Patents by Inventor Douglas A. Hofmann

Douglas A. Hofmann has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9695083
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a refractory-lined glass melter, products made there from and batch compositions suited for use in the method are disclosed. The glass composition for use in the method of the present invention is up to about 64-75 weight percent SiO2, 16-24 weight percent Al2O3, 8-12 weight percent MgO and 0.25-3 weight percent R2O, where R2O equals the sum of Li2O and Na2O, has a fiberizing temperature less than about 2650° F., and a ?T of at least 80° F. By using oxide-based refractory-lined furnaces the cost of production of glass fibers is substantially reduced in comparison with the cost of fibers produced using a platinum-lined melting furnace. High strength composite articles including the high strength glass fibers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas A. Hofmann
  • Patent number: 9656903
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a glass melter substantially free of platinum or other noble metal materials, products made there from and batch compositions suited for use in the method are disclosed. One glass composition for use in the present invention includes 50-75 weight % SiO2, 13-30 weight % Al2O3, 5-20 weight % MgO, 0-10 weight % CaO, 0 to 5 weight % R2O where R2O is the sum of Li2O, Na2O and K2O, has a higher fiberizing temperature, e.g. 2400-2900° F. (1316-1593° C.) and/or a liquidus temperature that is below the fiberizing temperature by as little as 45° F. (25° C.). Another glass composition for use in the method of the present invention is up to about 64-75 weight percent SiO2, 16-24 weight percent Al2O3, 8-12 weight percent MgO and 0.25-3 weight percent R2O, where R2O equals the sum of Li2O, Na2O and K2O, has a fiberizing temperature less than about 2650° F. (1454° C.), and a ?T of at least 80° F. (45° C.).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter Bernard McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann, David J. Baker, John W. Wingert, Byron Bemis
  • Patent number: 9579718
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention fabricate objects including amorphous metals using techniques akin to additive manufacturing. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating an object that includes an amorphous metal includes: applying a first layer of molten metallic alloy to a surface; cooling the first layer of molten metallic alloy such that it solidifies and thereby forms a first layer including amorphous metal; subsequently applying at least one layer of molten metallic alloy onto a layer including amorphous metal; cooling each subsequently applied layer of molten metallic alloy such that it solidifies and thereby forms a layer including amorphous metal prior to the application of any adjacent layer of molten metallic alloy; where the aggregate of the solidified layers including amorphous metal forms a desired shape in the object to be fabricated; and removing at least the first layer including amorphous metal from the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Douglas Hofmann
  • Patent number: 9352999
    Abstract: A glass composition including SiO2 in an amount from about 69.5 to about 80.0% by weight, Al2O3 in an amount from about 5.0 to about 18.5% by weight, MgO in an amount from about 5.0 to about 14.75% by weight, CaO in an amount from 0.0 to about 3.0% by weight, Li2O in an amount from about 3.25 to about 4.0% by weight, and Na20 in an amount from 0.0 to about 2.0% by weight is provided. Glass fibers formed from the inventive composition may be used in applications that require high strength, high stiffness, and low weight. Such applications include, but are not limited to, woven fabrics for use in forming wind blades, armor plating, and aerospace structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter Bernard McGinnis
  • Patent number: 9211564
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement layers of metallic glass-based materials. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating a layer of metallic glass includes: applying a coating layer of liquid phase metallic glass to an object, the coating layer being applied in a sufficient quantity such that the surface tension of the liquid phase metallic glass causes the coating layer to have a smooth surface; where the metallic glass has a critical cooling rate less than 1000 K/s; and cooling the coating layer of liquid phase metallic glass to form a layer of solid phase metallic glass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Douglas Hofmann
  • Patent number: 9206068
