Patents by Inventor Christian Vélez

Christian Vélez has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10193310
    Abstract: A low power, side-emitting semiconductor laser diode is provided. The laser diode is formed from a semiconductor heterostructure having an active layer sandwiched between an n-type layer and a p-type layer, wherein the active layer forms a gain medium of width W. Front and back reflectors of reflectivity Rf and Rb are arranged on opposing side facets of the semiconductor heterostructure part to form a cavity of length L containing at least a part of the active layer which thus forms the gain medium for the laser diode, the gain medium having an internal loss ?i. To achieve stable, low power operation close to threshold, the laser diode is configured with the following parameter combination: width W: 1 ?m?W?2 ?m; cavity length L: 100 ?m?L?600 ?m; internal loss ?i: 0 cm?1??i?30 cm?1; back reflectivity Rb: 100?Rb?80%; and front reflectivity Rf: 100?Rf?60%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Antonino Francesco Castiglia, Marco Rossetti, Marcus Dülk, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20180083422
    Abstract: A low power, side-emitting semiconductor laser diode is provided. The laser diode is formed from a semiconductor heterostructure having an active layer sandwiched between an n-type layer and a p-type layer, wherein the active layer forms a gain medium of width W. Front and back reflectors of reflectivity Rf and Rb are arranged on opposing side facets of the semiconductor heterostructure part to form a cavity of length L containing at least a part of the active layer which thus forms the gain medium for the laser diode, the gain medium having an internal loss ?i. To achieve stable, low power operation close to threshold, the laser diode is configured with the following parameter combination: width W: 1 ?m?W?2 ?m; cavity length L: 100 ?m?L?600 ?m; internal loss ?i: 0 cm?1?i?30 cm?1; back reflectivity Rb: 100?Rb?80%; and front reflectivity Rf: 100?Rf?60%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2016
    Publication date: March 22, 2018
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Antonino Francesco CASTIGLIA, Marco ROSSETTI, Marcus DÜLK, Christian VELEZ
  • Patent number: 8971360
    Abstract: An optical module includes a light source. The light source can be a swept wavelength light source, and optical module includes a wavemeter. The wavemeter includes a wavemeter tap capable of directing a wavemeter portion of light produced by the light source away from a main beam, a wavelength selective filter arranged to receive the wavemeter portion, a first wavemeter detector arranged to measure a transmitted radiation intensity of radiation transmitted through the filter, and a second wavemeter detector arranged to measure a non-transmitted radiation intensity of radiation not transmitted through but reflected by the filter. In addition, an optical coherence tomography apparatus includes the optical module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Jan Lewandowski, Marcus Duelk, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20140098829
    Abstract: An optical module includes a light source. The light source can be a swept wavelength light source, and optical module includes a wavemeter. The wavemeter includes a wavemeter tap capable of directing a wavemeter portion of light produced by the light source away from a main beam, a wavelength selective filter arranged to receive the wavemeter portion, a first wavemeter detector arranged to measure a transmitted radiation intensity of radiation transmitted through the filter, and a second wavemeter detector arranged to measure a non-transmitted radiation intensity of radiation not transmitted through but reflected by the filter. In addition, an optical coherence tomography apparatus includes the optical module.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Jan Lewandowski, Marcus Duelk, Christian Velez
  • Patent number: 8625650
    Abstract: A swept wavelength light source is provided, the light source includes a semiconductor gain device operable to provide amplification, an optical retarding device, the retarding device having a block of material, a beam path with a well-defined beam path length being defined for light within the block of material produced by the gain device, a wavelength selector, and the gain device, the retarding device and wavelength selector being mutually arranged on the base so that a resonator is established for light portions emitted by the gain device and selected by wavelength selector; this does not exclude the presence of further elements contributing to the resonator, such as additional mirrors (including resonator end mirrors), lenses, polarization selective elements, other passive optical components, etc.; wherein the beam path in the retarding device is a part of a beam path of the resonator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Jan Lewandowski, Marcus Duelk, Christian Velez
  • Patent number: 8427731
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a display apparatus comprising a light source is provided, said light source comprising at least one superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED), the apparatus further comprising at least one light modulating device arranged in a beam path of a light beam emitted by said light source and operable to emit influenced light upon incidence of said light beam, the light modulating device being operatively connected to an electronic control, the display apparatus further comprising a projection optics arranged in a beam path of said influenced light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Valerio Laino, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20120026503
