Patents by Inventor Albert Schaap

Albert Schaap has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200046862
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidised) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2019
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel VEROEIJEN
  • Patent number: 10493174
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidized) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Patent number: 10201178
    Abstract: A stable aqueous liquid lactase formulation is provided, comprising lactase and further comprising sodium, calcium or potassium-L-lactate or a combination thereof and optionally a sugar, and/or optionally comprising sodium or potassium chloride or a combination thereof, preferably wherein the concentration of each of the components is such that the water activity Aw is at most 0.82. The formulation is particularly suitable when using invertase-free lactase, allowing the use of sucrose as stabilizer. Also provided is a process to produce the liquid lactase formulation, an infant formula (e.g. as powder of granulate) comprising the liquid lactase formulation, a method to produce said infant formula, and the use of the formulation in the production of infant formula.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Fenna Johanna Catharina Jolink, Albert Schaap
  • Patent number: 10041097
    Abstract: A process for producing an oil, or a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), is described where an aqueous liquid comprising cells is deaerated, and the oil or PUFA is obtained from the cells. Deaeration can be performed by a wide variety of techniques, including the application of a vacuum (or reduced pressure), mechanical deaeration or degassing by reduced stirring or subjecting the broth to centrifugal forces, reducing viscosity (by dilution or heating), reduction in the supply of oxygen or air during fermentation or a reduction in stirring rate, lowering the pH (to lower the solubility of CO2), filtration using PTFE capillaries, gas displacement (by bubbling in nitrogen or helium) or chemical deaeration (using oxygen scavengers).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20170081684
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidised) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Publication date: March 23, 2017
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel VERKOEIJEN
  • Publication number: 20170064989
    Abstract: The invention provides an aqueous liquid lactase formulation comprising lactase and further comprising sodium, calcium or potassium-L-lactate or a combination thereof and optionally a sugar, and/or optionally comprising sodium or potassium chloride or a combination thereof, preferably wherein the concentration of each of the components is such that the water activity Aw is at most 0.82. The formulation is particularly suitable when using invertase-free lactase, allowing the use of sucrose as stabilizer. The invention also provides a process to produce the liquid lactase formulation of the invention, an infant formula (e.g. as powder of granulate) comprising the liquid lactase formulation of the invention, a method to produce said infant formula, and the use of the formulation in the production of infant formula.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2015
    Publication date: March 9, 2017
    Inventors: Fenna Johanna Catharina JOLINK, Albert SCHAAP
  • Patent number: 9457108
    Abstract: A pasteurization protocol for pasteurizing microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has a heating stage, a plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a cooling stage. The heating and cooling stages are rapid, the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurization protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.), one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. This results in a smaller energy input (so a reduction in costs) and a better quality oil having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20150025260
    Abstract: A process for the isolation of desired compound(s) from a microbial biomass is disclosed, wherein the microbial biomass (which, if necessary, is pretreated to give a dry matter content of from 25 to 80%) is granulated (e.g. by extrusion) and then dried to a dry matter content of at least 80%. The granulation of the biomass to granules significantly eases subsequent drying of the biomass (which can be stored as dried granules) and gives higher yields on extraction of the compound(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Louis BIJL, Albert SCHAAP, Johannes Martinus Jacobus VISSER
  • Patent number: 8895708
    Abstract: A protocol for pasteurizing microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. The heating and cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurization protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, a trapezium is obtained having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. This results in a smaller energy input and a better quality oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20140316151
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidised) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel VERKOEIJEN
  • Publication number: 20120316354
    Abstract: A protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. The heating and cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, a trapezium is obtained having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. This results in a smaller energy input and a better quality oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20120283461
    Abstract: A pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has a heating stage, a plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a cooling stage. The heating and cooling stages are rapid, the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. This results in a smaller energy input (so a reduction in costs) and a better quality (and less oxidised) oil having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Publication date: November 8, 2012
