Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided for controlling the consistency and quality of a frozen carbonated beverage product made by mixing several ingredients including syrup, water and carbon dioxide in a mixing chamber of a frozen carbonated beverage machine. The apparatus includes a process flow block that controls the flow of the ingredients from ingredient supply sources to the mixing chamber. A pair of transducers are also provided for measuring the pressure of carbon dioxide being injected into the mixing chamber and the pressure of the product in the mixing chamber. A central processing unit communicates the measured pressures to an EPROM which employs an algorithm for determining a low set point pressure value and a high set point pressure value based upon the pressure of carbon dioxide being injected into the mixing chamber. A pair of solenoids are also provided which control the supply of the ingredients into the mixing chamber in response to command signals from the central processing unit.
Abstract: A refrigerator unit provided with a control means comprising a plurality of valves, the control means comprising a unitary valve manifold made as a one piece casting having said valves operatively mounted thereon.
Abstract: Apparatus to condition air comprising a blower to effect a flow of air to be conditioned in a path of travel from a first location to a second location; a cooling member along the path of travel adjacent to the first location adapted to initially cool the air flowing therepast, the cooling means having, in association therewith, pipes for circulating a cooling fluid between the cooling member whereat thermal energy is added to the cooling fluid and a location outside the path of travel whereat thermal energy is removed from the first cooling fluid; a condenser along the path of travel adjacent to the second location adapted to reheat the air flowing therepast; an evaporator within the path of travel between the cooling member means and the condenser adapted to further cool the air flowing therepast; a compressor; piping coupling the evaporator, condenser and compressor for circulating cooling fluid therebetween.
Abstract: An air conditioning apparatus includes a subcooling heat exchanger for subcooling refrigerant being delivered to an evaporator and for reheating air flow downstream from the evaporator; and a hot vapor heat exchanger, connectable in fluid communication with a refrigerant outlet of a compressor and positioned in the air flow downstream from the evaporator, for further reheating the air flow from the evaporator to further lower the relative humidity of the air flow. The air conditioning apparatus also preferably includes a hot vapor heat exchanger controller for selectively connecting the hot vapor heat exchanger in fluid communication with the refrigerant outlet of the compressor responsive to a sensed temperature.
Abstract: A novel ejector, an ejector-refrigeration system, and a method of refrigeration are disclosed. The system is particularly well suited for the utilization of energy sources such as waste heat from automobile engines and solar collectors. Further, the system is compatible with the use of environmentally benign refrigerant such as water. Unlike conventional ejectors, the novel ejector disclosed in the present invention is designed to utilize the principal of "pressure exchange" and is therefore capable of attaining substantially higher levels of performance than conventional ejectors whose operating mechanism is based on the principal of "turbulent mixing".
Abstract: An air conditioner is made to follow up a change in load in an efficient manner by utilizing the fact that the components of a three-component mixed medium serving as a substitute for Freon have different boiling points. The mixed medium, which consists of R-32, R-125 and R-134a, is sealed within the circuit of the air conditioner, and a supercooled heat exchanger and liquid-gas tank are interposed between an outdoor heat exchanger and an expansion valve. The liquid-gas tank is connected to an accumulator via a liquid injection valve.
Abstract: A mounting device for a temperature control switch in a freezer compartment for advantageously providing a more spacious freezer compartment, which includes a grill member provided on the rear wall having a temperature control switch support member formed on a front surface thereof and having a plurality of openings for permitting cooled air to flow into the freezer compartment; and a temperature control switch, mounted to the back side of the temperature control switch member and having a temperature control knob inserted onto a setting shaft thereof.
Abstract: Refrigeration apparatus and method generally include a compressor for compressing refrigerant gas to a liquid, an evaporator for evaporating refrigerant liquid to refrigerant gas and cooling in atmosphere adjacent the evaporator and a condenser for rejecting the heat of compression of hot refrigerant vapor to the atmosphere adjacent to the condenser. First and second chambers are provided separated by free-floating piston for alternately condensing refrigerant gas in the first chamber and storing refrigerant livid in the second chamber, and condensing refrigerant gas in the second chamber and storing refrigerant livid in the first chamber.
