Abstract: A bag support and dispensing apparatus having a support shaft for supporting a plurality of stacked bags by engaging each bag in the stack through aligned apertures in the front and rear walls of the bag. A pivotally mounted, extending hanger is positioned opposite the support shaft to engage a front wall of the top-most bag in the stack through an associated aperture in the front wall, so that the bag is supported in an open loading position by the support shaft at the rear wall and the extending hanger at the front wall. The extending hanger may be pivoted forwardly and upwardly to disengage the hanger from the bag and to allow the bag to be easily removed from the bag support apparatus. The hanger falls back to a loading position after it is released.
Abstract: An improved method of vacuum packaging by using a specific laminated film as a package film, the laminated film being composed of a plastically deformable layer of a synthetic resin having a yield stress more than 50 kg/cm.sup.2 at a temperature of 23.degree. C. and an elongation of less than 30% at elastic limit at a shaping temperature of 50.degree. to 180.degree. C. and an elastic layer of a synthetic resin having an elongation of more than 40% at elastic limit at the shaping temperature.
Abstract: An improvement in the wrapping of successive articles in heat-sealable film supplied in a continuous length to an elongated generally tubular former which progressively wraps the film around the sides of the articles and seals the margins together while air is being evacuated from the interior of the wrapping material comprises the provision of a lengthwise slot in the tubular former and placing the vacuum supply pipe outside the former and near the slot so that the articles do not ride on, or come in contact with, this supply pipe. In the preferred form the margins of the film are sealed along a continuous line outside the supply pipe and along a discontinuous on the other side of the pipe so that air evacuation can take place.
Abstract: A container for delicate articles which includes an inner envelope, and an inflatable outer envelope sealed to the ends thereof. The inner envelope is vented to the exterior of the container so that, on inflation of the outer envelope, the inner envelope is collapsed tightly about the article, which is thus suspended in and protected by the inflated outer envelope. Preferably, the inflation is accomplished within an outer protective casing, which is coated on its interior with an adhesive. Should the casing and outer envelope be punctured, the parts will then still be kept in essentially established positions.
Abstract: An apparatus for charging tall, narrow receptacles with small, plate-like items of like size and shape. The apparatus has at least one counting and charging unit having a plurality of axially aligned counting wheels having a plurality of pockets along their periphery for receiving individual items and a funnel arranged underneath the counting wheels for receiving items discharged by the counting wheels and for directing them into a receptacle arranged below the funnel. There are further provided a plurality of orienting channels arranged between the funnel and each counting wheel. Each orienting channel is arranged to receive items from the associated counting wheel and to orient the items such that upon discharge of each item from the orienting channels into the funnel, the main plane of each item is parallel to the main plane of the receptacle situated underneath the funnel.
Abstract: A wheel-type form-fill-seal vacuum packaging machine in which a wheel carrying a circular series of dies or molds is adapted to be driven at different speeds for accommodation to different product infeed conditions, and in which a vacuum chamber/seal plate assembly is closed with respect to one of the molds with a timed dwell interval for the seal plate which is the same for different wheel speeds.
Abstract: An apparatus for closing boxes comprising a conveyor for bringing a box in centralized position between two vertically arranged transport belts which can be moved toward each other to engage the side walls of the box the four top flaps of which are open, whereafter the said transport belts move the box to a bridge the height of which is adjustable and which is provided with a sensing member, which on the engagement thereof with the fore wall of the box when the bridge is in its lowest position operates means to cause raising of the said bridge until the said sensing member comes into engagement with the fore wall flap of the box, which flap is closed by further movement of the box, the bridge being provided with a pivotably mounted arm carrying a rotatable wing for closing the rear flap of the box, with fixed arms for raising the side flaps and with pivotable arms carrying closing members which can be moved downwardly at an oblique angle toward the center of the upper surface of the box for closing the side f
Abstract: This invention relates to a device for spacing apart objects conveyed through an operation-performing machine provided with operating-performing means arranged in a predetermined operating zone along an object support surface. The device according to the invention comprises a pair of transverse pushers, which are disposed at the two sides of said support surface upstream of said operating zone and can be displaced from a rest position to a working position in which they are able to engage with opposite sides of the objects. Said pushers are suitably controlled by means sensitive to the position of the objects along said support surface.
Abstract: A machine for placing groups of containers, preferably bottles, into cases. Successive groups of bottles are moved horizontally to a first station where they are releasably suspended on escapement bars. The bottles are suspended at enlarged neck flanges adjacent their finishes. A cam mechanism moves the bars apart to release bottles allowing them to be moved vertically downward to a second station. The bottles are releasably received within one of two horizontally movable chutes at the second station. The chutes are also pivotable relative to one another so that the bottles may be inverted piror to being loaded into a case at a case packing station below. The two chutes are reciprocated horizontally relative to the first station so one chute may be unloaded into an awaiting case while the remaining chute is being loaded through operation of the escapement mechanism. Each chute may be inverted as the chutes are horizontally reciprocated.
Abstract: A packaging apparatus for erecting, filling and closing paperboard cartons of a type that are initially supplied in a flattened condition and have four body panels, lower closure flaps; and an open top, and a separate plastic cover. The packaging apparatus opens and erects the paperboard cartons in an inverted position and advances the cartons while inverted along a path past a filling station. Covers are fed to a position below the cartons and are pressed into the open ends of the cartons as they are advanced along the path and before they reach the filling station. The lower closure flaps are thereafter folded to close the cartons.
