Patents by Inventor Brian J. Cragun

Brian J. Cragun has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10831352
    Abstract: A user interface is analyzed to identify a problem element in the user interface. A problem in the user interface is related to an initial value of an attribute of the problem element. A changed value of the attribute of the problem element is computed. A determination is made that the changed value satisfies a compliance rule applicable to the user interface. A first record and a second record are selected from a historical data. The first record includes a first value of a metric usable with the user interface, and the second record includes a second value of the metric. A difference between the second value and the first value is associated with the changed value as an expected change in the metric due to the changed value. The changed value and the expected change in the metric are presented as a remedy for the problem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Puthukode G. Ramachandran, Shunguo Yan
  • Patent number: 10467925
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include a NLP application used to coach a participant who violates a social norm during a conversation. For example, the NLP application can evaluate the textual representation of the conversation to determine if the participant is exhibiting a characteristic of autism or other medical disorder which violates a social norm, and if so, inform the participant. Once a characteristic of autism is identified, a coaching application may output text that informs the participant what particular characteristic he is exhibiting—e.g., the participant is ignoring an attempt by another participant to change the topic of the conversation. In addition to providing notice, in one embodiment, the coaching application suggests a corrective action to the participant. For example, if the participant fails to provide an appropriate response to an emotional statement, the coaching action may suggest a sympathetic statement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, Anthony W. Eichenlaub, John E. Petri, John C. Unterholzner
  • Patent number: 10395552
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include a NLP application used to coach a participant who violates a social norm during a conversation. For example, the NLP application can evaluate the textual representation of the conversation to determine if the participant is exhibiting a characteristic of autism or other medical disorder which violates a social norm, and if so, inform the participant. Once a characteristic of autism is identified, a coaching application may output text that informs the participant what particular characteristic he is exhibiting—e.g., the participant is ignoring an attempt by another participant to change the topic of the conversation. In addition to providing notice, in one embodiment, the coaching application suggests a corrective action to the participant. For example, if the participant fails to provide an appropriate response to an emotional statement, the coaching action may suggest a sympathetic statement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, Anthony W. Eichenlaub, John E. Petri, John C. Unterholzner
  • Publication number: 20190227700
    Abstract: A user interface is analyzed to identify a problem element in the user interface. A problem in the user interface is related to an initial value of an attribute of the problem element. A changed value of the attribute of the problem element is computed. A determination is made that the changed value satisfies a compliance rule applicable to the user interface. A first record and a second record are selected from a historical data. The first record includes a first value of a metric usable with the user interface, and the second record includes a second value of the metric. A difference between the second value and the first value is associated with the changed value as an expected change in the metric due to the changed value. The changed value and the expected change in the metric are presented as a remedy for the problem.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Puthukode G. Ramachandran, Shunguo Yan
  • Patent number: 10324596
    Abstract: A user interface is analyzed to identify a problem element in the user interface. A problem in the user interface is related to an initial value of an attribute of the problem element. A changed value of the attribute of the problem element is computed. A determination is made that the changed value satisfies a compliance rule applicable to the user interface. A first record and a second record are selected from a historical data. The first record includes a first value of a metric usable with the user interface, and the second record includes a second value of the metric. A difference between the second value and the first value is associated with the changed value as an expected change in the metric due to the changed value. The changed value and the expected change in the metric are presented as a remedy for the problem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Puthukode G. Ramachandran, Shunguo Yan
  • Patent number: 10176163
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include a natural language computing system that provides a diagnosis for a participant in the conversation which indicates the likelihood that the participant exhibited a symptom of autism. To provide the diagnosis, the computing system includes a diagnosis system that performs a training process to generate a machine learning model which is then used to evaluate a textual representation of the conversation. For example, the diagnosis system may receive one or more examples of baseline conversations that exhibit symptoms of autisms and those that do not. The diagnosis system may annotate and the baseline conversations and identify features that are used to identify the symptoms of autism. The system generates a machine learning model that weights the features according to whether the identified features are, or are not, an indicator of autism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, Anthony W. Eichenlaub, John E. Petri, John C. Unterholzner
  • Patent number: 10169323
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include a natural language computing system that provides a diagnosis for a participant in the conversation which indicates the likelihood that the participant exhibited a symptom of autism. To provide the diagnosis, the computing system includes a diagnosis system that performs a training process to generate a machine learning model which is then used to evaluate a textual representation of the conversation. For example, the diagnosis system may receive one or more examples of baseline conversations that exhibit symptoms of autisms and those that do not. The diagnosis system may annotate and the baseline conversations and identify features that are used to identify the symptoms of autism. The system generates a machine learning model that weights the features according to whether the identified features are, or are not, an indicator of autism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, Anthony W. Eichenlaub, John E. Petri, John C. Unterholzner
  • Patent number: 10140102
    Abstract: A first hierarchy of a first type of elements of a user interface is received from an application. A second application presents the user interface including a set of the first type of elements and a set of a second type of elements at a client. A second hierarchy of the second type of elements used in a system-specific presentation of the user interface is received from the application. A first element of the first type in the first hierarchy is determined to violate a condition specified in a compliance rule, and that a second element of the second type in the second hierarchy is related to the first element. An evaluation is made that an attribute of the second element causes the condition to be violated. The second element is reported.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Puthukode G. Ramachandran, Shunguo Yan
  • Patent number: 10032199
