Patents by Inventor Alan R. Kirk

Alan R. Kirk has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 7659351
    Abstract: Fluoroacrylates comprise the reaction product of: (a) at least one fluorochemical alcohol represented by the formula: CnF2n+1—X—OH wherein: n=1 to 4, R=hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, m=2 to 8, Rf=CnF2n+1, y=0 to 6, and q=1 to 8; (b) at least one unbranched symmetric diusocyanate; and (c) at least one hydroxy-terminated alkyl (meth)acrylate or 2-fluoro acrylate monomer having 2 to about 30 carbon atoms in its alkylene portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Gregg A. Caldwell, John C. Clark, David J. Kinning, Alan R. Kirk, Thomas P. Klun, Ramesh C. Kumar, Roger A. Mader, George G I. Moore, Zai-Ming Qiu, Richard B. Ross
  • Patent number: 7361782
    Abstract: A process for preparing fluorochemical monoisocyanates comprises reacting at least one fluorochemical alcohol represented by the formula CnF2n+1SO2NCH3(CH2)mOH, wherein n=2 to 5, and m=2 to 4, with 4,4?-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) in a solvent in which the resulting fluorochemical monoisocyanate is not soluble; wherein the molar ratio of fluorochemical alcohol:MDI is from about 1:1 to about 1:2.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Thomas P. Klun, Alan R. Kirk, George G. I. Moore, John C. Clark, Zai-Ming Qiu
  • Patent number: 7199197
    Abstract: Fluoroacrylates comprise the reaction product of: (a) at least one fluorochemical alcohol represented by the formula: CnF2n+1—X—OH wherein: R=hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, m=2 to 8, Rf=CnF2n+1, y=0 to 6, and q=1 to 8; (b) at least one unbranched symmetric diisocyanate; and (c) at least one hydroxy-terminated alkyl (meth)acrylate or 2-fluoro acrylate monomer having 2 to about 30 carbon atoms in its alkylene portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Gregg A. Caldwell, John C. Clark, David J. Kinning, Alan R. Kirk, Thomas P. Klun, Ramesh C. Kumar, Roger A. Mader, George G. I. Moore, Zai-Ming Qiu, Richard B. Ross
  • Patent number: 7081545
    Abstract: A process for preparing fluorochemical monoisocyanates comprises reacting at least one fluorochemical alcohol represented by the formula CnF2n+1SO2NCH3(CH2)mOH, wherein n=2 to 5, and m=2 to 4, with 4,4?-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) in a solvent in which the resulting fluorochemical monoisocyanate is not soluble; wherein the molar ratio of fluorochemical alcohol:MDI is from about 1:1 to about 1:2.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2006
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Thomas P. Klun, Alan R. Kirk, George G.I. Moore, John C. Clark, Zai-Ming Qiu
  • Patent number: 6753359
    Abstract: The present invention involves the use of powder coating methods to form coated abrasives. In one embodiment, the powder is in the form of a multiplicity of binder precursor particles comprising a radiation curable component. In other embodiments, the powder comprises at least one metal salt of a fatty acid and optionally an organic component that may be a thermoplastic macromolecule, a radiation curable component, and/or a thermally curable macromolecule. In either embodiment, the powder exists as a solid under the desired dry coating conditions, but is easily melted at relatively low temperatures and then solidified also at reasonably low processing temperatures. The principles of the present invention can be applied to form make coats, size coats, and/or supersize coats, as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Gregg D. Dahlke, Robert J. DeVoe, Alan R. Kirk, Mark R. Meierotto, Roy Stubbs
  • Patent number: 6465076
    Abstract: Seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles are provided. The seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles have a backing binder formed from a backing binder precursor comprising an aromatic polyisocyanate prepolymer, a polyol curative, an acrylated urethane, and at least one polymerization agent. Also provided is a method for preparing seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Eric G. Larson, Steven J. Keipert, Alan R. Kirk
  • Patent number: 6441058
    Abstract: The present invention involves the use of powder coating methods to form coated abrasives. In one embodiment, the powder is in the form of a multiplicity of binder precursor particles comprising a radiation curable component. In other embodiments, the powder comprises at least one metal salt of a fatty acid and optionally an organic component that may be a thermoplastic macromolecule, a radiation curable component, and/or a thermally curable macromolecule. In either embodiment, the powder exists as a solid under the desired dry coating conditions, but is easily melted at relatively low temperatures and then solidified also at reasonably low processing temperatures. The principles of the present invention can be applied to form make coats, size coats, and/or supersize coats, as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Gregg D. Dahlke, Robert J. DeVoe, Alan R. Kirk, Mark R. Meierotto, Roy Stubbs
  • Publication number: 20020098323
    Abstract: Seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles are provided. The seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles have a backing binder formed from a backing binder precursor comprising an aromatic polyisocyanate prepolymer, a polyol curative, an acrylated urethane, and at least one polymerization agent. Also provided is a method for preparing seamless backings and seamless coated abrasive articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 1998
    Publication date: July 25, 2002
    Inventors: ERIC G. LARSON, STEVEN J. KEIPERT, ALAN R. KIRK
  • Publication number: 20010011108
    Abstract: The present invention involves the use of powder coating methods to form coated abrasives. In one embodiment, the powder is in the form of a multiplicity of binder precursor particles comprising a radiation curable component. In other embodiments, the powder comprises at least one metal salt of a fatty acid and optionally an organic component that may be a thermoplastic macromolecule, a radiation curable component, and/or a thermally curable macromolecule. In either embodiment, the powder exists as a solid under the desired dry coating conditions, but is easily melted at relatively low temperatures and then solidified also at reasonably low processing temperatures. The principles of the present invention can be applied to form make coats, size coats, and/or supersize coats, as desired.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2001