    Abstract: A swept wavelength light source is provided, the light source includes a semiconductor gain device operable to provide amplification, an optical retarding device, the retarding device having a block of material, a beam path with a well-defined beam path length being defined for light within the block of material produced by the gain device, a wavelength selector, and the gain device, the retarding device and wavelength selector being mutually arranged on the base so that a resonator is established for light portions emitted by the gain device and selected by wavelength selector; this does not exclude the presence of further elements contributing to the resonator, such as additional mirrors (including resonator end mirrors), lenses, polarization selective elements, other passive optical components, etc.; wherein the beam path in the retarding device is a part of a beam path of the resonator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Jan Lewandowski, Marcus Duelk, Christian Velez
  • Patent number: 8022389
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a light source for display and/or illumination is provided, the light source comprising a heterostructure including semiconductor layers, the heterostructure forming a waveguide between a first end and a second end, the heterostructure comprising a plurality of layers and comprising an optically active zone formed by the plurality of layers, the optically active zone capable of emitting light guided by said waveguide, at least two different radiative transitions being excitable in the optically active an electrical current between a p-side electrode and an n-side electrode, transition energies of said at least two different radiative transitions corresponding to wavelengths in the visible part of the optical spectrum, the light source further comprising means for preventing reflections of light from the waveguide by at least one of said first and second end back into the waveguide, thereby causing the light source to comprise a superluminescent light emitting diode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Lorenzo Occhi, Valerio Laino, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20100195184
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a display apparatus comprising a light source is provided, said light source comprising at least one superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED), the apparatus further comprising at least one light modulating device arranged in a beam path of a light beam emitted by said light source and operable to emit influenced light upon incidence of said light beam, the light modulating device being operatively connected to an electronic control, the display apparatus further comprising a projection optics arranged in a beam path of said influenced light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Valerio Laino, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Vélez
  • Publication number: 20100193769
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a light source for display and/or illumination is provided, the light source comprising a heterostructure including semiconductor layers, the heterostructure forming a waveguide between a first end and a second end, the heterostructure comprising a plurality of layers and comprising an optically active zone formed by the plurality of layers, the optically active zone capable of emitting light guided by said waveguide, at least two different radiative transitions being excitable in the optically active an electrical current between a p-side electrode and an n-side electrode, transition energies of said at least two different radiative transitions corresponding to wavelengths in the visible part of the optical spectrum, the light source further comprising means for preventing reflections of light from the waveguide by at least one of said first and second end back into the waveguide, thereby causing the light source to comprise a superluminescent light emitting diode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Lorenzo Occhi, Valerio Laino, Christian Velez
  • Patent number: 7600893
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a display apparatus including a light source is provided, the light source having at least one superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED), the apparatus further having at least one light modulating device arranged in a beam path of a light beam emitted by the light source and operable to emit influenced light upon incidence of the light beam, the light modulating device being operatively connected to an electronic control, the display apparatus further having a projection optics arranged in a beam path of the influenced light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Valerio Laino, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20080272379
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, a display apparatus including a light source is provided, the light source having at least one superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED), the apparatus further having at least one light modulating device arranged in a beam path of a light beam emitted by the light source and operable to emit influenced light upon incidence of the light beam, the light modulating device being operatively connected to an electronic control, the display apparatus further having a projection optics arranged in a beam path of the influenced light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2007
    Publication date: November 6, 2008
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Valerio Laino, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Velez
  • Patent number: 7348583
