Patents by Inventor Brian R. Land

Brian R. Land has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210093237
    Abstract: A wearable device is described. The wearable device includes a housing having a back cover, and an optical mask on first portions of the back cover. The back cover includes a set of windows, with a first subset of windows in the set of windows being defined by an absence of the optical mask on second portions of the back cover, and a second subset of windows in the set of windows being inset in a set of openings in the back cover. An optical barrier surrounds each window in the second subset of windows. A set of light emitters is configured to emit light through at least some of the windows in the set of windows. A set of light detectors is configured to receive light through at least some of the windows in the set of windows.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2020
    Publication date: April 1, 2021
    Inventors: Vivek Venugopal, Ueyn L. Block, Brian R. Land, Paul D. Mannheimer, Albert E. Cerussi
  • Publication number: 20210076545
    Abstract: An electronic device can include a housing defining an aperture and at least partially defining an internal volume of the electronic device, an electromagnetic radiation emitter and an electromagnetic radiation detector disposed in the internal volume, and an optical component disposed in the aperture. The optical component can include a first and second transparent portions disposed above the electromagnetic radiation detector and the electromagnetic radiation emitter, and an opaque portion disposed between the first and second transparent portions. A conductive component can be in electrical communication with the opaque portion and one or more components of the electronic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2020
    Publication date: March 11, 2021
    Inventors: Maegan K. Spencer, Brian R. Land, Naoto Matsuyuki, Erik L. Wang, William C. Lukens, Steven C. Roach
  • Publication number: 20210068688
    Abstract: An electronic device can include a housing defining an aperture and at least partially defining an internal volume of the electronic device, an electromagnetic radiation emitter and an electromagnetic radiation detector disposed in the internal volume, and an optical component disposed in the aperture. The optical component can include a first and second transparent portions disposed above the electromagnetic radiation detector and the electromagnetic radiation emitter, and an opaque portion disposed between the first and second transparent portions and extending a thickness of the optical component. The first transparent portion, the second transparent portion, and the opaque portion can define a flush exterior surface of the electronic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2020
    Publication date: March 11, 2021
    Inventors: Maegan K. Spencer, Brian R. Land, Naoto Matsuyuki, Erik L. Wang, William C. Lukens, Steven C. Roach
  • Patent number: 10788361
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a housing in which a display is mounted. The display may have an active area in which images are displayed by an array of pixels and an inactive area that is free of pixels. A color ambient light sensor may make color and luminance measurements on ambient light received through an ambient light sensor window in the inactive area of the display or elsewhere in the electronic device. The color ambient light sensor may have color ambient light sensor elements of different colors. The ambient light sensor elements may extend in a row along an edge of the display or may have other configurations. Analog-to-digital converter circuitry and switching circuitry may gather color ambient light sensor measurements and measurements indicative of whether or not the color ambient light sensor has been obscured by an external object from the light sensor elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Tianbo Sun, Brian R. Land, Dong Zheng, Serhan O. Isikman, Venkata Siva Sunil Kumar Reddy Bommu, Zhang Jia
  • Publication number: 20200125216
    Abstract: A multi-touch sensor panel is disclosed that can include a glass subassembly having a plurality of column traces of substantially transparent conductive material that can be formed on the back side, wherein the glass subassembly can also act as a cover that can be touched on the front side. Row traces of the same or different substantially transparent conductive material can then be located near the column traces, and a layer of dielectric material can be coupled between the column traces and the row traces. The row and column traces can be oriented to cross over each other at crossover locations separated by the dielectric material, and the crossover locations can form mutual capacitance sensors for detecting one or more touches on the front side of the glass subassembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2019
    Publication date: April 23, 2020
    Inventors: Steven P. HOTELLING, Brian R. LAND, Mark Arthur HAMBLIN, Tang Yew TAN
  • Patent number: 10613665
    Abstract: A multi-touch sensor panel is disclosed that can be produced by forming a plurality of first traces of substantially transparent conductive material on a first substrate, forming a plurality of second traces of the substantially transparent material, and creating a fluid-tight gap between the plurality of first traces and the plurality of second traces. The fluid-tight gap can then be filled with a fluid having substantially no bubbles and an optical index similar to the optical index of the first and second traces to make the gap and the first and second traces substantially transparent. The second and first traces can be oriented to cross over each other at crossover locations separated by the fluid, the crossover locations forming mutual capacitance sensors for detecting touches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Steven P. Hotelling, Brian R. Land, Mark Arthur Hamblin
  • Patent number: 10521065