    Publication date: August 2, 2001
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Gregg D. Dahlke, Robert J. DeVoe, Alan R. Kirk, Mark R. Meierotto, Roy Stubbs
  • Patent number: 6228133
    Abstract: The present invention involves the use of powder coating methods to form coated abrasives. In one embodiment, the powder is in the form of a multiplicity of binder precursor particles comprising a radiation curable component. In other embodiments, the powder comprises at least one metal salt of a fatty acid and optionally an organic component that may be a thermoplastic macromolecule, a radiation curable component, and/or a thermally curable macromolecule. In either embodiment, the powder exists as a solid under the desired dry coating conditions, but is easily melted at relatively low temperatures and then solidified also at reasonably low processing temperatures. The principles of the present invention can be applied to form make coats, size coats, and/or supersize coats, as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Gregg D. Dahlke, Robert J. DeVoe, Alan R. Kirk, Mark R. Meierotto, Roy Stubbs
  • Patent number: 5954844
    Abstract: An abrasive article, for example, a coated, bonded, or nonwoven abrasive article comprising a binder, a plurality of abrasive particles, and an antiloading component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Kam W. Law, Walter L. Harmer, Alan R. Kirk, Ernest L. Thurber
  • Patent number: 5914299
    Abstract: An abrasive article is provided that includes at least one binder system formed from a polymeric additive and a thermosetting resin. The polymeric additive includes a polymeric backbone having substituents attached thereto, wherein the substituents include at least one urethane linked nitrogen bonded side chain having about 5 carbon atoms or more and a terminal methyl group and at least one oxygen linked water solubilizing group. An abrasive article that includes the binder system exhibits an increase of workpiece surface abraded in a Woodsanding Normal Force Test as compared to an abrasive article including a binder system formed from a composition containing substantially no polymeric additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Walter L. Harmer, James P. DiZio, Alan R. Kirk
  • Patent number: 5908477
    Abstract: An abrasive article is provided that includes a bond system formed from a binder precursor and about 15% by weight or less of a wax-containing modifier. An abrasive article that includes the bond system exhibits an increase of workpiece surface abraded in a Woodsanding Normal Force Test as compared to an abrasive article including a bond system formed from a composition containing substantially no wax-containing modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Walter L. Harmer, Don H. Kincaid, Alan R. Kirk, Eric G. Larson
  • Patent number: 5859153
    Abstract: A composition useful as a powder coating comprises an epoxy resin and a novolak compound or resin having a structure obtained from the reaction of a substituted phenol such as cresol and an aldehyde to form a substituted bis(hydroxymethyl) phenol intermediate which is then reacted with a polyhydroxyphenol containing adjacent hydroxyl groups such as catechol to yield a polyhydroxyphenol-endcapped novolak compound or resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Alan R. Kirk, Allen L. Griggs
  • Patent number: 5736747
    Abstract: Organic compounds having at least one ethylenically-unsaturated group are described, the organic compounds being suitable for use in coatable compositions as reactive diluents; compounds of the invention preferably have a divalent organic linking moiety devoid of reactive groups other than optional ethylenically-unsaturated groups, and a polar organic moiety and are particularly adept in solubilizing aminoplast resins having radiation-curable pendant groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Alan R. Kirk, Gregg D. Dahlke
  • Patent number: 5733648
    Abstract: Organic compounds having at least one ethylenically-unsaturated group are described, the organic compounds being suitable for use in coatable compositions as reactive diluents; compounds of the invention preferably have a divalent organic linking moiety devoid of reactive groups other than optional ethylenically-unsaturated groups, and a polar organic moiety and are particularly adept in solubilizing aminoplast resins having radiation-curable pendant groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Alan R. Kirk, Gregg D. Dahlke
  • Patent number: 5709935
    Abstract: Organic compounds having at least one ethylenically-unsaturated group are described, the organic compounds being suitable for use in coatable compositions as reactive diluents; compounds of the invention preferably have a divalent organic linking moiety devoid of reactive groups other than optional ethylenically-unsaturated groups, and a polar organic moiety and are particularly adept in solubilizing aminoplast resins having radiation-curable pendant groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Alan R. Kirk, Gregg D. Dahlke
  • Patent number: 5710281
    Abstract: Organic compounds having at least one ethylenically-unsaturated group are described, the organic compounds being suitable for use in coatable compositions as reactive diluents; compounds of the invention preferably have a divalent organic linking moiety devoid of reactive groups other than optional ethylenically-unsaturated groups, and a polar organic moiety and are particularly adept in solubilizing aminoplast resins having radiation-curable pendant groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ernest L. Thurber, Eric G. Larson, Alan R. Kirk, Gregg D. Dahlke
  • Patent number: 5704952
    Abstract: An abrasive article, for example, a coated, bonded, or nonwoven abrasive article comprising a binder, a plurality of abrasive particles, and an antiloading component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Kam W. Law, Walter L. Harmer, Alan R. Kirk, Ernest L. Thurber
  • Patent number: 5667842
    Abstract: Abrasive articles made using a coatable, addition polymerizable binder precursor composition are described, as well as methods of making same. The compositions comprise a reactive diluent compound and preferably an addition polymerizable resin, the reactive diluent being an organic compound selected to be especially effective in solubilizing aminoplast resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Eric G. Larson, Ernest L. Thurber, Alan R. Kirk, Gregg D. Dahlke, Elizabeth C. Edblom, Don H. Kincaid