Abstract: A high efficiency gas furnace utilizes a unique pre-mixed design in combination with a pressurized/high velocity combustion process. The combustion process occurs in a combustion chamber and the high temperature high velocity products of combustion follow a circuitous route from the combustion chamber through finned tubular conduits to an exhaust. Heat from the high temperature high velocity products is transferred to the finned tubular conduits. An air blower assembly forces air across the finned tubular conduits and the combustion chamber to remove the heat from the finned tubular conduits and transfers this heat to a building or an enclosed portion thereof.
October 7, 1994
Date of Patent:
June 10, 1997
Combustion Concepts, Inc.
Manouchehr Daneshvar, William E. Kraemer
Abstract: A system having a matched vane compressor and impeller is described for use in either a hydraulic system or in a two phase air conditioning system. The impeller is matched to the compressor to return work to the compressor through a shaft or gearbox. The compressor is a vane compressor having longitudinally reciprocating vanes carried in a slotted disc between matched, opposed cam faces forming a series of variable geometry chambers which draw in and expel working fluid during rotation of the shaft. Compression is achieved by exposing the fluid in the chambers to high pressure fluid while the volume of the chamber is not changing. A pressurizing port is placed tangentially to the chambers for this purpose. The impeller also makes use of tangentially disposed pressure ports to expose the turning pockets of a drum to higher pressure.
Abstract: In a positive displacement compressor having a plurality of banks, operation can be multi-staged or single staged. Single stage operation can be of a single bank or plural banks in parallel. Switchover between modes of operation is under the control of a microprocessor responsive to sensed inputs. During pulldown under ambient or condenser entering air temperatures of 100.degree. F., or more, suction modulation is used to limit the suction pressure thereby permitting a switchover to two-stage operation and the use of an economizer.
Abstract: The present invention provides a capacitive humidity transducer based humidity control system. The present invention comprises a humidity sensor, a temperature source for the heated cabinet air, a temperature source at the sensor, and a regulated water mist discharged into the cabinet air circulation system. An electronic system combines the input from the sensor, the temperature inputs, and the humidity percentage setting to regulate the timing and duration of the water mist discharge, thereby allowing to adjust percentage of humidity in heated holding cabinets. The sensor is a capacitor comprising two plates in close proximity but insulated from each other. The electrical output of the capacitor is sensitive to moisture on the surfaces between the plates. By cooling one plate until it reaches its dew point, the signal is detected and received by the electronic system. Cooling of the capacitor plate is accomplished by means of a thermoelectric cooler.
Abstract: Methods and apparatus for converting a refrigeration unit having a manually controlled thermostat to remote operation via a data logger, without replacing the manually controlled thermostat. A set point temperature selector associated with the thermostat is fixed at a predetermined value, and a resistance temperature detector (RTD), which is normally connected to a temperature input of the thermostat, is disconnected. A set point temperature for a space conditioned by the refrigeration unit is selected via the data logger. The data logger monitors the temperature of the conditioned space, compares the temperature of the conditioned space with the set point temperature selected via the data logger, and determines an operating mode for the refrigeration unit which will cause the temperature of the conditioned space to be maintained in a predetermined range relative to the set point temperature selected via the data logger.
April 14, 1995
Date of Patent:
March 19, 1996
Thermo King Corporation
Romuald M. Jurewicz, Albert C. K. Wong, Verlon J. Wirth
Abstract: The present invention provides method and apparatus for incorporating thermal storage and other low-temperature reservoirs with new or retrofittable refrigerant circuit devices to increase their thermal operating capacity and efficiency by subcooling refrigerant condensate with subcoolers, as illustrated in a plurality of structural arrangements, which allows simultaneous cooling of a refrigerated volume and recharging of the thermal storage system, and further, it may utilize proportional subcooling to proportionally control evaporator capacity.
