Abstract: A system for providing electrical energy to a missile and the like. The system including a turbine driven by a gas supply on board the missile. The turbine driving a generator thereby eliminating batteries and other electrical power sources heretofore used on missiles. The generator includes spring biased magnetic vanes forming the turbine rotor.
Abstract: A cabin for a windmill comprises inherently rigid, self-supporting, relatively disengageable parts. Cabin parts which occasionally have to be submitted for repair and/or maintenance work are removable from the windmill. During the repair and/or maintenance work a part similar to the removed part of the cabin can be easily installed.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling the level of power transferred through a stand-alone wind power generating system utilizing a wind turbine whose output is converted to electrical power by means of an induction generator are disclosed. In the disclosed system, the velocity of the wind incident upon the blade of the turbine is sensed by a velocity sensor. This information is then used to vary the excitation frequency applied to the generator to adjust the shaft speed of the turbine in proportion to the change in wind velocity. The excitation frequency is adjusted in accordance with a control algorithm so that the power output of the system is equal to a maximum fraction of available wind power at wind velocities below a pre-determined power/velocity point.
Abstract: Described herein is a device for converting such forms of mechanical energy that comprise even slow and random movements, such as the waves of the sea, the flow of a river, the blowing of the wind, and the thermal expansion caused by the radiation of the sun, to a more useful form of high-speed rotation. The device comprises a shaft member rotatable in one direction only in relation to a frame and comprising a crank. A longitudinal actuating member is at one end connected to the shaft member and arranged to rotate the shaft member by means of its movements in relation to the frame. A spring connected at one end to the frame and at the other end to the crank stores the potential energy caused by the movements of the actuating member and releases it by causing the crank to turn the shaft member into rotation when the crank has passed a dead point determined by the actuating direction of the spring.
Abstract: This invention relates to device for detecting a threshold value of the frequency of an input signal. A gate signal is generated from the input signal, whose period has a relationship to the frequency of the input signal. A counter counts pulses from an oscillator having a predetermined rate. The gate signal enables the counter for a predetermined period of time and samples the count at the end of the period of time to determine whether the threshold value has been attained, the count stored in the counter being indicative of the frequency of the input signal.
Abstract: In a so-called stop-start device for a motor vehicle engine particular consuming devices in the motor vehicle are changed over to a mode of operation with a lower current consumption, when the engine is switched off, or a switching-off of the engine is prevented, when functionally important consuming devices are switched on. Thus one achieves an appropriate compromise between saving of fuel and a satisfactory charge condition of the battery.
Abstract: The rotor generator includes an elongated generally cylindrically shaped mework. An elongated rotor is longitudinally aligned within the framework and is rotatably mounted therein. The rotor has a plurality of curved blades which are capable of causing rotation of the rotor when there is fluid flow, such as water or air current. The rotor has a magnetic characteristic which may be provided by attaching magnets to the rotor blades or magnetizing the blades themselves. A plurality of wires are mounted on the framework about the rotor so that when the rotor is rotated electrical current is induced in the wires. Apparatus is provided for collecting the induced electrical current so that the electrical current can be provided for power purposes, such as charging a battery. With this arrangement the rotor generator can be placed on the bottom of the ocean where there is current flow, and utilized for charging a battery which may in turn power oceanographic equipment.
September 19, 1983
Date of Patent:
May 28, 1985
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
Abstract: Stabilization of the engine speed is effected rapidly particularly during idle running because there is provided a generator control means capable of suppressing or stopping power generation of a generator driven by an engine in the event the engine speed decreases below a predetermined value. Additionally, according to the present invention it is also possible to provide means capable of adjusting the amount of intake air fed to the engine combustion chamber, whereby in the event of decrease of the engine speed, for example, during idle running it is made possible to stabilize the engine speed rapidly and surely through control of generated energy for a short time and control of the amount of intake air for a long time. Furthermore, the present invention is applicable also to an operating cylinder number control type engine capable of bringing part of cylinders into a non-operative state.
Abstract: A wind turbine with a single rotor blade drives an alternator whose output is connected to an a-c network to supply same with power when the alternator acts as a generator under the driving force of the wind. The network establishes a synchronous speed for the alternator which corresponds to a rotor speed so chosen that a certain laminar flow along the blade will be maintained even at high wind velocities. Changing the pitch of the blade allows a wide range of wind velocities to be accommodated.
Abstract: A vacuum pump directly driven by a starting motor of an engine which can operate with a constant number of rotations even while the engine is running. The starting motor is shut off when the engine has reached a predetermined speed and then restarted to drive the pump in response to the vacuum in the vacuum tank or pressure accumulating portion of the master bag.
Abstract: A pumping unit suitable for driving an electric generator and which is powered by ocean surf and waves. The unit includes a tower which is located on an ocean beach, and which includes a generally horizontal boom. The boom includes two forward sections disposed at right angles to one another. Two blades are mounted on the respective ends of the forward sections, and the forward sections are controlled so that the blades can be alternately dropped into the water to be driven toward the shore by the incoming surf and waves. As one blade is driven to the shore, it turns the boom in one direction about the vertical axis, causing the other blade to be moved out over the water. Then, the first blade can be lifted out of the water, and the second blade dropped into the water, so that the incoming surf will drive the second blade towards the shore turning the boom in the opposite direction about the vertical axis.
