Patents by Inventor Barry Liss

Barry Liss has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10947466
    Abstract: A method is provided for thermally processing waste to produce steam and generate energy while minimizing air pollutants in a staged thermal reactor. The method includes gasifying the waste to convert the waste to a fuel gas and a substantially carbon free, inert, granulated, sintered mineral ash and reforming the fuel gas auto-thermally to minimize creation of nitrogen oxide when the fuel gas is combusted. The method further includes burning the reformed fuel gas to minimize creation of nitrogen oxide in a flame region of a fuel gas burner and recirculating cooled flue gas to control oxygen content and temperature during the reforming operation and the burning operation. In one example, reforming the fuel gas converts non-molecular nitrogen species into molecular nitrogen in an auto-thermal non-catalytic reformer unit by decomposition reactions promoted by a prevailing reducing gas atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson, Bary Wallace Wilson
  • Patent number: 10782021
    Abstract: A method is provided for thermally converting non-radioactive combustible wastes to a substantially non-hazardous, non-leachable, sintered particulate carbon-less ash by-product in a kiln having a plurality of reaction zones. The kiln including first and second ends and a body provided between the first and second ends that defines a cavity having a refractory lining that provides resistance to heat conduction. A processor and flow rate controllers are provided that control a flow rate through the body of waste that enters at the first end of the kiln and the flow rate of oxidant gas that enters at the second end of the kiln, the second end being opposite to the first end. The body may be positioned substantially horizontal and may include a length-to-diameter ratio and a resistance to heat conduction that provides a temperature gradient within the cavity to forms separate reaction zones during operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson
  • Publication number: 20190276757
    Abstract: A method is provided for thermally processing waste to produce steam and generate energy while minimizing air pollutants in a staged thermal reactor. The method includes gasifying the waste to convert the waste to a fuel gas and a substantially carbon free, inert, granulated, sintered mineral ash and reforming the fuel gas auto-thermally to minimize creation of nitrogen oxide when the fuel gas is combusted. The method further includes burning the reformed fuel gas to minimize creation of nitrogen oxide in a flame region of a fuel gas burner and recirculating cooled flue gas to control oxygen content and temperature during the reforming operation and the burning operation. In one example, reforming the fuel gas converts non-molecular nitrogen species into molecular nitrogen in an auto-thermal non-catalytic reformer unit by decomposition reactions promoted by a prevailing reducing gas atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2019
    Publication date: September 12, 2019
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson, Bary Wallace Wilson
  • Patent number: 10329500
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided that receives waste and generates electrical power or thermal energy with minimal NOx emissions. A gasifier is provided that receives the waste and air to produce fuel gas for delivery to a fluidly coupled reformer. The reformer receives the fuel gas, recycled flue gas, and air to auto-thermally produce a reformed fuel gas and destroy fuel gas pollutants at a first temperature without a catalyst. A burner is fluidly coupled to the reformer and receives recycled flue gas and air to oxidize the reformed fuel gas at a second temperature that prevents nitrogen oxide formation, the second temperature being lower than the first temperature. A quench chamber is fluidly coupled to the burner and receives flue gas from the burner for quenching with recycled flue gas. A heat recovery system is fluidly coupled to the reformer, burner, and quench chamber to extract usable energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson, Bary Wallace Wilson
  • Publication number: 20180051877
    Abstract: A method is provided for thermally converting non-radioactive combustible wastes to a substantially non-hazardous, non-leachable, sintered particulate carbon-less ash by-product in a kiln having a plurality of reaction zones. The kiln including first and second ends and a body provided between the first and second ends that defines a cavity having a refractory lining that provides resistance to heat conduction. A processor and flow rate controllers are provided that control a flow rate through the body of waste that enters at the first end of the kiln and the flow rate of oxidant gas that enters at the second end of the kiln, the second end being opposite to the first end. The body may be positioned substantially horizontal and may include a length-to-diameter ratio and a resistance to heat conduction that provides a temperature gradient within the cavity to forms separate reaction zones during operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Publication date: February 22, 2018
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson
  • Publication number: 20170218284
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided that receives waste and generates electrical power or thermal energy with minimal NOx emissions. A gasifier is provided that receives the waste and air to produce fuel gas for delivery to a fluidly coupled reformer. The reformer receives the fuel gas, recycled flue gas, and air to auto-thermally produce a reformed fuel gas and destroy fuel gas pollutants at a first temperature without a catalyst. A burner is fluidly coupled to the reformer and receives recycled flue gas and air to oxidize the reformed fuel gas at a second temperature that prevents nitrogen oxide formation, the second temperature being lower than the first temperature. A quench chamber is fluidly coupled to the burner and receives flue gas from the burner for quenching with recycled flue gas. A heat recovery system is fluidly coupled to the reformer, burner, and quench chamber to extract usable energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Publication date: August 3, 2017
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Brandon Ruf Wilson, Bary Wallace Wilson
  • Publication number: 20110315096
    Abstract: The invention provides a system and method for the efficient, clean and simultaneous conversion of multiple fuels, including but not limited to waste derived gas, liquid and solid phase fuels, to electrical energy. The present invention used a closely coupled combined thermal cycle system based on an air fed gasifier and an internal combustion engine. Steam generated by exhaust heat from an internal combustion engine and from the combustion of syngas produced by the gasifier is used to power an admission steam turbine in an efficient system in which components such as water treatment, heat recovery, and other components are common to gasifier and the internal combustion engine. The invention offers several advantages over other combined cycle power plants employing gasifiers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: ITI Group Corporation
    Inventors: Bary Wilson, Brandon Ruf Wilson, Barry Liss
  • Patent number: 4410420
    Abstract: A multi-zone fluidized bed hydrocarbon conversion process and apparatus for producing gas and distillable liquid products from heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks. The feedstock is introduced into an upper fluidized bed primary cracking zone maintained at temperature of 850.degree.-1400.degree. F. for cracking reactions therein, and resulting tars and coke are deposited on and within a particulate carrier material contained therein. The carrier material containing said tars and coke descends successively through a stripping zone to remove tars and an interim controlled temperature zone for secondary cracking against an upflowing hot reducing gas, then descends into a lower fluidized bed gasification zone. The gasification zone is maintained at temperature of 1600.degree.-1900.degree. F. by oxygen-containing gas and steam introduced therein to gasify the coke deposits and produce the reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1983
    Assignee: HRI, Inc.
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Michael Calderon, Marvin S. Rakow
  • Patent number: 4200495
    Abstract: In the introduction of fresh carbonaceous particles into a fluid-bed reaction zone at injection velocities in excess of 20 ft/sec, a shroud gas is passed through a shroud passage on the injection nozzle at a velocity in excess of about 750 ft/sec, preferably at from about 1,000 to about 5,000 ft/sec, in sufficient quantities to supply a substantial portion of the overall energy input into the reaction zone for dispersion of the fresh particles and for breaking up of any agglomerates formed upon injection of the fresh particles into the reaction zone. By accommodating the agglomerating tendencies of the fresh feed material, the high energy shroud gas effectively contributes to the prevention of defluidization of the bed. The shroud gas may be inert or may comprise a gaseous reagent that reacts with the fresh carbonaceous particles in the reaction zone. The energy supplied by the shroud gas desirably is at least about 80% of said energy input to the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1980
    Inventors: Barry Liss, Charles R. Welter
  • Patent number: 4200494
    Abstract: Fresh carbonaceous particles are introduced into a fluid-bed reaction zone containing a bed of non-agglomerating particles at an injection velocity in excess of about 200 ft/sec with the fresh particles having been preheated to a temperature within the plastic transformation range of the particles and introduced rapidly and directly into said bed of non-agglomerating particles. The reaction zone may be a hydrocarbonization zone, a carbonization zone, a gasification zone or any other fluid-bed reaction zone in which defluidization may be caused by undue agglomeration of the feed particles. A fluidized stream of the preheated carbonaceous particles may be introduced at said high injection velocity in a vertically upwards direction or otherwise, as from one or more injection points positioned vertically along the side of the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1980
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: Charles R. Welter, Barry Liss, Hubert G. Davis, Charles W. Albright