Patents Examined by Sean P. Burke
  • Patent number: 10049773
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a fusion reactor includes two internal magnetic coils suspended within an enclosure, a center magnetic coil coaxial with the two internal magnetic coils and located proximate to a midpoint of the enclosure, a plurality of encapsulating magnetic coils coaxial with the internal magnetic coils, and two mirror magnetic coil coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The fusion reactor further includes one or more heat injectors operable to inject a beam of neutral particles toward the center of the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas John McGuire, Josh Eugene Coleman
  • Patent number: 9959942
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a fusion reactor includes an enclosure, an open-field magnetic system comprising one or more internal magnetic coils suspended within the enclosure, and one or more encapsulating magnetic coils coaxial with the one or more internal magnetic coils of the open-field magnetic system. The one or more encapsulating magnetic coils form a magnetosphere around the open-field magnetic system. The open-field magnetic system and the one or more encapsulating magnetic coils, when supplied with electrical currents, form magnetic fields for confining plasma within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas John McGuire
  • Patent number: 9959941
    Abstract: A fusion reactor includes an enclosure having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, and a midpoint substantially equidistant between the first and second ends of the enclosure. The fusion reactor includes two internal magnetic coils suspended within the enclosure and positioned on opposite sides of the midpoint of the enclosure, one or more encapsulating magnetic coils positioned on each side of the midpoint of the enclosure, two mirror magnetic coils positioned on opposite sides of the midpoint of the enclosure, and one or more support stalks for supporting the two internal magnetic coils suspended within the enclosure. The one or more encapsulating magnetic coils and the two mirror magnetic coils are coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The magnetic coils are operable, when supplied with electric currents, to form magnetic fields for confining plasma within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas John McGuire
  • Patent number: 9947420
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a fusion reactor includes a plurality of internal magnetic coils suspended within an enclosure, one or more center magnetic coils coaxial with the plurality of internal magnetic coils, a plurality of encapsulating magnetic coils coaxial with the internal magnetic coils, and a plurality of mirror magnetic coils coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The encapsulating magnetic coils maintain a magnetic wall that prevents plasma within the enclosure from expanding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas John McGuire
  • Patent number: 9941024
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a fusion reactor includes two internal magnetic coils suspended within an enclosure, a center magnetic coil coaxial with the two internal magnetic coils and located proximate to a midpoint of the enclosure, a plurality of encapsulating magnetic coils coaxial with the internal magnetic coils, and two mirror magnetic coil coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The fusion reactor further includes one or more electromagnetic wave generators operable to inject a beam of electromagnetic waves into the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas John McGuire, Josh Eugene Coleman
  • Patent number: 9934876
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a fusion reactor includes two internal magnetic coils suspended within an enclosure, a center magnetic coil coaxial with the two internal magnetic coils and located proximate to a midpoint of the enclosure, a plurality of encapsulating magnetic coils coaxial with the internal magnetic coils, and two mirror magnetic coil coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The encapsulating magnetic coils preserve the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stability of the fusion reactor by maintaining a magnetic wall that prevents plasma within the enclosure from expanding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas John McGuire
  • Patent number: 9928926
    Abstract: A fusion reactor includes an enclosure having a first end, a second end, and a midpoint substantially equidistant between the first and second ends of the enclosure. The fusion reactor includes two internal magnetic coils suspended within the enclosure and positioned on opposite sides of the midpoint of the enclosure, one or more encapsulating magnetic coils positioned on each side of the midpoint of the enclosure, two mirror magnetic coils positioned on opposite sides of the midpoint of the enclosure, and one or more cooling lines within each of the internal magnetic coils. The cooling lines carry a coolant and are operable to remove heat from the internal magnetic coils. The one or more encapsulating magnetic coils and the two mirror magnetic coils are coaxial with the internal magnetic coils. The magnetic coils are operable, when supplied with electric currents, to form magnetic fields for confining plasma within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas John McGuire
