Patents by Inventor Francis X. McKeen

Francis X. McKeen has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200204356
    Abstract: A processor includes a processor core. A register of the core is to store: a bit range for a number of address bits of physical memory addresses used for key identifiers (IDs), and a first key ID to identify a boundary between non-restricted key IDs and restricted key IDs of the key identifiers. A memory controller is to: determine, via access to bit range and the first key ID in the register, a key ID range of the restricted key IDs within the physical memory addresses; access a processor state that a first logical processor of the processor core executes in an untrusted domain mode; receive a memory transaction, from the first logical processor, including an address associated with a second key ID; and generate a fault in response to a determination that the second key ID is within a key ID range of the restricted key IDs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2018
    Publication date: June 25, 2020
    Inventors: Ido OUZIEL, Arie AHARON, Dror CASPI, Baruch CHAIKIN, Jacob DOWECK, Gideon GERZON, Barry E. HUNTLEY, Francis X. MCKEEN, Gilbert NEIGER, Carlos V. ROZAS, Ravi L. SAHITA, Vedvyas SHANBHOGUE, Assaf ZALTSMAN
  • Publication number: 20200201786
    Abstract: Implementations described provide hardware support for the co-existence of restricted and non-restricted encryption keys on a computing system. Such hardware support may comprise a processor having a core, a hardware register to store a bit range to identify a number of bits, of physical memory addresses, that define key identifiers (IDs) and a partition key ID identifying a boundary between non-restricted and restricted key IDs. The core may allocate at least one of the non-restricted key IDs to a software program, such as a hypervisor. The core may further allocate a restricted key ID to a trust domain whose trust computing base does not comprise the software program. A memory controller coupled to the core may allocate a physical page of a memory to the trust domain, wherein data of the physical page of the memory is to be encrypted with an encryption key associated with the restricted key ID.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2018
    Publication date: June 25, 2020
    Inventors: Ido OUZIEL, Arie AHARON, Dror CASPI, Baruch CHAIKIN, Jacob DOWECK, Gideon GERZON, Barry E. HUNTLEY, Francis X. MCKEEN, Gilbert NEIGER, Carlos V. ROZAS, Ravi L. SAHITA, Vedvyas SHANBHOGUE, Assaf ZALTSMAN, Hormuzd M. KHOSRAVI
  • Patent number: 10671542
    Abstract: Apparatuses, methods and storage medium associated with application execution enclave memory page cache management, are disclosed herein. In embodiments, an apparatus may include a processor with processor supports for application execution enclaves; memory organized into a plurality of host physical memory pages; and a virtual machine monitor to be operated by the processor to manage operation of virtual machines. Management of operation of the virtual machines may include facilitation of mapping of virtual machine-physical memory pages of the virtual machines to the host physical memory pages, including maintenance of an unallocated subset of the host physical memory pages to receive increased security protection for selective allocation to the virtual machines, for virtualization and selective allocation to application execution enclaves of applications of the virtual machines. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Ittai Anati, Francis X. McKeen, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Meltem Ozsoy
  • Patent number: 10671740
    Abstract: A processor implementing techniques for supporting configurable security levels for memory address ranges is disclosed. In one embodiment, the processor includes a processing core a memory controller, operatively coupled to the processing core, to access data in an off-chip memory and a memory encryption engine (MEE) operatively coupled to the memory controller. The MEE is to responsive to detecting a memory access operation with respect to a memory location identified by a memory address within a memory address range associated with the off-chip memory, identify a security level indicator associated with the memory location based on a value stored on a security range register. The MEE is further to access at least a portion of a data item associated with the memory address range of the off-chip memory in view of the security level indicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Binata Bhattacharyya, Raghunandan Makaram, Amy L. Santoni, George Z. Chrysos, Simon P. Johnson, Brian S. Morris, Francis X. McKeen
  • Publication number: 20200142838
    Abstract: A processor includes a decode unit to decode an instruction that is to indicate a page of a protected container memory, and a storage location outside of the protected container memory. An execution unit, in response to the instruction, is to ensure that there are no writable references to the page of the protected container memory while it has a write protected state. The execution unit is to encrypt a copy of the page of the protected container memory. The execution unit is to store the encrypted copy of the page to the storage location outside of the protected container memory, after it has been ensured that there are no writable references. The execution unit is to leave the page of the protected container memory in the write protected state, which is also valid and readable, after the encrypted copy has been stored to the storage location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2019