    Abstract: A multi-touch sensor panel is disclosed that can include a glass subassembly having a plurality of column traces of substantially transparent conductive material that can be formed on the back side, wherein the glass subassembly can also act as a cover that can be touched on the front side. Row traces of the same or different substantially transparent conductive material can then be located near the column traces, and a layer of dielectric material can be coupled between the column traces and the row traces. The row and column traces can be oriented to cross over each other at crossover locations separated by the dielectric material, and the crossover locations can form mutual capacitance sensors for detecting one or more touches on the front side of the glass subassembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Steven P. Hotelling, Brian R. Land, Mark Arthur Hamblin, Tang Yew Tan
  • Patent number: 10426402
    Abstract: A portable electronic device include one or more electrodes for calculating distances and rotational angles between the device and the user is disclosed. Based on the calculated distances and rotational angles, a physical activity of the user can be determined. Additionally, the calculated distances and rotational angles can be used for compensation of optical artifacts in one or more signals detected by the device. User movement or physical activity can introduce optical artifacts, which can lead to erroneous determination of the one or more characteristics. The calculated distances and rotational angles can be used to reduce or remove the optical artifacts, leading to a more accurate determination of the one or more characteristics of the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Justin Shi, Brian R. Land, Nevzat Akin Kestelli, Serhan O. Isikman
  • Patent number: 10324032
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sunscreen detector for use with portable device, such as a mobile and/or wearable device. One variation of a sunscreen detector comprises an illumination system that is configured to illuminate a target skin area with ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light and a sensor system that is configured to detect the amount of ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light that is reflected from the target skin area. The sunscreen detector is configured to analyze the data collected by the sensor system to generate a notification to the user as to whether they should apply sunscreen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Serhan O. Isikman, Brian R. Land, Erno H. Klaassen
  • Patent number: 10317200
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to wearable devices and methods for detecting relative surface orientation. The wearable devices and methods may include a multi-mode sensor comprising emitter-detector combinations (e.g., sets or pairs) that have various spacings between the light emitter and the photodetector. Proximity curves can be generated based upon the various emitter-detector pair spacings, and used to assess surface distance and angular orientation of the wearable device to a body surface of an individual. In some variations, location and/or orientation of the device relative to the body surface is determined based on mapping data acquired by one or more emitter-detector pairs to surface distance (z distance) values based on proximity curve data stored in a memory of a device controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chin San Han, Brian R. Land
  • Patent number: 10305520
    Abstract: This relates to methods and apparatus for mitigating effects of the presence of RF communication signals. In some examples, non-linearity and rectification of the RF communication signals can become rectified in sensor circuitry such that spectral components of a frame or sub-frame timing of the RF communication signals can be aliased into the sensor circuitry output within a bandwidth of interest. In some examples, a notch filter can be employed to remove the aliased RF communication signals from the sensor output. In some examples, a sampling rate used for sampling the user's physiological signals can be generated such that the sampling of the sensor is synchronous with the RF communication signals. In some examples, the sampling rate for the sensor can be generated as an integer multiple or integer submultiple of the frame or sub-frame timing of the RF communication signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Tao Shui, Brian R. Land
  • Publication number: 20190086331
    Abstract: A photoplethysmographic (PPG) device is disclosed. The PPG device can include one or more light emitters and one or more light sensors to generate the multiple light paths for measuring a PPG signal and perfusion indices of a user. The multiple light paths between each pair of light emitters and light detectors can include different separation distances to generate both an accurate PPG signal and a perfusion index value to accommodate a variety of users and usage conditions. In some examples, the multiple light paths can include the same separation distances for noise cancellation due to artifacts resulting from, for example, tilt and/or pull of the device, a user's hair, a user's skin pigmentation, and/or motion. The PPG device can further include one or more lenses and/or reflectors to increase the signal strength and/or and to obscure the optical components and associated wiring from being visible to a user's eye.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2018
    Publication date: March 21, 2019
    Inventors: Chin San HAN, Ueyn BLOCK, Brian R. LAND, Nevzat Akin KESTELLI, Serhan ISIKMAN, Albert WANG, Justin SHI
  • Patent number: 10215698
    Abstract: A photoplethysmographic (PPG) device is disclosed. The PPG device can include one or more light emitters and one or more light sensors to generate the multiple light paths for measuring a PPG signal and perfusion indices of a user. The multiple light paths between each pair of light emitters and light detectors can include different separation distances to generate both an accurate PPG signal and a perfusion index value to accommodate a variety of users and usage conditions. In some examples, the multiple light paths can include the same separation distances for noise cancellation due to artifacts resulting from, for example, tilt and/or pull of the device, a user's hair, a user's skin pigmentation, and/or motion. The PPG device can further include one or more lenses and/or reflectors to increase the signal strength and/or and to obscure the optical components and associated wiring from being visible to a user's eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chin San Han, Ueyn Block, Brian R. Land, Nevzat Akin Kestelli, Serhan Isikman, Albert Wang, Justin Shi
