Patents by Inventor Ashlynn L. Z. Lee

Ashlynn L. Z. Lee has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180228835
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polymers having one or two cationic polycarbonate chains were prepared by organocatalyzed ring opening polymerization. One antimicrobial cationic polymer has a polymer chain consisting essentially of cationic carbonate repeat units linked to one or two end groups. The end groups can comprise a covalently bound form of biologically active compound such as cholesterol. Other antimicrobial cationic polymers have a random copolycarbonate chain comprising a minor mole fraction of hydrophobic repeat units bearing a covalently bound form of a vitamin E and/or vitamin D2. The cationic polymers exhibit high activity and selectivity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive microbes and fungi.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2018
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Inventors: Willy Chin, Daniel J. Coady, Richard A. Dipietro, Amanda C. Engler, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Zhan-Yuin Ong, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9999633
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polymers having one or two cationic polycarbonate chains were prepared by organocatalyzed ring opening polymerization. One antimicrobial cationic polymer has a polymer chain consisting essentially of cationic carbonate repeat units linked to one or two end groups. The end groups can comprise a covalently bound form of biologically active compound such as cholesterol. Other antimicrobial cationic polymers have a random copolycarbonate chain comprising a minor mole fraction of hydrophobic repeat units bearing a covalently bound form of a vitamin E and/or vitamin D2. The cationic polymers exhibit high activity and selectivity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive microbes and fungi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: Willy Chin, Daniel J. Coady, Amanda C. Engler, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Zhan-Yuin Ong, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9987369
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks linked to the central block by linking groups bearing one or more hydrogen bond forming *—N(H)—* groups. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions have utility in depot injections for drug delivery. The hydrogen bonding *—N(H)—* group(s) provide longer in vivo lifetime of the hydrogel before degradation and a more prolonged and controlled release rate of a hydrophobic drug compared to similar hydrogels prepared from poly(ethylene glycol).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: Wei Cheng, Mareva B. Fevre, James L. Hedrick, Nor Lizawati Ibrahim, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Robert J. Ono, Chuan Yang, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20180117162
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks linked to the central block by linking groups bearing one or more hydrogen bond forming *—N(H)—* groups. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions have utility in depot injections for drug delivery. The hydrogen bonding *—N(H)—* group(s) provide longer in vivo lifetime of the hydrogel before degradation and a more prolonged and controlled release rate of a hydrophobic drug compared to similar hydrogels prepared from poly(ethylene glycol).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2016
    Publication date: May 3, 2018
    Inventors: Wei Cheng, Mareva B. Fevre, James L. Hedrick, Nor Lizawati Ibrahim, Ashlynn L.Z. Lee, Victor W.L. Ng, Robert J. Ono, Chuan Yang, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9854806
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polycarbonates and polyurethanes have been prepared comprising one or more pendent guanidinium and/or isothiouronium groups. Additionally, antimicrobial particles were prepared having a silica core linked to surface groups comprising a guanidinium and/or isothiouronium group. The cationic polymers and cationic particles can be potent antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative microbes, Gram-positive microbes, and/or fungi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: Willy Chin, James L. Hedrick, Nor Lizawati Ibrahim, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Robert J. Ono, Qingxing Xu, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20170303541
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polycarbonates and polyurethanes have been prepared comprising one or more pendent guanidinium and/or isothiouronium groups. Additionally, antimicrobial particles were prepared having a silica core linked to surface groups comprising a guanidinium and/or isothiouronium group. The cationic polymers and cationic particles can be potent antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative microbes, Gram-positive microbes, and/or fungi.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Inventors: Willy Chin, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Robert J. Ono, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9718957