    Abstract: A media stream aggregation mechanism receives and analyzes multiple media streams and creates an aggregate media stream output based on user preferences. In this manner a media provider that uses the media stream aggregation mechanism potentially may provide a customized presentation to each user based on user preferences. By providing the aggregation of multiple media streams to a user, the user's experience is customized according to user preferences.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Zachary A. Garbow, Kevin G. Paterson, Candace T. Pederson
  • Patent number: 9811513
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and articles of manufacture for organizing and selecting structures used to generate forms for capturing information as annotations made for a variety of different type data objects are provided. Some embodiments allow annotation structures to be associated with specific pairings of data object types and user roles via entries in a configuration file. When a user selects a set of one or more data objects for annotation, the configuration file may be accessed to determine a proper annotation structure for use in generating an annotation form based on the selected data objects and a role of the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Christine A. Grev, Cale T. Rath
  • Patent number: 9721023
    Abstract: System, method, and computer program product to perform an operation to obfuscate search queries via broadened subqueries and recombining, by referencing an ontology to identify a set of generalized terms corresponding to at least one term of a received query, generating a plurality of subqueries based on the received query and the set of generalized terms, executing each of the plurality of subqueries to retrieve a result set for each respective subquery, and filtering the result sets using the received query to produce a result set responsive to the received query.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, John E. Petri
  • Patent number: 9721020
    Abstract: System, method, and computer program product to perform an operation to obfuscate search queries via broadened subqueries and recombining, by referencing an ontology to identify a set of generalized terms corresponding to at least one term of a received query, generating a plurality of subqueries based on the received query and the set of generalized terms, executing each of the plurality of subqueries to retrieve a result set for each respective subquery, and filtering the result sets using the received query to produce a result set responsive to the received query.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Adam T. Clark, Brian J. Cragun, John E. Petri
  • Patent number: 9632662
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and articles of manufacture for placing menu items in a radial menu. A radial menu may be displayed in response to receiving a predefined gesture made with a screen pointer. A plurality of global menu items may be placed at predefined locations in the radial menu. A set of local menu items that are to be displayed in the radial menu be determined and displayed in the radial menu based on one or more predefined relationships between the local or global radial menu items.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Paul R. Chmielewski, Brian J. Cragun, Michael J. Fork
  • Patent number: 9632988
    Abstract: Techniques are described for outputting web page components, or gadgets, on a web page or other graphical user interface. A gadget automatically conforms to particular styles based on the styles of the other gadgets and of controlling relationships to the other gadgets that are determined from page analysis and other policies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sean T. Brownlow, Brian J. Cragun, Michael T. Kalmbach, John E. Petri
  • Patent number: 9563422
    Abstract: A method, system, and computer program product for evaluating compliance of a user interface design are provided in the illustrative embodiments. A hierarchy of elements of a user interface is received from a first application executing in a client data processing system. A second application presents the user interface including a set of user interface elements at the client data processing system. A compliance rule is selected from a set of compliance rules. An evaluation is made whether an attribute associated with a user interface element meets a condition specified in the compliance rule. Responsive to the evaluating being negative, the user interface element is reported as being non-compliant with the compliance rule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Vikrant Nandakumar, Nitendra Rajput, Puthukode G. Ramachandran, Vivek Sharma, Shunguo Yan
  • Patent number: 9497248
    Abstract: The present invention generally provides methods, systems and articles of manufacture that provide an autonomous system for enabling rich network applications. Embodiments of the invention may monitor an existing network application and generate a profile on the network application based on what responses and data updates are triggered by various requests from a user. Embodiments of the invention may refactor the existing network application into a rich network application based on the profile created for that network application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, John E. Petri
  • Patent number: 9497408
    Abstract: A method, system, and article of manufacture that allows amateur camera operators to share video and audio with other amateur camera operators at the same event over a cooperative, ad hoc network. One embodiment of the present invention comprises forming an ad hoc network comprising a plurality of recording devices, and communicating audiovisual signals between the plurality of recording devices in the ad hoc network. In some embodiments, this method may further comprise transmitting a replay request to the plurality of recording devices and receiving an audiovisual signal corresponding to the replay request, transmitting a push request to the plurality of recording devices, and/or transmitting a message to at least one of the plurality of recording devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Brian J. Cragun
  • Patent number: 9471923
    Abstract: When a user requests licensed content, a dynamic licensing mechanism automatically requests and receives licenses for the licensed content when one or more criterion in a licensing policy is satisfied by license information relating to the content, without the user providing any further input to acquire the licenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, John E. Petri
  • Patent number: 9471901
    Abstract: Mechanisms are provided for representing white space in a graphical representation of a data model. These mechanisms involve analyzing output data that is to be output to a user via an output device, to identify white spaces in the output data. White spaces comprise portions of a range of metrics of output data values where the output data does not have data objects representing those portions of the range of metrics of output data. For each identified white space, a white space data object is created. The white space data objects are provided to an application which performs an operation on the white space data objects to output the white space data objects in a manner that identifies the white space data objects differently from non-white space data objects in the output data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian J. Cragun, Mary J. Mueller, James S. Taylor
  • Patent number: 9436380
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for facilitating selection of items from a radial menu. Radial menu items may be differentiated from one another based on a desired difficulty of selection from the radial menu. Where it is desirable to make a radial menu item easy to select, the radial menu item may be placed in a relatively larger pie slice of the radial menu. Conversely, where it is desirable to make a radial menu item difficult to select, the radial menu item may be placed in a relatively smaller pie slice of the radial menu.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Paul R. Chmielewski, Brian J. Cragun, Michael J. Fork