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a continuous system is provided. The method includes supplying a glass batch to a glass melting furnace lined with a material substantially free of noble metals. The glass batch comprises about 50-about 75 weight percent SiO2, about 15-about 30 weight percent Al2O3, about 5-about 20 weight percent MgO, about 0-about 10 weight percent CaO, about 0.25-about 5 weigh percent R2O. The method further includes melting the glass batch in the furnace and forming a pool of molten glass in contact with the furnace glass contact surface, transporting the molten glass from the furnace to the bushing using a forehearth that is at least partially lined with a material substantially free of noble metal materials, discharging the molten glass from the forehearth into the bushing; and forming the molten glass into continuous fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann, David J. Baker, John W. Wingert, Byron Bemis
  • Patent number: 9187361
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a refractory-lined glass meter, products made there from and batch compositions suited for use in the method are disclosed. The glass composition for use in the method of the present invention is up to about 64-75 weight percent SiO2, 16-24 weight percent Al2O3, 8-12 weight percent MgO and 0.25-3 weight percent R2O, where R2O equals the sum of Li2O and Na2O, has a fiberizing temperature less than about 2650° F., and a ?T of at least 80° F. By using oxide-based refractory-lined furnaces the cost of production of glass fibers is substantially reduced in comparison with the cost of fibers produced using a platinum-lined melting furnace. High strength composite articles including the high strength glass fibers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas A. Hofmann
  • Publication number: 20150315067
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a refractory-lined glass melter, products made there from and batch compositions suited for use in the method are disclosed. The glass composition for use in the method of the present invention is up to about 64-75 weight percent SiO2, 16-24 weight percent Al2O3, 8-12 weight percent MgO and 0.25-3 weight percent R2O, where R2O equals the sum of Li2O and Na2O, has a fiberizing temperature less than about 2650° F., and a ?T of at least 80° F. By using oxide-based refractory-lined furnaces the cost of production of glass fibers is substantially reduced in comparison with the cost of fibers produced using a platinum-lined melting furnace. High strength composite articles including the high strength glass fibers are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Publication date: November 5, 2015
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas A. Hofmann
  • Patent number: 9156729
    Abstract: A glass composition including SiO2 in an amount from 30.0 to 40.0% by weight, Al2O3 in an amount from 15.0 to 23.0% by weight, B2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to 15.0% by weight, K2O in an amount from 0.0 to 5.0% by weight, La2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to 30.0% by weight, Li2O in an amount from 0.0 to 3.0% by weight, Na2O in an amount from 0.0 to 4.0% by weight, Nb2O5 in an amount from 0.0 to 10.0% by weight, TiO2 in an amount from 0.0 to 7.5% by weight, WO3 in an amount from 0.0 to 10.0% by weight, Y2O3 in an amount from 15.0 to 35.0% by weight, and RO (one or more of MgO, CaO, SrO, and BaO) in an amount from 0.0 to 7.5% by weight is provided. Glass fibers formed from the composition have a refractive index between 1.55 and 1.69.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann
  • Patent number: 8987154
    Abstract: An R-glass composition including SiO2 in an amount from 59.0 to 64.5% by weight, Al2O3 in an amount from 14.5 to 20.5% by weight, CaO in an amount from 11.0 to 16.0% by weight, MgO in an amount from 5.5 to 11.5% by weight, Na2O in N an amount from 0.0 to 4.0% by weight, TiO2 in an amount from 0.0 to 2.0% by weight, Fe2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to 1.0% by weight, B2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to about 3.0% by weight, K2O, Fe2O3, ZrO2, and Fluorine, each of which is present in an amount from 0.0 to about 1.0% by weight, and SrO and ZnO, each of which is present in an amount from 0.0 to about 2.0% by weight. In exemplary embodiments, the glass composition does not contain lithium or boron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas Hofmann, Peter McGinnis, John Wingert, Anne Berthereau
  • Publication number: 20140141164
