Patents Examined by Thorl Chea
  • Patent number: 10786865
    Abstract: A method for forming at least one three-dimensional article through successive fusion of parts of a powder bed, comprising the steps of: providing at least one model of said three-dimensional article, moving a support structure in z-direction at a predetermined speed while rotating said support structure at a predetermined speed, directing a first and second energy beam causing said powder layer to fuse in first and second selected locations according to said model, wherein a first cover area of said first energy beam on said powder layer is arranged at a predetermined minimum distance and non-overlapping from a second cover area of said second energy beam on said powder layer, a trajectory of said first cover area and a trajectory of said second cover area are at least one of overlapping each other, abutting each other or separated to each other when said support structure is rotated a full lap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Arcam AB
    Inventor: Calle Hellestam
  • Patent number: 10788767
    Abstract: Provided is a toner for developing electrostatic images which is less likely to cause toner ejection and is excellent in printing durability. The toner comprises colored resin particles and external additives, wherein the external additives comprise an external additive A and an external additive B; wherein the external additive A is silica particles being surface-hydrophobized with a specific hydrophobizing agent and having a specific number average particle diameter; and wherein the external additive B is silicone resin particles having a ratio (BS/TS) of a BET specific surface area (BS) to a theoretical specific surface area (TS) in a range of from 3.0 to 30.0, and having a specific number average particle diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: ZEON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takeru Chiba, Sakyo Yagyu
  • Patent number: 10782622
    Abstract: A photoreceptor for electrophotography, a method for manufacturing the photoreceptor, and an electrophotographic device including the photoreceptor are disclosed. The photoreceptor for electrophotography includes a conductive substrate; and a photosensitive layer that is provided on the conductive substrate and that has an outermost surface layer containing at least a resin binder and an electron transport material. The resin binder is composed of a polyarylate resin having a structural unit represented by a Chemical Structural Formula 1, and the electron transport material is composed of a compound having a structure represented by a Structural Formula (ET2-3). The photoreceptor has high sensitivity, low residual electric potential, no light fatigue and sufficient stain resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Fengqiang Zhu, Shinjiro Suzuki, Toshiki Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 10773304
    Abstract: A powder circuit (36) for use in an apparatus (10) for producing three-dimensional work pieces by irradiating layers of a raw material powder with electromagnetic or particle radiation comprises a process chamber (12) accommodating a carrier (16) and a powder application device (14) for applying a raw material powder onto the carrier (16), the process chamber (12) being provided with a powder inlet (30) for supplying raw material powder to the powder application device (14) and a powder outlet (32) for discharging excess raw material powder from the process chamber (12). The powder circuit (36) further comprises a powder circulation line (34) connecting the powder outlet (32) of the process chamber (12) to the powder inlet (30) of the process chamber (12) and a conveying device (38) arranged in the powder circulation line (34) for conveying the raw material powder through the powder circulation line (34).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: SLM Solutions Group AG
    Inventors: Andreas Wiesner, Bodo Haack, Dieter Schwarze
  • Patent number: 10768540
    Abstract: Provided is an external additive having a resin particle containing a crystalline resin, and an inorganic fine particle containing a metal atom, the inorganic fine particle being embedded in the resin particle, wherein part of the inorganic fine particle being exposed on a surface of the resin particle, the maximum endothermic peak temperature of the external additive during a first temperature rise is from 50.0° C. to 120° C., the shape factor SF-2 of the external additive is from 110 to 150, and the external additive satisfies following formulae (1) and (2) below, in which Za (mass %) is the percentage content of a metal atom contained in the inorganic fine particle on the surface of the external additive in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Zb (mass %) is the percentage content of the metal atom in thermogravimetric analysis of the external additive, Za?15??(1), and Za/Zb?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shuntaro Watanabe, Tatsuya Saeki, Atsuhiko Ohmori, Shuhei Moribe, Hiroki Akiyama, Kazumichi Nakahama, Katsuhisa Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 10754271
    Abstract: A magnetic core material for electrophotographic developer, satisfying a value of Expression (1): a+b×10+c+d+e+f, being from 300 to 1,300, when an amount of fluorine ion is denoted by a (ppm), an amount of chlorine ion is denoted by b (ppm), an amount of bromide ion is denoted by c (ppm), an amount of nitrite ion is denoted by d (ppm), an amount of nitrate ion is denoted by e (ppm), and an amount of sulfate ion is denoted by f (ppm), which are measured by combustion ion chromatography, and having a BET specific surface area being from 0.06 to 0.25 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: POWDERTECH CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroki Sawamoto, Tetsuya Uemura
  • Patent number: 10747135
    Abstract: A toner including a toner particle; and an external additive, wherein the external additive contains strontium titanate particle, and when in a projected image of the strontium titanate particle photographed using a scanning electron microscope, a standard deviation of a distance from a center of the projected image to an outline of the projected image is Ds, and a circle-equivalent diameter of the projected image is Da, a value CV calculated by Equation (1) is 0.07 or less, CV=Ds/(Da/2)??(1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yojiro Hotta, Koji Nishikawa, Kazuo Terauchi, Takaaki Furui, Ryo Nagata, Keisuke Tanaka, Masami Fujimoto
  • Patent number: 10747131
    Abstract: To provide an electrophotographic photosensitive member which does not cause film exfoliation in long-term use. An electrophotographic photosensitive member, having: a support; a layered photosensitive layer; and a protective layer in this order, wherein the protective layer is a single layer, the protective layer includes: at least two specific structures, the two specific structures are included in the protective layer at a mass ratio of 20% or more and 240% or less, and a peak area based on in-plane deformation vibration of terminal olefin (CH2?) of the protective layer and a peak area based on stretching vibration of C?O of acryloyloxy groups, the peak areas being determined by total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy under conditions where an internal reflection element is Ge, and an incidence angle is 45°, have a fixed relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Watanabe, Tsutomu Nishida, Yuka Ishiduka, Atsushi Okuda, Hideharu Shimozawa, Nobuhiro Nakamura, Daisuke Miura
  • Patent number: 10739689
    Abstract: An electrostatic charge image developer contains a carrier including a core and, on the core, a silicone resin-containing layer serving as a lower layer, and an acrylic resin-containing layer serving as an upper layer, or a carrier including a silicone resin-containing core and an acrylic resin-containing layer on the silicone resin-containing core; strontium titanate particles having an average primary particle size of 20 nm or more and 100 nm or less; and a toner. The percentage of a silicone resin exposed on a surface of the carrier is 0.5 area % or more and 20 area % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shintaro Anno, Yosuke Tsurumi, Takuro Watanabe, Fusako Kiyono
  • Patent number: 10732527
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor of a negatively-chargeable laminate-type includes a conductive substrate; a charge generation layer provided on the conductive substrate and including a charge generating material; and a charge transport layer provided on the charge generation layer and containing, as a binder resin, a copolymerized polycarbonate resin having a repeating unit represented by Formula (1); as a hole transporting substance, a compound having a structure represented by Formula (2); as an electron transporting substance, a compound having a structure represented by Formula (3), and, as an antioxidant, a compound represented by Structural Formula (4), where a mass ratio H/(B+H) represents a ratio of mass (H) of the hole transporting substance with respect to a sum of mass (B) of the binder resin and the mass (H) of the hole transporting substance, and satisfies Formula (5), 0.20 by mass?H/(B+H)?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masaru Takeuchi, Hirotaka Kobayashi, Toshiki Obinata, Fengqiang Zhu
  • Patent number: 10732533
    Abstract: Provided is a magenta toner, which is excellent in image density, has an enhanced chargeability, and can be produced at a low cost. The magenta toner comprising a binder resin and a magenta colorant, wherein a compound A represented by the general formula (1) and a compound B represented by the general formula (2) are contained as the magenta colorant, and wherein a total content of the compound A and the compound B is from 3 to 30 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the binder resin, and a mass ratio of the content of the compound A to the content of the compound B (compound A/compound B) is from 0.8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: ZEON CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masashi Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10732529
    Abstract: Provided is a positive-charging toner having a toner particle that contains a binder resin, the binder resin contains a polymer A having a first monomer unit derived from a first polymerizable monomer, and a second monomer unit derived from a second polymerizable monomer, the first polymerizable monomer is at least one selected from the group consisting of (meth)acrylic acid esters having a C18 to C36 alkyl group, the content of the first monomer unit in the polymer A is 5.0 to 60.0 mol % and the content of the second monomer unit is 20.0 to 95.0 mol %, SP11 of the first monomer unit and SP21 of the second monomer unit satisfy 3.00?(SP21?SP11)?25.00, and the work function of the toner is 5.0 to 5.4 V.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Daisuke Yoshiba, Tomoya Nagaoka, Takashi Matsui
  • Patent number: 10725394
