Patents by Inventor Charles E. Koehler

Charles E. Koehler has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5312888
    Abstract: Rebond polyurethane foams can be prepared by coating shredded polyurethane foam with a prepolymer binder formulation which includes toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms, compressing the binder coated foam, and the curing the binder with steam. The toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms can be used in place of more expensive prepolymer formulation components such as toluene diisocyanate or methylene diphenyldiisocyanate. The toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms can also improve elongation and tear resistance properties of the resultant rebond foams prepared therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: John L. Nafziger, Steven B. Lowenkron, Charles E. Koehler, Bruce N. Stevens
  • Patent number: 5290818
    Abstract: Rebond polyurethane foams can be prepared by coating shredded polyurethane foam with a prepolymer binder formulation which includes toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms, compressing the binder coated foam, and the curing the binder with steam. The toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms can be used in place of more expensive prepolymer formulation components such as toluene diisocyanate or methylene diphenyldiisocyanate. The toluene diisocyanate distillation bottoms can also improve elongation and tear resistance properties of the resultant rebond foams prepared therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: John L. Nafziger, Steven B. Lowenkron, Charles E. Koehler, Bruce N. Stevens
  • Patent number: 4904704
    Abstract: A method of treating toluene diisocyanate distillation residues comprising reacting the residues with at least about 0.5 equivalents, based on hydrolyzable chloride concentration of the residues, of an epoxy compound at a temperature of from about 155 to about 220.degree. C. to produce a treated distillation residue having a hydrolyzable chloride level of less than about 800 parts per million (ppm) is taught. The product of the method is useful, for instance, in producing rigid foams with low K Factors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1990
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: John L. Nafziger, Steven B. Lowenkron, Charles E. Koehler, Debkumar Bhattacharjee
  • Patent number: 4339343
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel polyol blends comprising from about 20 percent to about 85 percent by weight of said blend of an amine diol, or mixture of amine diols selected from the formula ##STR1## wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms, inclusive, each R.sub.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen or methyl, x and y each independently have an average value from about 4 to about 15 inclusive; and from about 15 percent to about 80 percent by weight of a primary hydroxyl polyol characterized by a molecular weight of from about 60 to about 1000.The polyol blends are miscible with fluorocarbon blowing agents and water and other adjuvants including trimerization catalysts.The novel blends are particularly useful in an improved process for the preparation of polyisocyanurate foams. The foams are characterized by high reaction exotherms making such foams particularly suited to the preparation of polyisocyanurate foam laminates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1982
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: Charles E. Koehler, Thomas R. McClellan, Pat L. Murray
  • Patent number: 4289858
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel polyol blends comprising from about 20 percent to about 85 percent by weight of said blend of an amine triol, or mixture of amine triols selected from the formula ##STR1## wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms, inclusive, each R.sub.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen or methyl, x, y, and z each independently have an average value from about 1 to about 5 inclusive, n is 2 or 3; and from about 15 percent to about 80 percent by weight of a primary hydroxyl polyol characterized by a molecular weight of from about 60 to about 1000.The polyol blends are miscible with fluorocarbon blowing agents and water and other adjuvants including trimerization catalysts.The novel blends are particularly useful in an improved process for the preparation of polyisocyanurate foams. The foams are characterized by high reaction exotherms making such foams particularly suited to the preparation of polyisocyanurate foam laminates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1981
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: Charles E. Koehler, Thomas R. McClellan, Pat L. Murray
  • Patent number: 4256802
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel polyol blends comprising from about 20 percent to about 85 percent by weight of said blend of an amine diol, or mixture of amine diols selected from the formula ##STR1## wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms, inclusive, each R.sub.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen or methyl, x and y each independently have an average value from about 4 to about 15 inclusive; and from about 15 percent to about 80 percent by weight of a primary hydroxyl polyol characterized by a molecular weight of from about 60 to about 1000.The polyol blends are miscible with fluorocarbon blowing agents and water and other adjuvants including trimerization catalysts.The novel blends are particularly useful in an improved process for the preparation of polyisocyanurate foams. The foams are characterized by high reaction exotherms making such foams particularly suited to the preparation of polyisocyanurate foam laminates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1981
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: Charles E. Koehler, Thomas R. McClellan, Pat L. Murray
  • Patent number: 4246364
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel polyol blends comprising from about 20 percent to about 85 percent by weight of said blend of an amide diol, or mixture of amide diols selected from the formula ##STR1## wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 7 to 17 carbon atoms, inclusive, each R.sub.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen or methyl, x and y each independently have an average value from about 1 to about 3 inclusive; and from about 15 percent to about 80 percent by weight of a primary hydroxyl polyol characterized by a molecular weight of from about 60 to about 1000.The polyol blends are miscible with fluorocarbon blowing agents and water and other adjuvants including trimerization catalysts.The novel blends are particularly useful in an improved process for the preparation of polyisocyanurate foams. The foams are characterized by high reaction exotherms making such foams particularly suited to the preparation of polyisocyanurate foam laminates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1980
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1981
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: Charles E. Koehler, Thomas R. McClellan, Pat L. Murray
  • Patent number: 4179094
    Abstract: A mold is described for the molding of substantially isotropic isocyanate-based polymer foam buns. The mold is a box mold which has sidewalls of which at least one pair disposed in parallel relationship is adapted to move outwardly when subjected to pressure exerted by the expanding foam during the molding operation. The outward movement of the sidewalls is controlled by stops provided on the periphery of the mold floor, said sidewalls being free to slide over the surface of the floor. The lid of the mold is supported in sliding engagement with the upper edges of the sidewalls. The mold and the process of fabricating foam buns therewith is particularly suitable for use in situations (e.g. operation in the field) in which it is not possible or practicable to employ continuous bunstock machines. The mold is relatively inexpensive and readily dismantled for transportation to a fabrication site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1979
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: John N. Curtiss, Charles E. Koehler, Pat L. Murray
  • Patent number: 4104346
    Abstract: A mold is described for the molding of substantially isotropic isocyanate-based polymer foam buns. The mold is a box mold which has sidewalls of which at least one pair disposed in parallel relationship is adapted to move outwardly when subjected to pressure exerted by the expanding foam during the molding operation. The outward movement of the sidewalls is controlled by stops provided on the periphery of the mold floor, said sidewalls being free to slide over the surface of the floor. The lid of the mold is supported in sliding engagement with the upper edges of the sidewalls. The mold and the process of fabricating foam buns therewith is particularly suitable for use in situations (e.g. operation in the field) in which it is not possible or practicable to employ continuous bunstock machines. The mold is relatively inexpensive and readily dismantled for transportation to a fabrication site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1978
    Assignee: The Upjohn Company
    Inventors: John N. Curtiss, Charles E. Koehler, Pat L. Murray