Abstract: Apparatus for forming a hinged or clamshell type carton from a paperboard blank includes a carton forming die for receiving the paperboard blank, a movable frame for transferring the carton blank from the stack into registration over the die, and a reciprocating plunger mounted above the die for forming the carton. The blank is formed into a finished carton in one simple harmonic motion. The movable frame includes a number of vacuum assisted suction cups for lifting the carton blank from the stack and at least a pair of gathering rollers which cooperate with a pair of pivoting blades mounted adjacent the die to fold and gather the hinge of the carton blank as the blank is positioned and pressed into contact with the die. A pair of inverted "T" retaining bars, disposed on the die adjacent the carton hinge, prebreak glue tabs on the carton and capture and retain the wall panels of the carton when the blank is pressed into registration with the forming die.
July 12, 1979
Date of Patent:
March 17, 1981
Boyd D. Goda, Thomas E. Simpson, Craig J. St. Vincent, Peter C. Collura
Abstract: Filamentary members, music strings for example, are automatically coiled and the coils captured on a sheet of packaging material by feeding the members into an annular groove against a surface of a sheet of heat sealable material and subsequently shearing tabs from the sheet of material and folding the tabs over the coiled member. Coiling of the members is accomplished by feeding a first end of each member, preferably with the aid of pneumatic pressure, into the annular groove, capturing the end in the groove and thereafter causing relative rotation between the groove and member to draw the member into the groove.
Abstract: Conventional heads for screwing bottle closures on to bottles generally are applied to the closure cap, while rotating at full speed which causes tipping of and damage to the closure cap. The invention seeks to overcome this disadvantage by a sleeve portion at the bottom of the fitting head first being applied without any torque to the closure cap, the sleeve portion being force-lockingly engaged with the rotating head only when the head is moved further downwardly through the clutch-engagement distance. When a maximum torque, which can be adjusted by means of a stressing spring, has been reached, the clutch begins to slip and the sleeve portion stops. The sleeve portion is of low mass so that after disengagement of the clutch, no additional torque due to inertia is applied to the closure cap.
Abstract: A cartoner for inserting a product into an expanded carton having at least one open end and side flaps and an end panel with tuck flap thereon, and thereafter closing the open end, the cartoner accommodating a wide variety of carton shapes and sizes; a product infeed conveyor for such a cartoner including a product support plate extending laterally from either side of the cartoner and including a conveyor chain carrying product pushers pivotally mounted thereon, the product support plate being positioned from a bottom carton supporting rail a distance to receive the product pushers therethrough so that the product pushers both feed the product to the cartons and insert the product therein.
Abstract: Coiling and binding of telephone cordage is accomplished by rotating a turntable of an apparatus to coil a predetermined number of convolutions of cordage thereon. The coiling occurs while a deformable tie is wrapped about a previously coiled length of cordage which has been removed from the turntable and moved to a binding position. The coiled, bound length of cordage is removed from the binding position and ejected from the apparatus. At the same time, the cordage which has just been coiled is severed from a supply, is removed from the turntable in the coiling position, and is moved to the binding position to facilitate another cycle of operation in which the coiled cordage which has been moved into the binding position is bound and ejected while the leading end of a supply of cordage is secured to the turntable.
Abstract: An automatic weighing and bagging machine and method for holding and opening a first bag of a plurality of juxtaposed bags held in the machine in a manner whereby the first bag may be filled with a weighed product and released from the plurality of bags. The bags are of the type having an extended tab secured to a portion thereof and extending above a mouth opening of the bag. The machine comprises a holding device for engaging at least a portion of the extended tab of the first bag. A retractor member is also provided for opening the mouth opening of the first bag by pulling a side wall portion of the first bag opposite to the engaged portion of the tab and away from the engaged tab. The retractor member also clamps the side wall portion to hold the bag in an open position whereby the bag is held from opposed sides for filling the bag with the weighed product. A container is provided to hold and weigh the product to be bagged.
Abstract: An apparatus for automatically forming bags on hanger suspended garments comprises a plurality of stands for supporting hangers with garments suspended therefrom. A device is provided to move each of the plurality of stands in sequence to at least first, second and third positions. Each of the stands remains stationary for a brief interval at each of the positions following its arrival. Each of the stands is adapted to have a hanger suspended garment mounted thereon when each stand is at the first position. An adjustable placing apparatus is provided at the second position for pulling tubular material along a path. A cutting device above the garment moves toward the material to cut the tubular material and away from the material to permit pulling down of additional tubular material. A sealing device above the stands moves towards the material to seal the tubular material and moves away from the material to permit pulling down of additional tubular material.
March 29, 1979
Date of Patent:
March 3, 1981
Vincent N. Vulcano, Maurice W. Friedman
Abstract: Disclosed herein is a simple and economical process for packing foodstuffs under vacuum in the home in a way compatible with that achieved on a large industrial scale with the use of complex, costly equipment.
Abstract: Bottle-shaped containers of biaxially-oriented blow-molded plastic material are introduced into the space formed between the helical blade continuously rotated and the backup plate of a screw conveyor, and are conveyed in one direction to next conveyor by the rotation of the helical blade of the screw conveyor. The bottle-shaped containers are stood by at the end of the conveyor. When the bottle-shaped containers thus conveyed are aligned in predetermined longitudinal and lateral arrary in predetermined number to be stood by, they are simultaneously held by the bottle-shaped container group holding mechanism utilizing negative pressure, and are then raised from the standby position.
Abstract: A method of vacuum packaging compressible material in a sealed flexible fluid impervious container, such as a poly bag, is disclosed. One or more slits are made in the container and air in the container is withdrawn through the slits. This creates a partial vacuum in the container that results in compression of the compressible material. When the desired compression has been obtained, restraining means are placed around the flexible container to maintain the package in a compressed state when the partial vacuum is eventually lost. A novel apparatus for use in this method is also disclosed.