Abstract: A solenoid valve 70 is disposed in a pipe line between an expansion valve 60 and an evaporator 80 for rear seats side. When the cooling operation is switched to the operation of utilizing only evaporator 50 for front seats side from the operation of utilizing evaporators 50 and 80 for front seats side and rear seats side, the solenoid valve 70 is closed by closing the operation switches Sc and Sf. The solenoid valve 70 can restrain an occurrence of water hammer phenomenon by stopping a refrigerant flow in air-liquid phase at the downstream of an expansion valve.
Abstract: A refrigerant flow switching device for alternatively conveying flow of refrigerant from either a high presure or a low pressure evaporator to a compressor of a refrigeration system and a refrigerator using such a refrigeration system. The device utilizes the pressure difference between the higher pressure refrigerant from the high pressure evaporator and the lower pressure refrigerant from the low pressure evaporator or atmospheric pressure to open and close a first flow controller of the device positioned in a conduit leading from the high pressure evaporator to the compressor. The device further comprises a second flow controller, such as a check valve positioned in a conduit leading the low pressure evaporator to the compressor, which stays open only when the first flow controller is closed.
Abstract: A method of closely controlling the supply air temperature delivered from an air conditioning unit into a mobile cargo container wherein the supply air temperature is compared to a desired set point temperature and a suction control valve in the air conditioner compressor inlet line is adjusted in response to the sensed difference between the supply air temperature and the set point temperature. Three different preprogramed control modes are available which are selected automatically in response to the amount of deviation between the compared temperatures that are used to bring the supply temperature down the set point temperature and hold it under steady state conditions within .+-.0.25.degree. C. of the set point. A trim heater is placed in the supply air passage to warm the supply air any time the control valve is in a full closed position. This increases the heating load on the unit so that operating time of the unit will be prolonged and the compressor will not be cycling ON and OFF.
Abstract: A blood constituent measuring apparatus and method, which can be used to measure the oxygen (or other blood constituent) content of the blood. The apparatus includes sources of two or more wavelengths of light for transmitting, e.g., red and infrared light through a portion of the body, and a photodetector for generating respective signals representing each wavelength of light transmitted through the body portion. The photodetector signals have pulsatile and non-pulsatile components. The oxygen content of the blood is computed based on the light transmitted through the body portion at each wavelength, as determined from the pulsatile component, amplified alone after the much larger non-pulsatile component is subtracted from it. The apparatus can compute the oxygen content of patients with weak pulses, or unstable physiological states, or both, by using, preferably, a plurality of independently settable gains, to maintain the signal level within a range suitable for accurate measurement.
Abstract: A metering feeder for delivering solid fuels, such as municipal or industrial refuse, for combustion includes a pair of generally vertically arranged hoppers. An upper hopper containing relatively compacted or intertangled fuel discharges metered amounts of fuel into a lower hopper through the action of a ram-type pusher. Fuel discharged from the upper hopper is dropped into the lower hopper to develop sufficient kinetic energy to decompact the fuel. An upwardly inclined conveyor removes fuel from the lower hopper at an independently metered rate under optional control of a combustion control system. The action of the inclined conveyor further decompacts the fuel by underraking and mixing, thereby providing a well controlled, uniform, loose density fuel for combustion. The conveyor has a closed course of cleats which cyclically moves to remove fuel. The cleats extend in acute angular relation to the direction of movement for improved performance.
May 5, 1986
Date of Patent:
January 12, 1988
Detroit Stoker Company
Thomas A. Giaier, Neil H. Johnson, Harold L. Knox, David C. Reschly, Kim E. Spurlock
Abstract: An apparatus is described for burning solid fuels, preferably coal in pulverized form, which are mixed with a carrier liquid, such as water and/or oil or the like, to thereby form an emulsion, and for this purpose the fuel emulsion is injected through a substantially annular entrance port into a combustion chamber so that an approximately hollow cone-shaped flow configuration is produced. Within this flow configuration, a low pressure is built up immediately behind the entrance port for the fuel emulsion opening into the combustion chamber so that a portion of hot combustion gases and a remainder of unburnt fuel particles are recirculated to the entrance port. Furthermore, gas entrance ports are provided in the end wall of the combustion chamber, through which the gas or air flows, the path of flow of which extends concentrically and spirally towards the axis of the entrance port for the fuel emulsion opening into the combustion chamber.