Patents by Inventor Axel Scherer

Axel Scherer has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210012860
    Abstract: This disclosure provides methods, systems, compositions, and kits for the multiplexed detection of a plurality of analytes in a sample. In some examples, this disclosure provides methods, systems, compositions, and kits wherein multiple analytes may be detected in a single sample volume by acquiring a cumulative measurement or measurements of at least one quantifiable component of a signal. In some cases, additional components of a signal, or additional signals (or components thereof) are also quantified. Each signal or component of a signal may be used to construct a coding scheme which can then be used to determine the presence or absence of any analyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2020
    Publication date: January 14, 2021
    Inventors: Emil P. Kartalov, Aditya Rajagopal, Axel Scherer
  • Patent number: 10889863
    Abstract: FRET-based analytes detection and related methods and systems are described where a pair of FRET labeled primers and/or oligonucleotides are used that are specific for target sequences located at a distance up to four time the Förster distance of the FRET chromophores presented on the FRET labeled primers and/or oligonucleotides one with respect to the other in one or more polynucleotide analyte; in particular the pair of FRET labeled primers and/or oligonucleotides is combined with a sample and subjected to one or more polynucleotide amplification reactions before measuring FRET signals from at least one FRET chromophore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Emil P. Kartalov, Aditya Rajagopal, Axel Scherer, Mark D. Goldberg
  • Publication number: 20210002732
    Abstract: Medical systems for detecting a genetic variation in a polynucleotide analyte in a sample. A fluorophore is attached to a first primer, a quencher is attached to a second primer, and the first primer and the second primer are specific for the polynucleotide analyte. The primers are configured to amplify the polynucleotide analyte having the genetic variation and a corresponding polynucleotide analyte lacking the generic variation. There is a detectable difference between a change in signal generated by the fluorophore and quencher, and measured by a sensor of the medical system, when using the first and second primers to amplify the polynucleotide analyte with the genetic variation, and a change in signal generated by the fluorophore and quencher, and measured by the sensor of the medical system, when using the first and second primers to amplify the corresponding polynucleotide analyte lacking the genetic variation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2020
    Publication date: January 7, 2021
    Inventors: Aditya Rajagopal, Mark D. Goldberg, Erika F. Garcia, Xiomara L. Madero, Thomas A. Tombrello, Axel Scherer
  • Patent number: 10820844
    Abstract: Wireless electrochemical measurements methods using minimally invasive micro-sensors that monitor response of cells to specific analytes are described. Micro-actuators integrated on a same chip as the micro-sensors are used to provide closed loop in-vivo local therapy on demand. An in-vivo bio-electronic system that can monitor the health of cell colonies and accordingly dispense corresponding therapeutic drugs is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignees: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, THE TRUSTEES OF DARTMOUTH COLLEGE
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Arti Gaur
  • Publication number: 20200309676
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed toward optical elements, such as sample cuvettes, lenses, prisms, and the like, whose transmissivity is increased by the addition of a geometric anti-reflection layer disposed on at least one surface of the optical element, where the geometric anti-reflection layer includes a plurality of geometric features that collectively reduce the reflectivity of the interface between the surface and another medium. As a result, more of an optical signal incident on the surface passes through the interface. In some embodiments, every surface through which an optical signal passes includes a geometric anti-reflection layer. Due to the increased transmissivity of the optical element, in some embodiments, the use of low-cost, high-refractive-index materials, such as conventional silicon, is enabled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2020
    Publication date: October 1, 2020
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Amirhossein Nateghi, Taeyoon Jeon, Frank T. Hartley
  • Patent number: 10770170
    Abstract: This disclosure provides methods, systems, compositions, and kits for the multiplexed detection of a plurality of analytes in a sample. In some examples, this disclosure provides methods, systems, compositions, and kits wherein multiple analytes may be detected in a single sample volume by acquiring a cumulative measurement or measurements of at least one quantifiable component of a signal. In some cases, additional components of a signal, or additional signals (or components thereof) are also quantified. Each signal or component of a signal may be used to construct a coding scheme which can then be used to determine the presence or absence of any analyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Emil P. Kartalov, Aditya Rajagopal, Axel Scherer
