Patents by Inventor Benjamin R. Bollinger

Benjamin R. Bollinger has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11486305
    Abstract: A method including: (i) receiving a first amount of electricity into a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”) from a power generation plant supplying a second amount of electricity to an electrical grid; (ii) operating the PHES system in a charge mode, converting at least a portion of the received first amount of electricity to stored thermal energy; and (iii) increasing a power level of the PHES system such that the first amount of electricity that the PHES system receives from the power generation plant is increased such that the second amount of electricity supplied to the electrical grid by the power generation plant is a reduced amount of electricity less than the second amount of electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2022
    Assignee: MALTA INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Patent number: 11454167
    Abstract: A system including: (i) a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”), wherein the PHES system is operable in a charge mode to convert electricity into stored thermal energy in a hot thermal storage (“HTS”) medium; (ii) an electric heater in thermal contact with the hot HTS medium, wherein the electric heater is operable to heat the hot HTS medium above a temperature achievable by transferring heat from a working fluid to a warm HTS medium in a thermodynamic cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2022
    Assignee: MALTA INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Patent number: 11429116
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein enable routine autonomous execution of at least some major phases of aerostat operation in response to commands from human or automated external operators, a built-in decision-making capacity, or both. Various embodiments combine one or more actively controlled tethers, aerodynamic aerostat control surfaces, mechanical assistive devices (e.g., jointed arms attached to a ground station), and/or active propulsors attached to the aerostat to govern aerostat behavior during launch, flight, and landing phases of operation. Some embodiments enable automatic autonomous performance of all phases of routine post-commissioning aerostat operation, including launch, flight, and landing, without any routine need for availability of a human crew.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignee: Altaeros Energies, Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin William Glass, Benjamin Ryan Bollinger, Igor Braverman, Peter Carleton Mitton, Jr., Ephraim R. Lanford
  • Patent number: 11396826
    Abstract: A method including: (i) operating a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”) in a charge mode to convert electricity into stored thermal energy in a hot thermal storage medium (“HTS medium”) by transferring heat from a working fluid to a warm HTS medium, resulting in a hot HTS medium, wherein the PHES system is further operable in a generation mode to convert at least a portion of the stored thermal energy into electricity; and (ii) heating the hot HTS medium with an electric heater above a temperature achievable by transferring heat from the working fluid to the warm HTS medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2022
    Assignee: MALTA INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Publication number: 20220136433
    Abstract: A system including: (i) a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”), wherein the PHES system is operable in a charge mode to convert electricity into stored thermal energy in a hot thermal storage (“HTS”) medium; (ii) an electric heater in thermal contact with the hot HTS medium, wherein the electric heater is operable to heat the hot HTS medium above a temperature achievable by transferring heat from a working fluid to a warm HTS medium in a thermodynamic cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2021
    Publication date: May 5, 2022
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Publication number: 20220049652
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides pumped heat energy storage systems that can be used to store and/or extract electrical energy. A pumped heat energy storage system of the present disclosure can store energy by operating as a heat pump, whereby net work input can be used to transfer heat from the cold side to the hot side. A working fluid of the system is capable of efficient heat exchange with heat storage fluids on a hot side of the system and on a cold side of the system. Such pumped energy storage systems can be beneficially integrated with thermal plants to provided heat transfer to and/or from the thermal plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2021
    Publication date: February 17, 2022
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Publication number: 20220049651
    Abstract: A method including: (i) receiving a first amount of electricity into a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”) from a power generation plant supplying a second amount of electricity to an electrical grid; (ii) operating the PHES system in a charge mode, converting at least a portion of the received first amount of electricity to stored thermal energy; and (iii) increasing a power level of the PHES system such that the first amount of electricity that the PHES system receives from the power generation plant is increased such that the second amount of electricity supplied to the electrical grid by the power generation plant is a reduced amount of electricity less than the second amount of electricity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Publication date: February 17, 2022
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Publication number: 20220049653
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides pumped heat energy storage systems that can be used to store and/or extract electrical energy. A pumped heat energy storage system of the present disclosure can store energy by operating as a heat pump, whereby net work input can be used to transfer heat from the cold side to the hot side. A working fluid of the system is capable of efficient heat exchange with heat storage fluids on a hot side of the system and on a cold side of the system. Such pumped energy storage systems can be beneficially integrated with steam plants to provided heating to the steam cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2021
