Patents by Inventor Dharma Shukla

Dharma Shukla has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9712608
    Abstract: A server set may provide a document service to one or more clients, and may be configured to do so in view of various considerations such as availability, fault tolerance, flexibility, and performance. Presented herein are document service architectures that involve partitioning the document set into at least two document ranges, and configuring respective servers of the server set to host one or more agents to which are respectively assigned one or more document ranges. A request for an operation involving at least one document may be routed to a server hosting an agent managing the document ranges of the documents involved in the operation. Moreover, respective servers may retain detailed information about neighboring servers (e.g., according to a logical or physical proximity) and scant information about distant servers, thereby avoiding both the extensive information exchange of highly informed network architectures and the inefficiency of uninformed routing algorithms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley, Shireesh Kumar Thota, Karthik Raman, Mark Connolly Benvenuto, John Macintyre, Nemanja Matkovic, Constantin Dulu, Elisa Marie Flasko, Atul Katiyar
  • Patent number: 9680964
    Abstract: An application executing in a virtual environment, such as a web browser, may be serviced by an application host, such as a webserver that maintains application resources or provides runtime services to the application. However, it may be difficult to configure the application to operate suitably when the application host is unavailable. Techniques for facilitating such operation include the storing of application resources in a computing environment (such as the local file system or a deployable mesh or cloud environment) while also initiating the application within the virtual environment in the context of the application host, which may reduce difficulties with isolation policies imposed by the virtual environment (e.g., cross-domain restrictions imposed by the web browser.) This configuration may promote the servicing of the application alongside other applications and data objects, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Abhay Parasnis, Raymond Endres, Arash Ghanaie-Sichanie, Israel Hilerio, Farookh Mohammed, Aditya Bhandarkar
  • Patent number: 9465589
    Abstract: A method for of authoring and executing stateful components for a distributed application is disclosed. An application schema for the distributed application is declaratively defined and includes a plurality of distributed modules. Each module hosts a set of stateful components co-located in a physical tier of a distributed environment having logic to manipulate state. The runtime supports partitioning the stateful components. Control flow opaqueness of component logic is banished in each of the stateful components, which would otherwise occur if state was externalized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Akash Jeevan Sagar, Nathan C. Talbert, Muthukaruppan Annamalai, Robert B. Schmidt, Aditya Bhandarkar, Asad Jawahar
  • Patent number: 9405474
    Abstract: A data store is configurable in terms of various tradeoffs including consistency and availability, among others. Consistency can be specified in terms of one of a myriad of configuration levels. Availability can be specified with respect to a maximum and minimum number of replicas or failure tolerance. In operation, one or more of write or read quorums can be automatically adjusted to ensure satisfaction of a specified configuration level in light of changes in the number of replicas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Karthik Raman
  • Patent number: 9336060
    Abstract: A framework and middleware services for developing, deploying and managing composite applications is disclosed. The middleware services may be deployed on-premises or in the cloud. The framework includes a rich collection of middleware services, an application model to compose services into a composite application, a high-density multi-tenant scalable container to host the composition logic, and unified lifecycle management of the composite application and its constituent services.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC
    Inventors: Anil K. Nori, Dharma Shukla, Yann Christensen, Murali Krishnaprasad, Igor Sedukhin
  • Patent number: 9332063
    Abstract: Within a computing environment, an application may run in a variety of contexts, e.g., as a natively executable application, as a client-side interpretable application embedded in a web browser, or as a server-side application that communicates with the user through a web interface presented on a device. The application may also access resources of the computing environment stored on multiple devices. The configuration of the application to operate equivalently in these diverse environments may be facilitated by representing the application within an object hierarchy representing the computing environment. The application may be configured to operate on the objects of the object hierarchy regardless of the location of the stored objects, to execute on any device, and to execute upon a standard set of application programming interfaces. The configuration of the application in this manner promotes the versatility of the application in operating equivalently in different programming contexts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventor: Dharma Shukla
  • Publication number: 20160117320
    Abstract: Query models for document sets (such as XML documents or records in a relational database) typically involve a schema defining the structure of the documents. However, rigidly defined schemas often raise difficulties with document validation with even inconsequential structural variations. Additionally, queries developed against schema-constrained documents are often sensitive to structural details and variations that are not inconsequential to the query, resulting in inaccurate results and development complications, and that may break upon schema changes. Instead, query models for hierarchically structured documents that enable “twig” queries specifying only the structural details of document nodes that are relevant to the query (e.g., students in a student database having a sibling named “Lee” and a teacher named “Smith,” irrespective of unrelated structural details of the document).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2016
    Publication date: April 28, 2016
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley, Shireesh Kumar Thota, Li Zhang, Mihai Dan Budiu, Yuan Yu
  • Patent number: 9298747