  • Patent number: 9916911
    Abstract: Systems and methods for storing spent nuclear fuel below grade that afford adequate ventilation of the spent fuel storage cavity. In one aspect, the invention is a system comprising: a shell forming a cavity for receiving a canister of spent nuclear fuel, at least a portion of the shell positioned below grade; and at least one inlet ventilation duct extending from an above grade inlet to a below grade outlet at or near a bottom of the cavity; the inlet ventilation duct connected to the shell so that the cavity is hermetically sealed to ingress of below grade fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Patent number: 9905318
    Abstract: A hybrid indirect-drive/direct drive for inertial confinement fusion utilizing laser beams from a first direction and laser beams from a second direction including a central fusion fuel component; a first portion of a shell surrounding said central fusion fuel component, said first portion of a shell having a first thickness; a second portion of a shell surrounding said fusion fuel component, said second portion of a shell having a second thickness that is greater than said thickness of said first portion of a shell; and a hohlraum containing at least a portion of said fusion fuel component and at least a portion of said first portion of a shell; wherein said hohlraum is in a position relative to said first laser beam and to receive said first laser beam and produce X-rays that are directed to said first portion of a shell and said fusion fuel component; and wherein said fusion fuel component and said second portion of a shell are in a position relative to said second laser beam such that said second portion
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventor: Lindsay John Perkins
  • Patent number: 9905320
    Abstract: A separate type safety injection tank comprises: a coolant injection unit connected to a reactor coolant system by a safety injection pipe such that coolant stored therein is injected into the reactor coolant system by a pressure difference from the reactor coolant system when a loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) occurs; a gas injection unit connected to the coolant injection unit, and configured to pressurize the coolant injected into the reactor coolant system, by introducing gas stored therein to an upper part of the coolant injection unit in the loss-of-coolant-accident; and a choking device disposed between the coolant injection unit and the gas injection unit, and configured to contract a flow cross-sectional area of the gas introduced to the coolant injection unit, and configured to maintain a flow velocity and a flow rate of the gas introduced to the coolant injection unit as a critical flow velocity and a critical flow rate when a pressure difference between the coolant injection unit and the gas inject
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: KOREA ATOMIC ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Young In Kim, Young Min Bae, Ju Hyeon Yoon, Keung Koo Kim
  • Patent number: 9887087
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing p-n junction in semiconductor material such that small dimensions of such junctions are maintained, and associated lattice dislocations of such junctions may be preferentially maintained, and devices with such patterned semiconductor material, is disclosed. Typically, a neutron moderator is used to slow fast neutrons to thermal energies. A mask made from thermal neutron absorbing material, such as cadmium, is placed in close proximity to such neutron moderator. Thermal neutron focusing optics, such as compound refractive lenses, are used to collect and focus thermal neutrons emitted from the mask such that the pattern or portion of the pattern is transferred to the silicon body, with neutrons transmitted from the window areas in the mask and through the neutron optic so as to form the donor dopant concentration for the n-type regions by transmutation of silicon atoms into phosphorus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Inventor: Michael Keith Fuller
  • Patent number: 9881709
    Abstract: A technique that uses a thermoelectric generator for generating electrical power employs a safe, initially dormant, stable, non-radioactive fuel sample which is activated on-demand by a neutron source to initiate and control activation of the fuel sample. The technique allows thermoelectric generators to be fully assembled and stored for extended periods of time before they are deployed for use, and then activated on demand only when the need arises for them to generate power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: AAI Corporation
    Inventors: Rodney B. Beach, Robert J. Neugebauer
  • Patent number: 9881700
    Abstract: A Single Fluid Reactor with an inner zone that includes a solid neutron moderator, which can have through holes defined therein. This solid neutron moderator can have a relatively small diameter, which can range, in some embodiments, from less than one meter to about 1.5 meter. The solid neutron moderator effectively creates an inner zone with a neutron profile that is far more thermalized than if the solid neutron moderator were absent. The surrounding layer of salt surrounding this inner zone has a much harder neutron spectrum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Ottawa Valley Research Associates Ltd.
