Abstract: Provided is a separator-equipped air electrode for a metal-air battery, the separator-equipped air electrode including a separator composed of a hydroxide-ion-conductive inorganic solid electrolyte being a dense ceramic material; an air electrode layer containing an air electrode catalyst and an electron-conductive material, or containing an air electrode catalyst also serving as an electron-conductive material; and an intermediate layer disposed between the separator and the air electrode layer, improving the adhesion between the separator and the air electrode layer, and exhibiting hydroxide ion conductivity. The present invention enables an air electrode provided with a dense ceramic separator to ensure the desired characteristics of the dense ceramic separator and reduces the resistance of a metal-air battery (in particular, the interfacial resistance between the air electrode layer and the separator).
Abstract: The present invention provides a lithium ion secondary battery having excellent high temperature cycle characteristics. The present invention relates to an electrolyte solution containing a non-aqueous electrolyte solvent containing two or more open chain sulfone compounds represented by a specific formula and one or more carbonate ester compounds represented by a specific formula; and to a secondary battery comprising these.
Abstract: A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery has a positive electrode plate including a positive electrode active material mixture layer which contains as a positive electrode active material, a lithium transition metal composite oxide containing nickel; a negative electrode plate; a non-aqueous electrolyte including a lithium salt containing fluorine. In this non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, on a part of the positive electrode active material located as a surface of the positive electrode active material mixture layer, a first layer formed from nickel oxide and a second layer formed from nickel phosphate are provided in this order, the first layer has a thickness of 3 to 200 nm, and the second layer has a thickness of 1 to 50 nm.
Abstract: Electrolyte for a solid-state battery includes a body having grains of inorganic material sintered to one another, where the grains include lithium. The body is thin, has little porosity by volume, and has high ionic conductivity.
March 7, 2019
Date of Patent:
March 3, 2020
Michael Edward Badding, Jacqueline Leslie Brown, Jennifer Anella Heine, Thomas Dale Ketcham, Gary Edward Merz, Eric Lee Miller, Zhen Song, Cameron Wayne Tanner, Conor James Walsh
Abstract: A lithium accumulator includes at least two three-dimensional electrodes separated by a separator and encased together into an accumulator body with an electrolyte that is a non-aqueous solution of a lithium salt in an organic polar solvent. The two electrodes have a minimum thickness of 0.5 mm each. At least one electrode is a homogenous, compressed mixture of an electron conductive component and an active material. The active material is capable of absorbing and extracting lithium in the presence of electrolyte. The porosity of the pressed electrodes is 25 to 90%. The active material has morphology of hollow spheres with a wall thickness of maximum 10 micrometers, or morphology of aggregates or agglomerates of maximum 30 micrometers in size. The separator includes a highly porous electrically insulating ceramic material with open pores and porosity from 30 to 95%.
Abstract: A joining device includes a pair of cylindrical rotors 210 and 220, holding surfaces 211 and 221 of which for holding a pair of sheet-like members 30, respectively, have a width smaller than a width of the pair of sheet-like members 30. The joining device has a conveyance unit 200 which superimposes the pair of sheet-like members sequentially while conveying the pair of sheet-like members, by rotating the pair of cylindrical rotors, and joining units (first joining units 300) which join portions of the superimposed pair of sheet-like members to each other sequentially, the portions protruding beyond the holding surfaces of the cylindrical rotors.
Abstract: An electrode material for a lithium ion battery including an active material represented by LiMPO4 (M is at least one selected from the group consisting of Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Zn, Al, Ga, Mg, and Ca), in which an oil absorption amount for which diethyl carbonate is used (DEC oil absorption amount) is 50 cc/100 g or more and 80 cc/100 g or less, and a ratio (DEC/NMP) of the DEC oil absorption amount to an oil absorption amount for which N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone is used (NMP oil absorption amount) is 1.3 or more and 1.8 or less.
