Abstract: The present invention relates to a bonded assembly characterized in that a board having a convexed portion on a jointing surface thereof and a board having, on a jointing surface thereof, a concaved portion or a through hole to be engaged with the convexed portion are jointed with adhesives. Also, the present invention relates to a bonded assembly characterized in that an adhesive is coated on the portion other than the convexed portion of the board so that the coating thickness is smaller than the height of the convexed portion, and then the board is jointed to another board having a concaved portion or a through hole, after making alignment of the boards. Further, the present invention relates to a rivet having means for fitting to and temporarily fixing to an inserting through hole, and a method of jointing boards which comprises a step for inserting, fitting and temporarily fixing the rivet having the means for temporarily fixing to the inserting through hole on the board.
Abstract: A macroscopically perforated porous expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sheet material having a microstructure of nodes interconnected by fibrils wherein the perforations have a minimum diameter of about 0.1 mm and wherein the orientation of a fibril varies as a function of the proximity of a fibril to the edge of a perforation. The length of the fibrils may also vary as a function of the proximity of a fibril to the edge of a perforation. The sheet material may alternatively be provided in a tubular form.
Abstract: A method of applying chemical charge-modifiers to a permeable sheet including the steps of: providing a permeable sheet having a plurality of individual exposed surfaces, at least a portion of which having relatively low surface energies; providing an aqueous solution containing amphiphilic macromolecules, the solution having a relatively high surface tension; contacting the solution containing amphiphilic macromolecules under shear stress conditions with the permeable sheet so that at least a portion of the amphiphilic macromolecules are adsorbed onto at least some individual exposed surfaces to form a coated permeable sheet; and contacting the coated permeable sheet with a solution containing chemical charge modifiers to incorporate chemical charge modifiers onto at least a portion of the amphiphilic macromolecules.
October 26, 1995
Date of Patent:
January 12, 1999
Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
Dennis Stein Everhart, Kristi Lynn Kiick-Fischer
Abstract: A bilayer laminated medical dressing having a thermally expandable passage is provided. The medical dressing achieves gas permeability as a function of temperature by cutting a star-shaped hole through the dressing when the dressing is flat and relaxed. On warming, the leaves between the radial cuts of the star-shaped hole curl and increase the hole size. Such a material is useful as a medical dressing.
June 2, 1995
Date of Patent:
November 10, 1998
British Technology Group Limited
Anthony Arthur Leonard Challis, Michael John Bevis
Abstract: A topographical support member and method of forming a topographical support member for use in producing nonwoven fabrics, especially tricot-like nonwoven fabrics. The topographical support member includes a body having a top surface comprising a pattern of a plurality of peaks and valleys and a plurality of apertures. The apertures have a conical top portion that is surrounded by a cluster of the peaks and valleys. The center line to center line spacing of adjacent apertures is less than the major diameter of the conical top portion of the apertures. The topographical support member is formed by focusing a laser beam so that the focal point is below the top surface of a starting workpiece and drilling with the laser beam the predetermined pattern of tapered apertures. The pattern of tapered apertures forms the cluster of peaks and valleys surrounding each aperture on the top surface of the resulting support member.
Abstract: Various forms of micromachined electrostatic microconveyors and useful devices based thereon are described. In one embodiment, a tube shaped conveyor is formed by disposing conductors circumferentially about the exterior surface of the tube. The tube is formed of an insulating material (e.g., silicon dioxide). Driving voltages are applied in staggered phase to selected ones of the conductors to provide a travelling electrostatic wave within the tube. Charged particles (or fluid or gas) can be propelled through the tube electrostatically by "riding" the travelling wave. Various aspects of the invention are directed to apparatus making use of the microconveyor to convey particles, gas ions, etc. Apparatus is described for using gas pressure resulting from the transport of gas ions to do mechanical work (i.e., to operate mechanical actuators.
Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing retroreflective sheeting useful for marking or the like of signs such as road signs and construction signs; number plates of vehicles such as motorcars and motorcycles; materials for safety such as clothes and life jackets; signboards, etc.
Abstract: There is described a three-dimensional membrane generally of a thin plastic film which has apertures therein created by simultaneously perforating the film and pushing the material from the holes to one side of the apertures and piling it up to create an overall membrane thickness which is at least 10 times the original thickness of the film. It has particular application as a topsheet for sanitary napkins and the like.
Abstract: A stamped, steel insert for use in metal die cast articles. The insert includes first and second interconnected stamped steel insert halves spaced from one another at certain locations to define a void. Openings communicating with the void extend through each insert half to facilitate material flow and to improve interlock of the insert and die cast material. The edges of the insert lie below the surface of the casting to avoid bimetallic machining. The insert halves cooperate to define a pair of elongated passages, which are bored following die casting to form fastener holes. At least one of the passages has an elongated cross section to allow for expansion and contraction of the insert during casting.
Abstract: An apertured cover defines pin penetrable locations for temporarily posting notices, indicia, and the like. A pin receiving and gripping the substrate adjacent the back surface of the cover retains any pins penetrably engaging the apertures in the cover. A hard backing sheet disposed adjacent the rear face of the substrate protects the substrate. Folded panels of the cover retain the substrate and the backing sheet in fixed relationship with one another to form a unitary structure and protect the edges of the substrate.
Abstract: A mouse pad which allows a mouse ball to rotate accompanied with the movement of a mouse accurately and prevents generation of static electricity and unpleasant frictional noise during operation of the mouse and collection of dust and fluff as well as exhibiting high impact resistance strength and flexural strength. The mouse pad for improving a controllability of the mouse as a computer input device is formed from a glass having a rugged pattern surface. An average roughness of the rugged pattern surface ranges from 2 to 20 .mu.m, and preferably from 2 to 8 .mu.m. It is also preferable that the glass is formed as a crystallized glass.
Abstract: An apertured film for use as a topsheet in absorbent products wherein the film is apertured and includes a plurality of micro-holes and a plurality of large-sized holes. A method of forming the film is disclosed, as well as an absorbent product incorporating the apertured film as a topsheet. The method includes the step of supporting the starting film on a backing member which has recessed zones into which the film may be deformed. In the preferred embodiment, fluid in the form of columnar streams is directed from at least two sets of orifices against the upper surface of the starting film. The orifices of the first set have a diameter greater than 10 mils, and the orifices of the second set have a diameter less than or equal to 10 mils. The fluid is discharged from the smaller orifices at a pressure of at least 500 psig, and the fluid is discharged from the larger orifices at a pressure less than 500 psig.
September 1, 1995
Date of Patent:
June 23, 1998
William A. James, William G. F. Kelly, Charles James Shimalla
Abstract: An easy open end for food and beverage cans having reduced aluminum content is provided in an end having a metal polymer metal laminate construction. An opening panel as defined in the end body by a pair of first and second spaced apart score lines disposed in the first and second major surfaces, respectively. Each of the first and second score lines define an area of reduced thickness for both the metal layer and the adjacent polymer layer. The opening panel can be displaced from the remainder of the end body to provide an easy opening can by perforating the end body at a point along the first and second score lines.
Abstract: A stretch film comprises a first extruded sheet of polyethylene stretch film having a plurality of coextruded layers and a second sheet of polyethylene stretch film having a plurality of coextruded layers. The second sheet of polyethylene stretch film is clingingly form pressed to the first extruded sheet to completely laminate the first sheet. The laminated film is a machine wrappable stretch film that is elastically stretchable beyond 320% and not heat shrinkable.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method of patterning a concrete surface and a pattern transfer mat for use in the method. The pattern transfer mat has a transfer surface having three-dimensional irregularities and carrying a multiplicity of grains to be transferred to the substrate concrete. Concrete is cast against the transfer surface of the mat and cured in situ and the mat is then detached. The aesthetic grains are grains having a cement powder deposited thereon beforehand. The cement powder absorbs water to cause fine air cells therein to collapse. Thus, the finished surface of the case concrete structure is made smoother.
Abstract: A bitumen-based waterproofing membrane is provided with an improved edge for sealing with a contiguous membrane to provide a membrane system with improved waterproofing characteristics. A bitumen-based reinforced membrane sheet is coated with granular material to protect the membrane sheet from ultraviolet rays. However, a section of the membrane sheet is first covered with a piece of protective tape which prevents any granular material from being deposited on the lateral section of exposed bitumen beneath the tape. The membrane sheets are then cut immediately prior to the tape or at the edge of the granular coating and then rolled up. Accordingly, the lateral section of bitumen which is covered by the protective tape is on the innermost part of the rolled-up membrane sheet. During installation, the tape is removed and the exposed bitumen or selvage section is disposed below an adjacent or contiguous membrane. Heat is then applied for an easy and effective seal between two adjacent membrane sheets.
Abstract: The present invention relates to fluid pervious, dispersible, and flushable webs particularly suited for use in a disposable absorbent article, such as a diaper, sanitary napkin, panty liner, incontinence pad, or the like. The present invention further relates to such webs which also include an improved, functional textured surface so as to be suitable for use as a topsheet on such a disposable absorbent article.The present invention provides a fluid pervious web which disperses into fragments which are readily flushable in a normal toilet. The web preferably comprises a wetlaid apertured tissue having a temporary wet strength resin incorporated therein. The web preferably further includes a plurality of individual fibrils on a body-facing surface thereof, so as to provide a clean and dry tactile impression in use. The fibrils serve to separate the wearer's skin from the underlying tissue substrate in use.
Abstract: There is provided a matte decorative sheet having scratch resistance, including a PVC substrate and, provided thereon, a protective layer of a cured resin which has been cured by irradiation with an ionizing radiation. The protective layer contains fine particles of an impact-resistant resin, namely, polycarbonate resin, having a particle diameter of 0.1 to 50 .mu.m and an Izod impact strength of not less than 10 kg.cm/cm.
Abstract: A blown-film textured liner having a textured surface to provide improved soil gripping properties and smooth untextured edges for improving the integrity of the joint between adjacent liner sheets. The textured liner can be used to protect soil from waste products.
Abstract: Ultraviolet luminescent retroreflective sheeting includes a retroreflective portion containing retroreflective elements and an ultraviolet luminescent portion to facilitate nighttime viewing by persons not located at or near a source of light being retroreflected by the retroreflective portion. At least part of the ultraviolet luminescent portion is provided as the bonding lines for bonding the transparent cover sheet to the support sheet to form a series of sealed cells in which the retroreflective elements, which may be of the encapsulated lens-type or the encapsulated cube-corner-type, are disposed. The ultraviolet luminescenct portion includes fluorescent agent which emits light when irradiation by ultraviolet irradiation.