  • Publication number: 20200278294
    Abstract: Light detectors that combine field emission with light focusing by surface plasmon polaritons. Methods and devices that allow detection and measurement of light at high frequencies in the THz range are described. The disclosed devices include plasmonic metal contacts with a narrow nanometer-sized gap to couple an optical waveguide mode into a plasmonic mode thereby generating filed emission currents by biasing the contacts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2020
    Publication date: September 3, 2020
    Inventors: William M. JONES, Lucia B. DE ROSE, Axel SCHERER
  • Publication number: 20200249091
    Abstract: An infrared spectrometer for operation in the mid-infrared spectral range is presented, where the spectrometer includes a Bragg-mirror-based spectral filter that is operative for providing an interrogation signal whose spectral content is dispersed along a first direction at a filter aperture. The filter aperture is imaged through a sample by a thermal-imaging camera to create a focused image that is based on the interrogation signal and the absorption characteristics of the sample. As a result, embodiments in accordance with the present disclosure can be smaller, less complex, and less expensive than infrared spectrometers known in the prior art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2020
    Publication date: August 6, 2020
    Inventors: Axel SCHERER, Taeyoon JEON
  • Patent number: 10712258
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed toward a cuvette for holding a test sample during optical interrogation with a light signal. The transmissivity of the cuvette is increased by a geometric anti-reflection layer disposed on at least one surface of the cuvette, where the geometric anti-reflection layer includes a plurality of geometric features that collectively reduce the reflectivity of the interface between the surface and another medium. As a result, more of the interrogation signal passes through the interface. In some embodiments, every surface through which the interrogation signal passes includes a geometric anti-reflection layer. Due to the increased transmissivity of the cuvette, light detected after passing through it can have an improved signal-to-noise ratio and/or the light signal used to interrogate the sample can have lower intensity. In addition, the reduction of the reflectivity of each surface enables the use of low-cost, high-refractive-index materials, such as conventional silicon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Amirhossein Nateghi, Taeyoon Jeon, Frank T. Hartley
  • Publication number: 20200216155
    Abstract: Methods to build implantable micro-sensors used to detect tissue-dissolved inert gas and to detect microbubble formation to avoid Caisson disease are described. The disclosed methods and devices are based on measuring physical changes in hydrophobic liquids after absorbing an inert gas such as nitrogen. The teachings of the disclosure help improve safety and efficiency of diving operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2019
    Publication date: July 9, 2020
    Inventors: Emil P. KARTALOV, Axel SCHERER
  • Patent number: 10633734
    Abstract: Devices, systems, and methods for detection of an analyte in a sample are disclosed. In some embodiments, an optical sensor can include a metallic layer and a plurality of dielectric pillars extending through the metallic layer. A plurality of regions of concentrated light can be supported in proximity to the ends of the plurality of dielectric pillars when a surface of the metallic layer is illuminated. Concentrated light within one or more of these regions can interact with an analyte molecule, allowing for detection of the analyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Sameer Sudhir Walavalkar, Andrew Peter Homyk, William Maxwell Jones, Axel Scherer, Scott Fraser, Thai Viet Truong
  • Patent number: 10622181
    Abstract: Nanoscale field-emission devices are presented, wherein the devices include at least a pair of electrodes separated by a gap through which field emission of electrons from one electrode to the other occurs. The gap is dimensioned such that only a low voltage is required to induce field emission. As a result, the emitted electrons energy that is below the ionization potential of the gas or gasses that reside within the gap. In some embodiments, the gap is small enough that the distance between the electrodes is shorter than the mean-free path of electrons in air at atmospheric pressure. As a result, the field-emission devices do not require a vacuum environment for operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, William M. Jones, Danil M. Lukin, Sameer Walavalkar, Chieh-feng Chang
  • Patent number: 10612125
    Abstract: A multilayer structure can selectively bind certain molecules, due to reentrant spaces having an appropriate size. The multilayers can be fabricated by alternating layers of two different materials having different etching rate. The layers of the material having a higher etching rate form reentrant spaces which can protect molecules from further chemical interactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Peter A Petillo, Deepan Kishore Kumar
  • Patent number: 10612078
    Abstract: A sensor incorporates one or more working electrodes, a counter electrode and a reference electrode. The sensor is inserted in a needle and connected to control electronics to detect the concentration of target molecules. The electrodes are arrays of nanostructures increasing the detection surface area. The nanostructures are functionalized with nucleic acids which bind to select target molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Meisam Honarvar Nazari, Muhammad Mujeeb-U-Rahman, Axel Scherer
  • Patent number: 10603650
    Abstract: Methods and systems for nanopillar sensors are described. Nanopillars can be defined on a substrate, and metal deposited on the nanopillars. A thermal treatment can reflow the metal on the nanopillars forming metallic bulbs on the top end of the nanopillars. These structures can have enhanced optical detection when functionalized with biological agents, or can detect gases, particles and liquids through interaction with the metal layer on the nanopillars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Sameer Walavalkar, Axel Scherer
  • Patent number: 10597737
    Abstract: Methods and kits for detecting a genetic variation in a polynucleotide analyte in a sample. A fluorophore is attached to a first primer, a quencher is attached to a second primer, and the first primer and the second primer are specific for the polynucleotide analyte. At least one of the primers is configured to hybridize to a region of the polynucleotide analyte encoding the genetic variation. The primers are configured to amplify the polynucleotide analyte having the genetic variation and a corresponding polynucleotide analyte lacking the generic variation. There is a detectable difference between a change in signal generated by the fluorophore and quencher when using the first and second primers to amplify the polynucleotide analyte with the genetic variation, and a change in signal generated by the fluorophore and quencher when using the first and second primers to amplify the corresponding polynucleotide analyte lacking the genetic variation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Aditya Rajagopal, Mark D. Goldberg, Erika F. Garcia, Xiomara L. Madero, Thomas A. Tombrello, Axel Scherer
  • Publication number: 20200041508
    Abstract: An implantable diagnostic device in accordance with the present disclosure provides various benefits such as a compact size thereby allowing implanting of the device inside animate objects; low cost due to incorporation of inexpensive detection circuitry and the use of conventional IC fabrication techniques; re-usability by heating thereby allowing multiple diagnostic tests to be performed without discarding the device; and a configuration that allows performing of simultaneous and/or sequential diagnostic tests for detecting one or more similar or dissimilar target molecules concurrently or at different times.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2019
    Publication date: February 6, 2020
    Inventors: Axel SCHERER, Samuel NJOROGE, Jingqing HUANG
  • Patent number: 10509018
    Abstract: The present invention provides microfluidic devices and methods for using the same. In particular, microfluidic devices of the present invention are useful in conducting a variety of assays and high throughput screening. Microfluidic devices of the present invention include elastomeric components and comprise a main flow channel; a plurality of branch flow channels; a plurality of control channels; and a plurality of valves. Preferably, each of the valves comprises one of the control channels and an elastomeric segment that is deflectable into or retractable from the main or branch flow channel upon which the valve operates in response to an actuation force applied to the control channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Stephen R. Quake, Marc A. Unger, Hou-Pu Chou, Todd A. Thorsen, Axel Scherer
  • Patent number: 10488256
    Abstract: A Fabry-Perot cavity-based spectral notch filter is disclosed, where the filter is operative for providing an output optical signal whose spectral content is spatially dispersed along at least one direction, while also controlling the spectral position and spectral range of the output light. In some embodiments, the spectral filter is integrated with a detector arrays to realize a compact, high-resolution spectrometer that can rapidly acquire the absorption spectrum of a sample with high sensitivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Taeyoon Jeon
  • Patent number: 10481157
    Abstract: An implantable diagnostic device in accordance with the present disclosure provides various benefits such as a compact size thereby allowing implanting of the device inside animate objects; low cost due to incorporation of inexpensive detection circuitry and the use of conventional IC fabrication techniques; re-usability by heating thereby allowing multiple diagnostic tests to be performed without discarding the device; and a configuration that allows performing of simultaneous and/or sequential diagnostic tests for detecting one or more similar or dissimilar target molecules concurrently or at different times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Samuel Njoroge, Jingqing Huang