Abstract: Means to damp the transmission of gas vibration aft of the tailpipe from the high velocity exhaust gas to the relatively slow moving airstream surrounding the said tailpipe of a jet engine wherein a metallic fringe, due to the low resonant characteristics of slack fine wire, acts as a vibration damper when externally affixed and surrounding the terminus of the said tailpipe, with an additional vibration impediment comprising a miniature airfoil surrounding the said terminus while functioning as an air-pressure reducer wherein a low air-pressure area is interposed between the said exhaust gas and the said airstream.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for modifying a jet engine to be carried externally in an inoperative condition on an aircraft to minimize aerodynamic drag and oscillation of the engine. The apparatus includes an annular inlet extension adapted to be mounted to the operating air inlet which slightly extends and contracts the inlet to reduce air spillage. The disclosed method includes the removal of the fan blades from the fan section of the inlet, attaching an ice deflector dome to the engine core inlet, and attaching the inlet extension to the nacelle air inlet.
Abstract: A heat exchanger for heating liquids with other liquids or vapors. An inner flow tube is carried concentrically within an outer flow tube to define an inner passage and also an annular passage. A first manifold directs all of the incoming fluid from one fluid source to either the inner or annular passage. A second manifold directs all of the incoming cooler fluid from the other fluid source to the other passage. A third manifold at the other end of the outer tube discharges the fluid from it so that it does not mix with the inner tube fluid. The outer tube is immersed in inner tube fluid to cause heat transfer through the walls of the inner tube and outer tube.
Abstract: An improved structure is provided for liquid cooling a transition member which conducts hot motive gases from a combustor to a turbine inlet in a gas turbine power plant. The liquid-cooled structure includes a transition member body having a longitudinal inlet manifold and a longitudinal collection manifold attached to opposite sides of the body. The body has a plurality of internal laterally disposed passages which communicate liquid coolant from the inlet manifold, around the body to the collection manifold. The liquid coolant transfers heat from the member in a circumferential flow pattern; then the coolant is discharged from the member by a discharge manifold which is connected to the collection manifold. The method of manufacturing of the transition member provides for forming the body in two mating half subassemblies having internal coolant passages. Each half of the body is blanked from a flat sheet having a shape conforming to the developed shape of the body.
October 17, 1977
Date of Patent:
April 1, 1980
General Electric Company
Miles F. Bintz, Raymond L. Dehmer, deceased
Abstract: A gas turbine engine combustor assembly of unique configuration has an outer wall made up of a plurality of axially extending multi-layered porous metal panels joined together at butt joints therebetween by a reinforcing and heat dissipation ring and a unique weld configuration to prevent thermal erosion of the ends of the porous metal panels at the butt joints; the combustor further including a unique inner wall made up of a plurality of like axially extending multi-layered porous metal panels joined at butt joints by a reinforcing and heat dissipation ring on the inner surface of the inner wall panels and an improved butt weld joint that prevents thermal erosion of the ends of the porous metal inner wall panels.
