Publication number: 20080306260
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing aryl or heteroaryl amines, ethers or thioethers (III) by cross-coupling primary or secondary amities, alcohols or thioalcohols with substituted aryl or heteroaryl compounds (I) in the presence of a Brønsted base and a catalyst or a pre-catalyst containing a) a transition metal, a complex, a salt, or a compound of a transition metal from the group V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt, and b) at least one sulfonated phosphane ligand in a solvent or a solvent mixture corresponding to Scheme 1 wherein Hal represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, alkoxy, trifluoromethane sulfonate, nonafluorotrimethyl-methane sulfonate, methane sulfonate, 4-nitrobenzene sulfonate, benzene sulfonate, 2-naphthalene sulfonate, 3-nitrobenzene sulfonate, 4-nitrobenzene sulfonate, 4-chlorobenzene sulfonate, 2,4,6-triisopropylbenzene sulfonate or any other sulfonate, and X represents O, S or NR?. The invention also relates to novel phosphane ligands.
June 14, 2006
December 11, 2008
Andreas Meudt, Sven Nerdinger, Bernd Wilhelm Lehnemann, Joerg Jung, Till Vogel, Victor Snieckus
Publication number: 20080206826
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing single enantiomer epoxides by reducing ?-leaving group-substituted ketones with (R)- or (S)-selective alcohol dehydrogenases in the presence of a cofactor and optionally a suitable system for regenerating the oxidised cofactor, to produce the corresponding single enantiomer alcohols and subsequently, by means of cyclisation induced by a base, the corresponding single enantiomer epoxides (EQUATION 1) wherein LG may stand for F, Cl, Br, I, OSO2Ar, OSO2CH3, OSO2R or OP(O)OR2, and R1, R2 and R3, independently of one another, stand for hydrogen, a branched or unbranched, optionally substituted C1-C20-alkyl radical, symbolize an optionally randomly substituted C3-C1-10-cycloalkyl or alkenyl radical or a randomly substituted carbo- or heterocyclic aryl radical, or correspond to a radical from the group CO2R, CONR2, COSR, CS2R, C(NH)NR2, CN, CHaI3, ArO, ArS, RO, RS, CHO, OH, NHR, NR2, Cl, F, Br, I or SiR3.
June 7, 2006
August 28, 2008
Andreas Meudt, Richard Wisdom, Claudius Boehm