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement layers of metallic glass-based materials. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating a layer of metallic glass includes: applying a coating layer of liquid phase metallic glass to an object, the coating layer being applied in a sufficient quantity such that the surface tension of the liquid phase metallic glass causes the coating layer to have a smooth surface; where the metallic glass has a critical cooling rate less than 1000 K/s; and cooling the coating layer of liquid phase metallic glass to form a layer of solid phase metallic glass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: California Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Douglas Hofmann
  • Publication number: 20130333422
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a continuous system is provided. The method includes supplying a glass batch to a glass melting furnace lined with a material substantially free of noble metals. The glass batch comprises about 50-about 75 weight percent SiO2, about 15-about 30 weight percent Al2O3, about 5-about 20 weight percent MgO, about 0-about 10 weight percent CaO, about 0.25-about 5 weigh percent R2O. The method further includes melting the glass batch in the furnace and forming a pool of molten glass in contact with the furnace glass contact surface, transporting the molten glass from the furnace to the bushing using a forehearth that is at least partially lined with a material substantially free of noble metal materials, discharging the molten glass from the forehearth into the bushing; and forming the molten glass into continuous fibers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann, David J. Baker, John W. Wingert, Byron Bemis
  • Patent number: 8586491
    Abstract: Glass batch compositions for the formation of high-modulus, and high-strength glass fibers as well as fibers suitable for use as textile and reinforcements are disclosed. Fibers formed of the composition are especially suitable for use in high-strength, low-weight applications such as windmill blades and high strength and modulus applications where strength and stiffness are required in the composite. The glass composition is up to about 70.5 weight % SiO2, about 24.5 weight % Al2O3, about 22 weight % alkaline earth oxides and may include small amounts of alkali metal oxides and ZrO2. Additionally, glass fibers formed from the inventive composition are non-corrosive or substantially non-corrosive in nature. Due to the non-corrosive nature of the glass fibers, glass fibers made with the inventive composition may be used in applications where the glass fibers or a composite formed from the glass fibers are in contact with a corrosive substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter B. McGinnis
  • Patent number: 8563450
    Abstract: Glass batch compositions for the formation of high-modulus, and high-strength glass fibers as well as fibers suitable for use as textile and reinforcements are disclosed. Fibers formed of the composition are especially suitable for use in high-strength, low-weight applications such as windmill blades and high strength and modulus applications where strength and stiffness are required in the composite. The glass composition is up to about 70.5 weight % SiO2, about 24.5 weight % Al2O3, about 22 weight % alkaline earth oxides and may include small amounts of alkali metal oxides and ZrO2. Fiberglass-reinforced composite articles such as windmill blades are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter B. McGinnis
  • Publication number: 20130217822
    Abstract: Glass batch compositions for the formation of high-modulus, and high-strength glass fibers as well as fibers suitable for use as textile and reinforcements are disclosed. Fibers formed of the composition are especially suitable for use in high-strength, low-weight applications such as windmill blades and high strength and modulus applications where strength and stiffness are required in the composite. The glass composition is up to about 70.5 weight % SiO2, about 24.5 weight % Al2O3, about 22 weight % alkaline earth oxides and may include small amounts of alkali metal oxides and ZrO2. Additionally, glass fibers formed from the inventive composition are non-corrosive or substantially non-corrosive in nature. Due to the non-corrosive nature of the glass fibers, glass fibers made with the inventive composition may be used in applications where the glass fibers or a composite formed from the glass fibers are in contact with a corrosive substance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter B. Mc Ginnis
  • Publication number: 20130217807
    Abstract: A glass composition including SiO2 in an amount from 30.0 to 40.0% by weight, Al2O3 in an amount from 15.0 to 23.0% by weight, B2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to 15.0% by weight, K2O in an amount from 0.0 to 5.0% by weight, La2O3 in an amount from 0.0 to 30.0% by weight, Li2O in an amount from 0.0 to 3.0% by weight, Na2O in an amount from 0.0 to 4.0% by weight, Nb2O5 in an amount from 0.0 to 10.0% by weight, TiO2 in an amount from 0.0 to 7.5% by weight, WO3 in an amount from 0.0 to 10.0% by weight, Y2O3 in an amount from 15.0 to 35.0% by weight, and RO (one or more of MgO, CaO, SrO, and BaO) in an amount from 0.0 to 7.5% by weight is provided. Glass fibers formed from the composition have a refractive index between 1.55 and 1.69.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: OCV INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann
  • Patent number: 8341978
    Abstract: A method of forming high strength glass fibers in a refractory lined glass melter is disclosed. The refractory lined melter is suited to the batch compositions disclosed for the formation high modulus, and high-strength glass fibers. The glass composition for use in the method of the present invention is up to about 70.5 Weight % SiO2, 24.5 weight % Al2O3, 22 weight % alkaline earth oxides and may include small amounts of alkali metal oxides and ZrO2. Oxide based refractories included alumina, chromic oxide, silica, alumina-silica, zircon, zirconia-alumina-silica and combinations thereof. By using oxide based refractory lined furnaces the cost of production of glass fibers is substantially reduced in comparison with the cost of fibers using a platinum lined melting furnace. Fibers formed by the present invention are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter B. McGinnis
  • Patent number: 8338319
    Abstract: A composition for the manufacture of high strength glass fibers suitable for manufacture in a refractory lined glass melter is disclosed. The glass composition of the present invention includes 64-75 weight % SiO2, 16-24 weight % Al2O3, 8-11 weight % MgO and 0.25 to 3.0 weight % R2O where R2O is the sum of Li2O and Na2O. A composition of the present invention includes 64-75 weight % SiO2, 16-24 weight % Al2O3, 8-11 weight % MgO and 0.25 to 3.0 weight % Li2O. Another composition includes 68-69 weight percent SiO2, 20-22 weight percent Al2O3, 9-10 weight percent MgO and 1-3 weight percent Li2O. By using oxide based refractory lined furnaces the cost of production of glass fibers is substantially reduced in comparison with the cost of fibers using a platinum lined melting furnace. Fibers formed by the present invention are also disclosed. The fibers have a fiberizing temperature of less than 2650° F., a ?T of at least 80° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter Bernard McGinnis, Douglas A. Hofmann
  • Patent number: 8252707
    Abstract: A composition for the manufacture of high strength glass fibers suitable for manufacture in both precious metal lined furnaces and refractory lined glass melter is disclosed. The glass composition of the present invention includes 62-68 weight % SiO2, 22-26 weight % Al2O3, 8-15 weight % MgO and 0.1 to 3.0 weight % Li2O. One suitable composition of the present invention includes 64-66.5 weight percent SiO2, 23-24.5 weight percent Al2O3, 9-11 weight percent MgO and 0.3-0.35 weight percent Li2O. Another suitable composition includes 66.5 weight percent SiO2, 23.4 weight percent Al2O3, 9.8 weight percent MgO and 0.3 weight percent Li2O. Yet another suitable composition is about 66 weight percent SiO2, about 23 weight percent Al2O3, about 10.5 weight percent MgO and about 0.3 weight percent Li2O. Fibers formed by the present invention are also disclosed. The fibers have a fiberizing temperature of less than 2650° F., a ?T of at least 25° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Peter B. McGinnis, Douglas Hofmann
  • Publication number: 20110003678
    Abstract: Glass batch compositions for the formation of high-modulus, and high-strength glass fibers as well as fibers suitable for use as textile and reinforcements are disclosed. Fibers formed of the composition are especially suitable for use in high-strength, low-weight applications such as windmill blades and high strength and modulus applications where strength and stiffness are required in the composite. The glass composition is up to about 70.5 weight % SiO2, about 24.5 weight % Al2O3, about 22 weight % alkaline earth oxides and may include small amounts of alkali metal oxides and ZrO2. Fiberglass-reinforced composite articles such as windmill blades are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Inventors: Douglas A. Hofmann, Peter B. McGinnis