Patents by Inventor Alex Buxbaum

Alex Buxbaum has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 7244334
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin W. Montgomery
  • Patent number: 7208249
    Abstract: We are able to significantly reduce variations in critical dimension from target for features in a patterned photoresist, where the patterned photoresist is generated during the fabrication of a reticle (photomask) to be used in semiconductor processing. The ability to maintain the targeted critical dimension of patterned photoresist features which were imaged using a direct write process depends upon the use of a photoresist binder resin system which provides a sufficiently dense structure to sterically hinder the movement of photoacid-labile groups after irradiation of such groups (writing of the pattern). As importantly, the photoacid groups which are used to generate the pattern need to be such that they are activated only at temperatures above about 70° C., and preferably at temperatures in the range of 110° C. to 150° C. Further improvement in uniformity of developed photoresist feature size across the reticle surface is achieved by controlling a combination of variables during development.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Melvin Warren Montgomery, Alex Buxbaum, Scott Edward Fuller, Cecilia Annette Montgomery
  • Patent number: 7077973
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for etching a metal layer disposed on a substrate, such as a photolithographic reticle, are provided. In one aspect, a method is provided for processing a photolithographic reticle including positioning the reticle in a first orientation on a reticle support in a processing chamber, wherein the reticle comprises a metal photomask layer formed on an optically transparent substrate, and a patterned resist material deposited on the metal photomask layer, etching the metal photomask layer in the first orientation, positioning the reticle in at least a second orientation, and etching the metal photomask layer in the at least second orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Bjorn Skyberg
  • Patent number: 6998206
    Abstract: One principal embodiment of the disclosure pertains to a method of optically fabricating a photomask using a direct write continuous wave laser, comprising a series of steps including: applying an organic antireflection coating over a surface of a photomask which includes a chrome-containing layer; applying a chemically-amplified DUV photoresist over the organic antireflection coating; post apply baking the DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range; exposing a surface of the DUV photoresist to the direct write continuous wave laser; and, post exposure baking the imaged DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range. The direct write continuous wave laser preferably operates at a wavelength of 244 nm or 257 nm. In an alternative embodiment, the organic antireflection coating may be applied over an inorganic antireflection coating which overlies the chrome containing layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Fuller, Melvin W. Montgomery, Jeffrey A. Albelo, Alex Buxbaum
  • Publication number: 20050250023
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Publication date: November 10, 2005
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin Montgomery
  • Patent number: 6931619
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin W. Montgomery
  • Publication number: 20040209477
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for etching a metal layer disposed on a substrate, such as a photolithographic reticle, are provided. In one aspect, a method is provided for processing a photolithographic reticle including positioning the reticle in a first orientation on a reticle support in a processing chamber, wherein the reticle comprises a metal photomask layer formed on an optically transparent substrate, and a patterned resist material deposited on the metal photomask layer, etching the metal photomask layer in the first orientation, positioning the reticle in at least a second orientation, and etching the metal photomask layer in the at least second orientation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2003
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Bjorn Skyberg
  • Publication number: 20040146790
    Abstract: One principal embodiment of the disclosure pertains to a method of optically fabricating a photomask using a direct write continuous wave laser, comprising a series of steps including: applying an organic antireflection coating over a surface of a photomask, which includes a chrome-containing layer; applying a chemically-amplified DUV photoresist over the organic antireflection coating; post apply baking the DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range; exposing a surface of the DUV photoresist to the direct write continuous wave laser; and, post exposure baking the imaged DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range. The direct write continuous wave laser preferably operates at a wavelength of 244 nm or 257 nm. In an alternative embodiment, the organic antireflection coating may be applied over an inorganic antireflection coating which overlies the chrome containing layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2004
    Publication date: July 29, 2004
    Inventors: Scott Fuller, Melvin W. Montgomery, Jeffrey A. Albelo, Alex Buxbaum
  • Publication number: 20040063003
    Abstract: We are able to significantly reduce variations in critical dimension from target for features in a patterned photoresist, where the patterned photoresist is generated during the fabrication of a reticle (photomask) to be used in semiconductor processing. The ability to maintain the targeted critical dimension of patterned photoresist features which were imaged using a direct write process depends upon the use of a photoresist binder resin system which provides a sufficiently dense structure to sterically hinder the movement of photoacid-labile groups after irradiation of such groups (writing of the pattern). As importantly, the photoacid groups which are used to generate the pattern need to be such that they are activated only at temperatures above about 70° C., and preferably at temperatures in the range of 110° C. to 150° C. Further improvement in uniformity of developed photoresist feature size across the reticle surface is achieved by controlling a combination of variables during development.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Publication date: April 1, 2004
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Melvin Warren Montgomery, Alex Buxbaum, Scott Edward Fuller, Cecilia Annette Montgomery
  • Patent number: 6703169
    Abstract: One principal embodiment of the disclosure pertains to a method of optically fabricating a photomask using a direct write continuous wave laser, comprising a series of steps including: applying an organic antireflection coating over a surface of a photomask which includes a chrome-containing layer; applying a chemically-amplified DUV photoresist over the organic antireflection coating; post apply baking the DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range; exposing a surface of the DUV photoresist to the direct write continuous wave laser; and, post exposure baking the imaged DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range. The direct write continuous wave laser preferably operates at a wavelength of 244 nm or 257 nm. In an alternative embodiment, the organic antireflection coating may be applied over an inorganic antireflection coating which overlies the chrome containing layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Fuller, Melvin W. Montgomery, Jeffrey A. Albelo, Alex Buxbaum
  • Publication number: 20030180634
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Publication date: September 25, 2003
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin W. Montgomery
  • Patent number: 6582861
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin W. Montgomery
  • Publication number: 20030027083
    Abstract: One principal embodiment of the disclosure pertains to a method of optically fabricating a photomask using a direct write continuous wave laser, comprising a series of steps including: applying an organic antireflection coating over a surface of a photomask which includes a chrome-containing layer; applying a chemically-amplified DUV photoresist over the organic antireflection coating; post apply baking the DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range; exposing a surface of the DUV photoresist to the direct write continuous wave laser; and, post exposure baking the imaged DUV photoresist over a specific temperature range. The direct write continuous wave laser preferably operates at a wavelength of 244 nm or 257 nm. In an alternative embodiment, the organic antireflection coating may be applied over an inorganic antireflection coating which overlies the chrome containing layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2001
    Publication date: February 6, 2003
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Fuller, Melvin W. Montgomery, Jeffrey A. Albelo, Alex Buxbaum
  • Publication number: 20020160274
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of improving control over the dimensions of a patterned photoresist, which enables better control of the critical dimensions of a photomask or reticle which is fabricated using the patterned photoresist. In addition, the method may be used to enable improved control over the dimensions of a semiconductor device fabricated using a patterned photoresist. In particular, a patterned photoresist is treated with an etchant plasma to reshape the surface of the patterned photoresist, where reshaping includes the removal of “t”-topping at the upper surface of the patterned resist, the removal of standing waves present on patterned surfaces, and the removal of feet which may be present at the base of the patterned photoresist, where the photoresist contacts an underlying layer such as an ARC layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2001
    Publication date: October 31, 2002
    Applicant: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Alex Buxbaum, Melvin W. Montgomery