    Abstract: A polymeric composition including a copolymer comprising a first monomer having a high carbon to oxygen ratio of from about 3 to about 8; a second monomer comprising two or more vinyl groups, wherein the second monomer is present in the copolymer in an amount of from greater than about 8 percent by weight to about 40 percent by weight, based on the weight of the copolymer; and optionally, a third monomer comprising an amine, wherein the third monomer is present in an amount of from about 0.1 percent by weight to about 1.5 percent by weight, based on the weight of the copolymer; and a surfactant, wherein the surfactant has a minimum surface tension at critical micelle concentration of less than about 30 mN/m. A toner including the copolymer as a toner surface additive. An emulsion aggregation toner process including the copolymer as a toner surface additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Richard P. N. Veregin, Shivanthi Easwari Sriskandha, David R. Kurceba, Scott Edward Silver, Melanie Lynn Davis, Cuong Vong
  • Patent number: 10712682
    Abstract: A toner includes toner particles, wherein the toner particles contain a polymer containing a structural unit derived from an azobenzene derivative having a polymerizable group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Seijiro Takahashi, Haruo Horiguchi, Toyoko Shibata
  • Patent number: 10712681
    Abstract: A toner is provided that contains a crystalline polyester resin comprising a polycondensed resin of a dicarboxylic acid represented by the following formula (1) with a diol represented by the following formula (2). A content of a cyclic ester represented by the following formula (3) in the toner, measured by a thermal extraction gas chromatographic mass spectrometry at a thermal extraction temperature of 160° C., is from 1 to 200 ppm in terms of toluene: where n represents an integer of from 2 to 12; where m represents an integer of from 2 to 12; and where n represents an integer of from 2 to 12, m represents an integer of from 2 to 12, and m+n?6 is satisfied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Masuda, Atsushi Yamamoto, Taichi Nemoto, Junichi Watanabe, Taro Araki, Takeshi Shibuya
  • Patent number: 10705442
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to toner compositions containing a high loading of white colorant of greater than 30 weight % by weight of the toner and processes thereof. The toner exhibits a lightness (L*) of at least 75.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Karen A. Moffat, David J. W. Lawton, Melanie L. Davis, Juan A. Morales-Tirado, Varun Sambhy
  • Patent number: 10698328
    Abstract: Provided is an electrostatic image developing toner including: toner mother particles containing a binder resin and a releasing agent; and an external additive, wherein the binder resin contains a crystalline resin, and the electrostatic image developing toner satisfies the following formulas (1) and (2), tan ?3° C./min<tan ?6° C./min??Formula (1): 0.0005?tan ?6° C./min?tan ?3° C./min,??Formula (2): wherein: tan ?6° C./min is a peak top value of a loss tangent when the loss tangent is measured from 25° C. to 100° C. at a frequency of 1 Hz and a heating rate of 6° C./min; and tan ?3° C./min is a peak top value of a loss tangent when the loss tangent is measured from 25° C. to 100° C. at a frequency of 1 Hz and a heating rate of 3° C./min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Takaki Kawamura, Shiro Hirano, Junya Onishi, Ami Motohashi
  • Patent number: 10698331
    Abstract: To provide a two-component developer for electrostatic charge image development, the two-component developer enabling a high image quality to be kept and enabling the occurrence of fogging to be suppressed even in continuous printing of an image high in coverage rate. The two-component developer for electrostatic charge image development includes a toner particle including a toner base particle and an external additive disposed on the surface of the toner base particle, and a carrier particle including a core material particle and a covering section disposed on the surface of the core material particle, wherein the external additive includes an alumina particle, and the percentage of exposed area of the core material particle is 4.0% or more and 15.0% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Shinya Obara, Koji Shibata, Junya Ueda, Takuya Takahashi, Satoshi Uchino
  • Patent number: 10684568
    Abstract: A reversibly allochroic toner contains a binder resin and a colorant. The colorant reversibly switches between first and second color states in response to temperature changes. The colorant exhibits a hysteresis in a temperature-color state curve thereof in which the following relationships are satisfied. Tr<TL2<TL1<TH1<TH2<Tg TH2?50° C. 20° C.?Tr?30° C. where, TH1 is a temperature at which the colorant starts to change from the first color state to the second color state, TH2 is a temperature at which the colorant completely changes to the second color state, TL1 is a temperature at which the colorant starts to change from the second color state to the first color state, TL2 is a temperature at which the colorant completely changes to the first color state, and Tg is a glass transition temperature of the binder resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Takafumi Hara, Masahiro Ikuta, Tsuyoshi Itou, Yasuhito Noda, Kazuhisa Takeda, Takayasu Aoki
  • Patent number: 10670981
    Abstract: To provide a toner for electrophotography and a binder resin, exhibiting an excellent fog suppression capability. A toner for electrophotography and a binder resin each containing a resin A having at least a polyester moiety obtained through polycondensation of an alcohol component, a carboxylic acid component, and a polyhydroxyamine compound represented by the formula (1) in an amount of 0.01% by mass or more and 5.0% by mass or less based on the total amount of all the monomer components of the resin A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: KAO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takashi Kubo, Kota Ijichi