Patents by Inventor Aruna Zhamu

Aruna Zhamu has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200102221
    Abstract: A process for producing an integrated layer (10 nm to 500 ?m) of highly oriented halogenated graphene sheets, comprising: (a) preparing a graphene oxide (GO) dispersion having GO sheets dispersed in a fluid medium; (b) dispensing and depositing a layer of GO dispersion onto a surface of a supporting substrate under a shear stress condition that induces orientation of GO sheets to form a wet layer of GO on the supporting substrate; (c) introducing a halogenating agent into the wet layer of graphene oxide and effecting a chemical reaction between the halogenating agent and GO sheets to form a wet layer of halogenated graphene, C6ZxOy, wherein Z is a halogen element selected from F, Cl, Br, I, or a combination thereof, x=0.01 to 6.0, y=0 to 5.0, and x+y?6.0; and (d) removing the fluid medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2019
    Publication date: April 2, 2020
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10601034
    Abstract: A method of producing a powder mass for a lithium battery, the method comprising: (a) Providing a solution containing a sulfonated elastomer dissolved in a solvent or a precursor in a liquid form or dissolved in a solvent; (b) dispersing a plurality of particles of an anode active material in the solution to form a slurry; and (c) dispensing the slurry and removing the solvent and/or polymerizing/curing the precursor to form the powder mass, wherein the powder mass comprises multiple particulates and at least a particulate is composed of one or a plurality of particles of an anode active material being encapsulated by a thin layer of sulfonated elastomer having a thickness from 1 nm to 10 ?m, a fully recoverable tensile strain from 2% to 800%, and a lithium ion conductivity from 10?7 S/cm to 5×10?2 S/cm at room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10597389
    Abstract: A humic acid-bonded metal foil current collector in a battery or supercapacitor, comprising: (a) a thin metal foil having two opposed but parallel primary surfaces; and (b) a thin film of humic acid (HA) or a mixture of HA and graphene, having hexagonal carbon planes, wherein HA or both HA and graphene are chemically bonded to at least one of the two primary surfaces; wherein the thin film has a thickness from 10 nm to 10 ?m, an oxygen content from 0.01% to 10% by weight, an inter-planar spacing of 0.335 to 0.50 nm between hexagonal carbon planes, a physical density from 1.3 to 2.2 g/cm3, all hexagonal carbon planes being oriented substantially parallel to each other and parallel to the primary surfaces, exhibiting a thermal conductivity greater than 500 W/mK, and/or electrical conductivity greater than 1,500 S/cm when measured alone without the metal foil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Publication number: 20200091507
    Abstract: Provided is particulate of a cathode active material for a lithium battery, comprising one or a plurality of cathode active material particles being embraced or encapsulated by a thin layer of a high-elasticity polymer having a recoverable tensile strain no less than 5%, a lithium ion conductivity no less than 10?6 S/cm at room temperature, and a thickness from 0.5 nm to 10 ?m, wherein the polymer contains an ultrahigh molecular weight (UHMW) polymer having a molecular weight from 0.5×106 to 9×106 grams/mole. The UHMW polymer is preferably selected from polyacrylonitrile, polyethylene oxide, polypropylene oxide, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylamide, poly(methyl methacrylate), poly(methyl ether acrylate), a copolymer thereof, a sulfonated derivative thereof, a chemical derivative thereof, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Publication date: March 19, 2020
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10593932
    Abstract: Provided is a process for producing a sulfur cathode for a metal-sulfur battery. The process comprises: (a) Preparing a humic acid-derived foam or combined humic acid/graphene-derived foam composed of multiple pores and pore walls, wherein the pore walls contain one or a plurality of hexagonal carbon atomic planes; and (b) Impregnating the foam with sulfur or sulfide in a form of thin particles or coating, having a diameter or thickness less than 500 nm, which are lodged in the pores or deposited on the pore walls of the foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10591230
    Abstract: A unitary graphene-based integrated heat sink comprising a heat collection member (base) and at least one heat dissipation member (e.g. fins) integral to the baser, wherein the base is configured to be in thermal contact with a heat source, collects heat therefrom, and dissipates heat through the fins. The unitary graphene material is obtained from heat-treating a graphene oxide gel at a temperature higher than 100° C., 500° C., 1,250° C., or 2,000° C., and contains chemically bonded graphene molecules having inter-graphene distance of 0.3354-0.4 nm (preferably <0.337 nm). The unitary graphene material is a graphene single crystal, a poly-crystal with incomplete grain boundaries, or a poly-crystal having large grain sizes (e.g. >mm or cm), exhibiting a degree of graphitization preferably from 1% to 100% and a Mosaic spread value less than 0.7 (preferably no greater than 0.4). The finned heat sink may also be made from a filler-reinforced graphene matrix composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Wei Xiong, Bor Z. Jang, Yi-jun Lin
  • Patent number: 10584216
    Abstract: A process for producing a humic acid (HA)-derived foam, comprising: (a) preparing a HA dispersion having multiple HA molecules and an optional blowing agent dispersed in a liquid medium having a blowing agent-to-HA weight ratio from 0/1.0 to 1.0/1.0; (b) dispensing and depositing the HA dispersion onto a surface of a supporting substrate to form a wet HA layer; (c) partially or completely removing liquid medium from the wet HA layer to form a dried HA layer; and (d) heat treating the dried HA layer at a first heat treatment temperature from 80° C. to 3,200° C. at a desired heating rate sufficient to induce volatile gas molecules from the non-carbon elements or to activate the blowing agent for producing the HA-derived foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10586661