Abstract: A gas turbine engine combustor assembly of annular configuration has outer and inner walls made up of a plurality of axially extending multi-layered porous metal panels joined together at butt joints therebetween and each outer and inner wall including a transition panel of porous metal defining a combustor assembly outlet supported by a combustor mount assembly including a stiffener ring having a side undercut thereon fit over a transition panel end face; and wherein an annular weld joins the ring to the end face to transmit exhaust heat from the end face to the stiffener ring for dissipation from the combustor; a combustor pilot member is located in axially spaced, surrounding relationship to the end face and connector means support the stiffener ring in free floating relationship with the pilot member to compensate for both radial and axial thermal expansion of the transition panel; and said connector means includes a radial gap for maintaining a controlled flow of coolant from outside of the transition pa
Abstract: A solenoid operated metering pump for displacement of exact amounts of fluid pumped by reciprocation of pumping piston incorporating integral check valve has an elongated valve housing with solenoid operator serving as pump actuating means attached to one housing end while the other housing end is adaptable to serve as the fluid pumping means including an appropriate housing bore passing therethrough and adaptable to receive a differential diameter piston assembly slidably movable therein to reciprocate when solenoid operator becomes electrically cycled inducing fluid flow through appropriate pump chamber created therein between piston and housing bore portion provided with fluid supply port having a detachable check valve with a simple floater for a directional flow control therethrough, means of piston actuation from a first position checking flow and discharge of the fluid delivered to the pump chamber to a second position discharging exact fluid quantity per each stroke of pump reciprocation, and means of
Abstract: Explosive fumes in the lower portion of a power boat are detected by providing a manually collapsible elastomeric bulb, forming a one-way pump, adjacent a remote station on the boat, the bulb having its inlet remotely connected by a long inlet tube to a lower portion of the boat hull where such fumes normally collect. The outlet of the bulb is connected to a nose mask having an orifice therein to increase the velocity of air passing into the mask. By placing the mask over a person's nose and successively and quickly collapsing the bulb, high velocity bursts of air are directed into the person's nose so that he may readily detect any fumes.
Abstract: A propulsion system having an afterburning turbojet with the fuel supplied at the inlet to the turbojet compressor. The turbojet combustor has a bypass with a flow control connected at the inlets to the combustor and the bypass to control the amount of fuel-air mixture from the compressor that enters the combustor.
January 10, 1978
Date of Patent:
January 29, 1980
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
Abstract: A piston diaphragm pump includes a driving fluid chamber and a driven fluid chamber. A flexible diaphragm separates the fluid chambers from one another. An electric motor drives a reciprocating piston through a crankshaft, and the piston moves in the driving fluid chamber from a forward position to a rearward position on a suction stroke and from the rearward position to the forward position on a pressure stroke. An inlet passage extends between a crankcase and the driving fluid chamber, and a normally closed inlet valve in the inlet passage is opened by a cam on the crankshaft when the piston reaches a predetermined position on its suction stroke. The driving fluid in the driving fluid chamber drives the flexible diaphragm back and forth, and the back and forth movement of the diaphragm pumps the driven fluid into and out of the driven fluid chamber.
Abstract: An adjustable mechanical damper for the diaphragm of a fuel pump of a type in which the diaphragm is pulsated by fluctuations in engine crankcase pressure is provided to regulate the amplitude of diaphragm pulsations and the incremental volumetric change produced in the diaphragm-enclosed chamber by the pulsations. Provision of the damper renders the fuel pump self-compensating for changes in fuel head pressure and insures constancy in the output response of the fuel pump to crankcase pressure.
Abstract: A fluid pump includes an upstanding wall on its base with a generally circular rotor spaced from and generally parallel to the wall to define a tube containing path therebetween with the rotor having at least one slot which defines the inner edge of an integral spring arm upon which a roller is mounted for making depressing contact with a resilient tube mounted in the path for forcing fluid through the tube and with the integral spring arm having sufficient resiliency to accommodate any back pressure developed in the tube.
March 14, 1977
Date of Patent:
January 22, 1980
Extracorporeal Medical Specialties, Inc.
Melvin E. Casson, Albert E. Moore, George J. Berry, Sr.
Abstract: A vane-type double lobe hydraulic pump having a casing with a rotor having a plurality of slots with each slot mounting a vane for tracking of a surrounding cam ring and porting for pumping from both undervane and intervane pumping chambers. The cam ring has two generally elliptical sections of different contour whereby the volumes of fluid pumped by the vanes in coacting with one of said sections differ from the pumped volumes of the vanes when coacting with the other section. In one embodiment, there are four independent volume outputs while, in other embodiments, valve elements control the output of the pump whereby it may be the total of the pumped fluid or lesser amounts including only the volume pumped by the vanes in coacting with one of said cam ring sections or only part thereof.
Abstract: A discharge assembly for an axial flow compressor which places a diffuser which extends radially outwardly and axially outwardly adjacent the last row of rotatable blades to efficiently convert the swirl energy of the fluid into pressure energy without utilizing one or more arrays of stationary blades to straighten the flow before it enters the diffuser.
Abstract: An accelerating pump system is shown having a chamber into which fuel from a fuel reservoir of fuel bowl is drawn and then, when and as required, ejected, as by a displaceable diaphragm within said chamber, into a passage leading to accelerating fuel nozzle structure for discharge into the induction passage of the related carburetor or fuel metering means; a vent passage serves to communicate between the fuel reservoir and the chamber as to enable a portion of the fuel within the chamber to be returned to the fuel reservoir when the diaphragm is being displaced for ejecting fuel into the said passage; a thermostatic valve serves to preclude such communication between the fuel reservoir and the chamber except when the fuel temperature (employed as an indicia of engine and indirectly ambient temperature) within the chamber attains a predetermined relatively elevated temperature.
Abstract: Combustion equipment for a gas turbine engine comprises an annular flame tube having a circumferential array of upstream projecting pots or vortex generators at its upstream end, an annular diffusing passageway located upstream of the pots and terminating adjacent the upstream ends of the pots, and a plurality of tubular ducts, one extending from the annular diffusing passageway to the upstream end of each pot.
Abstract: A pump, characterized by flexible tubes which are cyclically expanded and contracted to cause fluid to be pumped, comprises a pair of liquid filled cylinders each containing a flexible tube connected to inlet and outlet valves, a liquid filled control cylinder communicating at its opposite ends with respective ones of said pump cylinders, and a piston reciprocable in said control cylinder for alternately transferring fluid to and from said pump cylinders for alternately and cyclically expanding and contracting said tubes to cause fluid to be pumped in a double acting pump action. The pump is especially well suited for pumping abrasive and corrosive slurries, heavily pigmented and/or metal filled coating materials and the like. The pump is characterized by improved piston means, improved sealing and retaining means for both the piston and the tubes, and means for detecting leakage across the piston, whereby to increase pump reliability and longevity of service, and to monitor internal pump conditions.
Abstract: A cartridge for a peristaltic pump comprises two parts having a frusto-conical bore extending through the two parts and a dovetail section groove encircling the bore at the joint between the two parts. A liquid carrying tube extends into the cartridge and has a convolution encircling the bore. The tube has an integral dovetail section rib extending along the length thereof which engages in the dovetail section groove encircling the bore to locate the tube in the bore. The cartridge is used with a pump having a rotor with one or more rollers mounted eccentrically thereon to rotate about axes convergent with the rotor axis. The rollers compress and flatten the tube where they engage it so that as the rollers rotate around the bore in the cartridge, liquid in the tube is displaced along the tube in a continuous flow.
Abstract: The system is used for pumping cryogenic liquids from delivery vehicles including trucks, semi-trailers and trailers. An internal combustion engine is mounted at the forward end of the vehicle or, in the case of a trailer truck at the forward end of the trailer, and drives a variable displacement hydrostatic transmission which comprises a hydraulic pump driven directly from the output shaft of the internal combustion engine. The transmission also comprises a high speed hydraulic motor coupled by hydraulic lines with the hydraulic pump and arranged in a closed loop system. The hydraulic motor is disposed at a rear end of the vehicle (trailer) and has its output shaft coupled directly to the cryogenic delivery pump of the vehicle. A control panel is mounted in a rear compartment of the vehicle and allows the operator to control, inter alia, engine speed, hydrostatic drive speed and cryogenic pump output pressure.
Abstract: A torque limiting control for a pair of variable displacement hydraulic pumps having displacement varying means and servo means including springs urging each of the displacement varying means to a position for maximum pump displacement and fluid operated means acting in opposition to the springs to shift said displacement varying means for reduction in pump displacement, said control including means for summing the fluid pressures generated by both pumps and controlling the servo means for the two pumps to progressively move the displacement varying means for reduction of pump displacement as the sum of the fluid pressures rises above a predetermined value at a certain pump displacement and thereby limit the sum of the torques required by said pumps.