    Publication date: February 17, 2022
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao Truong, Michael Geyer, Frederick Redell
  • Publication number: 20220049630
    Abstract: A method including: (i) operating a pumped-heat energy storage system (“PHES system”) in a charge mode to convert electricity into stored thermal energy in a hot thermal storage medium (“HTS medium”) by transferring heat from a working fluid to a warm HTS medium, resulting in a hot HTS medium, wherein the PHES system is further operable in a generation mode to convert at least a portion of the stored thermal energy into electricity; and (ii) heating the hot HTS medium with an electric heater above a temperature achievable by transferring heat from the working fluid to the warm HTS medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Publication date: February 17, 2022
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Bao H. Truong
  • Publication number: 20140234123
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for rapidly and isothermally expanding and compressing gas in energy storage and recovery systems that use open-air hydraulic-pneumatic cylinder assemblies, such as an accumulator and an intensifier in communication with a high-pressure gas storage reservoir on a gas-side of the circuits and a combination fluid motor/pump, coupled to a combination electric generator/motor on the fluid side of the circuits. The systems use heat transfer subsystems in communication with at least one of the cylinder assemblies or reservoir to thermally condition the gas being expanded or compressed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Izenson, Weibo Chen, Patrick J. Magari, Benjamin Cameron, Robert Cook, Horst Richter
  • Patent number: 8806866
    Abstract: In various embodiments, foam is compressed to store energy and/or expanded to recover energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Jon Bessette, Alexander Bell, Dax Kepshire, Arne LaVen, Adam Rauwerdink
  • Patent number: 8763390
    Abstract: In various embodiments, compressed-gas energy storage and recovery systems include a cylinder assembly for compression and/or expansion of gas, a reservoir for storage and/or supply of compressed gas, and a system for thermally conditioning gas within the reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Troy O. McBride, Benjamin Cameron, Patrick Magari, Michael Izenson, Weibo Chen
  • Patent number: 8733094
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for rapidly and isothermally expanding and compressing gas in energy storage and recovery systems that use open-air hydraulic-pneumatic cylinder assemblies, such as an accumulator and an intensifier in communication with a high-pressure gas storage reservoir on a gas-side of the circuits and a combination fluid motor/pump, coupled to a combination electric generator/motor on the fluid side of the circuits. The systems use heat transfer subsystems in communication with at least one of the cylinder assemblies or reservoir to thermally condition the gas being expanded or compressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Sustainx, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Izenson, Weibo Chen, Patrick Magari, Benjamin Cameron, Robert Cook, Horst Richter
  • Patent number: 8733095
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mechanical assembly and/or storage vessel is fluidly coupled to a circulation apparatus for receiving pressurized heat-transfer fluid from an outlet at a first elevated pressure, boosting a pressure of the heat-transfer fluid to a second pressure larger than the first pressure, and returning heat-transfer fluid to an inlet at a third pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Sustainx, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Neil Scott, Robert Cook, Patrick J. Magari
  • Publication number: 20140130490
    Abstract: In various embodiments, coupling losses between a cylinder assembly and other components of a gas compression and/or expansion system are reduced or eliminated via valve-timing control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Joel Berg
  • Patent number: 8677744
    Abstract: In various embodiments, heat is exchanged with a gas being compressed or expanded within an energy storage and recovery system without the use of flexible hoses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: SustaioX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger
  • Patent number: 8667792
    Abstract: In various embodiments, coupling losses between a cylinder assembly and other components of a gas compression and/or expansion system are reduced or eliminated via valve-timing control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Joel Berg
  • Publication number: 20140060027
    Abstract: In various embodiments, dead space and associated coupling losses are reduced in energy storage and recovery systems employing compressed air.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, John P. McCormick, Benjamin Cameron
  • Publication number: 20140047825
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods and systems for the storage and recovery of energy using open-air hydraulic-pneumatic accumulator and intensifier arrangements that combine at least one accumulator and at least one intensifier in communication with a high-pressure gas storage reservoir on a gas-side of the circuits and a combination fluid motor/pump, coupled to a combination electric generator/motor on the fluid side of the circuits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger
  • Publication number: 20140047826
    Abstract: In various embodiments, compressed-gas energy storage and recovery systems feature one or more valves, which may be disposed within end caps of cylinder assemblies in which gas is expanded and/or compressed, for admitting fluid to and/or exhausting fluid from the cylinder assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: SUSTAINX, INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Lee Doyle, Michael Neil Scott, Troy O. McBride, Andrew Shang