    Abstract: A process for producing a thin film graphene oxide-bonded metal foil current collector for a battery or supercapacitor, comprising: (a) preparing a graphene oxide gel having graphene oxide (GO) molecules dissolved in a fluid medium; (b) depositing a layer of GO gel onto at least one of two primary surfaces of a metal foil to form a layer of wet graphene oxide gel, wherein the depositing procedure includes shear-induced thinning of the GO gel; (c) partially or completely removing said fluid medium from the deposited wet layer to form a dry film of GO having an inter-plane spacing d002 of 0.4 nm to 1.2 nm as determined by X-ray diffraction; and (d) heat treating the dry film of graphene oxide to form the thin film graphene oxide-bonded metal foil current collector at a heat treatment temperature from 80° C. to 2,500° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Yi-Jun Lin, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10586982
    Abstract: Provided is an alkali metal-sulfur cell comprises: (A) an anode comprising (i) an anode active material layer composed of fine particles of a first anode active material, an optional conductive additive, and an optional binder and, prior to assembly of the cell, (ii) a layer of an alkali metal or alkali metal alloy having greater than 50% by weight of lithium, sodium, or potassium therein, wherein the layer of alkali metal or alkali metal alloy is in physical contact with the anode active material layer; (B) a cathode active material layer and an optional cathode current collector, wherein the cathode active material layer contains multiple particulates of a sulfur-containing material selected from a sulfur-carbon hybrid, sulfur-graphite hybrid, sulfur-graphene hybrid, conducting polymer-sulfur hybrid, metal sulfide, sulfur compound, or a combination thereof; and (C) an electrolyte in ionic contact with the anode active material layer and the cathode active material layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10581064
    Abstract: A lithium-ion battery anode layer, comprising an anode active material embedded in pores of a solid graphene foam composed of multiple pores and pore walls, wherein (a) the pore walls contain a pristine graphene material having essentially no (less than 0.01%) non-carbon elements or a non-pristine graphene material having 0.01% to 5% by weight of non-carbon elements; (b) the anode active material is in an amount from 0.5% to 95% by weight based on the total weight of the graphene foam and the anode active material combined, and (c) some of the multiple pores are lodged with particles of the anode active material and other pores are particle-free, and the graphene foam is sufficiently elastic to accommodate volume expansion and shrinkage of the particles of the anode active material during a battery charge-discharge cycle to avoid expansion of the anode layer. Preferably, the solid graphene foam has a density from 0.01 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10573894
    Abstract: Provided is an anode active material layer for a lithium battery. This layer comprises multiple particulates of an anode active material, wherein at least a particulate is composed of one or a plurality of particles of a high-capacity anode active material being encapsulated by a thin layer of elastomeric material that has a lithium ion conductivity no less than 10?7 S/cm (preferably no less than 10?5 S/cm) at room temperature and an encapsulating shell thickness from 1 nm to 10 ?m, and wherein the high-capacity anode active material (e.g. Si, Ge, Sn, SnO2, Co3O4, etc.) has a specific capacity of lithium storage greater than 372 mAh/g (the theoretical lithium storage limit of graphite).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10566482
    Abstract: This invention provides an inorganic coating-protected unitary graphene material article for concentrated photovoltaic cell heat dissipation. The article comprises at least a layer of unitary graphene material having two primary surfaces and an electrically non-conducting layer of inorganic coating deposited on at least one of the primary surfaces, wherein the unitary graphene material is obtained from heat-treating a graphene oxide gel at a heat treatment temperature higher than 100° C. and contains chemically bonded graphene molecules or chemically merged graphene planes having an inter-graphene spacing no greater than 0.40 nm, preferably less than 0.337 nm, and most preferably less than 0.3346 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Mingchao Wang, Wei Xiong, Bor Z. Jang, Yi-jun Lin
  • Patent number: 10566668
    Abstract: Provided is an internal hybrid electrochemical cell comprising: (a) a pseudocapacitance-like cathode comprising a cathode active material that contains both graphene sheets and a porphyrin compound, including porphyrin or a porphyrin complex, wherein the porphyrin compound is bonded to or supported by primary surfaces of graphene sheets to form a redox pair for pseudocapacitance; (b) a battery-like anode comprising an anode active material selected from sodium metal, a sodium metal alloy, a sodium intercalation compound, a sodium-containing compound, or a combination thereof, and (c) a sodium-containing electrolyte in physical contact with the anode and the cathode; wherein the cathode active material has a specific surface area no less than 100 m2/g which is in direct physical contact with the electrolyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Nanotek Instruments Group, LLC
    Inventors: Songhai Chai, Yen-Po Lin, Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Publication number: 20200051709
    Abstract: An optically transparent and electrically conductive film composed of metal nanowires or carbon nanotubes combined with pristine graphene with a metal nanowire-to-graphene or carbon nanotube-to-graphene weight ratio from 1/99 to 99/1, wherein the pristine graphene is single-crystalline and contains no oxygen and no hydrogen, and the film exhibits an optical transparence no less than 80% and sheet resistance no higher than 300 ohm/square. This film can be used as a transparent conductive electrode in an electro-optic device, such as a photovoltaic or solar cell, light-emitting diode, photo-detector, touch screen, electro-wetting display, liquid crystal display, plasma display, LED display, a TV screen, a computer screen, or a mobile phone screen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2019
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Applicant: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Yi-jun Lin, Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Publication number: 20200052325
    Abstract: Provided is a lithium-ion battery containing an anode, a cathode, a porous separator, and an electrolyte, wherein the cathode comprises particles of a cathode active material that are packed together to form a cathode active material layer having interstitial spaces to accommodate a lithium ion receptor disposed therein and configured to receive lithium ions from the anode and enable lithium ions to enter the particles in a time-delayed manner, wherein the receptor comprises lithium-capturing groups selected from (a) redox forming species that reversibly form a redox pair with a lithium ion when the battery is charged; (b) electron-donating groups interspaced between non-electron-donating groups; (c) anions and cations wherein the anions are less or more mobile than the cations; (d) chemical reducing groups that partially reduce lithium ions from Li+1 to Li+?, wherein 0<?<1; (e) an ionic liquid; or (f) a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2018
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Applicant: Nanotek Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Publication number: 20200052350
    Abstract: Provided is a method of improving fast-dischargeability or high rate capability of a lithium secondary battery containing an anode, a cathode, a porous separator disposed between the anode and the cathode, and an electrolyte, wherein the method comprises packing particles of a cathode active material to form a cathode active material layer having interstitial spaces and disposing a lithium ion receptor in the interstitial spaces, configured to receive lithium ions from the anode through the porous separator when the battery is discharged and to enable the lithium ions to enter the particles of cathode active material in a time-delayed manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2018
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Applicant: Nanotek Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Publication number: 20200052290
    Abstract: A method of producing a pre-sulfurized active cathode layer for a rechargeable alkali metal-sulfur cell; the method comprising: (a) preparing an integral layer of mesoporous structure of a carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer having a specific surface area greater than 100 m2/g; (b) preparing an electrolyte comprising a solvent and a sulfur source; (c) preparing an anode; and (d) bringing the integral layer and the anode in ionic contact with the electrolyte and imposing an electric current between the anode and the integral layer (serving as a cathode) to electrochemically deposit nanoscaled sulfur particles or coating on the graphene surfaces. The sulfur particles or coating have a thickness or diameter smaller than 20 nm (preferably <10 nm, more preferably <5 nm or even <3 nm) and occupy a weight fraction of at least 70% (preferably >90% or even >95%).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2019
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Applicant: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Hui He, Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10559826
    Abstract: Provided is a multivalent metal-ion battery comprising an anode, a cathode, a porous separator electronically separating the anode and the cathode, and an electrolyte in ionic contact with the anode and the cathode to support reversible deposition and dissolution of a multivalent metal, selected from Ni, Zn, Be, Mg, Ca, Ba, La, Ti, Ta, Zr, Nb, Mn, V, Co, Fe, Cd, Cr, Ga, In, or a combination thereof, at the anode, wherein the anode contains the multivalent metal or its alloy as an anode active material and the cathode comprises a cathode layer of an exfoliated graphite or carbon material recompressed to form an active layer that is oriented in such a manner that the active layer has a graphite edge plane in direct contact with the electrolyte and facing or contacting the separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10559830
    Abstract: A lithium battery cathode layer comprising multiple particles or coating of a cathode active material and a solid graphene foam composed of multiple pores and pore walls, wherein (a) the pore walls contain a pristine graphene material having less than 0.01% by weight of non-carbon elements or a non-pristine graphene material having 0.01% to 5% by weight of non-carbon elements; (b) the cathode active material is selected from a metal fluoride or metal chloride, has a size from 1 nm to 10 ?m, and is in an amount from 0.5% to 99% by weight based on the total weight of said graphene foam and the cathode active material combined; and (c) some of the multiple pores are lodged with the particles or coating of the cathode active material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z Jang
  • Patent number: 10559815
    Abstract: Provided is graphene-embraced particulate for use as a lithium-ion battery anode active material, wherein the particulate comprises primary particle(s) of an anode active material and multiple sheets of a first graphene material overlapped together to embrace or encapsulate the primary particle(s) and wherein a single or a plurality of graphene-encapsulated primary particles, along with an optional conductive additive, are further embraced or encapsulated by multiple sheets of a second graphene material, wherein the first graphene and the second graphene material is each in an amount from 0.01% to 20% by weight and the optional conductive additive is in an amount from 0% to 50% by weight, all based on the total weight of the particulate. Also provided are an anode and a battery comprising multiple graphene-embraced particulates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Jun Yin, Jen-Hsien Yang, Yu-Sheng Su, Bor Z. Jang