    Publication date: May 7, 2020
    Inventors: Carlos V. Rozas, Mona Vij, Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Somnath Chakrabarti, Francis X. Mckeen, Vincent R. Scarlata, Simon P. Johnson, Ilya Alexandrovich, Gilbert Neiger, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Ittai Anati
  • Patent number: 10628315
    Abstract: Secure memory repartitioning technologies are described. Embodiments of the disclosure may include a processing device including a processing core and a memory controller coupled between the processor core and a memory device. The memory device includes a memory range including a section of convertible pages that are convertible to secure pages or non-secure pages. The processor core is to receive a non-secure access request to a page in the memory device, responsive to a determination, based on one or more secure state bits in one or more secure state bit arrays, that the page is a secure page, insert an abort page address into a translation lookaside buffer, and responsive to a determination, based on the one or more secure state bits in the one or more secure state bit arrays, that the page is a non-secure page, insert the page into the translation lookaside buffer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Carlos V. Rozas, Francis X. McKeen, Raghunandan Makaram, Ilya Alexandrovich, Ittai Anati, Meltem Ozsoy
  • Patent number: 10621336
    Abstract: Technologies for software attack detection include a computing device with a processor and a memory external to the processor. The processor originates a memory transaction with an associated secure enclave status bit that indicates whether the memory transaction originated in a secure execution mode, such as from a secure enclave. The processor computes an error-correcting code (ECC) based as a function of memory transaction data and the secure enclave status bit, and performs the memory transaction based on the ECC and the memory transaction data using the memory of the computing device. The processor may store the ECC and the memory transaction data to memory. The processor may load a stored ECC and data from the memory and compare the computed ECC to the stored ECC to detect memory transactions with an invalid secure enclave status bit. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Bin Xing, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Wei Wu, Shih-Lien L. Lu, Carlos V. Rozas, Francis X. McKeen, Siddhartha Chhabra, Mark W. Shanahan
  • Patent number: 10592421
    Abstract: Instructions and logic provide advanced paging capabilities for secure enclave page caches. Embodiments include multiple hardware threads or processing cores, a cache to store secure data for a shared page address allocated to a secure enclave accessible by the hardware threads. A decode stage decodes a first instruction specifying said shared page address as an operand, and execution units mark an entry corresponding to an enclave page cache mapping for the shared page address to block creation of a new translation for either of said first or second hardware threads to access the shared page. A second instruction is decoded for execution, the second instruction specifying said secure enclave as an operand, and execution units record hardware threads currently accessing secure data in the enclave page cache corresponding to the secure enclave, and decrement the recorded number of hardware threads when any of the hardware threads exits the secure enclave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Carlos V. Rozas, Ilya Alexandrovich, Ittai Anati, Alex Berenzon, Michael A. Goldsmith, Barry E. Huntley, Anton Ivanov, Simon P. Johnson, Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Francis X. McKeen, Gilbert Neiger, Rinat Rappoport, Scott D. Rodgers, Uday R. Savagaonkar, Vincent R. Scarlata, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Wesley H. Smith, William C. Wood
  • Patent number: 10592436
    Abstract: Secure memory allocation technologies are described. A processor includes a processor core and a memory controller that is coupled between the processor core and main memory. The main memory comprises a protected region including secured pages. The processor, in response to a content copy instruction, is to initialize a target page in the protected region of an application address space. The processor, in response to the content copy instruction, is also to select content of a source page in the protected region to be copied. The processor, in response to the content copy instruction, is also to copy the selected content to the target page in the protected region of the application address space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Francis X. McKeen, Carlos V. Rozas, Krystof C. Zmudzinski
  • Patent number: 10558588
    Abstract: A processor includes a decode unit to decode an instruction that is to indicate a page of a protected container memory, and a storage location outside of the protected container memory. An execution unit, in response to the instruction, is to ensure that there are no writable references to the page of the protected container memory while it has a write protected state. The execution unit is to encrypt a copy of the page of the protected container memory. The execution unit is to store the encrypted copy of the page to the storage location outside of the protected container memory, after it has been ensured that there are no writable references. The execution unit is to leave the page of the protected container memory in the write protected state, which is also valid and readable, after the encrypted copy has been stored to the storage location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Carlos V. Rozas, Mona Vij, Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Somnath Chakrabarti, Francis X. Mckeen, Vincent R. Scarlata, Simon P. Johnson, Ilya Alexandrovich, Gilbert Neiger, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Ittai Anati
  • Patent number: 10552344
    Abstract: A secure enclave circuit stores an enclave page cache map to track contents of a secure enclave in system memory that stores secure data containing a page having a virtual address. An execution unit is to, in response to a request to evict the page from the secure enclave: block creation of translations of the virtual address; record one or more hardware threads currently accessing the secure data in the secure enclave; send an inter-processor interrupt to one or more cores associated with the one or more hardware threads, to cause the one or more hardware threads to exit the secure enclave and to flush translation lookaside buffers of the one or more cores; and in response to detection of a page fault associated with the virtual address for the page in the secure enclave, unblock the creation of translations of the virtual address.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Carlos V. Rozas, Ittai Anati, Francis X. McKeen, Krystof Zmudzinski, Ilya Alexandrovich, Somnath Chakrabarti, Dror Caspi, Meltem Ozsoy
  • Patent number: 10540291
    Abstract: Translation lookaside buffer (TLB) tracking and managing technologies are described. A processing device comprises a translation lookaside buffer (TLB) and a processing core to execute a virtual machine monitor (VMM), the VMM to manage a virtual machine (VM) including virtual processors. The processing core to execute, via the VM, a plurality of conversion instructions on at least one of the virtual processors to convert a plurality of non-secure pages to a plurality of secure pages. The processing core also to execute, via the VM, one or more allocation instructions on the at least one of the virtual processors to allocate at least one secure page of the plurality of secure pages, execution of the one or more allocation instructions to include determining whether the TLB is cleared of mappings to the at least one secure page prior to allocating the at least one secure page.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Carlos V. Rozas, Francis X. McKeen, Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Meltem Ozsoy, Somnath Chakrabarti, Mona Vij
  • Patent number: 10534724
    Abstract: Instructions and logic support suspending and resuming migration of enclaves in a secure enclave page cache (EPC). An EPC stores a secure domain control structure (SDCS) in storage accessible by an enclave for a management process, and by a domain of enclaves. A second processor checks if a corresponding version array (VA) page is bound to the SDCS, and if so: increments a version counter in the SDCS for the page, performs an authenticated encryption of the page from the EPC using the version counter in the SDCS, and writes the encrypted page to external memory. A second processor checks if a corresponding VA page is bound to a second SDCS of the second processor, and if so: performs an authenticated decryption of the page using a version counter in the second SDCS, and loads the decrypted page to the EPC in the second processor if authentication passes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Carlos V. Rozas, Ilya Alexandrovich, Gilbert Neiger, Francis X. McKeen, Ittai Anati, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Mona Vij, Rebekah Leslie-Hurd, Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Somnath Chakrabarti, Vincent R. Scarlata, Simon P. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20190324918
    Abstract: A processor for supporting secure memory intent is disclosed. The processor of the disclosure includes a memory execution unit to access memory and a processor core coupled to the memory execution unit. The processor core is to receive a request to access a convertible page of the memory. In response to the request, the processor core to determine an intent for the convertible page in view of a page table entry (PTE) corresponding to the convertible page. The intent indicates whether the convertible page is to be accessed as at least one of a secure page or a non-secure page.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2019
    Publication date: October 24, 2019
    Inventors: Krystof C. Zmudzinski, Siddhartha Chhabra, Uday R. Savagaonkar, Simon P. Johnson, Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Francis X. McKeen, Gilbert Neiger, Raghunandan Makaram, Carlos V. Rozas, Amy L. Santoni, Vincent R. Scarlata, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Ilya Alexandrovich, Ittai Anati, Wesley H. Smith, Michael Goldsmith
  • Patent number: 10409597
    Abstract: Embodiments of an invention for memory management in secure enclaves are disclosed. In one embodiment, a processor includes an instruction unit and an execution unit. The instruction unit is to receive a first instruction and a second instruction. The execution unit is to execute the first instruction, wherein execution of the first instruction includes allocating a page in an enclave page cache to a secure enclave. The execution unit is also to execute the second instruction, wherein execution of the second instruction includes confirming the allocation of the page.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Rebekah Leslie-Hurd, Carlos V. Rozas, Vincent R. Scarlata, Simon P. Johnson, Uday R. Savagaonkar, Barry E. Huntley, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Ittai Anati, Francis X. Mckeen, Michael A. Goldsmith, Ilya Alexandrovich, Alex Berenzon, Wesley H. Smith, Gilbert Neiger
