Patents by Inventor Ellen M. Eide

Ellen M. Eide has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8886538
    Abstract: Systems and methods for speech synthesis and, in particular, text-to-speech systems and methods for converting a text input to a synthetic waveform by processing prosodic and phonetic content of a spoken example of the text input to accurately mimic the input speech style and pronunciation. Systems and methods provide an interface to a TTS system to allow a user to input a text string and a spoken utterance of the text string, extract prosodic parameters from the spoken input, and process the prosodic parameters to derive corresponding markup for the text input to enable a more natural sounding synthesized speech.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Andy Aaron, Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Wael M. Hamza
  • Patent number: 8725513
    Abstract: Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for providing expressive user interaction with a multimodal application, the multimodal application operating in a multimodal browser on a multimodal device supporting multiple modes of user interaction including a voice mode and one or more non-voice modes, the multimodal application operatively coupled to a speech engine through a VoiceXML interpreter, including: receiving, by the multimodal browser, user input from a user through a particular mode of user interaction; determining, by the multimodal browser, user output for the user in dependence upon the user input; determining, by the multimodal browser, a style for the user output in dependence upon the user input, the style specifying expressive output characteristics for at least one other mode of user interaction; and rendering, by the multimodal browser, the user output in dependence upon the style.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles W. Cross, Jr., Ellen M. Eide, Igor R. Jablokov
  • Patent number: 8438032
    Abstract: An embodiment of the invention is a software tool used to convert text, speech synthesis markup language (SSML), and or extended SSML to synthesized audio. Provisions are provided to create, view, play, and edit the synthesized speech including editing pitch and duration targets, speaking type, paralinguistic events, and prosody. Prosody can be provided by way of a sample recording. Users can interact with the software tool by way of a graphical user interface (GUI). The software tool can produce synthesized audio file output in many file formats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Roberto Pieraccini, Maria E. Smith, Jie Zeng
  • Publication number: 20120095676
    Abstract: A driving directions system loads into memory a limited subset of prerecorded, spoken utterances of geographic names from a mass media storage. The subset of spoken utterances may be limited, for example, to the geographic names within a predetermined radius (e.g., a few miles) of the driver's present location. The present location of the driver may be manually entered into the driving directions system by the driver, or automatically determined using a global positioning system (“GPS”) receiver. As the vehicle moves from its present location, the driving directions system loads into memory new names from the mass media storage and overwrites, if necessary, those which are now geographically out of range. Based on the current location of the driving, the driving directions system can audibly output geographic names from the run-time memory.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Wael Hamza
  • Patent number: 8065150
    Abstract: A text-to-speech system that includes an arrangement for accepting text input, an arrangement for providing synthetic speech output, and an arrangement for imparting emotion-based features to synthetic speech output. The arrangement for imparting emotion-based features includes an arrangement for accepting instruction for imparting at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output, as well as an arrangement for applying at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Patent number: 8046213
    Abstract: A driving directions system loads into memory a limited subset of prerecorded, spoken utterances of geographic names from a mass media storage. The subset of spoken utterances may be limited, for example, to the geographic names within a predetermined radius (e.g., a few miles) of the driver's present location. The present location of the driver may be manually entered into the driving directions system by the driver, or automatically determined using a global positioning system (“GPS”) receiver. As the vehicle moves from its present location, the driving directions system loads into memory new names from the mass media storage and overwrites, if necessary, those which are now geographically out of range. Based on the current location of the driving, the driving directions system can audibly output geographic names from the run-time memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Wael Hamza
  • Patent number: 7966185
    Abstract: A text-to-speech system that includes an arrangement for accepting text input, an arrangement for providing synthetic speech output, and an arrangement for imparting emotion-based features to synthetic speech output. The arrangement for imparting emotion-based features includes an arrangement for accepting instruction for imparting at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output, as well as an arrangement for applying at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Patent number: 7761296
    Abstract: A system and method for rescoring the N-best hypotheses from an automatic speech recognition system by comparing an original speech waveform to synthetic speech waveforms that are generated for each text sequence of the N-best hypotheses. A distance is calculated from the original speech waveform to each of the synthesized waveforms, and the text associated with the synthesized waveform that is determined to be closest to the original waveform is selected as the final hypothesis. The original waveform and each synthesized waveform are aligned to a corresponding text sequence on a phoneme level. The mean of the feature vectors which align to each phoneme is computed for the original waveform as well as for each of the synthesized hypotheses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide
  • Patent number: 7716052
    Abstract: A method, apparatus and a computer program product to generate an audible speech word that corresponds to text. The method includes providing a text word and, in response to the text word, processing pre-recorded speech segments that are derived from a plurality of speakers to selectively concatenate together speech segments based on at least one cost function to form audio data for generating an audible speech word that corresponds to the text word. A data structure is also provided for use in a concatenative text-to-speech system that includes a plurality of speech segments derived from a plurality of speakers, where each speech segment includes an associated attribute vector each of which is comprised of at least one attribute vector element that identifies the speaker from which the speech segment was derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew S. Aaron, Ellen M. Eide, Wael M. Hamza, Michael A. Picheny, Charles T. Rutherfoord, Zhi Wei Shuang, Maria E. Smith
  • Patent number: 7702510
    Abstract: Systems and methods for dynamically selecting among text-to-speech (TTS) systems. Exemplary embodiments of the systems and methods include identifying text for converting into a speech waveform, synthesizing said text by three TTS systems, generating a candidate waveform from each of the three systems, generating a score from each of the three systems, comparing each of the three scores, selecting a score based on a criteria and selecting one of the three waveforms based on the selected of the three scores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2010
    Assignee: Nuance Communications, Inc.
    Inventors: Ellen M. Eide, Raul Fernandez, Wael M. Hamza, Michael A. Picheny
  • Patent number: 7472065
    Abstract: Converting marked-up text into a synthesized stream includes providing marked-up text to a processor-based system, converting the marked-up text into a text stream including vocabulary items, retrieving audio segments corresponding to the vocabulary items, concatenating the audio segments to form a synthesized stream, and audibly outputting the synthesized stream, wherein the marked-up text includes a normal text and a paralinguistic text; and wherein the normal text is differentiated from the paralinguistic text by using a grammar constraint, and wherein the paralinguistic text is associated with more than one audio segment, wherein the retrieving of the plurality audio segments includes selecting one audio segment associated with the paralinguistic text.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew S. Aaron, Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Wael Hamza
  • Publication number: 20080294443
    Abstract: Abstract of the Disclosure A text-to-speech system that includes an arrangement for accepting text input, an arrangement for providing synthetic speech output, and an arrangement for imparting emotion-based features to synthetic speech output. The arrangement for imparting emotion-based features includes an arrangement for accepting instruction for imparting at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output, as well as an arrangement for applying at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Publication date: November 27, 2008
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Publication number: 20080288257
    Abstract: A text-to-speech system that includes an arrangement for accepting text input, an arrangement for providing synthetic speech output, and an arrangement for imparting emotion-based features to synthetic speech output. The arrangement for imparting emotion-based features includes an arrangement for accepting instruction for imparting at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output, as well as an arrangement for applying at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Publication number: 20080255850
    Abstract: Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for providing expressive user interaction with a multimodal application, the multimodal application operating in a multimodal browser on a multimodal device supporting multiple modes of user interaction including a voice mode and one or more non-voice modes, the multimodal application operatively coupled to a speech engine through a VoiceXML interpreter, including: receiving, by the multimodal browser, user input from a user through a particular mode of user interaction; determining, by the multimodal browser, user output for the user in dependence upon the user input; determining, by the multimodal browser, a style for the user output in dependence upon the user input, the style specifying expressive output characteristics for at least one other mode of user interaction; and rendering, by the multimodal browser, the user output in dependence upon the style.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Publication date: October 16, 2008
    Inventors: Charles W. Cross, Ellen M. Eide, Igor R. Jablokov
  • Publication number: 20080172234
    Abstract: Systems and methods for dynamically selecting among text-to-speech (TTS) systems. Exemplary embodiments of the systems and methods include identifying text for converting into a speech waveform, synthesizing said text by three TTS systems, generating a candidate waveform from each of the three systems, generating a score from each of the three systems, comparing each of the three scores, selecting a score based on a criteria and selecting one of the three waveforms based on the selected of the three scores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Publication date: July 17, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ellen M. Eide, Raul Fernandez, Wael M. Hamza, Michael A. Picheny
  • Patent number: 7401020
    Abstract: A text-to-speech system that includes an arrangement for accepting text input, an arrangement for providing synthetic speech output, and an arrangement for imparting emotion-based features to synthetic speech output. The arrangement for imparting emotion-based features includes an arrangement for accepting instruction for imparting at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output, as well as an arrangement for applying at least one emotion-based paradigm to synthetic speech output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Publication number: 20080167876
    Abstract: A method and computer program product for providing paraphrasing in a text-to-speech (TTS) system is provided. The method includes receiving an input text, parsing the input text, and determining a paraphrase of the input text. The method also includes synthesizing the paraphrase into synthesized speech. The method further includes selecting synthesized speech to output, which includes: assigning a score to each synthesized speech associated with each paraphrase, comparing the score of each synthesized speech associated with each paraphrase, and selecting the top-scoring synthesized speech to output. Furthermore, the method includes outputting the selected synthesized speech.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2007
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Wael Hamza, Michael A. Picheny
  • Publication number: 20080167875
    Abstract: An embodiment of the invention is a software tool used to convert text, speech synthesis markup language (SSML), and or extended SSML to synthesized audio. Provisions are provided to create, view, play, and edit the synthesized speech including editing pitch and duration targets, speaking type, paralinguistic events, and prosody. Prosody can be provided by way of a sample recording. Users can interact with the software tool by way of a graphical user interface (GUI). The software tool can produce synthesized audio file output in many file formats.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2007
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Raimo Bakis, Ellen M. Eide, Roberto Pieraccini, Maria E. Smith, Jie Zeng
  • Patent number: 7337114
    Abstract: Methods and arrangements for representing the speech waveform in terms of a set of abstract, linguistic distinctions in order to derive a set of discriminative features for use in a speech recognizer. By combining the distinctive feature representation with an original waveform representation, it is possible to achieve a reduction in word error rate of 33% on an automatic speech recognition task.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide
  • Patent number: 6823305
    Abstract: Speaker normalization is carried out based on biometric information available about a speaker, such as his height, or a dimension of a bodily member or article of clothing. The chosen biometric parameter correlates with the vocal tract length. Speech can be normalized based on the biometric parameter, which thus indirectly normalizes the speech based on the vocal tract length of the speaker. The inventive normalization can be used in model formation, or in actual speech recognition usage, or both. Substantial improvements in accuracy have been noted at little cost. The preferred biometric parameter is height, and the preferred form of scaling is linear scaling with the scale factor proportional to the height of the speaker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Ellen M. Eide