    Applicant: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Patent number: 8217151
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidised) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20120095246
    Abstract: A process for producing an oil, or a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), is described where an aqueous liquid comprising cells is deaerated, and the oil or PUFA is obtained from the cells. Deaeration can be performed by a wide variety of techniques, including the application of a vacuum (or reduced pressure), mechanical deaeration or degassing by reduced stirring or subjecting the broth to centrifugal forces, reducing viscosity (by dilution or heating), reduction in the supply of oxygen or air during fermentation or a reduction in stirring rate, lowering the pH (to lower the solubility of CO2), filtration using PTFE capillaries, gas displacement (by bubbling in nitrogen or helium) or chemical deaeration (using oxygen scavengers).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel VERKOEIJEN
  • Publication number: 20100331561
    Abstract: A process for producing an oil, or a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), is described where an aqueous liquid comprising cells is deaerated, and the oil or PUFA is obtained from the cells. Deaeration can be performed by a wide variety of techniques, including the application of a vacuum (or reduced pressure), mechanical deaeration or degassing by reduced stirring or subjecting the broth to centrifugal forces, reducing viscosity (by dilution or heating), reduction in the supply of oxygen or air during fermentation or a reduction in stirring rate, lowering the pH (to lower the solubility of CO2), filtration using PTFE capillaries, gas displacement (by bubbling in nitrogen or helium) or chemical deaeration (using oxygen scavengers).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Albert SCHAAP, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Publication number: 20090326267
    Abstract: A process for the isolation of desired compound(s) from a microbial biomass is disclosed, wherein the microbial biomass (which, if necessary, is pretreated to give a dry matter content of from 25 to 80%) is granulated (e.g. by extrusion) and then dried to a dry matter content of at least 80%. The granulation of the biomass to granules significantly eases subsequent drying of the biomass (which can be stored as dried granules) and gives higher yields on extraction of the compound(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2009
    Publication date: December 31, 2009
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Louis BIJL, Albert Schaap, Johannes Martinus Jacobus Visser
  • Publication number: 20090285969
    Abstract: An improved pasteurisation protocol for pasteurising microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurisation protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidised) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Patent number: 7517953
    Abstract: An improved pasteurization protocol for pasteurizing microbial cells is disclosed. The protocol has three stages, a first heating stage, a second plateau stage at which the cells are held at a (maximum and) constant temperature, and a third cooling stage. Both the heating and the cooling stages are rapid, with the temperature of the cells passing through 40 to 80° C. in no more than 30 minutes in the heating stage. The heating rate is at least 0.5° C./minute and during cooling is at least ?0.5° C./minute. The plateau maximum temperature is from 70 to 85° C. By plotting the pasteurization protocol on a time (t, minutes) versus temperature (T, ° C.) graph, one obtains a trapezium having an area less than 13,000° C. minute. Not only does this result in a smaller energy input (and so a reduction in costs), but a better quality (and less oxidized) oil results having a peroxide value (POV) of less than 1.5 and an anisidine value (AnV) of less than 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen
  • Patent number: 7431952
    Abstract: The extraction of a microbial or single cell oil, for example comprising one or more polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), directly from microbial cells is disclosed which avoids the need for solvents. After fermentation, the microbial cells are pasteurised, washed and the cell walls lysed or disrupted by a mechanical (e.g. homogenisation), physical (boiling or drying), chemical (solvents) or enzymatic (cell wall degrading enzymes) technique. The oil (containing the PUFA) is then separated from the resulting cell wall debris. This is achieved by centrifugation, which results in an oily phase (top layer) that contains the oil which that can be separated from an aqueous phase (containing the cell wall debris). The oil can then be extracted and if necessary the PUFA can be purified or isolated from the oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Louis Bijl, Albert Schaap
  • Publication number: 20070148315
    Abstract: A process for producing an oil, or a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), is described where an aqueous liquid comprising cells is deaerated, and the oil or PUFA is obtained from the cells. Deaeration can be performed by a wide variety of techniques, including the application of a vacuum (or reduced pressure), mechanical deaeration or degassing by reduced stirring or subjecting the broth to centrifugal forces, reducing viscosity (by dilution or heating), reduction in the supply of oxygen or air during fermentation or a reduction in stirring rate, lowering the pH (to lower the solubility of CO2), filtration using PTFE capillaries, gas displacement (by bubbling in nitrogen or helium) or chemical deaeration (using oxygen scavengers).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2004
    Publication date: June 28, 2007
    Inventors: Albert Schaap, Daniel Verkoeijen