Patents by Inventor Elena A. Novakovskaia

Elena A. Novakovskaia has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10613064
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are described for measuring greenhouse gas. A calibration device receives a first sample of atmospheric gas from a first port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device receives a second sample of atmospheric gas from a second port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device routes the first sample and the second sample to a measurement device for greenhouse gas analysis. The measurement device determines a characteristic of a greenhouse gas present in at least one of the first sample and the second sample. The measurement device transmits data associated with the determined characteristic of the greenhouse gas to a computing device for determining sinks and sources of the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignees: Earth Networks, Inc., The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Christopher Dale Sloop, Elena Novakovskaia, Robert S. Marshall, Ray F. Weiss, Ralph Keeling, Lisa Welp-Smith
  • Publication number: 20180180770
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and computer program products are described herein for generating proxy reflectivity data associated with lightning activity. A computing device receives data associated with lightning activity for one or more geographical areas. The computing device determines the logarithmic scale of the combined in-cloud and cloud-to-ground flash rate (dBR) for one or more grids of lightning activity based on the received data. The computing device generates proxy reflectivity data based on the dBR of the grids, a rate of change of the dBR, and the geographical area of the lightning activity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Publication date: June 28, 2018
    Inventors: Chonglin Liu, Robert S. Marshall, Elena Novakovskaia, Christopher Dale Sloop
  • Patent number: 9891345
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and computer program products are described herein for generating proxy reflectivity data associated with lightning activity. A computing device receives data associated with lightning activity for one or more geographical areas. The computing device determines the logarithmic scale of the combined in-cloud and cloud-to-ground flash rate (dBR) for one or more grids of lightning activity based on the received data. The computing device generates proxy reflectivity data based on the dBR of the grids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: Earth Networks, Inc.
    Inventors: Chonglin Liu, Robert S. Marshall, Elena Novakovskaia, Christopher Dale Sloop
  • Patent number: 9726782
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating a response to flooding. In one specific example, the present disclosure relates to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating one or more operational responses to flooding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jonas Cordazzo, Ulisses T. Mello, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Lloyd A. Treinish
  • Publication number: 20170003260
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are described for measuring greenhouse gas. A calibration device receives a first sample of atmospheric gas from a first port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device receives a second sample of atmospheric gas from a second port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device routes the first sample and the second sample to a measurement device for greenhouse gas analysis. The measurement device determines a characteristic of a greenhouse gas present in at least one of the first sample and the second sample. The measurement device transmits data associated with the determined characteristic of the greenhouse gas to a computing device for determining sinks and sources of the gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Publication date: January 5, 2017
    Inventors: Christopher Dale Sloop, Elena Novakovskaia, Robert S. Marshall, Ray F. Weiss, Ralph Keeling, Lisa Welp-Smith
  • Patent number: 9448214
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are described for measuring greenhouse gas. A calibration device receives a first sample of atmospheric gas from a first port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device receives a second sample of atmospheric gas from a second port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device routes the first sample and the second sample to a measurement device for greenhouse gas analysis. The measurement device determines a characteristic of a greenhouse gas present in at least one of the first sample and the second sample. The measurement device transmits data associated with the determined characteristic of the greenhouse gas to a computing device for determining sinks and sources of the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignees: Earth Networks, Inc., The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Christopher Dale Sloop, Elena Novakovskaia, Robert S. Marshall, Ray F. Weiss, Ralph Keeling, Lisa Welp-Smith
  • Patent number: 9189570
    Abstract: A method and system for designing a layout of turbines on a grid is provided. The method comprises receiving wind data for each possible location of placement of a turbine on said grid; calculating an energy yield for a given layout of turbines on said grid as a nonlinear objective function, said function constrained by said wind data; implementing a bounding heuristic, said bounding heuristic comparing said calculated energy yield for said given layout of turbines to a current lower bound, and if said calculated energy yield is greater than the current lower bound, replacing the current lower bound with the calculated energy yield; and repeating the above steps for different layouts of turbines on the grid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Bistra Dilkina, Jayant R. Kalagnanam, Elena Novakovskaia
  • Publication number: 20140195158
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are described for measuring greenhouse gas. A calibration device receives a first sample of atmospheric gas from a first port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device receives a second sample of atmospheric gas from a second port exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The calibration device routes the first sample and the second sample to a measurement device for greenhouse gas analysis. The measurement device determines a characteristic of a greenhouse gas present in at least one of the first sample and the second sample. The measurement device transmits data associated with the determined characteristic of the greenhouse gas to a computing device for determining sinks and sources of the gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicants: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, EARTH NETWORKS, INC.