Abstract: A prime mover (4), such as an internal combustion engine, and a wind rotor (1) are connected to an AC generator (2) by a differential gear (3) having its planetary-gear carrier meshing with the shaft of the AC generator (2), and having one of its half-shafts connected to the prime mover (4) and the other of its half-shafts connected to the wind rotor (1). Thus the AC generator (2) produces electrical power of a constant frequency.
Abstract: The present invention relates to external combustion engines and more precisely to motors using the Stirling cycle designed to directly convert thermal energy into electrical energy.In accordance with the invention, this transformation is carried out inside a machine which is completely sealed, without a mechanical connection with the outside, in which the power piston drives the moveable part of an electrical generator. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, this electrical generator is a linear alternator. In accordance with a further original feature of the invention, control of the coupling between the displacing piston and the power piston is carried out by using electronic regulation.
July 20, 1982
Date of Patent:
April 16, 1985
BERTIN & Cie
Jean-Louis Boy-Marcotte, Gilbert M. I. Dahan, Michel Dancette, Marcel P. Le Nabour, Jean-Francois G. A. Pellerin, Jose Rivallin, Marcel A. J. Jannot
Abstract: An installation for exploiting the energy of flowing water in a river stream comprising a plurality of anchored pontoons supporting a plurality of waterwheels; the pontoons being arranged in a plurality of rows, the pontoons in each row being in tandem such that they form a multiplicity of longitudinal channels to channel water flow from the front to the rear of the installation and a plurality of transverse channels to channel water flow from the side of the installation to its center; the waterwheels having crankshafts that drive double acting piston pumps.
Abstract: What is proposed is an electrical energy generator that uses air pressure from a pressurized source for breathing purposes in an underwater or smoke environment wherein a conduit passes the air pressure to a turbine generator that operates at high speed in response to the flow rate of the pressure drop therethrough for generating an electrical output while the user of the device breathes through a mouthpiece connected via conduit to the generator.
Abstract: An engine of a motor vehicle is automatically stopped under predetermined conditions and automatically restarted under other predetermined conditions. The engine is restarted by a starter which is driven in response to an engine start signal. In automatically restarting the engine, the engine start signal is generated when restart conditions are fulfilled and a starter command is generated in a microcomputer. An operation of a clutch pedal is one of the restart conditions. The clutch pedal is provided therearound with a lower switch and an upper switch to detect an amount of a depression of the clutch pedal. The starter command is masked for a predetermined period of time starting from the time when the upper switch is turned OFF from the upper switch has been ON.
Abstract: A longitudinal double-axle drive for an electric, track-bound, self-propelled vehicle is disclosed in which the electric propulsion motor is disposed longitudinally between two driving axles of the vehicle. The motor drives both driving axles via a respective angle transmission. In order to provide flexiblity for operating under different conditions, the electric propulsion motor is a double motor with two electrically independent rotors of equal length and a common stator comprised of two separate stator lamination stacks and a continuous stator winding. The side of each rotor facing its associated transmission is supported by an overhung arrangement from the transmission housing. Thereby, the two driving axles can rotate at different speeds without compulsion forces being generated.
Abstract: A wind-operated electric generator system of simple design incuding a stationary circular arrangement of segmental wind inlet passages extending around a vertical axis and having vertical inlet openings at the outer ends, the inlet openings having inwardly and upwardly curving walls extending from the inlet openings toward the central axis, the lower walls sloping upwardly an appreciably greater extent than the upper walls to form an inwardly and upwardly extending convergence with the inner portions of the upper walls to form constricted upwardly directed exit passages that merge into a Venturi throat in which a bladed impeller is mounted upon a vertical shaft which is connected to an electric generator, and the sides of the segmental inlet passages also converging toward the central axis and cooperating with the converging upper and lower walls to form an efficient Venturi effect to increase the speed of air currents directed to the impeller.
Abstract: Using a two Reservoir System, a portion of the water moves from Reservoir to Reservoir. In its path, it collects air, which is expanded by Solar Energy, which helps to move weights, by an expanding and contracting float method to create substantial Hydro Power, after which it returns back to the path of which it started, without causing any pollution and without using any outside fuel whatsoever.
Abstract: The invention relates to a system for controlling the advance and rotation of the actuator of a starter for a heat engine. The shaft of the electric motor rotates a dish provided with an inner thread cooperating with a screw bearing a toothed tail. The latter actuates satellites which rotate the bell and the pinion via a free wheel. When the screw reaches the stop, the pinion rotates and actuates the engine. When the latter has started up, the free wheel stalls and the clutch rotates the bell so that the screw returns to its initial position. The invention is more particularly applicable to an electric starter.