Patents by Inventor Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar

Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190359787
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2018
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Patent number: 10442693
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20180251623
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2017
    Publication date: September 6, 2018
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20180162736
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2017
    Publication date: June 14, 2018
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Patent number: 9809694
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Patent number: 9745198
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Patent number: 9233533
    Abstract: An inkjet printhead includes a front face having a polymer coating, the polymer coating including an oleophobic grafted polymer having a crosslinked fluoroelastomer and a perfluorinated polyether grafted to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mandakini Kanungo, Matthew M. Kelly, Varun Sambhy, David J. Gervasi, Santokh S. Badesha, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar, Michael S. Roetker
  • Patent number: 9206269
    Abstract: An oleophobic grafted polymer includes a crosslinked fluoroelastomer and a perfluorinated polyether grafted to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer. A process for making an oleophobic grafted polymer includes crosslinking a fluoroelastomer with an aminofunctionalized silane and grafting an alkoxysilane-terminated perfluorinated polyether to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mandakini Kanungo, Matthew M. Kelly, Varun Sambhy, David J. Gervasi, Santokh S. Badesha, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar, Michael S. Roetker
  • Patent number: 9187587
    Abstract: A marking system surface material includes a fluoroelastomer including grafted fluorinated polymers. The fluoroelastomer is a perfluoropolyether-grafted fluoroelastomer formed using an alkoxy-terminated fluorosilicone component, and exhibiting high contact angle and low sliding angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Mandakini Kanungo, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar, David J. Gervasi, Santokh S. Badesha, Matthew M. Kelly, Akshat Sharma
  • Publication number: 20150267026
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: September 24, 2015
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Patent number: 8927079
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20150005454
    Abstract: An oleophobic grafted polymer includes a crosslinked fluoroelastomer and a perfluorinated polyether grafted to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer. A process for making an oleophobic grafted polymer includes crosslinking a fluoroelastomer with an aminofunctionalized silane and grafting an alkoxysilane-terminated perfluorinated polyether to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mandakini Kanungo, Matthew M. Kelly, Varun Sambhy, David J. Gervasi, Santokh S. Badesha, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar, Michael S. Roetker
  • Publication number: 20150002592
    Abstract: A marking system surface material includes a fluoroelastomer including grafted fluorinated polymers. The fluoroelastomer is a perfluoropolyether-grafted fluoroelastomer formed using an alkoxy-terminated fluorosilicone component, and exhibiting high contact angle and low sliding angle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mandakini KANUNGO, Chakkaravarthy CHIDAMBARESWARAPATTAR, David J. GERVASI, Santokh S. BADESHA, Matthew M. KELLY, Akshat SHARMA
  • Publication number: 20150002581
    Abstract: An inkjet printhead includes a front face having a polymer coating, the polymer coating including an oleophobic grafted polymer having a crosslinked fluoroelastomer and a perfluorinated polyether grafted to the crosslinked fluoroelastomer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mandakini Kanungo, Matthew M. Kelly, Varun Sambhy, David J. Gervasi, Santokh S. Badesha, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar, Michael S. Roetker
  • Patent number: 8877824
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a series of new and improved porous polyamide aerogels derived from multifunctional aromatics that combine the high mechanical strength of aramids with the pore structure of aerogels. The polyamide aerogels have a hyperbranched structure, relatively low density, high porosity and are derived from functionalized monomers having more aromatic groups than functional groups. The present disclosure also provides a new method for producing the porous polyamide aerogels by polymerizing an aromatic multifunctional carboxylic acid with an isocyanate at moderate reaction condition followed by drying with liquid CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20140322122
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20130338247
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a series of new and improved porous polyamide aerogels derived from multifunctional aromatics that combine the high mechanical strength of aramids with the pore structure of aerogels. The polyamide aerogels have a hyperbranched structure, relatively low density, high porosity and are derived from functionalized monomers having more aromatic groups than functional groups. The present disclosure also provides a new method for producing the porous polyamide aerogels by polymerizing an aromatic multifunctional carboxylic acid with an isocyanate at moderate reaction condition followed by drying with liquid CO2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20120134909
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar