Patents by Inventor Francine J. Prokoski

Francine J. Prokoski has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8918162
    Abstract: A sequence of three-dimensional thermal infrared images of the face or other area of the body is analyzed to extract time-varying maps which link skin surface temperature details to the locations of anatomical structures. Frame-to-frame quantitative variations in temperature and position of anatomical nodes of the body maps are determined for the sequence and compared to reference profiles to produce estimates of physiological condition and psychological state. The magnitude, latency, and duration of such variations at particular anatomical locations resulting from selected controlled stimuli have been determined to be strongly correlated with particular psychological states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 8811692
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 8494227
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 8463006
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 8090223
    Abstract: Systematic use of infrared imaging characterizes marks made on items and identifies the particular marking tool with better accuracy than use of visual imaging. Infrared imaging performed in total darkness eliminates shadows, glint, and other lighting variations and artifacts associated with visible imaging. Although normally used to obtain temperature measurements, details in IR imagery result from emissivity variations as well as thermal variations. Disturbing an item's surface texture creates an emissivity difference producing local changes in the infrared image. Identification is most accurate when IR images of unknown marks are compared to IR images of marks made by known tools. However, infrared analysis offers improvements even when only visual reference images are available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7822263
    Abstract: Systematic use of infrared imaging characterizes marks made on items and identifies the particular marking tool with better accuracy than use of visual imaging. Infrared imaging performed in total darkness eliminates shadows, glint, and other lighting variations and artifacts associated with visible imaging. Although normally used to obtain temperature measurements, details in IR imagery result from emissivity variations as well as thermal variations. Disturbing an item's surface texture creates an emissivity difference producing local changes in the infrared image. Identification is most accurate when IR images of unknown marks are compared to IR images of marks made by known tools. However, infrared analysis offers improvements even when only visual reference images are available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Publication number: 20100191124
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Publication number: 20100189313
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Publication number: 20100191541
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Publication number: 20100172567
    Abstract: Calibrated infrared and range imaging sensors are used to produce a true-metric three-dimensional (3D) surface model of any body region within the fields of view of both sensors. Curvilinear surface features in both modalities are caused by internal and external anatomical elements. They are extracted to form 3D Feature Maps that are projected onto the skin surface. Skeletonized Feature Maps define subpixel intersections that serve as anatomical landmarks to aggregate multiple images for models of larger regions of the body, and to transform images into precise standard poses. Features are classified by origin, location, and characteristics to produce annotations that are recorded with the images and feature maps in reference image libraries. The system provides an enabling technology for searchable medical image libraries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Publication date: July 8, 2010
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7602938
    Abstract: Systematic use of infrared imaging characterizes marks made on items and identifies the particular marking tool with better accuracy than use of visual imaging. Infrared imaging performed in total darkness eliminates shadows, glint, and other lighting variations and artifacts associated with visible imaging. Although normally used to obtain temperature measurements, details in IR imagery result from emissivity variations as well as thermal variations. Disturbing an item's surface texture creates an emissivity difference producing local changes in the infrared image. Identification is most accurate when IR images of unknown marks are compared to IR images of marks made by known tools. However, infrared analysis offers improvements even when only visual reference images are available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7292994
    Abstract: The invention provides a system and method for developing intellectual property (IP) assets, by collecting one or more IP assets in accordance with a characterization; determining a market value for the collection in accordance with a plurality of uses for the assets so characterized; holding the collection in an investment trust (IT), which is sold to investors; and exploiting the collection, using investor contributions to make markets for the various uses of the asserts, obtaining revenue in these markets, and distributing profits to the investors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignee: Mikos, Ltd.
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7236596
    Abstract: The Evidentiary Imaging System (EIS) provides secure storage or transmission of a digital image into which is encoded the date, time, and location at which the image was taken, along with the camera ID and frame number. The encoding is dispersed throughout the image so that the image cannot be modified without distorting the encoding. The image may be encrypted for additional security. Annotation can be superimposed on the encoded or encoded and encrypted image to classify or identify the image to human or automated scanning systems. The annotation can also be used to key the decoding and decryption tasks. The EIS produces imagery which may be authenticated as to originality, time and location of imaging. The imagery may be stored, duplicated, and transmitted while retaining its authenticity. However, any modifications to the image, including any local changes, are readily detected because the encoding will not decode correctly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: Mikos, Ltd.
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7068808
    Abstract: Systematic use of infrared imaging characterizes marks made on items and identifies the particular marking tool with better accuracy than use of visual imaging. Infrared imaging performed in total darkness eliminates shadows, glint, and other lighting variations and artifacts associated with visible imaging. Although normally used to obtain temperature measurements, details in IR imagery result from emissivity variations as well as thermal variations. Disturbing an item's surface texture creates an emissivity difference producing local changes in the infrared image. Identification is most accurate when IR images of unknown marks are compared to IR images of marks made by known tools. However, infrared analysis offers improvements even when only visual reference images are available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 7027621
    Abstract: A system using passive infrared imaging of the face and other body parts of an operator to obtain observables by automatically extracting features from a sequence of images, analyzing the extracted features, and then assessing the results for indicators of performance of a task by the operator in order to provide early warning of potential cognitive or motor impairment and thereby facilitate risk reduction and quality maintenance. The infrared condition monitoring system (IR-CMS) serves to a) assess cognitive and/or physical readiness to perform a particular task; b) provide condition assessment feedback to the subject and his appropriate supervisors; c) activate measures to increase short-term alertness and other readiness factors; d) limit potential risks by restricting the subject's access, responsibility, or authority; and e) facilitate rapid medical treatment, evacuation, quarantine, re-training, or counseling as appropriate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: Mikos, Ltd.
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 6920236
    Abstract: A biometric identification system directed toward use of dual-band visual-infrared imaging with appropriate techniques for integrating the analysis of both images to distinguish less reliable from more reliable image components, so as to generate a composite image comprised of layers. Correlation and analysis of the composite layers enables improved reliability in identification. The method and apparatus of the invention provide for efficient and optimized use of dual-band imaging for biometric identification of faces, fingerprints, palm and hand prints, sweat pore patterns, wrist veins, and other anatomical features of humans and animals. One embodiment includes the addition of a thermal infrared camera to a visual facial recognition system, with the IR image used to determine that the subject is alive and locate any features which are disguised.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Mikos, Ltd.
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 6850147
    Abstract: A personal biometric key system uses a personal identity code transmitted to a universal biometric electronic lock via a communication system and using a clock or GPS chip and allows a person to select one or more personal biometric methods and to be personally responsible for the maintenance of the sensor and its availability. The selection can be tailored to the particular needs and circumstances of the person using the key. The person can also change the personal biometric sensor when needs and circumstances change. The organization being accessed by the key can set minimum levels for what type sensor data they will accept and for level of services they will provide for a given type sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2005
    Assignee: Mikos, Ltd.
    Inventors: Francine J. Prokoski, Veronica Mikos Prokoski
  • Patent number: 6751340
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for comparing an infrared image of a person to a database of visual images of persons and calculating the probability that each is a match to the infrared image is characterized by extracting minutiae from the infrared image and extracting visible minutiae from the visible images. Coincident minutiae which occur in both spectra are used to scale and register the infrared and the visible images. Other minutiae are spectrum-dependent, but must obey rules relative to minutiae of the other spectrum, due to the anatomical structure of the human face and body. The primary application is for identification of persons seen in infrared surveillance imagery, using a reference database of visual images. Other applications include compression of talking head video and animation of synthetic faces. The method and apparatus can also be applied to areas of the body other than the face, to compare images from different spectra including images from medical sensors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Publication number: 20030108223
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for comparing an infrared image of a person to a database of visual images of persons and calculating the probability that each is a match to the infrared image is characterized by extracting minutiae from the infrared image and extracting visible minutiae from the visible images. Coincident minutiae which occur in both spectra are used to scale and register the infrared and the visible images. Other minutiae are spectrum-dependent, but must obey rules relative to minutiae of the other spectrum, due to the anatomical structure of the human face and body. The primary application is for identification of persons seen in infrared surveillance imagery, using a reference database of visual images. Other applications include compression of talking head video and animation of synthetic faces. The method and apparatus can also be applied to areas of the body other than the face, to compare images from different spectra including images from medical sensors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2002
    Publication date: June 12, 2003
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski
  • Patent number: 6529617
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for annotation of medical imagery to facilitate patient identification, diagnosis, and treatment is characterized by an imaging device for producing a first signal representative of sensed characteristics of the individual and a minutiae generator which receives the first signal and produces a second signal representative of minutiae of the individual, the minutiae corresponding to specific branch points of blood vessels of the individual. A minutiae data generator analyzes the characteristics of minutiae and produces a third signal representative of the characteristics which is stored in a minutiae database for each of the plurality of known individuals and their medical conditions. The minutiae and minutiae data may be used to annotate medical imagery to facilitate subsequent image comparison by providing standardized registration points and time-varying characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Inventor: Francine J. Prokoski