  • Patent number: 10191576
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are liquid-crystal display (LCD) touch screens that integrate the touch sensing elements with the display circuitry. The integration may take a variety of forms. Touch sensing elements can be completely implemented within the LCD stackup but outside the not between the color filter plate and the array plate. Alternatively, some touch sensing elements can be between the color filter and array plates with other touch sensing elements not between the plates. In another alternative, all touch sensing elements can be between the color filter and array plates. The latter alternative can include both conventional and in-plane-switching (IPS) LCDs. In some forms, one or more display structures can also have a touch sensing function. Techniques for manufacturing and operating such displays, as well as various devices embodying such displays are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Steve Porter Hotelling, Wei Chen, Christoph H. Krah, John Greer Elias, Wei Hsin Yao, John Z. Zhong, Andrew Bert Hodge, Brian R. Land, Willem den Boer
  • Patent number: 10132680
    Abstract: A UV dosimeter function is provided in a portable multifunction device. The device utilizes a UV light sensor to detect the user's presence while outdoors and measure the cumulative outdoor exposure time. The cumulative UV exposure is optionally provided via a messaging service or alert, and a UV index value is optionally utilized with the cumulative outdoor exposure to determine the risk of skin damage and to provide user guidance relating to recommended protective measures. An ambient light sensor is optionally provided and is used to augment the UV light thresholds used to determine the light exposure state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Serhan O. Isikman, Brian R. Land, Erno H. Klaassen
  • Publication number: 20180202927
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sunscreen detector for use with portable device, such as a mobile and/or wearable device. One variation of a sunscreen detector comprises an illumination system that is configured to illuminate a target skin area with ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light and a sensor system that is configured to detect the amount of ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light that is reflected from the target skin area. The sunscreen detector is configured to analyze the data collected by the sensor system to generate a notification to the user as to whether they should apply sunscreen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2017
    Publication date: July 19, 2018
    Inventors: Serhan O. ISIKMAN, Brian R. LAND, Erno H. KLAASSEN
  • Patent number: 9977484
    Abstract: An ambient light sensor that is operable in high gain mode and low gain mode is provided. The high gain mode may help provide satisfactory sensitivity at low light levels but may generate saturated output levels in bright ambient lighting conditions. Low gain mode may therefore be switched into use when bright ambient lighting conditions are detected. The ambient light sensor may be placed in high gain mode by default. An auto-gain switch controller may detect whether the ambient light reading is saturated during a given period of time. In response to determining that the ambient light reading is saturated for a programmable number of consecutive time periods, the auto-gain switch controller may reset and switch the ambient light sensor to the low gain mode. The gain state may optionally be embedded into the ambient light sensor output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Brian R. Land, Dong Zheng, Venkata Siva Sunil Kumar Reddy Bommu
  • Patent number: 9921684
    Abstract: An intelligent stylus is disclosed. The stylus can provide a stylus condition in addition to a touch input. The stylus architecture can include multiple sensors to sense information indicative of the stylus condition, a microcontroller to determine the stylus condition based on the sensed information, and a transmitter to transmit the determined condition to a corresponding touch sensitive device so as to cause some action based on the condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David R. Falkenburg, David I. Simon, Jonah A. Harley, Andrea Mucignat, Brian R. Land, Christopher Tenzin Mullens, Steven P. Hotelling
  • Patent number: 9851298
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sunscreen detector for use with portable device, such as a mobile and/or wearable device. One variation of a sunscreen detector comprises an illumination system that is configured to illuminate a target skin area with ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light and a sensor system that is configured to detect the amount of ultraviolet and/or infrared spectrum light that is reflected from the target skin area. The sunscreen detector is configured to analyze the data collected by the sensor system to generate a notification to the user as to whether they should apply sunscreen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Serhan O. Isikman, Brian R. Land, Erno H. Klaassen
  • Publication number: 20170346511
    Abstract: This relates to methods and apparatus for mitigating effects of the presence of RF communication signals. In some examples, non-linearity and rectification of the RF communication signals can become rectified in sensor circuitry such that spectral components of a frame or sub-frame timing of the RF communication signals can be aliased into the sensor circuitry output within a bandwidth of interest. In some examples, a notch filter can be employed to remove the aliased RF communication signals from the sensor output. In some examples, a sampling rate used for sampling the user's physiological signals can be generated such that the sampling of the sensor is synchronous with the RF communication signals. In some examples, the sampling rate for the sensor can be generated as an integer multiple or integer submultiple of the frame or sub-frame timing of the RF communication signals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2017
    Publication date: November 30, 2017
    Inventors: Tao SHUI, Brian R. LAND