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing wavelength stabilized electromagnetic radiation is provided, the apparatus comprising a broadband semiconductor radiation source configured to produce broadband electromagnetic radiation having a mean wavelength ?m, and a bandpass radiation filter, an input of said bandpass radiation filter being in optical connection to an output of said radiation source, and a common temperature stabilizer being in thermal contact with both, the radiation source and the radiation filter. In a preferred embodiment, the radiation source—which is, for example, a superluminescent light emitting diode—and the bandpass radiation filter are provided on a common mount which is in contact with a thermoelectric cooler acting, together with temperature sensing means and control means, as temperature stabilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Christian Vélez, Lorenzo Occhi, Christopher Armistead
  • Publication number: 20070096042
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing wavelength stabilized electromagnetic radiation is provided, the apparatus comprising a broadband semiconductor radiation source configured to produce broadband electromagnetic radiation having a mean wavelength ?m, and a bandpass radiation filter, an input of said bandpass radiation filter being in optical connection to an output of said radiation source, and a common temperature stabilizer being in thermal contact with both, the radiation source and the radiation filter. In a preferred embodiment, the radiation source—which is, for example, a superluminescent light emitting diode—and the bandpass radiation filter are provided on a common mount which is in contact with a thermoelectric cooler acting, together with temperature sensing means and control means, as temperature stabilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2005
    Publication date: May 3, 2007
    Applicant: EXALOS AG
    Inventors: Christian Velez, Lorenzo Occhi, Christopher Armistead
  • Patent number: 7119373
    Abstract: A non-lasing superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED) comprises a semiconductor heterostructure forming a PN junction and a waveguide defining an optical beam path. The heterostructure includes a gain region and an absorber region in series with the gain region in the optical beam path. A voltage is applied to the PN junction in the gain region by first contact means, so that light emission from the active region and along the optical beam path is produced. According to the invention, second contact means are provided, contacting the PN junction in the absorber region and operable to remove charge carriers generated by absorption in the absorber region. The second contact means are not connected to a voltage source, but to a charge carrier reservoir such as a metal surface. According to a preferred embodiment, the two end facets of the waveguide are perpendicular to the optical beam path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2006
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Christian Velez, Raffaele Rezzonico
  • Patent number: 7019325
    Abstract: The invention concerns a superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED) comprising a semiconductor heterostructure forming a PN junction and a waveguide. The semiconductor heterostructure includes a gain region with a contact means for biasing the PN junction so as to produce light emission including stimulated emission from an active zone of the gain region, and in the active zone a plurality of quantum dot layers, each quantum dot layer made up of a plurality of quantum dots and a plurality of adjoining layers, each adjoining layer adjacent to one of said quantum dot layers. The material composition or a deposition parameter of at least two adjoining layers is different. This ensures an enhanced emission spectral width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Lianhe Li, Andrea Fiore, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20050279989
    Abstract: The invention concerns a superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED) comprising a semiconductor heterostructure forming a PN junction and a waveguide. The semiconductor heterostructure includes a gain region with a contact means for biasing the PN junction so as to produce light emission including stimulated emission from an active zone of the gain region, and in the active zone a plurality of quantum dot layers, each quantum dot layer made up of a plurality of quantum dots and a plurality of adjoining layers, each adjoining layer adjacent to one of said quantum dot layers. The material composition or a deposition parameter of at least two adjoining layers is different. This ensures an enhanced emission spectral width.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Publication date: December 22, 2005
    Applicant: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Lianhe Li, Andrea Fiore, Lorenzo Occhi, Christian Velez
  • Publication number: 20050161685
    Abstract: A non-lasing superluminescent light emitting diode (SLED) comprises a semiconductor heterostructure forming a PN junction and a waveguide defining an optical beam path. The heterostructure includes a gain region and an absorber region in series with the gain region in the optical beam path. A voltage is applied to the PN junction in the gain region by first contact means, so that light emission from the active region and along the optical beam path is produced. According to the invention, second contact means are provided, contacting the PN junction in the absorber region and operable to remove charge carriers generated by absorption in the absorber region. The second contact means are not connected to a voltage source, but to a charge carrier reservoir such as a metal surface. According to a preferred embodiment, the two end facets of the waveguide are perpendicular to the optical beam path.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2004
    Publication date: July 28, 2005
    Applicant: Exalos AG
    Inventors: Christian Velez, Raffaele Rezzonico