    Inventors: Christopher Dale Sloop, Elena Novakovskaia, Robert S. Marshall, Ray F. Weiss, Ralph Keeling, Lisa Welp-Smith, William J. Paplawsky
  • Publication number: 20140156232
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating a flooding forecast. In one specific example, the present disclosure relates generally to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating a flooding forecast for an urban environment. In another example, a fully conservative model may be utilized that allows employing an unstructured hybrid grid (1-dimesional/2-dimensional) to represent an urban area, where the 1-dimesional grid is a simplified representation of part of the domain.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jonas Cordazzo, Ulisses T. Mello, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Lloyd A. Treinish
  • Publication number: 20140156190
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating a response to flooding. In one specific example, the present disclosure relates to methods, systems and computer program storage devices for generating one or more operational responses to flooding.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jonas Cordazzo, Ulisses T. Mello, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Lloyd A. Treinish
  • Publication number: 20140107985
    Abstract: A method and system for designing a layout of turbines on a grid is provided. The method comprises receiving wind data for each possible location of placement of a turbine on said grid; calculating an energy yield for a given layout of turbines on said grid as a nonlinear objective function, said function constrained by said wind data; implementing a bounding heuristic, said bounding heuristic comparing said calculated energy yield for said given layout of turbines to a current lower bound, and if said calculated energy yield is greater than the current lower bound, replacing the current lower bound with the calculated energy yield; and repeating the above steps for different layouts of turbines on the grid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Bistra Dilkina, Jayant R. Kalagnanam, Elena Novakovskaia
  • Patent number: 8554519
    Abstract: A method and system for designing a layout of turbines on a grid is provided. The method comprises receiving wind data for each possible location of placement of a turbine on said grid; calculating an energy yield for a given layout of turbines on said grid as a nonlinear objective function, said function constrained by said wind data; implementing a bounding heuristic, said bounding heuristic comparing said calculated energy yield for said given layout of turbines to a current lower bound, and if said calculated energy yield is greater than the current lower bound, replacing the current lower bound with the calculated energy yield; and repeating the above steps for different layouts of turbines on the grid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Bistra N. Dilkina, Jayant R. Kalagnanam, Elena A. Novakovskaia
  • Publication number: 20110208483
    Abstract: A method and system for designing a layout of turbines on a grid is provided. The method comprises receiving wind data for each possible location of placement of a turbine on said grid; calculating an energy yield for a given layout of turbines on said grid as a nonlinear objective function, said function constrained by said wind data; implementing a bounding heuristic, said bounding heuristic comparing said calculated energy yield for said given layout of turbines to a current lower bound, and if said calculated energy yield is greater than the current lower bound, replacing the current lower bound with the calculated energy yield; and repeating the above steps for different layouts of turbines on the grid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Bistra N. Dilkina, Jayant R. Kalagnanam, Elena A. Novakovskaia
  • Patent number: 6425552
    Abstract: A cyclical thermal management system is provided for responding to diurnal heating and nocturnal cooling cycles to maintain a high altitude platform in a geostatic position for long periods of time. The novel cyclical thermal management system utilizes solar energy collection devices to collect solar energy which is stored and utilized to operate physical and chemical exothermic processes for heating the lifting gas of the novel high altitude platform at night and to operate physical and chemical processes during the day for transferring the heat of the lifting gas to maintain a particular geostatic position. The cyclical thermal management system utilizes a recyclable energy storage material which is utilized in not only the cyclical thermal management of heat diurnally but also to provide for seasonal and longitudinal variation by increasing or decreasing the volume of lifting gas or by increasing or decreasing the amount of the energy storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2002
    Assignee: Sky Station International, Inc.
    Inventors: Yee-Chun Lee, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Sam M.-S. Chen, Brandon G. Mason, Valentine R. Connell
  • Publication number: 20020005457
    Abstract: A novel energy producing flexible material is provided particularly suited for high altitude and stratospheric applications. The flexible energy producing covering includes a flexible solar cell layer, a flexible substrate which preferably matches the shape and size of the airship gore as well and an electrically conductive conduit disposed in a flexible electrically non-conductive adhesive connecting the flexible solar cell substrate to the airship substrate. Preferably two electrically conductive conduits are provided between the substrate layer and the flexible solar cell layer with the electrically conductive conduits being insulated from one another by the non-conductive adhesive. The novel process provided by the invention for joining the airship substrate to the flexible solar cell substrate includes heat, pressure and the selection of substrate materials and in certain applications the use of a vacuum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Publication date: January 17, 2002
    Applicant: Sky Station International, Inc.
    Inventors: Yee-Chun Lee, Sam M.-S. Chen, Yu-Lun Lin, Brandon G. Mason, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Valentine R. Connell
  • Patent number: 6224016
    Abstract: A novel energy producing flexible material is provided particularly suited for high altitude and stratospheric applications. The flexible energy producing covering includes a flexible solar cell layer, a flexible substrate which preferably matches the shape and size of the airship gore as well and an electrically conductive conduit disposed in a flexible electrically non-conductive adhesive connecting the flexible solar cell substrate to the airship substrate. Preferably two electrically conductive conduits are provided between the substrate layer and the flexible solar cell layer with the electrically conductive conduits being insulated from one another by the non-conductive adhesive. The novel process provided by the invention for joining the airship substrate to the flexible solar cell substrate includes heat, pressure and the selection of substrate materials and in certain applications the use of a vacuum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Assignee: Sky Station International, Inc.
    Inventors: Yee-Chun Lee, Sam M.-S. Chen, Yu-Lun Lin, Brandon G. Mason, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Valentine R. Connell
  • Patent number: 6119979
    Abstract: A cyclical thermal management system is provided for responding to diurnal heating and nocturnal cooling cycles to maintain a high altitude platform in a geostatic position for long periods of time. The novel cyclical thermal management system utilizes solar energy collection devices to collect solar energy which is stored and utilized to operate physical and chemical exothermic processes for heating the lifting gas of the novel high altitude platform at night and to operate physical and chemical processes during the day for transferring the heat of the lifting gas to maintain a particular geostatic position. The cyclical thermal management system utilizes a recyclable energy storage material which is utilized in not only the cyclical thermal management of heat diurnally but also to provide for seasonal and longitudinal variation by increasing or decreasing the volume of lifting gas or by increasing or decreasing the amount of the energy storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Sky Station International, Inc.
    Inventors: Yee-Chun Lee, Elena A. Novakovskaia, Sam M.-S. Chen, Brandon G. Mason, Valentine R. Connell
  • Patent number: D427137
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: Sky Station International, Inc.
    Inventors: Yee-Chun Lee, Elena A. Novakovskaia