Patents by Inventor Andrew J. Detor

Andrew J. Detor has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190145016
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, with both positive and negative current portions, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size deposit. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of the absolute value of the time integrated amplitude of negative polarity current and positive polarity current. Grain size can be precisely controlled in alloys of two or more chemical components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active. Typically, although not always, the amount of the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened in the deposit during times of negative current. The deposit also exhibits superior macroscopic quality, being relatively crack and void free.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2019
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 10179954
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active, such as nickel and tungsten and molybdenum. Typically, the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened during negative current. Coatings can be layered, each having an average grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also graded through a region. Deposits can be substantially free of either cracks or voids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 8906216
    Abstract: Bipolar current electrodeposits a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio relates the absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative polarity and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, one of which being a metal, and one of which being most electro-active. Typically the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened in the deposit during negative current. The deposit is relatively crack and void free. Grain size is typically a function of deposit composition, which is typically a function of Polarity Ratio. Specified grain size can be achieved by selecting a corresponding Polarity Ratio. Coatings can be in layers, each having a grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also in a graded fashion. A finished article may be built upon a substrate of electro-conductive plastic, or metal, including steels, aluminum, brass. The substrate may remain, or be removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Publication number: 20140242409
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active, such as nickel and tungsten and molybdenum. Typically, the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened during negative current. Coatings can be layered, each having an average grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also graded through a region. Deposits can be substantially free of either cracks or voids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 8728630
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active. Typically, the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened during negative current. Current density, duration of pulse portions, and bath composition are determined with reference to relations showing grain size as a function of deposit composition, and deposit composition as a function of Polarity Ratio, or a single relation showing grain size as a function of Polarity ratio. A specified size can be achieved by selecting a corresponding Polarity Ratio. Coatings can be layered, each having an average grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also graded through a region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Publication number: 20090130479
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active. Typically, the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened during negative current. Current density, duration of pulse portions, and bath composition are determined with reference to relations showing grain size as a function of deposit composition, and deposit composition as a function of Polarity Ratio, or a single relation showing grain size as a function of Polarity ratio. A specified size can be achieved by selecting a corresponding Polarity Ratio. Coatings can be layered, each having an average grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also graded through a region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Publication number: 20090057159
    Abstract: Bipolar current electrodeposits a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio relates the absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative polarity and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, one of which being a metal, and one of which being most electro-active. Typically the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened in the deposit during negative current. The deposit is relatively crack and void free. Grain size is typically a function of deposit composition, which is typically a function of Polarity Ratio. Specified grain size can be achieved by selecting a corresponding Polarity Ratio. Coatings can be in layers, each having a grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also in a graded fashion. A finished article may be built upon a substrate of electro-conductive plastic, or metal, including steels, aluminum, brass. The substrate may remain, or be removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Publication date: March 5, 2009
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 7425255
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, with both positive and negative current portions, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size deposit. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of the absolute value of the time integrated amplitude of negative polarity current and positive polarity current. Grain size can be precisely controlled in alloys of two or more chemical components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active. Typically, although not always, the amount of the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened in the deposit during times of negative current. The deposit also exhibits superior macroscopic quality, being relatively crack and void free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2008
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh