Patents by Inventor Babak Amirsolaimani

Babak Amirsolaimani has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11022791
    Abstract: A method includes obtaining a first optical assembly including a first optical element and a first flexible membrane. The first optical element has a first optical element surface and a second optical element surface that is opposite to the first optical element surface. The first flexible membrane has a first membrane surface and a second membrane surface that is opposite to the first membrane surface. The first optical element is a geometric phase optical element or a polarization volume hologram optical element. The second optical element surface of the first optical element is coupled with at least a first portion of the first membrane surface of the first flexible membrane. The method also includes coupling the first optical element with the first flexible membrane attached thereto to a target substrate. Also disclosed is an optical assembly comprising the first optical element and the first flexible membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Babak Amirsolaimani, Scott Charles Mceldowney, Andrew John Ouderkirk
  • Patent number: 11016304
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a substrate that has a first surface and a second surface that is opposite to and substantially parallel with the first surface, a reflector, and a volume Bragg grating (VBG). The VBG is configured to transmit light incident upon the VBG at an incident angle that is within a first predetermined angular range and to reflect light that is incident upon the VBG at an incident angle that is within a second predetermined angular range distinct from the first angular range. The optical assembly is configured to transmit first light received at the first surface in an optical path that includes reflection at the reflector and at the VBG. The optical assembly is also configured to transmit second light received at the first surface such that the second light is output from the second surface without undergoing reflection at either the reflector or the VBG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Ying Geng, Brian Wheelwright, Jacques Gollier, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam Sulai, Babak Amirsolaimani, Weichuan Gao
  • Patent number: 10996466
    Abstract: An optical film fabrication method, an optical film and a head-mounted display are provided. The optical film fabrication method comprises: providing a substrate having a curved surface; dispensing a photo-alignment (PAM) layer on the curved surface of the substrate and exposing the PAM layer to spatially-uniformly polarized light; dispensing a birefringent material layer on the PAM layer; and curing the birefringent material layer to form a birefringent film on the curved surface. An optic axis orientation of birefringent material molecules in the birefringent film are spatially uniform across the birefringent film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Babak Amirsolaimani, Ying Geng
  • Patent number: 10989928
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a substrate having a first surface and a second surface that is opposite to and substantially parallel with the first surface. The substrate also includes a reflector and a beam splitter, each of which is coupled to the substrate. The optical assembly is configured to transmit image light received at the first surface in an optical path that includes reflection at each of the reflector and the beam splitter before the image light is output from the second surface. The optical assembly is also configured to transmit ambient light received at the first surface such that the second light is output from the second surface without undergoing reflection at either the reflector or the beam splitter. A method of transmitting light through the optical assembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Ying Geng, Brian Wheelwright, Jacques Gollier, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam Sulai, Fenglin Peng, Babak Amirsolaimani
  • Publication number: 20210116727
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a first polarization-sensitive reflector, a second polarization-sensitive reflector, and a Faraday rotator. The first polarization-sensitive reflector is positioned to transmit light having a first polarization, and reflect light having a second polarization that is orthogonal to the first polarization. The second polarization-sensitive reflector is positioned to reflect light having a third polarization that is different from the first polarization and the second polarization, and transmit light having a fourth polarization that is orthogonal to the third polarization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: April 22, 2021
    Inventors: Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO
  • Patent number: 10983341
    Abstract: An eye-tracker for determining a position of the pupil of an eye includes a detector and an optical element. The optical element is configured to receive first light reflected off the eye and reflectively diffract a portion of the first light that has a first polarization toward the detector. The optical element is also configured to transmit second light. The second light includes a second portion of the first light that has a second polarization that is different from the first polarization. A head-mounted display device that includes a display system and the eye-tracker is also disclosed. A method for determining the location of a pupil of an eye is also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Ying Geng, Babak Amirsolaimani, Scott Charles McEldowney, Wanli Chi, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam Sulai
  • Publication number: 20210109362
    Abstract: A multipass scanner usable e.g. in a near-eye display is disclosed. The multipass scanner scans a light beam angularly, forming an image in angular domain. The multipass scanner includes a light source, a tiltable reflector, and a multipass coupler that couples light emitted by the light source to the tiltable reflector, receives the reflected light and couples it back to the tiltable reflector to double the scanning angle. Then, the multipass coupler couples the light reflected at least twice from the tiltable reflector to an exit pupil of the scanner. A pupil-replicating waveguide disposed at the exit pupil of the scanner extends the image in angular domain. Multiple reflections of the light beam from the tiltable reflector enable one to increase the angular scanning range and associated field of view of the display without having to increase the angular scanning range of the tiltable reflector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2019
    Publication date: April 15, 2021
    Inventors: Brian Wheelwright, Weichuan Gao, Babak Amirsolaimani, Ying Geng
  • Publication number: 20210103140
    Abstract: A beam scanner for a near-eye display includes a beam-folded pupil relay configured for receiving a light beam reflected from a tiltable reflector and relaying the light beam to an exit pupil while preserving the beam angle of the reflected beam. The beam-folding pupil relay includes a beamsplitter, e.g. a polarization beam splitter configured to redirect the beam to a curved reflector, which sends the beam towards the exit pupil. Polarization of the light beam reflected from the curved reflector may be changed to an orthogonal polarization by a waveplate disposed in an optical path of the light beam between the polarization beam splitter and the curved reflector, enabling the reflected light beam to propagate through the polarization beam splitter towards the exit pupil. A pupil-replicating waveguide may be disposed proximate the exit pupil. A 2D tiltable reflector or a pair of 1D tiltable reflectors may be used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2019
    Publication date: April 8, 2021
    Inventors: Weichuan Gao, Brian Wheelwright, Babak Amirsolaimani
  • Patent number: 10969675
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a first optical waveguide, a first in-coupler coupled with the first optical waveguide and a projector configured to project image light toward a first side of the first optical waveguide. The optical assembly also includes a first scanning reflector optically coupled with the projector and disposed on a second side of the first optical waveguide that is opposite to the first side. The projector is configured to project image light. The first scanning reflector is configured to receive the image light and to redirect the image light across a first range of directions. The first in-coupler is configured to redirect a first portion of the image light so that the first portion of the image light undergoes total internal reflection inside the first optical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Brian Wheelwright, Yun-Han Lee, Babak Amirsolaimani, Weichuan Gao
  • Patent number: 10969599
    Abstract: A device includes a first optical element configured to receive first light in a first direction. The first light includes a first component having a first circular polarization and a second component having a second circular polarization. The first optical element is also configured to convert the first component of the first light into second light having the second circular polarization and output the second light in a second direction. The first optical element is further configured to convert the second component of the first light into third light having the first circular polarization and output the third light in a third direction. The device also includes a second optical configured to receive and transmit the second light and to receive the third light and convert to the third light into fourth light having the second circular polarization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Scott Charles McEldowney, Babak Amirsolaimani, Lu Lu
  • Publication number: 20210096453
    Abstract: An optical assembly for projecting light from a display includes a first optical waveguide, a reflective optical element configured, and a first in-coupler. The reflective optical element is configured to receive first light having first polarization from the display and to reflect the first light as second light having second polarization distinct from the first polarization. The first in-coupler is coupled with the first optical waveguide. The first in-coupler is configured to receive and transmit the first light. The first in-coupler is further configured to receive the second light and redirect a first portion of the second light so that the first portion of the second light undergoes total internal reflection inside the first optical waveguide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Publication date: April 1, 2021
    Inventors: Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Yun-Han LEE, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO
  • Patent number: 10955675
    Abstract: A display device is configurable to be operable in a first mode and a second mode. The display device includes an emission surface configured to output image light, a first optical assembly, and a second optical assembly. The first optical assembly is configured to receive image light from the emission surface and to direct the image light toward the eyes of a user at a first optical power. The second optical assembly includes a first region configured to receive image light from the emission surface and to direct the image light toward the eyes of a user at a second optical power. The second optical assembly also includes a second region configured to receive ambient light and to transmit at least a portion of the received ambient light at a third optical power distinct from and less than the first optical power and the second optical power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Brian Wheelwright, Jacques Gollier, Ying Geng, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam Sulai, Fenglin Peng, Babak Amirsolaimani
  • Publication number: 20210080721
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a substrate having a first surface and a second surface that is opposite to and substantially parallel with the first surface. The substrate also includes a reflector and a beam splitter, each of which is coupled to the substrate. The optical assembly is configured to transmit image light received at the first surface in an optical path that includes reflection at each of the reflector and the beam splitter before the image light is output from the second surface. The optical assembly is also configured to transmit ambient light received at the first surface such that the second light is output from the second surface without undergoing reflection at either the reflector or the beam splitter. A method of transmitting light through the optical assembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Ying GENG, Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Jacques GOLLIER, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam SULAI, Fenglin PENG, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI
  • Publication number: 20210080725
    Abstract: A display device includes an optical diffuser configured to, in response to receiving image light, output diffused image light having a same polarization as the image light. The optical diffuser is also configured to transmit ambient light. The display device also includes an optical assembly that includes a substrate, a reflector coupled to the substrate, and a beam splitter coupled to the substrate. The optical assembly is configured to transmit the diffused image light at a first optical power by reflecting the diffused image light at the reflector and at the beam splitter and to transmit the transmitted ambient light at a second optical power that is less than the first optical power without reflection at the reflector or the beam splitter. A method for transmitting light through the display device is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam SULAI, Gang LI, Ying GENG, Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Jacques GOLLIER, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO
  • Publication number: 20210080739
    Abstract: A display device includes a light source, a spatial light modulator (SLM), and an optical assembly that includes a first reflective surface and a second reflective surface that is opposite to the first reflective surface. The light source is configured to provide illumination light. The optical assembly is configured to receive the illumination light. At least a first portion of the illumination light received by the optical assembly is transmitted through the first reflective surface toward the second reflective surface, is reflected by the second reflective surface toward the first reflective surface, is reflected by the first reflective surface toward the second reflective surface, and is transmitted through the second reflective surface. The SLM is configured to receive and modulate the portion of the illumination light transmitted through the optical assembly, and to output the modulated light. A method performed by the display device is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Ying GENG, Jacques GOLLIER, Weichuan GAO, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI
  • Publication number: 20210080722
    Abstract: An optical assembly a substrate having a first surface and a second surface that is opposite to and substantially parallel with the first surface. The first surface has a first curved profile and the second surface has a second curved profile. The optical assembly also includes a beam splitter on the first surface and a reflector on the second surface. The optical assembly is configured to transmit image light received at the first surface in an optical path that includes reflection at each of the reflector and the beam splitter before the image light is output from the second surface. The optical assembly is also configured to transmit ambient light received at the first surface such that the second light is output from the second surface without undergoing reflection at either the reflector or the beam splitter. A method of transmitting light through the optical assembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Ying GENG, Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Jacques GOLLIER, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam SULAI
  • Publication number: 20210080723
    Abstract: An optical assembly includes a substrate that has a first surface and a second surface that is opposite to and substantially parallel with the first surface, a reflector, and a volume Bragg grating (VBG). The VBG is configured to transmit light incident upon the VBG at an incident angle that is within a first predetermined angular range and to reflect light that is incident upon the VBG at an incident angle that is within a second predetermined angular range distinct from the first angular range. The optical assembly is configured to transmit first light received at the first surface in an optical path that includes reflection at the reflector and at the VBG. The optical assembly is also configured to transmit second light received at the first surface such that the second light is output from the second surface without undergoing reflection at either the reflector or the VBG.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Ying GENG, Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Jacques GOLLIER, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam SULAI, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO
  • Publication number: 20210080726
    Abstract: A display device includes a projector and a display that has a first surface and a second surface. The projector is configured to project image light toward the display. The display is configured to output diffused image light from the first surface and to transmit ambient light from the second surface to the first surface. The display device also includes an optical assembly that has a substrate with substantially uniform thickness. The optical assembly is configured to receive the diffused image light and transmit a portion of the diffused image light output from the first surface of the display at a first optical power. The optical assembly is also configured to receive the ambient light and transmit a portion of the ambient light through the optical assembly at a second optical power that is less than the first optical power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Ying GENG, Brian WHEELWRIGHT, Jacques GOLLIER, Yusufu Njoni Bamaxam SULAI, Babak AMIRSOLAIMANI, Weichuan GAO, Gang LI, Mengfei WANG, Adrian TRAVIS
  • Publication number: 20210080719
    Abstract: A beam scanner of a projector-based near-eye display includes a polarization volume hologram (PVH) grating. The PVH grating receives a polarized light beam from a light source and couples the beam to a tiltable reflector, e.g. a 2D tiltable MEMS reflector, for angular scanning the beam. The light beam impinging onto the tiltable reflector is separated from the light beam reflected from the tiltable reflector by polarization, due to the PVH grating diffracting light of only one handedness of polarization. Upon reflection from the tiltable reflector, the beam changes the handedness of polarization, which enables its separation from the impinging beam. The beam scanner may receive multiple light beams from multiple light sources. A projector and a near-eye display based on such beam scanners are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2019
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Inventors: Babak Amirsolaimani, Brian Wheelwright, Ying Geng, Weichuan Gao
  • Patent number: 10942378
    Abstract: A pupil-replicating waveguide suitable for operation with a coherent light source is disclosed. A waveguide body has opposed surfaces for guiding a beam of image light. An out-coupling element is disposed in an optical path of the beam for out-coupling portions of the beam at a plurality of spaced apart locations along the optical path. Electrodes are coupled to at least a portion of the waveguide body for modulating an optical path length of the optical path of the beam to create time-varying phase delays between the portions of the beam out-coupled by the out-coupling element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Maimone, Andrew Ouderkirk, Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Maxwell Parsons, Scott Charles McEldowney, Babak Amirsolaimani, Pasi Saarikko, Wanli Chi, Giuseppe Calafiore, Alexander Koshelev, Barry David Silverstein, Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Gang Li, Stephan Lutgen, Francois Olivier, David Massoubre