    Abstract: The diverse objects comprising a computing environment may be represented together as a deployable object hierarchy, which may facilitate the deployment, as well as the consistency, of a computing environment rendered by a plurality of devices. The processes within the computing environment often operate on the objects of the object hierarchy in a variety of ways, including simple operations (creation, reading, updating, and deleting) and more sophisticated operations (synchronizing, paginating, and caching), as well as with the object hierarchy in general. A platform may be devised to facilitate the various operations of the processes on the object hierarchy. The platform may be embodied, such as in an application runtime, and deployed to a variety of platforms to facilitate an equivalent execution of the processes on any type of device and consistent interactions with the object hierarchy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Perraju Bendapudi
  • Publication number: 20160019030
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to providing an application model for implementing composite applications and to providing a declarative programming model and distributed runtime for creating and executing composite applications. In an embodiment, a computer system instantiates an application model. The application model allows users to compose composite applications. The composite applications are configured to run on both distributed computing systems and local computing systems. The computer system receives user input at the instantiated application model. The user input indicates which composite application components are to be used in conjunction with each other to form the composite application. The computer system also provides the composite application on a distributed computing system and/or a local computing system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2015
    Publication date: January 21, 2016
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Aditya Gopal Bhandarkar, Akash Jeevan Sagar, Asad Jawahar, Robert Brian Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9230040
    Abstract: Query models for document sets (such as XML documents or records in a relational database) typically involve a schema defining the structure of the documents. However, rigidly defined schemas often raise difficulties with document validation with even inconsequential structural variations. Additionally, queries developed against schema-constrained documents are often sensitive to structural details and variations that are not inconsequential to the query, resulting in inaccurate results and development complications, and that may break upon schema changes. Instead, query models for hierarchically structured documents that enable “twig” queries specifying only the structural details of document nodes that are relevant to the query (e.g., students in a student database having a sibling named “Lee” and a teacher named “Smith,” irrespective of unrelated structural details of the document).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley, Shireesh Kumar Thota, Li Zhang, Mihai Dan Budiu, Yuan Yu
  • Patent number: 9128803
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to providing an application model for implementing composite applications and to providing a declarative programming model and distributed runtime for creating and executing composite applications. In an embodiment, a computer system instantiates an application model. The application model allows users to compose composite applications. The composite applications are configured to run on both distributed computing systems and local computing systems. The computer system receives user input at the instantiated application model. The user input indicates which composite application components are to be used in conjunction with each other to form the composite application. The computer system also provides the composite application on a distributed computing system and/or a local computing system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Aditya Gopal Bhandarkar, Akash Jeevan Sagar, Asad Jawahar, Robert Brian Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20150046519
    Abstract: A computer user may use a computing environment comprising a set of computers that respectively feature a web browser having a browser cache containing many types of data objects, including application resources and user-generated data files. However, the contents of a browser cache significantly contribute to the computing environment of a computer, and the computing environments presented by each computer may diverge, providing an inconsistent computing environment. Instead, the contents of browser caches of the computers comprising the computing environment may be synchronized across computers. Additionally, the browser cache may be synchronized with the other data objects of a computing environment (such as relevant portions of the filesystem); the synchronizing may be implemented as an out-of-browser process executing independently of the applications, and even when the browser is not executing; and the synchronization may be exposed through a programmatic access with which web applications may interact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Abhay Parasnis, Raymond Endres, Arash Ghanaie-Sichanie, Israel Hilerio, Farookh Mohammed, Aditya Bhandarkar
  • Patent number: 8903782
    Abstract: An instance persistence command for an update to a state of an instance of an application can be issued. In response to the persistence command, a transaction with an instance store can be initiated. As part of the transaction, a first representation of the update can be stored in the instance store and a second representation of the update can be stored in a queue. The transaction can be committed after storing the first and second representations. After the transaction is committed, the second representation can be processed to store a third representation of the update in a query store. Application instance state information in the query store can be updated and queried without locking the instance store so that such operations in the query store can be performed asynchronously with operations in the instance store.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Nicholas A. Allen, John A. Taylor, Kartik Paramasivam, Dharma Shukla
  • Publication number: 20140282392
    Abstract: Object-oriented application languages often provide resources to applications for accessing objects stored in the volatile application memory region, and, separately, for packaging objects for persistent storage and network transport by serialization and deserialization involving a storage format. However, this design creates discrepancies between the application language and storage format, and depends on affirmative serialization and deserialization by the application. Presented herein are techniques for providing object access to objects involving persisting the objects as documents in a document store, where such persistence occurs automatically upon object creation and updating, and where such objects are stored in a language format integral to the application language (e.g., when a JavaScript application creates an object, the objects are automatically stored as documents of the document store in a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley
  • Publication number: 20140279825
    Abstract: A document service may be provided by many document service packages, each presenting a particular set of service characteristics (e.g., the performance achievable on various storage device types; the available indexing models; and the types of transactions, scripts, and queries supported by the document service). For a particular project, an administrator may endeavor to select a document service package exhibiting characteristics that match some criteria of the project and to configure or adapt the document service for other criteria, but the range of adaptability for each document service package may be limited. Presented herein are architectures for document services involving a composable set of components respectively providing a service feature with a service characteristic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran
  • Publication number: 20140280707
    Abstract: A server set may provide a document service to one or more clients, and may be configured to do so in view of various considerations such as availability, fault tolerance, flexibility, and performance. Presented herein are document service architectures that involve partitioning the document set into at least two document ranges, and configuring respective servers of the server set to host one or more agents to which are respectively assigned one or more document ranges. A request for an operation involving at least one document may be routed to a server hosting an agent managing the document ranges of the documents involved in the operation. Moreover, respective servers may retain detailed information about neighboring servers (e.g., according to a logical or physical proximity) and scant information about distant servers, thereby avoiding both the extensive information exchange of highly informed network architectures and the inefficiency of uninformed routing algorithms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley, Shireesh Kumar Thota, Karthik Raman, Mark Connolly Benvenuto, John Macintyre, Nemanja Matkovic, Constantin Dulu, Elisa Marie Flasko, Atul Katiyar
  • Publication number: 20140279844
    Abstract: An application on a device may interact with a document service that provides access to a document service. The interaction may occur in a variety of contexts, such as a device context (e.g., the document service and the application provided on the same device), a local context (e.g., via a LAN), and a remote context (e.g., over the Internet). It may be advantageous to adapt the interaction to the current context, while also providing a consistent application interface that alleviates the application from context-specific implementations, and also achieving this adaptation in a performant manner. These considerations may be achieved in a balanced manner by providing a set of runtimes, where each runtime mediates the application/document service interaction between the application and the document service in a contextually adapted manner. The device may automatically detect the context of the interaction and select a contextually suitable runtime to service the application.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Karthik Raman
  • Publication number: 20140280047
    Abstract: Query models for document sets (such as XML documents or records in a relational database) typically involve a schema defining the structure of the documents. However, rigidly defined schemas often raise difficulties with document validation with even inconsequential structural variations. Additionally, queries developed against schema-constrained documents are often sensitive to structural details and variations that are not inconsequential to the query, resulting in inaccurate results and development complications, and that may break upon schema changes. Instead, query models for hierarchically structured documents that enable “twig” queries specifying only the structural details of document nodes that are relevant to the query (e.g., students in a student database having a sibling named “Lee” and a teacher named “Smith,” irrespective of unrelated structural details of the document).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Madhan Gajendran, Quetzalcoatl Bradley, Shireesh Kumar Thota, Li Zhang, Mihai Dan Budiu, Yuan Yu
  • Patent number: 8812451
    Abstract: A computer user may use a computing environment comprising a set of computers that respectively feature a web browser having a browser cache containing many types of data objects, including application resources and user-generated data files. However, the contents of a browser cache significantly contribute to the computing environment of a computer, and the computing environments presented by each computer may diverge, providing an inconsistent computing environment. Instead, the contents of browser caches of the computers comprising the computing environment may be synchronized across computers. Additionally, the browser cache may be synchronized with the other data objects of a computing environment (such as relevant portions of the filesystem); the synchronizing may be implemented as an out-of-browser process executing independently of the applications, and even when the browser is not executing; and the synchronization may be exposed through a programmatic access with which web applications may interact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Abhay Parasnis, Raymond Endres, Arash Ghanaie-Sichanie, Israel Hilerio, Farookh Mohammed, Aditya Bhandarkar
  • Publication number: 20140101298
    Abstract: A service level agreement can be generated based on a data store configuration. In one instance, the configuration can be specified in terms of a data value such as high, medium, and low value, for example. In another instance, a workload configuration can be specified comprising a replica set and consistency level, among other things. More particularly, the service level agreement can include guarantees regarding one or more of consistency, availability, latency, or fault tolerance, among others, as a function of a data value or workload configuration. Further, operation of a service associated with a service level agreement can be monitored to determine satisfaction or violation of guarantees, and provide real time feedback.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: MICROSOFT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Dharma Shukla, Elisa M. Flasko, Karthik Raman, Shireesh K. Thota