    Abstract: Paramagnetic, amphiphilic, biocompatible polymers were prepared comprising a carbonate repeat unit bearing a paramagnetic organic radical, more specifically a nitroxyl radical. The radical polymers can be produced in one step from a precursor polymer bearing an active ester side chain by treating the precursor polymer with a radical-bearing nucleophile. The precursor polymer can be prepared by organocatalyzed catalyzed ring opening polymerization (ROP) of a cyclic carbonate monomer bearing an active ester side chain. The radical polymers can be non-toxic and partially biodegradable. The radical polymers have utility as contrast enhancing agents in a medical imaging application and/or as therapeutic agents for treating a medical condition. The radical polymers can also serve as carriers for therapeutic agents (e.g., drugs) and/or medical image enhancing agents (e.g., NIRF dyes).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: Julian M. W. Chan, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Rudy J. Wojtecki, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9637592
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20170051105
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Publication date: February 23, 2017
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L.Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9511146
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency For Science, Technology And Research
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20160338356
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polycarbonates and polyurethanes have been prepared comprising one or more pendent guanidinium and/or isothiouronium groups. Additionally, antimicrobial particles were prepared having a silica core linked to surface groups comprising a guanidinium and/or isothiouronium group. The cationic polymers and cationic particles can be potent antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative microbes, Gram-positive microbes, and/or fungi.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Publication date: November 24, 2016
    Inventors: Willy Chin, James L. Hedrick, Nor Lizawati Ibrahim, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Robert J. Ono, Qingxing Xu, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20160220705
    Abstract: Paramagnetic, amphiphilic, biocompatible polymers were prepared comprising a carbonate repeat unit bearing a paramagnetic organic radical, more specifically a nitroxyl radical. The radical polymers can be produced in one step from a precursor polymer bearing an active ester side chain by treating the precursor polymer with a radical-bearing nucleophile. The precursor polymer can be prepared by organocatalyzed catalyzed ring opening polymerization (ROP) of a cyclic carbonate monomer bearing an active ester side chain. The radical polymers can be non-toxic and partially biodegradable. The radical polymers have utility as contrast enhancing agents in a medical imaging application and/or as therapeutic agents for treating a medical condition. The radical polymers can also serve as carriers for therapeutic agents (e.g., drugs) and/or medical image enhancing agents (e.g., NIRF dyes).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Publication date: August 4, 2016
    Inventors: Julian M. W. Chan, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Rudy J. Wojtecki, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20150231257
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Publication date: August 20, 2015
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Patent number: 9040034
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Agency for Science, Technology and Research
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20140301970
    Abstract: Gel-forming block copolymers were prepared comprising i) a central hydrophilic block consisting essentially of a divalent poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) two peripheral monocarbonate or polycarbonate hydrophobic blocks. The hydrophobic blocks comprise one or more vitamin-bearing subunits. The vitamin-bearing subunits comprise a carbonate backbone portion and a side chain comprising a covalently bound form of a vitamin. The gel-forming block copolymers can be used to prepare various biodegradable and/or biocompatible hydrogel and organogel drug compositions, in particular antimicrobial and/or anti-tumor drug compositions. The hydrogel compositions can be suitable for depot injections. Synergistic enhancement of toxicity to microbes was observed with compositions comprising an antimicrobial cationic polymer and an antimicrobial compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicants: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Yi Yan Yang
  • Publication number: 20140301967
    Abstract: Antimicrobial cationic polymers having one or two cationic polycarbonate chains were prepared by organocatalyzed ring opening polymerization. One antimicrobial cationic polymer has a polymer chain consisting essentially of cationic carbonate repeat units linked to one or two end groups. The end groups can comprise a covalently bound form of biologically active compound such as cholesterol. Other antimicrobial cationic polymers have a random copolycarbonate chain comprising a minor mole fraction of hydrophobic repeat units bearing a covalently bound form of a vitamin E and/or vitamin D2. The cationic polymers exhibit high activity and selectivity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive microbes and fungi.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicants: AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Willy Chin, Daniel J. Coady, Richard A. Dipietro, Amanda C. Engler, James L. Hedrick, Ashlynn L. Z. Lee, Victor W. L. Ng, Zhan-Yuin Ong, Yi Yan Yang