  • Patent number: 10338957
    Abstract: A secure migration enclave is provided to identify a launch of a particular virtual machine on a host computing system, where the particular virtual machine is launched to include a secure quoting enclave to perform an attestation of one or more aspects of the virtual machine. A root key for the particular virtual machine is generated using the secure migration enclave hosted on the host computing system for use in association with provisioning the secure quoting enclave with an attestation key to be used in the attestation. The migration enclave registers the root key with a virtual machine registration service.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Vincent R. Scarlata, Carlos V. Rozas, Simon P. Johnson, Francis X. McKeen, Mona Vij, Somnath Chakrabarti, Brandon Baker, Ittai Anati, Ilya Alexandrovich
  • Publication number: 20190196982
    Abstract: A secure enclave circuit stores an enclave page cache map to track contents of a secure enclave in system memory that stores secure data containing a page having a virtual address. An execution unit is to, in response to a request to evict the page from the secure enclave: block creation of translations of the virtual address; record one or more hardware threads currently accessing the secure data in the secure enclave; send an inter-processor interrupt to one or more cores associated with the one or more hardware threads, to cause the one or more hardware threads to exit the secure enclave and to flush translation lookaside buffers of the one or more cores; and in response to detection of a page fault associated with the virtual address for the page in the secure enclave, unblock the creation of translations of the virtual address.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2017
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Carlos V. ROZAS, Ittai ANATI, Francis X. MCKEEN, Krystof ZMUDZINSKI, Ilya ALEXANDROVICH, Somnath CHAKRABARTI, Dror CASPI, Meltem OZSOY
  • Patent number: 10324862
    Abstract: Implementations of the disclosure provide for supporting oversubscription of guest enclave memory pages. In one implementation, a processing device comprising a memory controller unit to access a secure enclave and a processor core, operatively coupled to the memory controller unit. The processing device is to identify a target memory page in memory. The target memory page is associated with a secure enclave of a virtual machine (VM). A data structure comprising context information corresponding to the target memory page is received. A state of the target memory page is determined based on the received data structure. The state indicating whether the target memory page is associated with at least one of: a child memory page or a parent memory page of the VM. Thereupon, an instruction to evict the target memory page from the secure enclave is generated based on the determined state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Francis X. McKeen, Carlos V. Rozas, Gilbert Neiger, Asit K. Mallick, Ittai Anati, Ilya Alexandrovich, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Somnath Chakrabarti
  • Patent number: 10325118
    Abstract: Memory security technologies are described. An example processing system includes a processor core and a memory controller coupled to the processor core and a memory. The processor core can receive a content read instruction from an application. The processor core can identify a cache line (CL) from a plurality of CLs of a cryptographic cache block (CCB) requested in the content read instruction. The processor core can load, from a cryptographic tree, tree nodes with security metadata. The processor core can retrieve, from the memory, the CCB. The processor core can generate a second MAC from the CCB. The processor core can compare the first MAC with the second MAC. The processor core can decrypt the CCB using security metadata when the first MAC matches the second MAC. The processor core can send at least the identified CL from the decrypted CCB to the application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Siddhartha Chhabra, Francis X. Mckeen, Carlos V. Rozas, Saeedeh Komijani, Tamara S. Lehman
  • Patent number: 10289554
    Abstract: A processor implementing techniques to supporting fault information delivery is disclosed. In one embodiment, the processor includes a memory controller unit to access an enclave page cache (EPC) and a processor core coupled to the memory controller unit. The processor core to detect a fault associated with accessing the EPC and generate an error code associated with the fault. The error code reflects an EPC-related fault cause. The processor core is further to encode the error code into a data structure associated with the processor core. The data structure is for monitoring a hardware state related to the processor core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Rebekah M. Leslie-Hurd, Carlos V. Rozas, Francis X. Mckeen, Ilya Alexandrovich, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Bin Xing, Mark W. Shanahan, Simon P. Johnson