminant or unpleasant smell.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a cashmere or vicuna-like fabric with a distinctive handle having more than 80 percent voids. A fabric is woven of warp yarns of synthetic fibers selected from polyester and polyamide fibers and crimped fibers which are readily soluble, and weft spun yarns of synthetic fibers selected from polyester and polyamide fibers of 0.4 to 1.4 denier or weft blended spun yarns of a blend of at least 70 wt. pct. of synthetic fibers of 0.4 to 1.4 denier selected from polyester and polyamide fibers and crimped fibers which are readily soluble. The nap on the fabric is raised and then the readily-soluble fibers are dissolved and substantially removed to form more than 80 percent voids in the fabric as calculated by the formula ##EQU1## wherein E is the percentage of voids in the fabric structure, W is the weight of the fabric in grams per square meter, T is the thickness of the fabric in millimeters and S is the specific gravity of the fibers in grams per cubic centimeter.
Abstract: In a pivotally mounted rock drill boom and feed bar apparatus, the pivots of the boom and the feed bar positioner include angle sensors comprising cam actuated fluid pressure regulating valves. The pressure regulating valves are disposed in a control circuit which includes a pilot pressure fluid actuated control valve which senses an unbalanced pressure signal generated by the sensor connected to the boom pivot in response to movement of the boom about said pivot. The control valve responds to the unbalanced pressure condition by valving fluid to the feed bar positioner actuator to maintain the feed bar in a predetermined directional attitude. The angle sensor mounted on the boom pivot may be adjusted independent of movement of the boom to cause a change in the directional attitude of the feed bar as desired.
Abstract: An apparatus for napping a textile material includes a plurality of rollers for advancing the material to be napped in continual longitudinal movement and a plurality of napping rollers arranged in contact with the material to be napped and adapted for rotational movement. The napping rollers includes one group of napping rollers arranged in contact with one side of the material and a second group of napping rollers arranged in contact with the opposite side of the material. The rollers for advancing the material and the napping rollers are operatively connected to each other. A drive for generating the movement of the material and rotation of the napping rollers is provided in the apparatus. A device for varying a speed and direction of the movement of the napping rollers to provide alternate oscillating movement thereof is arranged in the apparatus.
Abstract: A fabric abrasion process comprises forwarding fabric along a path which brings a surface of the fabric in contact with a yieldable abrading element, for example, a roller, comprising abrasive particles supported by a yieldable body. Pressure is exerted on the fabric to urge it against the yieldable abrading element and cause a depression therein, thereby producing a pile on said surface of the fabric as the fabric passes over the abrading element. A machine for carrying out the process is also described.
Abstract: This invention relates to equipment for gas-singeing runs of textiles comprising a floating expander in which a cylinder spreads approximately cylindrically and which is used for a textile tubular fabric moving over it, and further comprising at least one annular structure surrounding the expander and acting as a support for a plurality of singeing means containing gas-burner nozzles and being displaceable in a radial and synchronous manner with respect to the expander.
Abstract: A cloth tentering device wherein the tentering force for spreading cloth is produced magnetically between a permanent magnet member accommodated within a tubular cloth or engaged with the selvages of a flat cloth and rows of electromagnets in position separate from and parallel to the cloth. The tentering force can be freely adjusted in the course of the tentering operation by controlling the energizing current of the electromagnets.
Abstract: A tie hanger comprising a closet hanger having a lower horizontal bar with a non-circular cross-section, and a plurality of hanger cards having holes conforming to the non-circular cross-section of the bar, the cards being mounted on the bar via said holes for sliding movement thereon. Each card is symmetrical about a vertical plane passing through the support hole, and has parallel pairs of wings with slots between them for supporting ties. The lower wings are wider than the upper wings to facilitate insertion and removal of ties, and the hanger bar has an I-shaped cross-section and an openable end. A pair of protuberances extends into the support hole to frictionally engage the sides of the hanger bar, so as to prevent the card from sliding along the bar and bunching up with other cards.
Abstract: A drive system for a machine including a transmission for converting rotary motion into linear reciprocating motion for driving a rack and a pinion is disclosed for use in connection with moving the pinion in oscillating rotary fashion to be the input for a differential. The differential is selectably controlled to either rotate or remain fixed and permit at least one of its outputs to rotate. The result of the drive system is to either swing a member connected to the differential output which member holds a stack of disc-like objects from vertical to horizontal or alternatively to hold a plurality of such stakes in vertical position and rotate them.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a feed device for continuously feeding strips of material to processing apparatus, and in particular to a feed device for feeding polymer film onto film tenter apparatus. The present invention comprises a pair of endless belts disposed along opposite sides of the path of travel of the polymer film, and cooperating substantially frictionless supports on which the film edges ride, pressed between the belts and said supports. Each endless belt has a lower run which extends between spaced idler pulleys, and means are provided for maintaining the belt full lower run in continuous frictional contact on the advancing polymer film.
Abstract: Apparatus for imparting visual surface effects to a relatively moving substrate by application of discrete streams of heated pressurized fluid to surface areas of the substrate. The apparatus includes an elongate manifold assembly comprising two fluid receiving compartments, each extending across the path of said substrate. Fluid from the first compartment passes into the second compartment, which is comprised of a series of chambers, each associated with a throttling gap. The fluid is uniformly mixed within this second compartment, and may then be directed onto the substrate as a thin, continuous stream extending the length of the manifold. By use of blocking streams of relatively cool fluid, smaller streams or groups of streams extending along selected portions of the manifold may be formed.
Abstract: A process is provided for mechanically surface-finishing a textile fabric which comprises continuously feeding said fabric from a source of supply, such that said fabric lies in a single plane, subjecting successive adjacent sections of the fabric to intermittent mechanical impact with an abrasive means across the width of said fabric thereby avoiding substantial sustained contact between the fabric and the abrasive means, the mechanical impact being at a force and frequency sufficient to cause a substantially uniform modification of the surface characteristics of the fabric. Textile fabrics with modified surface which may be made by the above process are also provided. Apparatus for mechanically surface-finishing a textile fabric according to the aforedescribed process is further provided.
Abstract: The present invention discloses a moving multicavity texturing apparatus for simultaneously texturing filaments which are commingled to form a yarn. The yarn readily knits producing a fabric which upon subsequent dyeing and shrinking produces a variable textured fabric similar in appearance to fabrics knit from natural fibers.
March 12, 1982
Date of Patent:
August 28, 1984
Hendrikus J. Oswald, Russell H. Butler, Hsin L. Li
Abstract: Raising machine wire clothing with wires of substantially diamond-shape in cross section set thereon and a raising machine using such raising machine wire clothing. This raising machine wire clothing is suitable for raising-finish of short piles and high density of nap, namely, so-called suede tone finish.
Abstract: A sized warp divider of a rotary divider disc type is provided with a wash bath containing flow of liquid for partial immersion of the discs for removal of size dregs and fluffs, and an air jet ejector for removal of liquid drops remaining in spaces between the discs after the immersion for even sizing and drying effects on warps. Beautifully cleaned faced of the discs assures smooth and ideal contact with the running warps, thereby greatly improving the quality of the product and efficiency of the process.