    Inventor: David Leblanc
  • Patent number: 9881704
    Abstract: A system for draining a containment vessel may include a drain inlet located in a lower portion of the containment vessel. The containment vessel may be at least partially filled with a liquid, and the drain inlet may be located below a surface of the liquid. The system may further comprise an inlet located in an upper portion of the containment vessel. The inlet may be configured to insert pressurized gas into the containment vessel to form a pressurized region above the surface of the liquid, and the pressurized region may operate to apply a surface pressure that forces the liquid into the drain inlet. Additionally, a fluid separation device may be operatively connected to the drain inlet. The fluid separation device may be configured to separate the liquid from the pressurized gas that enters the drain inlet after the surface of the liquid falls below the drain inlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: NUSCALE POWER, LLC
    Inventor: Scott G. Harris
  • Patent number: 9864065
    Abstract: A method and a system for detecting cross correlation in a satellite navigation receiver (SNR) in real time are provided. The SNR parallelly receives navigation signals from multiple satellites via multiple input channels. The SNR extracts ephemeris data from sub-frames of navigation data of each of the navigation signals. The SNR compares the ephemeris data of each navigation signal with the ephemeris data of another navigation signal. The SNR detects cross correlation between the navigation signals when the ephemeris data comparison results in a match and discards the navigation signal with low signal strength. The SNR also retrieves a ranging code from the sub-frames of navigation data of each navigation signal. The SNR compares the ranging code with a pre-programmed satellite identity code of a corresponding satellite. The SNR detects cross correlation when the code comparison results in a mismatch and discards the navigation signal with the mismatched ranging code.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: ACCORD SOFTWARE & SYSTEMS PVT LTD
    Inventor: Vyasaraj Guru Rao
  • Patent number: 9852823
    Abstract: A method for generating a fissile material is described. The method includes positioning a fertile, non-fissile material within outer space, the position within an area of proton or other high energy particle radiation, rather naturally or artificially occurring, allowing the high energy particle radiation to impinge the fertile but non-fissile material over a time, the time based on amount of high energy particle radiation at the position, such that the non-fissile material gradually transmutes into a fissile material due to the impingement, and deploying the fissile material within a spacecraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: John Wilson Benac
  • Patent number: 9842664
    Abstract: A processes for recycling uranium that has been used for the production of molybdenum-99 involves irradiating a solution of uranium suitable for forming fission products including molybdenum-99, conditioning the irradiated solution to one suitable for inducing the formation of crystals of uranyl nitrate hydrates, then forming the crystals and a supernatant and then separating the crystals from the supernatant, thus using the crystals as a source of uranium for recycle. Molybdenum-99 is recovered from the supernatant using an adsorbent such as alumina. Another process involves irradiation of a solid target comprising uranium, forming an acidic solution from the irradiated target suitable for inducing the formation of crystals of uranyl nitrate hydrates, then forming the crystals and a supernatant and then separating the crystals from the supernatant, thus using the crystals as a source of uranium for recycle. Molybdenum-99 is recovered from the supernatant using an adsorbent such as alumina.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Sean Douglas Reilly, Iain May, Roy Copping, Gregory Edward Dale
  • Patent number: 9839111
    Abstract: A fusible target is embedded in a high Z liner, ohmically heated and then shock wave heated by implosion of an enveloping high Z liner. The target is adiabatically heated by compression, fusibly ignited and charged-particle heated as it is being ignited. A shock front forms as the liner implodes which shock front detaches from the more slowly moving liner, collides with the outer surface of the target, accelerates inward, rapidly heating the target, adiabatically compressing the target and liner and amplifying the current to converge the liner mass toward a central axis thereby compressing the target to a fusion condition when it begins to ignite and produce charged particles. The charged particles are trapped in a large magnetic field surrounding the target. The energy of the charged particles is deposited into the target to further heat the target to produce an energy gain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Frank J. Wessel, Hafiz Ur Rahman, Norman Rostoker, Paul Ney
  • Patent number: 9829561
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are embodiments of a balloon-based positioning system and method. In one example embodiment, a system includes a group of at least three balloons deployed in the stratosphere and a control system configured for: determining a first set of spatial relationships relating to the group; determining a second set of spatial relationships relating to at least a portion of the group and to a reference point; determining a position of the reference point relative to the earth; using the determined first set, the determined second set, and the determined position of the reference point relative to the earth as a basis for determining a position of a target balloon in the group relative to the earth; and transmitting the determined position of the target balloon relative to the earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Keith Bonawitz, Richard Wayne Devaul, Eric Teller, Joshua Weaver
  • Patent number: 9824785
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for converting kinetic energy of an energetic particle into electrical energy and for accelerating charged particles. A stack of substantially parallel conductors separated by gaps is disposed such that the conductors are substantially parallel to the surface of a cathode, with the conductors mutually electrically uncoupled. An anode is disposed at an end of the stack of conductors distal to the cathode, and a power management system applies a bias voltage between the cathode and the anode and collects charge deposited at the anode in the form of current in an external electrical circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventor: Alfred W. Hübler