Abstract: The present invention provides a battery cell of a plate shape, including: an electrode assembly in which a separator is interposed between a positive electrode and a negative electrode, wherein the electrode assembly may be mounted on a receiving part; and sealing parts formed by heat fusion at an external side of the receiving part, wherein lateral sealing parts adjacent to one of the sealing parts at which an electrode terminal is positioned may closely contact an outer surface of the receiving part while being bent toward the receiving part of a battery case, and a phase change material (PCM) that is phase-changed in response to a thermal change may be added to surplus surfaces of the lateral sealing parts or to surplus spaces between the receiving parts and the bent lateral sealing parts.
Abstract: A flowing electrolyte battery can be quickly and safely electrically stripped using electrolyte. The battery includes: a stack comprising a plurality of electrodes; a negative electrolyte circuit coupled to the stack, for circulating negative electrolyte through the stack; a positive electrolyte circuit coupled to the stack, for circulating positive electrolyte through the stack; and a valve coupling the positive electrolyte circuit and the negative electrolyte circuit. The valve includes a closed configuration that prevents flow of electrolyte between the positive electrolyte circuit and the negative electrolyte circuit, and an open configuration that enables flow of electrolyte from at least one of the positive electrolyte circuit and the negative electrolyte circuit to the other of the positive electrolyte circuit and the negative electrolyte circuit. The valve is opened and closed by changes in pressure differences between the positive and the negative electrolyte circuits.
Abstract: A method for creating an oxygen depleted gas in a fuel cell system, including operating a fuel cell stack at a desired cathode stoichiometry at fuel cell system shutdown to displace a cathode exhaust gas with an oxygen depleted gas. The method further includes closing a cathode flow valve and turning off a compressor to stop the flow of cathode air.
October 19, 2015
Date of Patent:
December 31, 2019
GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
Thomas W. Tighe, Steven G. Goebel, Gary M. Robb, Abdullah B. Alp, Balasubramanian Lakshmanan, Joseph N. Lovria
Abstract: A fuel cell stack 100 includes a fuel cell stack 10, and an end plate 30 placed at an end of the fuel cell stack 10. The end plate 30 includes a metallic plate-like body 32, and a resin layer 60 formed on a surface 32b of the plate-like body 32. The plate-like body 32 includes flow holes 39 for a reactant gas and a cooling medium, and a stripe-shaped protrusion 38 protruding from the surface 32b and which divides the surface 32b into an inner area containing the flow holes 39 and an outer area outside the inner area. The protrusion 38 includes a vertical portion 38a protruding from the surface 32b, and a jutted portion 38b jutted from a distal end of the vertical portion 38a toward the inner area. The resin layer 60 is formed in the inner area to cover a surface 38as of the vertical portion 38a facing the inner area as well as at least part of the jutted portion 38b.
Abstract: A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising an enclosure in which plural kinds of positive electrodes having a positive electrode active material; a non-aqueous electrolyte; a negative electrode containing a titanium compound as a main component of a negative electrode active material; and a separator held between the positive electrode and the negative electrode and formed from an electrical insulating material are enclosed, which comprises a separator-holding negative electrode which is held by the separator from both sides thereof and is disposed between one of the positive electrodes and the other one of the positive electrode adjacent thereto, the separator-holding negative electrode serving as the negative electrode, and wherein the plural kinds of the positive electrodes comprises a first positive electrode containing a layered rock salt compound as the positive electrode active material, and a second positive electrode whose main component is a positive electrode active material different i
Abstract: A bipolar plate assembly for a fuel cell includes a cathode plate disposed adjacent an anode plate. The cathode and anode plates are formed having a first thickness of a low contact resistance, high corrosion resistance material by a deposition process. The first and second unipolar plates are formed on a removable substrate, and a first perimeter of the first unipolar plate is welded to a second perimeter of the second unipolar plate to form a hermetically sealed coolant flow path.
Abstract: An interconnector made of a lanthanum chromite is provided on a fuel electrode of an SOFC, and a P-type semiconductor film which is a conductive ceramics film is formed on a surface of the interconnector. When a maximum value (maximum joining width) of the “lengths of a plurality of portions at which the interconnector and the P-type semiconductor film are brought into contact with each other” on a “line (boundary line) corresponding to an interface between the interconnector and the P-type semiconductor film in a cross section including the interconnector and the P-type semiconductor film” is 40 ?m or less, peeling becomes less liable to occur in a portion corresponding to the maximum joining width at the interface.
Abstract: A battery structure including a first battery unit, a second battery unit, a separation membrane and a packing is provided. The first and the second battery units respectively include at least one anode, at least one cathode and a dielectric layer located between the at least one anode and the at least one cathode close to each other. The at least one anode and the at least one cathode are alternately stacked with each other. The second battery unit is stacked on the first battery unit. A dimension of the first battery unit is smaller than that of the second battery unit. The separation membrane is disposed between the first and the second battery units. The packing covers the first and the second battery units and the separation membrane. An electronic device including the battery structure, and a manufacturing method of the battery structure, are further provided.
Abstract: A battery pack has a battery obtained by packing a battery element with a packing member. The battery element is formed by winding or laminating an anode and a cathode through separators. The battery pack includes frame member surrounding the packing member packing the battery element and a coating layer constituted of a curable resin formed on surfaces of the packing member which are surrounded and demarcated by the frame member.
December 6, 2016
Date of Patent:
December 3, 2019
Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Takeru Yamamoto, Ken Segawa, Toshiro Endo, Masaru Hiratsuka
Abstract: Battery assembly, comprising a primary positive battery terminal (20) and a primary negative battery terminal (22) connected by an electrical circuit, the electrical circuit comprising a series or parallel connection of one or more battery cells (14). The battery assembly (1) further comprises an external skeleton formed by an internal base plate (16), an internal top plate (18) and a plurality of cell brackets (24), surrounding the one or more battery cells (14).
May 24, 2013
Date of Patent:
November 26, 2019
SUPER B B.V.
Marinus Hendrikus Doornekamp, Marten Johan Zilvold
Abstract: A fuel cell system having a fuel cell using a fuel gas containing a combustible gas and an oxidant gas to generate power includes an exhaust gas route for an exhaust gas from the fuel cell to circulate, an air supplier absorbing air within the fuel cell system and supplying the air to the exhaust gas, an air supply route for the air to circulate, a merging part where the exhaust gas and the air merge, a discharge route discharging a mixed gas composed of the merged exhaust gas and the air to the atmosphere, and a combustible gas detector that detects the concentration of a combustible gas in the mixed gas. With respect to flow of the air circulating in the air supply route and the discharge route, from the upstream side, the air supplier, the merging part, and the combustible gas detector are disposed in this order.
Abstract: Provided is a spinel-type lithium-manganese-containing complex oxide that is related to a 5 V-class spinel, and with which output characteristics and charge-discharge cycle ability can be enhanced while suppressing gas generation. Proposed is a spinel-type lithium-manganese-containing complex oxide comprising at least Li, Mn, O, and two or more other elements, and having an operating potential of 4.5 V or more with respect to a metal Li reference potential, wherein: D50 is 0.5 to 9 ?m; a value of (|mode diameter?D50|/mode diameter)×100 is 0 to 25%; a value of (|mode diameter?D10|/mode diameter)×100 is 20 to 58%; a ratio of average primary particle diameter/D50, which is calculated from an average primary particle diameter calculated from a SEM image and the D50, is 0.20 to 0.99; and a primary particle is a polycrystal.
Abstract: A bacterial fuel cell including a plurality of anodes and a plurality of cathodes in liquid communication with a liquid to be purified, the plurality of anodes and the plurality of cathodes each including a metal electrical conductor arranged to be electrically coupled across a load in an electrical circuit and an electrically conductive coating at least between the metal electrical conductor and the liquid to be purified, the electrically conductive coating being operative to mutually seal the liquid and the electrical conductor from each other.